WHERE TO FIND NEWS PJ’s hold the key to communicating the news on the printed page Pictures today do not merely supplement the news stories or serve as ornaments to break up the gray type. Today’s photos represent the best means available to report human events concisely and effectively. PJ’s are not appendages of writers. Rather, when you start to find, interpret and report the day’s news, features and sports, you form an opinion about the newsmaker that you transfer into life, youconstantly face ethical issues of when to interrupt a citizen’s private moments of grief or joy.
LuckCannot be learned. But if luck isnot accompanied by goodtechnique and the sense of whatto do with the photo once it’sbeen shot, then the PJ won[t beable to turn an accident intofront page news.- Look online at public records and schedules for ideas – COMPANIES, SCHOOLS, HOSPITALS, GOVERN MENT PRESS OR PUBLIC RELATIONS OFFICES- Follow breaking news reporters on social media
LOOK TO MEDIANewspapers - Birth, wedding, and death announcements, schedules oflocal theaters, sports events, parades, and festivals.Magazines and news letters: special interest, trademagazines, sports, environment and more for upcoming happenings
THE OVERALLAssuring visual variety:- The overall photo allows viewers at home to orient themselves to the scene and judge the magnitude of the event.- You should shoot overalls on each assignment so the editor can see the location in order to interpret the rest of the pictures.- The overall requires a highangle, generally. When youarrive to your scene, a quicksurvey decides what’shappening. Elevate yourselfabove the crowd:chair, tree, nearby building, roofof your car, airplane
MEDIUM SHOTMedium shot tells the story in one photography – close to the action yet far enoughaway to show the relationship to other things and the environment.Contains all the story-telling elements of the scene - quick compression of story’snews elements in one image – think 50mm lensUsed for action, which you must anticipate when and where it will take place
CLOSE UP - Nothing beats the close-up for drama, slamming readers into eyeball-to- eyeball contact with the subject, eliciting empathy in the reader. - Close enough to isolate one element and emphasize it - Doesnt’t have to- Longer telephoto lens allows you include a person’s to be inconspicuous face: doll covered in (200mm+), which decreases mud or burnt forest depth-of-field, blurs background fire. and isolates subject from background
Ta ke s eve r a l f r a m e s f r o m e a c h- Add instant interest vantage point – at least 6 to a set of photos by Move over a few feet and r epeat shooting from a One slight change can change unique elevation. eve r y t h i n g . Tr y t o i m p r ove e a ch- Down from a 30-story picture and stay until you’ ve got building or up from a it. manhole cover- The viewer gets a jarring but almost refreshing look at a subject- Covering a meeting? Shooting from the chair or while sitting on the floor can add variety- Avoid the 5’7 syndrome – shooting from the chest
Steal images like a pickpocket WITHOUTinterrupting Eye contact with the subject tipsoff the reader that the picture is not candidand suggests that the subject was at least aware of the photographer and mighteven be performing for the lens.Although PJ Is usually a team endeavor, theindividual shooting the photographs pushesthemselves to the limit – the labor is stressfuland dangerous, the pay is moderate and theupward mobility limited. But contributing toliving history overcomes the disadvantages forpeople who want to succeed and love theirjobs.Always keep in mind there is more than oneway to reveal the truth about your subject.Your subject presents you with more than onetruth at any given time.The burden you bear is to ferret out the mostappropriate truth and visually present it in afair way. This is the challenge and the reward.
International assignments:Wall Street JournalChristian Science MonitorNew York Times Sunday magazineNational Public Radio
Late 1800s PJ: New York Herald, Harper’s Weekly, The Daily Graphic, Illustratednewspapers McClure’s and Cosmopolitan magazines Documentary photography: picture taking done with the sole or primary intention of informing about reality in an objective and truthful way.
Documentary: landscapes, stilllifes, architecture, fires, accidents, floods, industrial progress, medicalproblems, prominent personalitiesand warsSocial Documentary:Photography with an end purpose inmind other than to simply objectivelyand visually inform, although youmay do this. This purpose is socialchange, i.e. improving conditions forpoor. (Jacob R. Riis and Lewis Hine)