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  • . These functions are essential to accomplish business enterprise's goals. 
  • Pom Monday

    1. 1. “Presentation On Principles Of Management And their approaches”Submitted To - Submitted By-Prof. Nuppur Mam Nijo Ninan LOGO
    2. 2. Principles Of Management – And Their Approaches LOGO
    3. 3. INSIGHT Objectives.Management and Managers.The Fundamental Functions Of Management.Managerial Roles in Organizations.Approaches and theories of management. LOGO
    4. 4. OBJECTIVETo identify several areas where management concepts are applicable to the personal and professional goal setting and also to apply the management skills to the challenge of managing the most difficult peer or subordinate LOGO
    5. 5. ManagementManagement has been described as a social process involving responsibility for economical and effective planning & regulation of operation of an enterprise in the fulfillment of given purposes efficiently and effectively. LOGO
    6. 6. Manager Manager may refer to: “A manager is someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals.Anyone who uses management skills or holds the organizational title of "manager"  A manager of a department in an organization • A manager of a division (business)  General manager- for managing both the revenue and cost elements of an organization  Project manager- for individual projects LOGO
    7. 7. Level of Managers in an OrganizationTop ManagersMiddle MangersFirst-Line ManagersNon-managerial EmployeesFirst-line managers (or first-line supervisors) LOGO
    8. 8. The Fundamental Functions Of ManagementThe management functions are the fundamental aspects of management. According to Henri Fayoll, a Frenchman, there are five functions of management. They include: LOGO
    9. 9. Planning, organizing, leading,Coordinating, controlling. LOGO
    10. 10. Managerial Roles in Organizations Interpersonal roles- Involve people (subordinates and persons outside the organization) and other duties that are ceremonial and symbolic in nature. The three interpersonal roles include being a figurehead, leader, and liaison. Informational roles- Involve receiving, collecting, and disseminating information. The three informational roles include a monitor, disseminator, and spokesperson. Decisional roles- Involve making choices. The four decisional roles include entrepreneur, disturbance handler, resource allocator, and negotiator. In the late 1960s, Henry Mintzberg concluded that managers perform 10 different, but highly interrelated roles LOGO
    11. 11. The approaches and theories. Empirical Approach Human Behavior Approach Social System Approach Decision Theory Approach Mathematical Approach Socio-Technical Systems Approach Systems Approach Contingency Approach Operational Approach LOGO
    12. 12. EMPIRICAL APPROACH • Study of managerial experiences and cases(mgt) • Contributors: Earnest Dale, Mooney & Reiley, urwick. • Features – Study of Managerial Experiences – Managerial experience passed from participationer to students for continuity in knowledge management. – Study of Successful & failure cases help practicising managers. – Theoretical research combined with practical experiences. • Uses Learning through experience of others • Limitations No Contribution for the development of management as a discipline Situations of past not the same as present. LOGO
    13. 13. Human Behavior Approaches The Human Resource perspective to management suggested that jobs should be designed to meet higher levels needs by allowing workers to use their full potential. This include three theories The Hawthorne Studies by Elton Mayo The Maslow Theories of Human’s Need Mc Gregorys Theory (x y theory) LOGO
    14. 14. Human Behavior Approaches Organization as people a) Interpersonal Behavior Approach - Individual Psychology b) Group Behaviour Approach - Organisation Behaviour Features – Draws heavily from psychology & sociology. – Understand human relations. – Emphasis on greater productivity through motivation & good human relations – Motivation, leadership, participative management & group dynamics are core of this approach. LOGO
    15. 15. Cont.• Uses– Demonstrates how management can be effective by applyingknowledge of organization behavior.• Contributors– Maslow, Herzberg, Vroom, Mc Cleland, Argyris, Likert, Lewin, McGregor, etc.• Limitations– Treating management as equivalent to human behaviour.– Talks about organization & organization behavior in vague terms. LOGO
    16. 16. SOCIAL SYSTEM APPROACH• Contributors– Pareto, Chester Barnard•Uses– Organizational decisions should not be based on desires of onegroup alone but should reflect the interests of all the parties.• Limitations– Broader than management & its practice– Overlooks many management concepts principles & techniquesthat are important to practicing managers. LOGO
    17. 17. DECISION THEORY APPROACH• Manager – Decision maker• Organisation – Decision making unit.• Features– Management is decision making.– Members of Organisation - decision makers and problemsolvers.– Decision making - control point in management– Increasing efficiency - the quality of decision– MIS, process & techniques of decision making are the subjectmatter of study. LOGO
    18. 18. SYSTEMS APPROACH • An enterprise • Man-Made system • Internal parts • Achieve established goals • External parts • Achieve interplay with its environment • Manager integrates his available facilities with goal achievement. • Uses Quick Perception Better Planning • Limitations Complicated Expensive LOGO
    19. 19. Modern Approach Elements of various perspectives, mostly the humanistic perspective evolved into what is known as the Modern Approach to management. This include three theories Open Systems Contingency Thinking Lessons from the Japanese management style (theory z) LOGO
    20. 20. LOGO