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Jomo Kenyatta

Jomo Kenyatta






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    Jomo Kenyatta Jomo Kenyatta Presentation Transcript

    • Jomo Kenyatta Chris Brown Anthony Candelario
    • Introduction
      • Born October 20, 1894
      • Served as the first Prime Minister of Kenya for 1963-1964
      • Kenyatta became executive president on December 12, 1964, when Kenya became a republic
    • Early Life
      • Born Kamau wa Ngengi, a member of the Kikuyu people(Kenya’s most populous ethnic group)
      • He attended Christian schools for much of his life, finally converting to Christianity in 1914
      • Then Changed his name to John Peter and later to Johnstone Kamau
    • Politics
      • Joined the Kikuyu Central Association(KCA)
      • 1928 he worked for Kikuyu land reform in Nairobi
      • Became the editor of the newspaper, Muigwithania(Reconciler)
      • KCA sent him to London to lobby for the Kikuyu
      • Returned to Kenya in Sept. of 1930
    • Politics cont.
      • In 1946 he founded the Pan-African federation with Kwame Nkrumah
        • A group to promote African nations independence
      • He became the president of the Kenyan African Union(KAU) in 1947
        • Kenyan political party to represent Kenyan grievances towards the British colonial control
    • Mau Mau Rebellion
      • Known officially as the Kenya Emergency
      • Was an insurgency of Kenyan rebels against British rule
      • Was an epic fail, but could have hastened Kenyan independence
      • A state of emergency was declared in Kenya
    • Mau Mau Rebellion cont.
      • Kenyatta was arrested in Oct. of 1952 due to his suspected involvement
      • All though there was no real evidence against Kenyatta, he was sentenced to 7 years of hard labor and permanent restriction in 1953
      • Was released from his sentence in 1961
    • The KANU and the KADU
      • Both successors of the KAU
      • After being put into the Legislative council in 1961, he tried to reunite the KAU(again was an epic fail)
      • Kenyatta became prime minister in 1963 and president in 1964
      • Later that year the KANU and the KADU finally reunited forming a single-party
    • Leadership
      • Pro-western and anti-communist
      • Much did not change from the British rule
        • He even asked British troops for help against Somali rebels
      • Instituted land reform
        • However, led to corruption in the leadership because it led to most land being given to his family and friends
    • Leadership cont.
      • Kenya was admitted into the United Nations under Kenyatta
      • Opened up trade agreements with Obote(Uganda) and Nyerere(Tanzania)
    • Level of Totalitarianism
      • Political control
        • Had opposition killed or imprisoned
        • Including his first two Vice-presidents
        • Was only name on ballot in several of his elections
      • Economic
        • Gave land to his family and friends
        • They therefore controlled most of the economy
      • Social
        • No real control over social aspects