Hist 4710 Week 5 (Nursing Professionalization)

  • 40 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
40
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Professionalizing Nursing1893-1918
  • 2. A. Professional Organizations
  • 3. Organizations (Education) Chicago World’s Fair, 1893 Congress of Charities, Correction, and Philosophy Paper by Florence Nightingale presented, on need for scientifictraining of nurses 1893: American Society of Superintendents of TrainingSchools for Nurses (ASSTSN) Goal: Improving nursing education Becomes National League of Nursing Education (1912) 1896: Nurses’ Associated Alumnae of the U.S. & Canada Goal: Enhancing collaboration among practicing nurses andeducators Becomes American Nurses Association (1911)
  • 4. Organizations (Registration) 1899, International Council of Nurses First meeting September 1901, at World Exposition in Buffalo,New York Passed resolution in favor of nurse registration 1900: American Journal of Nursing Editor, Sophia French Palmer, was one of the first nurses tocampaign for state licensing Palmer assisted in formulating much of nursing registrationlegislation
  • 5. Organizations (Support) 1901: State Nursing Associations (Illinois, New Jersey,New York, and Virginia ) 33 state associations by 1909 (out of 36 states) ANA urged nurses to join ANA and state associations• High membership but low participation in state organizations• Many did not want to belong 1908 National Association for Colored Graduate Nurses(New York) Achieve higher professional standards Break down discrimination Develop leadership
  • 6. B. Regulatory Laws
  • 7. Nurse Registration 1891, First nurse registration law (South Africa) 1899, Natal 1901, New Zealand 1902, Great Britain 1901, International Congress of Nurses resolution in favorof nurse registration 1903, first American registration laws
  • 8. State Registration Laws (1903) North Carolina first state legislature to passregistration law Lobbying by the state medical society weakened bill Only requirement for registration was passing examadministered by state board (comprised of 2 physicians& 3 nurses) New Jersey, New York, and Virginia sign nurseregistration laws
  • 9. New York Nurse Registration NY State Nurses’ Association held meeting to discusspotential Act (1902) 100 nurses from across state William S. Ely, president of Academy of Medicine of Rochester(note: SUNY) attended Susan B. Anthony attended, and spoke in favor Support assured from Senator William Armstrong
  • 10. What’s in a Name? “Registered nurse” (Rochester contingent, able to vote) Only for graduates of gen’l hospitals and mental hospitals “Trained nurse” (Buffalo contingent) Public was familiar with that term Available for “all nurses,” not just prestigious institutions Other suggested terms: “nurse” and “registered graduatenurse”
  • 11. NY Nurse Registration Act (1903) To be designated "registered nurse," applicant needed toprove her graduation from an approved school Minimum standards (type & length of training) Not a restrictive law -- nurses could practice without thiscertification Changes across East Coast in practical & theoretical trainingso schools’ graduates could meet NY requirements For example: Led to new obstetric courses being offeredthroughout East
  • 12. State Registration laws All states by mid-1920s Not rigidly enforced No licensing laws First mandatory licensing law passed in 1938 (New York);most laws would remain weak until after WWII.
  • 13. C. Education Reform
  • 14. State of Nursing Education In 1900, ~3500 graduates from nurse training programs Nightingale-style training schools 2-3 years training Other schools unregulated & nonstandard 1900, Philadelphia County Medical Society & College ofPhysicians of Philadelphia announced plans for 10-weekschool of nursing. Correspondence courses available
  • 15. Flexner Report for Nursing? 1911, American Society of Superintendents of TrainingSchools request funding from Carnegie Foundation Request was denied Legal, dental, and teacher education received fundingfrom Carnegie Foundation for Flexner-like studies 1918, Adelaide Nutting (Johns Hopkins School ofNursing) approached Rockefeller Foundation Established Committee for the Study of NursingEducation Goal: Investigate “the proper training of the publichealth nurse” Would lead to 1923 Goldmark Report, “Nursing andNursing Education in the United States”