Philippine Biodiversity is made up of Indo-Malayan (Indochina to Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asian islands) elements indicative of the Sunda Islands (ex. Borneo, Sumatra and Java) which is typical for Palawan. The Papua-Australian (Sulawesi, New Guinea to Australia) elements can be found in much of the eastern Philippines and the northern islands have similar species indicative of the Palearctic mainland (Europe, Russia to North Asia).
Many forms have become unique and distinctively Filipino in origin; these are the endemics. The Philippines is the world’s 2nd largest archipelago. It is comprised of more than 7,000 islands. Despite the country’s relatively small size, it is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world in terms of unique terrestrial and marine plant and animal species. More than 20,000 species of plant and animals are found nowhere else on earth. As such, the Philippines has also oftentimes been described as Galapagos times ten.