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The Mexican Revolution

The Mexican Revolution






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    The Mexican Revolution The Mexican Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • The Mexican Revolution Haley Hardy
    • The Basics
      • Brought about by tremendous disagreement among the Mexican people over the dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz
      • Power concentrated in the hands of a select few
      • People had little or no power at all:
              • Opinionated as well as
              • Political election preference
      • Wealth, likewise, also concentrated in the hands of a select few
    • President Porfirio Diaz
      • President from 1876-1880. Then again in 1884-1911.
      • Stayed in power by manipulating government.
              • Many times having his hand-picked Congress amend the Constitution to allow him to be re-elected
              • 1880-1884: Ruled through his hand-picked “puppet” successor Manuel González
              • Excluded the poor
    • The Basics: Cont.
      • Younger generations want to participate in the political life of their country
      • Wanted President Diaz announced publicly that Mexico was ready for democracy so that they could participate in Mexican politics.
              • Mexican Constitution called for public election
              • Diaz used his political power and economic advantages to stay in power indefinitely.
    • Francisco I. Madero
      • Firm supporter of democracy. Also wanted to make government be subject to the strict limits of the law.
      • His movement being successful with the citizens, Madero was immediately targeted as a threat to Diaz.
      • Planned to run in the next election for President. Madero threw him in jail and declared himself the winner of the election by default.
      • Fled to U.S. in October of 1910
              • “ Plan of San Luis Potosí ”-Said the elections were a fraud
              • Madero said he would not recognize Diaz as the President of the Republic
    • Plan of San Luis Potosí
      • Political document
      • Written in San Antonio, Texas in 1910
      • Called for:
              • The destruction of Díaz's authoritarian presidency
              • The re-institution of democracy through violent direct action
      • Document asked for the Mexican people to rise in arms on Nov. 20, 1910
    • Francisco I. Madero Cont.
      • Madero declared himself President Pro-Temp until new elections could be held.
            • Promised:
              • Return all land taken from peasants
              • Universal voting rights
              • Limit: One term per President
      • The beginning of the Revolution was on Nov. 20, 1910 when Madero called for an uprising via his published plan for uprising.
    • Falling Action
      • March 1911 Emiliano Zapata led the uprising of the peasants
              • Reclaimed their (local) land and water
      • Armed revolts continued any many other parts of the country
      • Maderista troops: defeated army of Diaz in six months
      • Diaz resigned his presidency.
              • Fled in exile to France
              • He died in 1915
    • President Francisco I. Madero
      • Mexican Congress elected Francisco Leon De La Barra as President Pro-Temp.
      • Proceeded to hold national popular elections.
              • Francisco I. Madero won
              • Jose Maria Pino Suarez as Vice-President