Priority Sites forConservation inthe Philippines:Key Biodiversity Areas        Department of Environment         and Natur...
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines:    Key Biodiversity Areas    Introduction                             ...
due to a lack of data on range and population size           data become available. For instance, data for plant species  ...
Northern Luzon      Key Biodiversity Areas      Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas                                          ...
Central and Southern Luzon                                                                                     Key Biodive...
Palawan      Key Biodiversity Areas      Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas                                                 ...
Bicol and Eastern Visayas                                                                         Key Biodiversity Areas  ...
Western and Central Visayas      Key Biodiversity Areas      Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas                             ...
Mainland Mindanao                                                                        Key Biodiversity Areas           ...
Zamboanga and Tawi-tawi                            Key Biodiversity Areas                            Candidate Key Biodive...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) — Profile                                                                                   ...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 14 – 26                                                    Lo...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued                                                                         ...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 40 – 59                                                    Lo...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued                                                                         ...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 78 – 89                                                   Loc...
Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued                                                                         ...
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)

6,051

Published on

Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)

pp.1-24

Published in: Education
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
6,051
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
202
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)

  1. 1. Priority Sites forConservation inthe Philippines:Key Biodiversity Areas Department of Environment and Natural Resources - PROTECTED AREAS AND WILDLIFE BUREAU
  2. 2. Priority Sites for Conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas Introduction tions and anchored within a matrix of compatible land uses, provides the best way to ensure the conservation of globally B iodiversity occurs at multiple scales of ecological important biodiversity. organization, from genes all the way up to the entire biosphere. To effectively conserve biodiversity The “Key Biodiversity Areas” (KBA) approach presents an as a whole, we must ensure that conservation action fo- appropriate framework for identifying fine-scale conserva- cuses on its key components: on the individual species at tion priorities in the Philippines. These globally significant the greatest risk of extinction, and on specific sites and sites provide the building blocks for landscape-level con- landscapes that are most important for their protection. servation planning and for maintaining effective ecological Using a transparent, data-driven process to identify these networks aimed at preventing biodiversity loss. Govern- targets provides us with the scientific underpinning for ments, intergovernmental organizations, NGOs, the private focusing conservation investments geographically and the- sector, and other stakeholders can use KBAs as a tool for matically. The targets also provide a baseline against which expanding the protected area network in the Philippines, the success of investments can be measured. and, more generally, for targeting conservation action on the ground. The Philippines, with its more than 20,000 endemic spe- cies of plants and animals, is one of the world’s 17 “mega- Key Biodiversity Areas: Approach and Criteria diversity” countries, which collectively claim two-thirds of the earth’s biological diversity within their boundaries. The goal of the KBA approach is to identify, document, However, the Philippines is also one of 34 global biodiver- and protect networks of sites that are critical for the con- sity hotspots, meaning that the nation’s high biodiversity servation of globally important biodiversity. Here, a “site” and endemism is under a high level of threat. Less than means an area of any size that can be delimited, and actu- six percent of original forest remains, and 491 species are ally or potentially managed for conservation. listed as globally threatened on the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The primary threats to Philip- KBAs are identified using simple, standard criteria based on pine biodiversity are habitat alteration and loss caused by the conservation planning principles of vulnerability and destructive resource use, development activities and hu- irreplaceability. Vulnerability is measured by the confirmed man population pressure. Specific threats include mining, presence of one or more globally threatened species, while logging and land conversion for industrial, agricultural and irreplaceability is determined through the presence of geo- urban development. graphically concentrated species. Site conservation is clearly one of the most important Criterion based on vulnerability and successful tactics for reducing global biodiversity loss. Criterion 1: Globally threatened species. KBAs based on Governmental commitments to site conservation include this criterion are identified by the regular occurrence the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which of one or more globally threatened species — those enjoins Parties to establish “a system of protected areas or assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered areas where special measures need to be taken to conserve (EN), or Vulnerable (VU) according to IUCN biological diversity” and the World Summit for Sustainable Red List. Development (WSSD) Plan of Implementation to “pro- mote and support initiatives for hot spot areas and other Criteria based on irreplaceability areas essential for biodiversity, and promote the develop- Criterion 2: Restricted-range species (RR). KBAs based ment of national and regional ecological networks and on this criterion hold a significant proportion (pro- corridors.” Safeguarding these key areas requires a variety visionally set at 5%) of the global population of one of governance approaches, including national parks, com- or more species with a limited global range size (pro- munity and indigenous conservation areas, and private visionally set at 50,000 square kilometers). Both the reserves — the best approach will vary from place to place. maximum range size and threshold appropriate for A network of such sites, coupled with species-specific ac- this criteria need further testing. In the Philippines,
  3. 3. due to a lack of data on range and population size data become available. For instance, data for plant species (both global and local), endemic species were used are currently being incorporated. as a proxy for restricted-range species. A total of 128 KBAs were identified for 209 globally Criterion 3: Congregatory species (CC). KBAs based threatened, and 419 endemic species of freshwater fishes, on this criterion hold a significant proportion amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, as well as for (provisionally set at 1%) of the global population 62 species of congregatory birds. All species protected of a congregatory species, defined as a species that through the Wildlife Act (Republic Act 9147) are repre- gathers in large numbers at specific sites during sented within at least one KBA. The KBAs cover a total of some stage in their life cycle (for example, breed- 6,008,813 hectares or approximately 20% of the total land ing aggregations). area of the Philippines. Currently, 45 of the 128 KBAs (35%) benefit from official safeguard status in the Philip-Identifying and Delineating KBAs in the pines, having been formally established as protected areasPhilippines under the legal framework of the National Integrated Pro- tected Areas System Act (Republic Act 7586). The remain-KBA identification in the Philippines is based on the ing 83 KBAs (65%) lack formal governmental protection.117 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) identified for the coun-try by the Haribon Foundation and Birdlife International, Areas that are suspected to be important, but for whichand the 206 Conservation Priority Areas (CPAs) identified we have no conclusive data to satisfy KBA criteria werethrough the Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Prior- designated as candidate KBAs. These include sites thatity-setting Program. The main challenge in identifying have habitat suitable for target species, but that have notKBAs was to refine the results of these previous initiatives, yet been surveyed, as well as sites with only historicalspecifically, to incorporate data for threatened and restrict- data for target species. Candidate KBAs are priorities fored-range species of freshwater fishes, amphibians, reptiles, research; if new data or surveys confirm the presence ofbirds, and mammals so as to document the presence of target species within these sites, they too will become pri-these species in existing sites and to identify new KBAs orities for conservation action (KBAs). Forest cover datawhere needed. The 2004 IUCN Red List provided the list have been very useful in identifying candidate KBAs, andof threatened species for the country, as well as data on help to support a precautionary management approach inconservation status, distribution, threats, key contacts, and some areas (e.g., prohibition of development or logging).references. Additional data, especially point locality data A total of 51 candidate KBAs have been identified for thefor each species, were obtained from the published litera- Philippines. The survival of many target species, particu-ture, experts/scientists, and museum collections. larly Critically Endangered and highly restricted range species, may depend on confirming the status of theseSpatial data used to delineate KBA boundaries included candidate KBAs.available point localities and distribution information forspecies, IBA and CPA polygons, information on habitat Given that funding for conservation investment is limited,type and extent, settlement patterns, topography, and and given that some KBAs require safeguarding moreprotected area (PA) boundaries. In some cases, existing urgently than others, it may be useful to prioritize amongstIBA, CPA, or PA boundaries did not have to be modified the 128 sites identified to date. However, a large amountin delineating the KBAs, since data for the target species of additional biological and socioeconomic data wouldfell within the boundaries of the original site. In other be required to undertake a thorough and accurate priori-cases, existing IBA or PA boundaries were modified as tization based on irreplaceability and vulnerability. Also,needed to incorporate nearby habitat for target species, to different stakeholders may have slightly varying priorities.omit highly developed areas, and generally to incorporate Thus, a full-scale prioritization has not been attempted.the best available land cover and land use data. Additional Nevertheless, a subset of sites does emerge as the veryKBAs were based solely on the confirmed presence of tar- highest priorities. These sites are termed Alliance for Zeroget species, and delineated using relevant habitat and land Extinction (AZE) sites. The AZE is a consortium of overcover data. 50 conservation organizations worldwide, devoted to con- serving sites that are the last remaining strongholds for oneExperts reviewed the preliminary KBAs during several or more Critically Endangered or Endangered species. Theinformal meetings, and modifications to the boundaries loss of an AZE site would result in the extinction of one orwere made based on their recommendations. Since KBA more species, making these extremely urgent priorities foridentification and delineation is an iterative process, the conservation. Ten AZE sites have been identified for theboundaries can be modified and new KBAs added as new Philippines (see KBA matrix).
  4. 4. Northern Luzon Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas Phloeomys pallidus With more than 20,000 endemic species, the Philip- Luzon Slender-tailed Cloud Rat Vulnerable, Restricted Range pines is one of 17 “megadiversity” countries, which Photo by Leonardo L. Co collectively claim two-thirds of the earth’s biological Platymantis sierramadrensis Sierra Madre Forest Frog diversity. However, as one of 34 global Biodiversity Vulnerable, Restricted Range Photo by Mariano Roy M. Duya Hotspots, the high biodiversity and endemism of the Zoothera cinerea Philippines is under a high level of threat. Ashy Ground Thrush Vulnerable, Restricted Range Photo by Mariano Roy M. Duya
  5. 5. Central and Southern Luzon Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity AreasTrimeresurus flavomaculatusPhilippine Pit Viper To effectively conserve biodiversity as a whole, weRestricted RangePhoto by Mariano Roy M. Duya must ensure that conservation action focuses onGallicolumba luzonica its key components: on the individual species atLuzon Bleeding HeartRestricted Range the greatest risk of extinction, and on specific sitesPhoto by Mariano Roy M. Duya and landscapes that are most important for theirBubalus mindorensisTamaraw protection.Critically Endangered, Restricted RangePhoto by Josef Suchomel
  6. 6. Palawan Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas Siebenrockiella leytensis Philippine Pond Turtle Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) are globally significant Critically endangered, Restricted Range sites for biodiversity conservation. Governments, Photo by CI Philippines donors, NGOs, the private sector and other Cacatua haematuropygia Philippine Cockatoo stakeholders can use KBAs as a tool for expanding the Critically Endangered, Restricted Range Photo by Palawan Council for protected area network in the Philippines, and, more Sustainable Development generally, for targeting conservation action on the Tragulus nigricans Balabac Mouse Deer ground. Endangered, Restricted Range Photo by Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
  7. 7. Bicol and Eastern Visayas Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity AreasRhynchomys isarogensisIsarog Shrew Rat In the Philippines, the identification of KeyVulnerable, Restricted RangePhoto by Lawrence R. Heaney Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) is based on 117 ImportantVaranus olivaceus Bird Areas identified by the Haribon FoundationWater Monitor LizardVulnerable, Restricted Range and Birdlife International, and on 206 ConservationPhoto by www.mampam.com Priority Areas identified through the PhilippineNyctixalus spinosusSpiny Tree Frog Biodiversity Conservation Priority-setting Program.Vulnerable, Restricted RangePhoto by Jayson C. Ibanez
  8. 8. Western and Central Visayas Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas Aceros waldeni Writhed Hornbill A total of 128 Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) Critically Endangered, Restricted Range Photo by Tim Laman were identified for 209 globally threatened, and Hydrosaurus pustulatus 419 endemic species of freshwater fishes, amphibians, Sailfin Water Lizard reptiles, birds and mammals, as well as for Restricted Range Photo by www.mampan.com 62 congregatory bird species. All species protected through the Wildlife Act are also represented within Cervus alfredi Visayan Spotted Deer at least one KBA. Critically Endangered, Restricted Range Photo by Lawrence R. Heaney
  9. 9. Mainland Mindanao Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity AreasOrthothomus nigricepsBlack-headed Tailorbird Ten of the 128 Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) emergeRestricted RangePhoto by Medel R. Silvosa as the highest priorities for immediate conservation.Batomys salomonseni These KBAs are termed Alliance for Zero ExtinctionMindanao Hairy-tailed RatRestricted Range (AZE) sites, and are the last remaining strongholdsPhoto by Roselyn R. Quidlat for one or more Critically Endangered or EndangeredMegophrys stejnegeriMindanao Horned Frog species. The loss of an AZE site would result in theVulnerable, Restricted RangePhoto by Roselyn S. Quidlat extinction of one or more species.
  10. 10. Zamboanga and Tawi-tawi Key Biodiversity Areas Candidate Key Biodiversity Areas Eurylaimus steerii Wattled Broadbill Safeguarding Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) requires Vulnerable, Restricted Range a variety of approaches, including national parks, Photo by Jayson C. Ibanez community and indigenous conservation areas, Ansonia muelleri Mueller’s Toad and private reserves. A network of KBAs, coupled Vulnerable, Restricted Range with species-specific actions and anchored within Photo by Jayson C. Ibanez a matrix of compatible land uses, provides the best Gallicolumba criniger way to ensure the conservation of globally important Mindanao Bleeding-Heart Endangered, Restricted Range biodiversity. Photo by Medel R. Silvosa10
  11. 11. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) — Profile KBA numbers 1–13 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure Batanes Islands IBA (PH001), CPA 1, Wildlife hunting (local consumption Protected Basco, Ivana, Mahatao, Batanes Protected Land 1 Batanes 213,578 2 7 1 and pet trade), land conversion for Landscape and Uyugan, Sabtang, Itbayat and Seascape (Proc # cattle grazing and agricultural uses Seascape 335 / RA8991) Babuyanes Babuyan, Calayan, Dalu- 2 Cagayan 809,504 1 2 27 CPA 2 Illegal logging (narra) Islands piri, Fuga, Camiguin Norte 3 Kalbario-Patapat Adams, Pagudpud Ilocos Norte 8,967 1 6 10 IBA (PH002), CPA 3 Wildlife hunting, collection of forest National Park products/fuelwood 4 Apayao Lowland Adams, Sta. Praxedes, Apayao, Ca- 177,372 1 2 CPA 4 Forest Claveria, Sanchez-Mira, gayan Pamplona, Luna, Pudtol, Kabugao, Calanasan 5 Balbalasang- Balbalan, Pasil, Lubuagan, Kalinga, Abra, 81,538 9 6 IBA (PH003), CPA 9 Balbalan National Malibcong, Daguioman, Mountain Park Boliney, Tubo, Sadanga Province 6 Mt. Pulag Bugias, Kabayan, Bokod, Benguet, 41,788 1 11 13 IBA (PH004), CPA 12 Vegetable farming, human encroach- National Park Tinoc, Kiangan, Kayapa (Cordillera ment, acidification of soil Administra- tive Region), Ifugao, Nueva Viscaya 7 Buguey Wetlands Aparri, Camalaniugan, Cagayan 10,869 1 2 17 IBA (PH012), CPA 6 Waterfowl hunting, conversion Buguey, Santa Teresita of wetlands to ricefields/shrimp and fishponds, extensive use of pesticides 8 North Eastern Santa Ana, Gonzaga, Lal- Cagayan 180,027 2 3 16 13 IBA (PH013), CPA 8 Illegal logging Cagayan lo, Gattaran, Baggao Protected Landscape and Seascape 9 Penablanca Penablanca, Baggao Cagayan 118,782 1 5 21 20 IBA (PH014), CPA 10 and Illegal logging, guano mining, un- Protected 13, Penablanca Protected regulated tourism Landscape and Landscape and Seascape Seascape (Proc # 484) 10 Northern Sierra Palanan, Maconacon, Isabela 359,486 3 6 23 30 IBA (PH015), CPA 14, Illegal logging, wildlife hunting, Madre Natural Divilacan, San Mariano, Northern Sierra Madre unregulated harvesting of marine re- Park Ilagan, Dinapigue, San Natural Park (Proc # 978 sources, land conversion (proposed Pablo / RA9125), AZE coastal road, agricultural develop- ment), mining claims 11 Malasi Lake Cabagan Isabela 162 1 5 Draining of water for irrigation, hunting and gathering of eggs of congregatory birds, used as pasture area for livestockPhoto: Mariano Roy M. Duya, CI-Philippines 12 North Central Dinapigue, Echaque, Isabela, 87,479 8 IBA (PH016), CPA 17, Timber concessions, illegal logging, Sierra Madre Dilasag, Casiguran, Aurora Amro River Protected land conversion (kaingin, agricul- Mountains Dinalongan Landscape (Proc # 274), tural development), wildlife hunting Simbahan-Talagas Protected Landscape (Proc # 267) 13 Quirino Protected Madella, Aglipay, Cabar- Quirino, Nueva 164,364 2 13 45 CPA 18, Quirino Pro- Mining operations, illegal logging Landscape roguis, Nagtipunan, Vizcaya tected Landscape (Proc Kasibu, Dupax del Norte, # 779) Alfonso Castañeda † For KBAs that overlap with proclaimed protected areas, the number of hectares listed in this table does not necessarily correspond to the actual extent indicated in the proclamation. * CR, EN, and VU species trigger the Vulnerability criterion, while RR and CC species trigger the Irreplaceability criterion. AZE = Alliance for Zero Extinction; CC = Congregatory Species; CPA = Conservation Priority Area; CR = Critically endangered; EN = Endangered; IBA = Important Bird Area; RA = Republic Act; VU = Vulnerable 11
  12. 12. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 14 – 26 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 14 Casecnan Nagtipunan, Alfonso Nueva Vizcaya, 90,723 1 10 CPA 18, Casecnan Pro- Illegal logging, dam infrastructure Protected Castañeda, Carranglan, Quirino, Nueva tected Landscape (Proc Landscape Dupax del Norte, Dupax Ecija # 289) del Sur, Aritao 15 Aurora Memorial Maria Aurora, San Luis, Nueva Ecija, 47,146 1 3 19 33 IBA (PH017), CPA 19 Illegal logging, land conversion National Park Gabaldon, Bongabon, Aurora (kaingin, agriculture and pasture), Laur, Baler collection of non-timber forest prod- ucts, wildlife hunting 16 Mt. Dingalan Baler, San Luis, Dingalan, Aurora, Nueva 46,891 1 1 15 IBA (PH018) Illegal logging, land conversion Gabaldon Ecija (kaingin), charcoal making, wildlife hunting 17 Angat Watershed San Rafael, Dona Trini- Bulacan 15,405 1 13 16 IBA (PH019), CPA 23 Illegal logging, quarrying for lime- Forest Reserve dad, Norzaragay and 26 stone/gravel, collection of non-tim- ber forest products 18 Mts. Irid-Angilo Gen. Nakar, San Rafael, Rizal, Bulacan, 115,207 1 3 16 IBA (PH020), CPA 26 Illegal logging, quarrying, small- and Binuang Norzaragay, San Jose Quezon and 31 scale mining, urbanization del Monte, Montalban, Antipolo 19 UP Land Grants Real, Santa Maria, Famy, Quezon, La- 11,118 1 7 12 IBA (PH023), CPA 33 Illegal logging, land conversion (Pakil and Real) Paete, Mauban, Pakil guna (kaingin), human encroachment for agriculture, collection of non-timber forest products, wildlife hunting 20 Polillo Island Bordeos, Polillo, Panuku- Quezon 20,276 1 3 6 58 IBA (PH021), CPA 34 Illegal logging (firewood, boat-build- lan, Patnanungan ing, furniture making), conversion to farmlands 21 Zambales Santa Cruz, Candelaria, Pangasinan, 139,676 7 IBA (PH005), CPA 20 Illegal logging, mining, forest fires Mountains Masinloc, Palauig, Iba, Zambales, (from adjacent grasslands) Botolan, Capas, Tarlac, Tarlac Mayantoc, San Clemente, Mangatarem, Aguilar, Bugallon, Infanta 22 Candaba Swamp Arayat, Candaba, Cabiao Nueva Ecija, 1,911 4 9 IBA (PH007), CPA 27 Land conversion for agricultural Pampanga purposes, siltation, bird hunting, introduction of exotic fish species 23 Bataan Natural Morong, Bagac, Balanga, Bataan, Zam- 25,254 1 5 14 IBA (PH008), CPA 28 Illegal logging, land conversion (ag- Park and Subic Abucay, Samal, Hermosa, bales ricultural land, road development, Bay Forest Olongapo industrial estate development) col- Reserve lection of non-timber forest products 24 Mariveles Bagac, Orion, Limay, Bataan 12,097 5 10 IBA (PH009), CPA 29 Illegal logging, mining exploration Mountains Mariveles 25 Manila Bay Orani, Hermosa, Lubao, Bataan, Pam- 96,338 1 2 2 19 IBA (PH010), CPA 30 Pollution, conversion to fishponds, Guagua, Bacolor, San panga, Bula- salt pans, solid/domestic waste, Fernando, Minalin, Apalit, can, National reclamation for housing develop- Macabebe, Masantol, Capital Region) ment, road construction Santa Maria, Sasmuan, Lubao, Hagonoy, Calumpit, Malolos, Paom- bong, Plaridel, Bulacan, Guiguinto, Balagtas, Pandi, Bocaue, Obando, Meycauayan, Marilao, San Jose del Monte, Caloocan, Malabon, Va- lenzuela 26 Mts Palay-Palay Ternate, Nasugbu, Mara- Cavite, Batan- 1,830 4 IBA (PH011), CPA 41 Land conversion (agricultural use, Mataas-na-Gulod gondon gas kaingin, infrastructure), collection of National Park non-timber forest products† For KBAs that overlap with proclaimed protected areas, the number of hectares listed in this table does not necessarily correspond to the actual extent indicated in the proclamation.* CR, EN, and VU species trigger the Vulnerability criterion, while RR and CC species trigger the Irreplaceability criterion.AZE = Alliance for Zero Extinction; CC = Congregatory Species; CPA = Conservation Priority Area; CR = Critically endangered; EN = Endangered; IBA = Important Bird Area; RA = Republic Act; VU = Vulnerable1
  13. 13. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued KBA numbers 27 – 39 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 27 Taal Volcano Laurel, Lemery, Agon- Cavite, Batan- 62,292 4 CPA 43, Taal Volcano Fishpens, overharvesting of tawilis Protected cillo, San Nicolas, Taal, gas Protected Landscape and maliputo, introduction of exotic Landscape Santa Teresita, Alitagtag, (Proc # 906) fish species Calaca, Cuenca, Lipa City, Mataas na Kahoy, Balete, Malvar, Tanauan, Talisay, Tagaytay, Alfonso 28 Mt Makiling Calamba, Los Baños, Bay, Laguna, Batan- 6,226 8 14 IBA (PH022), CPA 38 Illegal logging, encroachment, wild- Forest Reserve Calauan, Sto. Tomas gas life trade, unregulated tourism 29 Mts Banahaw- Nagcarlan, Liliw, Lucban, San Pablo 10,901 14 2 IBA (PH024), CPA 40 Illegal logging, land conversion San Cristobal Tayabas, Sariaya, Cande- City, Liliw, (kaingin), collection of non-timber Protected laria, Dolores Nagcarlan, forest products, wildlife hunting, Landscape Rizal, Majayjay quarrying, unregulated tourism, (Laguna), Luc- treasure hunting ban, Sariaya, Candelaria, Tayabas, Dolo- res (Quezon) 30 Quezon Protected Pagbilao, Atimonan Quezon 1,981 3 9 2 IBA (PH025), CPA 45, Illegal logging, land conversion Landscape Quezon Protected Land- (agriculture, kaingin), quarrying, scape (Proc # 394) charcoal making 31 Pagbilao and Pagbilao Quezon 2,701 1 3 8 IBA (PH026), CPA 46 Mangrove conversion, human en- Tayabas Bay croachment; hunting of shorebirds and ducks, siltation, pollution 32 Lalaguna Marsh Lopez Quezon 3,192 1 4 IBA (PH027), CPA 47 Hunting of waterfowl, erosion and sedimentation, disturbance to nesting birds by dogs from nearby residential area 33 Ragay Gulf San Narciso, Buenavista, Tagkawayan, 19,716 1 3 IBA (PH028), CPA 48, Mangrove conversion to aquacul- Guinayangan, Tagkaway- Guinayanagan Maulawin Spring Pro- ture pond, siltation caused by soil an, Del Gallego, Ragay (Quezon), Del tected Landscape (Proc erosion in the uplands, collection Gallego, Ragay # 295) of timber and non-timber forest (Camrines Sur) products 34 Mt Labo Labo, San Vicente, San Camarines 13,778 2 2 IBA (PH029), CPA 50, Illegal logging, kaingin Lorenzo Ruiz, Del Gallego, Norte, Ca- Abasig-Matogdon Ma- Ragay, Tagkawayan marines Sur, nanap Natural Biotic Quezon Area and Bicol National Park (Proc # 318) 35 Mt Kulasi San Lorenzo Ruiz, Basud, Camarines 3,046 3 IBA (PH030), CPA 50 Illegal logging, collection of non- Sipocot Norte, Cama- timber forest products, charcoal rines Sur making,agricultural expansion and intensification 36 Mt Isarog Natural Pili, Calabanga, Tinambac, Camarines Sur 10,112 2 2 9 18 IBA (PH031), CPA 53, Mt. Illegal logging, kaingin, encroach- Park Goa, Tigaon, Ocampo Isarog Natural Park (Proc ment of illegal settlers, treasurePhoto: Mariano Roy M. Duya, CI – Philippines # 214), AZE hunting 37 Caramoan Lagonoy, Presentacion, Camarines Sur 18,847 2 3 IBA (PH032), CPA 51, Kaingin, collection of non-timber Peninsula Garchitorena Lagonoy Natural Biotic forest products Area (Proc # 297) 38 Catanduanes Pandan, Caramoran, Cataduanes 28,244 1 1 5 71 IBA (PH033), CPA 52 Illegal logging, land conversrion Watershed Forest Virac, Bato, San Andres, (kaingin), collection of non-timber Reserve San Manuel, Viga, Pan- forest products, wildlife hunting ganiban, Bagamanoc 39 Bacon-Manito Legazpi, Manito, Bacon, Albay, Sor- 12,749 1 2 IBA (PH034), CPA 57 Illegal logging, kaingin, collection of Sorsogon, Castilla sogon forest products, wildlife hunting 1
  14. 14. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 40 – 59 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 40 Bulusan Volcano Bulusan, Irosin, Casigu- Sorsogon 8,321 1 7 14 IBA (PH035), CPA 58, Illegal cutting of trees, kaingin, Natural Park ran, Juban Bulusan Volcano Natural fuelwood gathering, wildlife hunting Park (Proc 421) and collection of plant species 41 Marinduque Boac, Buenavista, Gasan, Marinduque 8,828 1 2 4 55 IBA (PH036), CPA 59, Land conversion for agricultural Wildlife Sta Cruz, Torrijos Marinduque Wildlife purposes, collection of non-timber Sanctuary Sanctuary (Proc # 696) forest products 42 Mt Calavite Paluan Occidental 18,016 2 3 3 24 IBA (PH037), CPA 61, Mt. Forest fires (fires starts in the grass- Wildlife Mindoro Calavite Wildlife Sanctu- land that spreads to the forest) Sanctuary ary (Proc # 292) 43 Puerto Galera Abra de Ilog, Puerto Gal- Mindoro Ori- 37,306 3 1 4 24 IBA (PH038), CPA 62 Land conversion (agriculture), collec- era, San Teodoro, Santa ental, Mindoro tion of non-timber forest products, Cruz Occidental unregulated tourism 44 Mt Halcon San Teodoro, Baco, Cala- Mindoro Ori- 48,660 3 4 9 25 IBA (PH039), CPA 63 Illegal logging, land conversion pan, Naujan, Sablayan, ental, Mindoro (kaingin), collection of non-timber Santa Cruz Occidental forest products 45 Lake Naujan Naujan, Pola, Socorro, Mindoro Ori- 21,655 3 1 6 2 12 IBA (PH040), CPA 64 Commercial fishing, construction of National Park Victoria ental fish corrals 46 Iglit-Baco Sabalayan, Bongabong Mindoro Ori- 56,300 4 1 5 27 IBA (PH041), CPA 66 Cattle ranching, upland farming and Mountains ental, Mindoro firewood gathering, grassland fires Occidental spreading into the forests 47 Siburan Sablayan Mindoro Oc- 11,569 3 3 5 25 IBA (PH042), CPA 65, AZE Land conversion (kaingin) cidental 48 Malpalon Sablayan Mindoro Oc- 14,093 3 2 4 24 IBA (PH043), CPA 67 Land conversion (kaingin), wildlife cidental hunting, collection of non-timber forest products, grassland fire spreading to the forest 49 Mt Hitding Gloria, Bansud, Bong- Mindoro Ori- 17,768 2 1 3 24 IBA (PH044), CPA 68 Commercial logging abong ental 50 Mt Hinunduang Bongabong, Rosas, Man- Mindoro Ori- 8,223 2 1 3 26 IBA (PH045), CPA 69 Land conversion (kaingin), collection salay ental, Mindoro of non-timber forest products, com- Occidental mercial logging, wildlife hunting, poaching 51 Apo Reef Marine Sablayan, Calintaan Mindoro Oc- 15,792 1 1 5 IBA (PH046), Apo Reef Oil spills Natural Park cidental Marine Natural Park (Proc # 868) 52 Calauit Island Busuanga Palawan 3,497 1 2 10 22 IBA (PH047) Illegal wildlife hunting, land conver- sion (agriculture), collection of non- timber forest products, Balik-Calauit movement issues 53 Busuanga Island Coron, Busuanga Palawan 16,326 1 1 9 37 IBA (PH048) 54 Culion Island Culion Palawan 39,346 1 1 8 33 IBA (PH049) 55 Coron Island Coron Palawan 7,340 1 6 4 CPA 71 In-migration 56 El Nido Managed El Nido, Taytay Palawan 89,135 1 2 11 16 IBA (PH050), CPA 73, El Small-scale timber extraction Resource Nido Managed Resource Protected Area Protected Area (Proc # 32) 57 Malampaya San Vicente, Taytay Palawan 200,115 2 2 10 18 IBA (PH051), CPA 75, Commercial fishing; pollution (use Sound Protected Malampaya Sound Pro- of fertilizer and pesticides by upland Landscape and tected Landscape and farmers), fishpens Seascape Seascape (Proc # 342) 58 Lake Manguao Taytay Palawan 6,454 1 1 13 20 CPA 74 59 Dumaran-Araceli Dumaran, Araceli Palawan 28,787 2 2 5 5† For KBAs that overlap with proclaimed protected areas, the number of hectares listed in this table does not necessarily correspond to the actual extent indicated in the proclamation.* CR, EN, and VU species trigger the Vulnerability criterion, while RR and CC species trigger the Irreplaceability criterion.AZE = Alliance for Zero Extinction; CC = Congregatory Species; CPA = Conservation Priority Area; CR = Critically endangered; EN = Endangered; IBA = Important Bird Area; RA = Republic Act; VU = Vulnerable1
  15. 15. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued KBA numbers 60 – 77 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 60 San Vicente- San Vicente, Taytay, Palawan 80,804 2 1 11 10 IBA (PH051), CPA 75 Illegal logging Taytay-Roxas Roxas Forest 61 Puerto Princessa Puerto Princesa Palawan 22,202 2 2 12 19 IBA (PH052), CPA 76, Illegal logging, collection of non- Subterranean Puerto Princesa Subter- timber forest products River Natural Park ranean River Natural Park (Proc # 212) 62 Cleopatra’s San Vicente, Roxas, Purto Palawan 104,731 1 1 3 1 CPA 76 Needle Princesa 63 Victoria and Puerto Princesa, Aborlan, Palawan 164,789 1 4 15 22 IBA (PH053), CPA 77 IIlegal logging, land conversion Anepahan Ranges Narra, Quezon (kaingin), human encroachment; wildlife hunting for trade 64 Mt Quezon, Sofronio Palawan 146,004 2 3 13 20 IBA (PH054), CPA 78, AZE Small scale timber extraction and Mantalingahan Espa±ola, Rizal, Brooke’s illegal logging, land conversion Point, Bataraza (kaingin) 65 Rasa Island Aborlan Palawan 905 1 2 3 Rasa Island Wildlife Wildlife Sanctuary (Proc # 1000) Sanctuary 66 Ursula Island Bataraza Palawan 25 3 IBA (PH055), CPA 79 Wildlife hunting 67 Balabac Island Balabac Palawan 35,830 1 2 10 39 IBA (PH056), CPA 80 68 Tubbataha Reef Cagayancillo Palawan 96,828 1 1 1 11 IBA (PH057), CPA 169 Hunting and collection of eggs of Natural Park sea turtles, collection of aquarium fishes, cyanide fishing, spear fishing 69 Mt. Guiting- Magdiwang, Cajidiocan, Romblon 15,265 1 4 8 1 IBA (PH058), CPA 82, Mt. Illegal logging, land conversion guiting Natural San Fernando Guiting-guiting Natural (kaingin), collection of forest prod- Park Park (Proc # 746) ucts 70 Romblon Island Romblon Romblon 8,189 3 16 71 Balogo Calatrava, San Agustin, Romblon 10,495 1 3 1 10 IBA (PH059), CPA 83 Illegal logging, land conversion Watershed San Andres (agriculture) 72 Northwest Panay Pandan, Libertad, Nabas, Aklan, Antique 12,009 2 3 4 36 IBA (PH060), CPA 85, Timber poaching, land conversion Peninsula Natural Buruanga, Malay Northwest Panay Penin- (kaingin, agricultural land), wildlife Park sula Natural Park (Proc hunting, collection of forest prod- # 186) ucts, urban development 73 Central Panay Sebaste, Culasi, Tib- Antique, Aklan, 85,658 2 6 5 36 IBA (PH061), CPA 86 Illegal logging, land conversion Mountains iao, Barbasa, Laua-an, Capiz, Iloilo (kaingin), mining, wildlife hunting, Bugasong, Valderrama, grass fires spreading into forest San Remigio, Sibalom, Igbaras, Leon, Alimodian, Maasin, Janiuay, Lambu- nao, Tapaz, Jamindan, Li- bacao, Madalag, Malinao 74 South and North North Gigante Island, Iloilo 2,248 1 1 4 CPA 88, AZE Gigante Island South Gigante Island 75 Northern Negros Silay, Murcia, Calatrava, Negros Occi- 80,455 2 3 5 33 IBA (PH062), CPA 93, Illegal logging, land conversion Natural Park Sagay, Cadiz, Victorias, dental, Negros Northern Negros Natural (kaingin), wildlife hunting Enrique Magalona, San Oriental Park (Proc # 985)Photo: Mariano Roy M. Duya, CI – Philippines Carlos, Taboso, Valle- hermoso 76 Mt. Canlaon Bago, La Carlota, La Negros Occi- 24,388 4 4 6 36 IBA (PH063), CPA 94, Encroachment of upland settlers, Natural Park Castellana, Murcia, San dental, Negros Canlaon Natural Park land conversion (agricultural land, Carlos, Canlaon Oriental (Proc # 1005 / RA 9154), kaingin), ornamental plant collec- AZE tion and other wildlife (butterflies, insects), unregulated tourism 77 Ban-ban La Libertad, Jimalalud, Ta- Negros Ori- 28,544 3 1 33 IBA (PH064), CPA 95 Illegal logging, land conversion yasan, Ayungon, Bindoy, ental, Negros (kaingin), colllection of non-timber Mabinay, Binalbagan Occidental forest products, forest fires 1
  16. 16. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continuedKBA numbers 78 – 89 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 78 Southwestern Kabankalan, Candomi, Negros Occi- 26,347 1 2 1 33 IBA (PH065), CPA 97 Illegal logging Negros Sipalay, Hinoba-an, Ba- dental, Negros say, Cauayan, Ilog, Santa Oriental Catalina, Bayawan, Ma- binay 79 Cuernos de San Jose, Sibulan, Valen- Negros Ori- 23,565 7 8 10 36 IBA (PH066), CPA 99 and Illegal logging, collection of non- Negros cia, Dauin, Zamboanguita, ental 100, Balinsasayaw Twin timber forest products, land conver- Santa Catalina, Pamplona, Lakes Natural Park (Proc sion (agricultural purposes, kaingin), Amlan # 414), AZE wildlife hunting 80 Mt. Bandila-an Siquijor, San Juan, Lazi Siquijor 1,776 1 3 4 IBA (PH067), CPA 161 Illegal logging, encroachment 81 Mt. Capayas Catmon, Carmen, Danao, Cebu 13,610 2 16 CPA 101 Asturias 82 Central Cebu Balamban, Cebu City, Cebu 29,224 2 4 4 76 IBA (PH068), CPA 102, land conversion (agricultural pur- Protected Compostela, Liloan, Da- Central Cebu Protected poses, kaingin, residential), timber Landscape nao, Talisay, Minglanilla Landscape (Proc # 441) and firewood collection for local consumption 83 Mactan, Mandaue City, Lapu-lapu, Cebu 7,581 1 15 9 IBA (PH070), CPA 103 Oil spills, industrial activities, Kalawisan Cebu City, Consolacion reclamation of intertidal areas for Cansaga Bay housing 84 Olango Island Lapu-lapu Cebu 1,020 2 7 IBA (PH069), CPA 104 Over-exploitation of coastal re- sources, cyanide fishing, mangrove cutting for domestic use, wildlife hunting (shorebirds) 85 Nug-as Mt. Argao, Dalaguete, Alcoy, Cebu 10,457 2 2 4 16 IBA (PH071), CPA 105 Illegal logging, human encroach- Lantoy Boljo-on and 106 ment, land conversion (agricultural purposes, kaingin) 86 Mt. Alegria, Malabuyoc Cebu 2,622 2 16 IBA (PH072), CPA 107 Land conversion (agricultural pur- Kangbulagsing poses, kaingin), firewood collection, and Mt. Lanaya wildlife hunting, quarrying 87 Samar Island Lope de Vega, Mon- Northern Sa- 333,300 3 3 28 146 IBA (PH074 75), CPA Illegal logging, timber license agree- Natural Park dragon, Silvino Lobos, mar, Eastern 108 and 109 ment, mining, land conversion (agri- Las Navas, Jipapad, Samar, Samar cultural purposes, kaingin), wildlife Maslog, Dolores, Can hunting, collection of no-timber Avid, Taft, Sulat, San forest products Julian, Borongan, Mayd- along, Balangkayan, Llorente, Balangiga, Lawa-an, Marabut, Basey, Pinabacdao, Calbiga, Hinabangan, Paranas (Wright), Motiong, Ji- abong, San Jorge, San Jose de Buan, Gandara, Matuguinao, Calbayog, Arteche, General McAr- thur, Giporlos, Quinapon- dan, Pinabacdao, Santa Margarita, San Sebastian, Catbalogan 88 Biliran and Almeria, Biliran, Cabuc- Biliran 12,762 9 15 IBA (PH076), CPA 110 Illegal logging, encroachment Maripipi Island gayan, Caibiran, Caluba, Kawayan 89 Anonang-Lobi Burauen, Dagami, Pas- Leyte 58,052 2 1 17 26 IBA (PH077), CPA 113 agricultural encroachment; illegal Range trana, Jaro, Carigara, and 114 logging; kaingin Capoocan, Kananga, Or- moc, Albuera, Baybay, Javier, MacArthur, La Paz, Abuyog, Mahaplag† For KBAs that overlap with proclaimed protected areas, the number of hectares listed in this table does not necessarily correspond to the actual extent indicated in the proclamation.* CR, EN, and VU species trigger the Vulnerability criterion, while RR and CC species trigger the Irreplaceability criterion.AZE = Alliance for Zero Extinction; CC = Congregatory Species; CPA = Conservation Priority Area; CR = Critically endangered; EN = Endangered; IBA = Important Bird Area; RA = Republic Act; VU = Vulnerable1
  17. 17. Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) profile — continued KBA numbers 90 – 101 Location Area† Trigger Species* Conservation KBA Name of KBA Threats Municipality Province/s (ha) CR EN VU RR CC Measure 90 Mt. Nacolod Mahaplag, Sogod, Leyte, South- 33,494 1 1 5 27 IBA (PH078), CPA 115 illegal logging, land conversion Libagon, Saint Bernard, ern Leyte (agricultural purposes, kaingin), Hinunangan, Silago, encroachment Abuyog 91 Talibon Protected Talibon, Getafe Bohol 6,457 1 IBA (PH079), CPA 111, Landscape and Talibon Protected Land- Seascape scape and Seascape (Proc # 131) 92 Rajah Sikatuna Carmen, Sierra Bullones, Bohol 10,453 1 2 18 29 IBA (PH080), CPA 112, collection of non-timber forest Protected Garcia Hernandez, Valen- Rajah Sikatuna Protected products, land conversion (kaingin), Landscape cia, Dimiao, Bilar, Batuan Landscape (Proc # 287) wildlife hunting 93 Mt. Kambinlio and Loreto, Tubajon, Libjo, Surigao del 28,524 1 4 13 28 IBA (PH081), CPA 118, Illegal logging, mining, land conver- Mt. Redondo Cagdianao Norte AZE sion (kaingin) 94 Siargao Island Santa Monica, Burgos, Surigao del 278,914 1 1 7 22 IBA (PH082), CPA 119, Collection of timber and non-timber Protected Land San Isidro, Pilar, General Norte Siargao Protected Land- forest products, wildlife hunting, and Seascape Luna, Dapa, Del Carmen, scape and Seascape illegal fishing San Benito, Socorro (Proc # 902) 95 Mt. Hilong-hilong Cabadbaran, San- Agusan del 240,240 2 2 22 23 IBA (PH083), CPA 123 Timber extraction, land conversion tiago, Jabonga, Kitcharao, Norte, Surigao (kaingin, road construction), en- Alegria, Gigaquit, Claver, del Norte, croachment, wildlife hunting Carrascal, Cantilan, Surigao del Madrid, Carmen, Lanuza, Sur, Agusan Cortes, Tandag, Tago, San del Sur Miguel, Sibagat, Bayugan, Remedios T. Romualdes, Tubay 96 Mt. Diwata Range San Miguel, Tago, Cag- Surigao del 93,798 1 2 16 7 IBA (PH084), CPA 123 Illegal logging, human encroach- wait, Marihatag, San Sur, Agusan ment, land conversion (kaingin) Agustin, Lianga, Barobo, del Sur San Francisco, Prosperi- dad 97 Agusan Marsh Veruela, Loreto, Bunawan, Agusan del Sur 14,836 1 1 11 1 3 IBA (PH085), CPA 126, Sedimentation due to forest clearing Wildlife La Paz, Talacogon, San Agusan Marsh Wildlife in the upland areas, pollution (from Sanctuary Francisco, Rosario Sanctuary (Proc # 913) small-scale mining), land conversion to agricultural land, collection of timber and non-timber forest prod- ucts, wildlife hunting (waterbirds) 98 Bislig Monkayo, Trento, Bu- Agusan del 154,829 1 2 19 11 IBA (PH086), CPA 125 Logging concession, land conversion nawan, Rosario, San Fran- Sur, Surigao (plantation), human encroachment cisco, Barobo, Tagbina, del Sur, Davao Bislig, Lingig, Boston Oriental, Com- postela Valley 99 Mt. Agtuuganon Boston, Caraga, Cateel, Davao Orien- 85,501 1 8 12 IBA (PH087), CPA 125 Mining and Mt. Pasian Baganga, New Bataan, tal, Compos- Compostela, Monkayo tela ValleyPhoto: Mariano Roy M. Duya, CI-Philippines 100 Mt. Kampalili- Banaybanay, Lupon, Davao Orien- 169,909 2 1 13 22 IBA (PH088), CPA 140 Illegal logging, mining, land conver- Puting Bato Mati, Tarragona, Manay, tal, Compos- and 141 sion (kaingin, road construction) Caraga, Baganga, New tela Valley Bataan, Maragusan (San Mariano), Maco, Mabini, Pantukan 101 Mt. Hamiguitan San Isidro, Gov. Generoso, Davao Oriental 31,879 2 2 8 4 IBA (PH089), CPA 142, Illegal logging, mining, land conver- Range Wildlife Mati Mt. Hamiguitan Range sion (kaingin, road construction), Sanctuary Wildlife Santuary (RA wildlife hunting (pet trade) 9303) 1

×