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Because of its rich diversity of animal and plant species, the entire province of Palawan, in the Philip-pines, is the target of a land management plan under the Philippines Republic Act 7611, also known as the Strategic Environmental Plan (SEP).
Due to its unique features, UNESCO declared Palawan as a biosphere reserve, and two of its sites as world heritage sites. All over the island, there are still ecologically valuable areas that have been sustainably managed since time immemorial by the local indigenous peoples.
Today, because of escalating mining activities province-wide, most of these Community Conserved Areas (CCAs) are under serious threat. Compared to other municipalities, the City Government of Puerto Princesa has not allowed mining within the boundaries of its municipality, as a result the territory of the Tanabag Batak has the potential for remaining one of the best examples of community conserved areas in the entire Palawan.
The people living in the area is believed to be descended from the first wave of Australoid populations which crossed the land bridges connecting the Philippine Archipelago with the mainland of Asia (probably around 45,000 – 50,000 years ago), and that are generically labeled as Negritos.
Indeed, with an overall population of less than 300 individuals, the Batak of Palawan are amongst those most threatened indigenous community of South East Asia.