A philosophical belief and outlook that material things
do not exist independently in the physical world but
only in the mind.
A philosophical system with mysticism and
Judeo-Christian ideas posting one source of
existence, developed by Plotinus and his
followers in the 3rd century AD
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
He developed an idealist philosophy of history that
influenced western thought through the 19th and
early 20th centuries.
A professor of philosophy at the University of
Heidelbelrg and then at prestigious University of
His works were: The Science of Logic, The
Encyclopedia of philosophical sciences and the
philosophy of history .
He believe that as individuals our minds attuned to
and related to the divine mind called Absolute
Mind the mind of the creator.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
century’s most prominent American
He was an unusual blending of essayist,
poet, mystics, orator and philosopher.
His ideas about individualism and self
Emerson’s alma mater Harvard Divinity
Spanish Educators in the
The educational system that was established
during the presence of the Spaniards was
absolutely idealist in nature.
Situation: students were passive learners,
while the teachers kept on talking to
consummate his lessons.
Educational Implications of
The educational goals of idealism.
The idealist curriculum.
The attitudinal dimension.
seek and find the truth
Education is to lead us on our
journey to the truth
ROLE OF THE SCHOOL
arrange knowledge as a
To preserve knowledge by
transmitting the cultural
to prepare students
for adult life
It can be viewed as a hierarchy
in which the summit is occupied
by the most general disciplines:
Philosophy and Theology
Priorities in the curriculum:
Liberal Arts and Humanities
Elementary School Curriculum
the basic skills of
literacy, numeracy and civility
that prepare a person for more
followed by recitation, writing,
rote memorization and assigned reading.
Learners listen to the instruction of the
teacher and perform individual task
Role of Teacher
interpret the law and will of God as well
as the authority
Expected to be a charismatic persuader
and an inspiring academic leader expert
in the use of the words
A model of cultural heritage
center of attraction is the teacher’s
table and chair
An elevated platform is found in front
where the podium is located, so that the
teacher can be seen and heard by the
Learners occupy their traditional seats by
rows facing the instructor
should be exposed to
worthy examples and models
Desired Qualities of a
culture and reality for the
A specialist in human personality
An expert in the learning process
Merit student’s friendship
Realize that teaching’s moral significance
lies in it’s goal of perfecting human
Aid in the cultural rebirth of each