Simple Past Tense
-Meaning and Use
How do we form the simple past tense?
English has two
types of verbs in
Let’s read the following list of past tense
Which are regular and which are irregular?
Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed
Simple form verbs:
Past tense verbs:
Rules for adding –ed:
Add –ed to most verbs
Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e”
(smile = smiled).
Drop the “y” and add –ied to verbs that end with a
consonant + “y” (study = studied).
Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that are
monosyllables and end consonant + vowel + consonant
(stop = stopped).
Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that have
more than 1 syllable, end consonant + vowel +
consonant and the last syllable is stressed (prefer =
Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end
in –ed… you need to memorize these!
Why do we use past tense verbs?
TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS
COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR
The –ed ending in English has three different
/t/: when the last sound of the verb is /k, p, ch, sh,
f, h, s/
walked, talked, jumped
/d/: when the last sound of the verb is /b, g, l, m, n,
r, v, w, y, z, vowel/
played, loved, planned
/id/: when the verb finishes in “t” or “d”
How do we write the negative
She didn’t play
You didn’t study
He didn’t go
We didn’t eat
How do we write the interrogative
Did she play?
Did you study?
Did he go?
Did we eat?