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Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt

Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt






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    Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt Presentation Transcript

      • 1450-1600 - Means “ rebirth ”
      • Emergence of the idea of the universal (Renaissance) man - every educated person was expected to be interested/ knowledgeable in everything, including music and the arts
      • Painters/Sculptors: Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian
    • Boticelli
    • Michelangelo
    • Raphael
      • Cultured princely courts compete in all of the arts, including increasing the number, quality & type of musicians
      • Music is common at public events & as an courtly & merchant entertainment
      • Women – acceptance as virtuoso singers.
      • Printed music books became available and affordable.
      • Characteristics of Renaissance music :
      • Vocal music continues to be more important than instrumental - words and music have a close relationship
      • Word painting when m usic enhances the meaning and emotion of the text .
      • no extreme contrasts of dynamics, tone color or rhythm
      • Texture mostly polyphonic but fuller than Medieval .
      • Choral pieces have four, five or six independent parts sung as a cappella .
      • Imitation of voices is common: each has the same melodic line in turn as in a round.
      • Homophonic texture ( succession of chords) in dance like music only
      • Rhythm and melody:
      • each melodic line has great rhythmic independence and moves more with a gentle flow than a sharply defined beat.
      • Melodies are easy to sing because the melody usually moves along a scale with a few large leaps.
      • Renaissance Mass
      • Five main sections:
      • Kyrie eleison ( Lord, have mercy),
      • Gloria ( Glory be to God on high)
      • Credo ( I believe in one God, the Father Almighty)
    • Renaissance Mass
      • Sanctus ( Holy, Holy, Holy) concludes with the Hosanna in the highest
      • Agnus Dei ( Lamb of God)
      • Monophonic chant opening , voices set in various registers( high vs. low voices).
      • Alternation of homorhythmic and polyphonic textures. Full, consonant harmony.
      • Palestrina’s “Pope Marcellus Mass” dedicated to his patron Pope Julius 3 rd .
      • Sung in A Cappella . Only sung by a male choir ( highest voices were sung by boy sopranos or male falsetists), text was set syllabically.
    • Renaissance Mass
      • Instrumental – dance:
      • Galliard in triple meter
      • Pavane- processional court dance was performed by pairs of dancers a arranged in formal patterns.
    • Secular
      • Ronde- round dance , performed in a circle.
      • Saltarello- very fast moving dance in duple rhythm
    • saltarello
    • Motet
      • Words are proclaiming humanistic and emotional spirit of a new age.
      • Meter change from duple to triple and back.
    • Ave Maria
      • Instruments duplicating or substituting for the voices.
      • John Farmer (1591-1601) most popular composer of English madrigals.
      • Pierre Passereau in France
    • Fair Phyllis
    • Pierre Passereau
      • The words describing the Phyllis’s lover wandered “ up and down” is rendered musically by a downward movement of the notes, repeated at various pitch levels and imitated in all the parts.
      • Renaissance madrigal inspired composers to develop new genre of combination music and poetry called opera.
    • lute
    • recorder
    • dulcian