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PHILIPPINES - Mining or Food? Mining’s Impact on Economy         and Ecology     CLIVE WICKS FCMIConservation and Developm...
This talk is dedicated to the memory of     Fr Fausto “Pops” Tentorio, PIME               17 October 2011        Councilor...
CONGRATULATE   President Aquino III ON    REVIEWING MINING      EO NUMBER 23  AND ON PROPOSALS FORTOTAL ECONOMIC VALUATION...
DR ROBERT GOODLAND        CLIVE WICKS  WE HAVE NEARLY 100 YEARS OF  EXPERIENCE OF AGRICULTURE,ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTA...
WGMP formed in 2007 after 2006 field trip of Clare Short MP          to the Philippines to raise issues with London Invest...
IUCN CEESP                  SEAPRISESOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTABILITY            OF PRIVATE SECTOR                10...
INDUCED SEISMIC ACTIVITY   THREE GORGES DAM IN CHINA INDONESIA GAS DRILLING CAUSED          TOXIC MUD FLOW    IN S O      ...
Extent of Forest Cover Loss in the last 100 years               Less than 6% of original forests remains               Sou...
Earthquake Potential          RING OF FIRE           MOUNTAINS               +    LOSS OF FOREST COVER                +   ...
Agricultural Targets A i lt     lT     t• Make Philippines self sufficient in rice  by 2013 agreed with President• Feed an...
DENRCONFLICTING FUNCTIONSPROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT PROMOTE MINING AND LOGGINGPROGRAMMES WE DON’T KNOW ANY OTHER COUNTRYTHAT ...
STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL                ASSESSMENT (SEA)          BENEFITS OF SEA INCLUDE: TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPME...
I have never seen anything so                    systematically destructive as the                  mining programme in th...
Message from Clare Short former BritishMinister for International Development (Dfid)         This second report Philippine...
Midsalip Case – Home Of The Subaanan and    Endangered Philippine Eagle•    70% of Filipino’s depend on Agriculture     an...
TAMPAKAN               A Ri k f E                 Risk for Ever  SMI -waste engineers state on page 42 of their          A...
Tampakan Mine Project   p             j – Relates to all mining   activities and mine   facilities within   proposed mine ...
Tampakan Mine Project – Risks•   Mine will damage forests in water catchments, water supplies including    shallow aquifer...
Tampakan Mine Project – Risks contd.• Human rights - Mining will damage the human rights  particularly those of its indige...
Existing Land Use
Site Geology
Mal River Catchment     Confirm     location of     NIA Irrigation     weir
Project Layout – Year 10
3D Layout (Year 20) -TSF and FWD
Responsible mining-Chamber of minesIs it responsible to:•Fail to consult the Secretary of the Department ofAgriculture who...
•Fail to respect the Climate Change Commissionview that no further forests should be destroyed inSouth C t b tS th Cotabat...
Small scale miners are the problem ?• No the biggest problems are caused by large scaleminers who damage water catchments,...
MINING AND FOOD    RECOMMENDATIONS•   1st    TO GOVERNMENT•   2nd    TO MINING PROPONENTS•   3rd    TO DEVELOPMENT AGENCIE...
Recommendations     • The following are a subset of the recommendations       pertaining to indigenous peoples            ...
GOVERNMENT• 1.1   Prioritize Food Production &        protection of Human Rights:        Insist on Strategic Environmental...
To Government Depts•    Carry out SEAs before allowing mining•    Enforce all Lawsbest practise/TEV - No double           ...
Figure 1: Codes of Conduct and StandardsFollowed by Responsible MiningEITI: The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiat...
KEY ISSUES•    MINING AND FOOD SECURITY AND LACK OF     INTER-DEPT COORDINATION•    RESPONSIBLE MINING PLANS/ NONE SEEN•  ...
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
Clive Wicks Presentation
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Clive Wicks Presentation

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Clive Wicks Presentation

CLIVE WICKS, Consultant, Working Group in Mining in the Philippines


Conference on Mining's Impact
on Philippine
Economy and Ecology

Financial Executives Institute of the Philippines (FINEX)
Management Association of the Philippines (MAP)
Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PCCI)

GRAND BALLROOM
INTER-CONTINENTAL MANILA
2 March 2012
Friday, 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • YES TO LIFE
    AGRICULTURE & ECO TOURISM
    No to mining in Palawan AND other
    Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs)
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Ang yaman ng Palawan ay yaman ng Pilipinas It is known as the Philippines’ Last Ecological Frontier. It has 40% of our country’s remaining mangrove areas, 30% of our coral reefs, at least 17 Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and 8 declared Protected Areas (PAs). It is unmatched anywhere in the country.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
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Transcript of "Clive Wicks Presentation"

  1. 1. PHILIPPINES - Mining or Food? Mining’s Impact on Economy and Ecology CLIVE WICKS FCMIConservation and Development Consultant 2nd March 2012
  2. 2. This talk is dedicated to the memory of Fr Fausto “Pops” Tentorio, PIME 17 October 2011 Councilor Armin R. Marin, R Marin October 3, 2007 and many otherEnvironmental Martyrs including 11 working with us in 5 years
  3. 3. CONGRATULATE President Aquino III ON REVIEWING MINING EO NUMBER 23 AND ON PROPOSALS FORTOTAL ECONOMIC VALUATION VITAL TO PROTECT NATURAL CAPITAL
  4. 4. DR ROBERT GOODLAND CLIVE WICKS WE HAVE NEARLY 100 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE OF AGRICULTURE,ENGINEERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMMES OG S WE ARE IN FAVOUR OF RESPONSIBLE MINING
  5. 5. WGMP formed in 2007 after 2006 field trip of Clare Short MP to the Philippines to raise issues with London Investment Institutions WORKING GROUP ON MINING IN THE Ireland PHILIPPINESMembers of WGMP: Cathal Doyle, Irish Centre for Human Rights ; Miles Litvinoff, ECCR; Frank Nally SSC, Columbans; GeoffNettleton, PipLinks; Rachel Parry, USPG; Ellen Teague, Vocation for Justice, Columbans; Clive Montgomery-Wicks, IUCN-CEESP ;Andy Whitmore, PipLinks; Observer groups; Consultant – Robert Goodland. Chair 2006-2010, Hon. Clare Short MP.
  6. 6. IUCN CEESP SEAPRISESOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTABILITY OF PRIVATE SECTOR 106 MEMBERS MINING, OIL MINING OIL, GAS AND BIOFUELS HELP GOVERNMENTS AND NGOS MURMANSK G8 MEETING PRAGUE 2000 EIR DR. R. GOODLAND NEW GUINEA RIO TINTO PHILIPPINES UNEP REPORTS ON TAILINGS DAMS
  7. 7. INDUCED SEISMIC ACTIVITY THREE GORGES DAM IN CHINA INDONESIA GAS DRILLING CAUSED TOXIC MUD FLOW IN S O SIDOARJO, EASTERN JAVA O SHYDRO FRACTURING CAUSED SEISMIC ACTIVITY IN BLACKPOOL (UK)
  8. 8. Extent of Forest Cover Loss in the last 100 years Less than 6% of original forests remains Source: Environmental Science for Social Change, 1999
  9. 9. Earthquake Potential RING OF FIRE MOUNTAINS + LOSS OF FOREST COVER + CLIMATE CHANGE SENDONG HIGH RAINFALL/TYPHOONS + SEISMIC ACTIVITY/ FAULT LINES + OPEN CAST MINING + INDUCED SESIMIC ACTIVITY =CUMULATIVE RISKS MAKE MINING IN PHILIPPINE VERY HAZARDOUS
  10. 10. Agricultural Targets A i lt lT t• Make Philippines self sufficient in rice by 2013 agreed with President• Feed an estimated population of 130 million by 2030 Threat from climate change Threat to water catchments from mining and f i i d forest ddestruction. i Threat of biofuel production taking over agricultural land.
  11. 11. DENRCONFLICTING FUNCTIONSPROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT PROMOTE MINING AND LOGGINGPROGRAMMES WE DON’T KNOW ANY OTHER COUNTRYTHAT DOES THIS
  12. 12. STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SEA) BENEFITS OF SEA INCLUDE: TO SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TO IMPROVE THE EVIDENCE BASE FORSTRATEGIC DECISIONS TO FACILITATE AND RESPOND TOCONSULTATION WITH STAKEHOLDERS TO STREAMLINE OTHER PROCESSED SUCH ASENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTASSESSMENTS (ESIAs) OF INDIVIDUALDEVELOPMENT PROJECTShttp://WWW.SEA-INFO.NET/CONTENT/OVERVIEW.ASP?PID=94
  13. 13. I have never seen anything so systematically destructive as the mining programme in the Philippines. The environmental effects are catastrophic, as are the effects on people’s livelihoods‘ Clare Sh t Cl Short . 2007 Report of the fact-finding mission to the Philippines to investigate the impacts of large scale mineral extraction on large-scale communities, human rights and the environment. The mission delegation included former UK International Development Secretary Clare Short MP and ECCR Board member Fr Frank Nally of the Society of St Columban. http://www.eccr.org.uk/dcs/MininginthePhilippines-ConcernsandConflicts.pdfPublished 2007 Published 2009
  14. 14. Message from Clare Short former BritishMinister for International Development (Dfid) This second report Philippines: Mining or Food? highlights the threat that mining poses to food security. Once self- sufficient in rice, the Philippines is now the world’s biggest , pp gg importer and, with world rice prices tripling in 2008, it has had to pay record prices. In a country where two-thirds of the population live on only $2 a day, this means that more Filipino families are being forced into poverty. The problem is rooted in the failure of the Philippine Government t maintain th h lth of it agricultural sector G t to i t i the health f its i lt l t and to conserve vital natural resources, such as tropical forests and water, which contribute to national rice output. The loss of watersheds, for example, has a direct impact on the water supply for irrigation that is so vital for rice farmers. Yet, the Government seems to regard forests purely as a source of timber and as potential areas for mining.
  15. 15. Midsalip Case – Home Of The Subaanan and Endangered Philippine Eagle• 70% of Filipino’s depend on Agriculture and Fishing for survival• The Midsalip farmland is currently well irrigated on rich volcanic soil with terraced productive rice fields.• The proposal is to destroy, the sacred Mt. Sugarloaf/Pinukis mountain, through open cast mining and deposit the mine waste, soil & (tailings) in the rice fields fields.• People have made legal complaints and now are pursuing a Writ of Kalikasan
  16. 16. TAMPAKAN A Ri k f E Risk for Ever SMI -waste engineers state on page 42 of their Appendix to the ESIA April 2011“The mine has a high potential for loss of life and high environmental damage if a failure of the dams or waste rock storage facility occurs”. The International reviewers agree. However, we totally disagree that the mining company can guarantee to design facilities to avoid a disaster in perpetuity perpetuity.
  17. 17. Tampakan Mine Project p j – Relates to all mining activities and mine facilities within proposed mine tenement boundary y – Off-site infrastructure will be subject to separate regulatory approvals
  18. 18. Tampakan Mine Project – Risks• Mine will damage forests in water catchments, water supplies including shallow aquifers, agricultural lands, fish ponds, Lake Buluan, marine resources and increase risk of flooding• The storage of 2.7 Billion tons of toxic mine rock waste and tailings and 27 a mine void 800 meter deep with thousands of gallons of toxic water in the water catchment of 6 rivers and the source of most of them is far too great a risk• The Mal river will be the river worst affected. The headwaters will be very badly damaged. Tailings dam is just above the (NIA) irrigation dam.• High risk of acid drainage from waste rock and tailings which also contain high levels of arsenic.• Cancer - Toxic copper mine waste is associated with high levels of cancer to communities nearby. (page 115 of Philippines Mining or Food? )• Seismic ti it Unstable S i i activity - U t bl area with Hi h S i i activity with many f lt ith High Seismic ti it ith fault lines some crossing other faults• Induced Seismic activity - High risk of Induced Seismic activity caused by open caste mining mining.• Conflict Zone 4 Militant groups against ICMM and EIR recommendations
  19. 19. Tampakan Mine Project – Risks contd.• Human rights - Mining will damage the human rights particularly those of its indigenous people but also many other stakeholders.• Damage to Sustainability - Mining will undermine current sustainable development/agricultural and ecotourism plans• Laws - Provincial Governments are right to pass anti- open caste mining laws to protect their ability to produce and secure food production through protecting biodiversity for current and future generations• Governments by law have to keep all forests intact to protect their people from climate change. Rainfall in Central Mindanao is expected to decrease by 20% within 20 years.• Moratoriums - All mining companies should respect the Moratoriums in place and cease all activities.• SEA - If challenged, th P SEAs h ll d then Provinces should call f an i d i h ld ll for independent d t Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
  20. 20. Existing Land Use
  21. 21. Site Geology
  22. 22. Mal River Catchment Confirm location of NIA Irrigation weir
  23. 23. Project Layout – Year 10
  24. 24. 3D Layout (Year 20) -TSF and FWD
  25. 25. Responsible mining-Chamber of minesIs it responsible to:•Fail to consult the Secretary of the Department ofAgriculture who is responsible for agricultural andfisheries production including irrigation schemeslikely to be a ected by t e mine. ey affected the e•Risk damaging the Philippines Government plans tomake the country self sufficient in rice by 2013 and y yfeed a population of 130 million by 2030.•Fail to accept that open cast mining, especiallyunder the current climatic an seismic conditions verydangerous•Ask the government to allow them exemption fromenvironmental laws eg Watercatchments, forests
  26. 26. •Fail to respect the Climate Change Commissionview that no further forests should be destroyed inSouth C t b tS th Cotabato as the forecast is that the area will th f t i th t th illhave 20% less water in 20 years time.•Object to the President s proposal for Total President’sEconomic Valuation (TEV) as it is done in Canada• Ask the government and people to accept the riskand cost of pollution from Mines in perpetuity•Fail to consult all the stakeholders who use the Fail stakeholders,water resources including all who live along therivers and lakes.
  27. 27. Small scale miners are the problem ?• No the biggest problems are caused by large scaleminers who damage water catchments, agriculture catchmentsand leave toxic materials, toxic water behind inperpetuity and damage sacred mountains.•The Philippines gains virtually nothing financiallyfrom large scale miners and is left with clean up g pcosts for ever.•Small scale miners can cause problems p p particularly ywhen they use mercury and illegally use heavyequipment•They need technical help and financial support.•There is a lack of enforcement of laws.
  28. 28. MINING AND FOOD RECOMMENDATIONS• 1st TO GOVERNMENT• 2nd TO MINING PROPONENTS• 3rd TO DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES• 4th TO INVESTOR COMMUNITY• 5th FOR MINING-AFFECTED PEOPLE
  29. 29. Recommendations • The following are a subset of the recommendations pertaining to indigenous peoples Survival of and respect for Indigenous Peoples g pGOP* & Companies World Bank Halt Extrajudicial Adhere to EIR findings killings, Eliminate and ensure strictuse of paramilitaries adherence to IFC& Tackle corruption EU guidelines GOP Use good NGOs and Govt’s Halt the erosion of offices to Ensure the IPRA and FPIC. encourage provision of Support dialogue & independent advice traditional adherence to Establish a credible Indigenous legal independent structures protections monitoring body Ensure access to*GOP: Government of the Philippines justice
  30. 30. GOVERNMENT• 1.1 Prioritize Food Production & protection of Human Rights: Insist on Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs)• 1.2 Ministries concerned with food security must prevail over it t il mining departments• 1.3 Extractive Industries Inter Ministerial Coordination Committee plus Civil Society
  31. 31. To Government Depts• Carry out SEAs before allowing mining• Enforce all Lawsbest practise/TEV - No double p standards• Apply Precautionary Principle• Establish No Go Zones to protect people, biodiversity and food supplies• No mining in: 1. Agricultural lands, 2. Conflict Zones 3. Water catchments, 4. Small islands 5. Areas of high seismic activity
  32. 32. Figure 1: Codes of Conduct and StandardsFollowed by Responsible MiningEITI: The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Plus plus.UNDRIP: The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.UNHCR The United Nations High Commission for Human Rights.The Voluntary Principles on Security and Human RightsIRMA: The Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance.UN Convention Against CorruptionUN Precautionary PrincipleThe Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.The Equator Principles.The UN Aarhus ConventionThe Extractive Industry Review.Corporate Social Responsibility.The UN Global Compact.The Environmental Liability Directive Directive.IPIECA Guidance Document on Sustainable Social Investment.The ECOWAS Directive on the Harmonization of Guiding Principles and Policies in the Mining Sector.UN ILO Convention 169: Core Labor Standards.The International Convention on Economic, Social and Civil Rights.The International Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide.Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human RightsThe OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.The Akwé: Kon Guidelines
  33. 33. KEY ISSUES• MINING AND FOOD SECURITY AND LACK OF INTER-DEPT COORDINATION• RESPONSIBLE MINING PLANS/ NONE SEEN• ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTED AREAS: RIVERS, AQUIFERS, FORESTS, AQUIFERS FORESTS MARINE• TAQMPAKAN: POTENTIALLY ONE OF THE MOST DANGEROUS MINES IN THE WORLD• CUMULATIVE RISKS AND IMPACTS -SEAs
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