“ One thing” about writing for publication A workshop for library staff supporting researchers Pat Gannon-Leary Moira Bent...
Plan for the day <ul><li>Researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who they are  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what they do </li></ul...
Introductions <ul><li>Who we all are </li></ul><ul><li>One thing we want from the day </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing ...
What is research NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
What is research?    Researchers said .. <ul><li>Research is </li></ul><ul><li>Theory-led; Data-led; Scholarship </li></ul...
Who are our researchers? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
Who are “researchers?” <ul><li>“  a researcher is someone with  </li></ul><ul><li>“ enthusiasm, an almost insane desire to...
The 7 Ages of research <ul><li>Masters students </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral students </li></ul><ul><li>Contract researchers...
Early <ul><li>Apprenticeship - influenced by supervisors / tutors / mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Skills and competences are d...
Mid <ul><li>Moving field / moving role / learning a different landscape  </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing teaching and research...
Late / Senior <ul><li>Developing into/ having a significant role in research leadership and administration </li></ul><ul><...
Researcher needs- where do we fit in? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
coffee NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
What is publication? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
What is “publication” <ul><li>a copy of a printed work offered for distribution </li></ul><ul><li>the communication of som...
Types of publication <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Book chapter/section </li></ul><ul><li>Conference paper/proceedings </...
Publication examples <ul><li>Music thesis: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd/view.cgi?osu991314575 </li></ul><...
Drivers and barriers to publication <ul><li>Drivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What motivates people to publish? </li></ul></ul...
Drivers <ul><li>Expectation of the job </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of the funding </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure to publish </...
Barriers <ul><li>RAE/REF can skew priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have to do it </...
So publication can be: <ul><li>Subject based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer reviewed paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophica...
Lunch NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
“ One thing”  The Editor’s Perspective <ul><li>Be relevant to the readership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The paper has to be i...
“ One thing”  The Editor’s Perspective <ul><ul><li>Quality/style of writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“  Most Editors...
“ One thing”  The Editor’s Perspective <ul><ul><li>Instructions to authors/revisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  “ If an ...
“ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Be concise, clear and convincing </li></ul><ul><li>Quote from Pulitzer  ...
“ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Being pressurised to publish </li></ul><ul><li>“  It can often appear to...
“ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Co-authoring papers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lots of 'politics' involved in p...
“ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Turnaround times of journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I would find it usef...
“ One thing” The Research Student’s Perspective <ul><li>Where to start – and why would I do it? </li></ul><ul><li>Publicat...
Publication stages <ul><li>Decide you have something worth saying </li></ul><ul><li>Choose your target journal </li></ul><...
How can LIS get involved in the publication process? <ul><li>What do we do now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal examples? <...
“ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection develo...
“ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection develo...
“ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection develo...
“ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection develo...
Case studies <ul><li>NUI Maynooth  www.anltc.ie   </li></ul><ul><li>MMU </li></ul><ul><li>Northampton Open Access Journals...
Some more ideas <ul><li>Community of Writers (COW) </li></ul><ul><li>WfP booklet </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for p...
“ One thing” to take away  NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
Some further thoughts <ul><li>Who else is writing? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else is supporting? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else do...
Thank you! <ul><li>Pat Gannon-Leary </li></ul><ul><li>  [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Moira Bent </li></ul><ul><li>[em...
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One thing about Writing for Publication

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A workshop for library staff supporting people writing for publication

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One thing about Writing for Publication

  1. 1. “ One thing” about writing for publication A workshop for library staff supporting researchers Pat Gannon-Leary Moira Bent NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  2. 2. Plan for the day <ul><li>Researchers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who they are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what they do </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Publication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ One thing” research </li></ul><ul><li>The LIS role </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  3. 3. Introductions <ul><li>Who we all are </li></ul><ul><li>One thing we want from the day </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  4. 4. What is research NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  5. 5. What is research? Researchers said .. <ul><li>Research is </li></ul><ul><li>Theory-led; Data-led; Scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Grounded in disciplines; multi / inter disciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation; interpretation; gathering evidence </li></ul><ul><li>A holistic activity; a set of transferable skills </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative / solo activity </li></ul><ul><li>Related to self </li></ul><ul><li>Validated by peer group </li></ul><ul><li>Made meaningful by an external audience </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  6. 6. Who are our researchers? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  7. 7. Who are “researchers?” <ul><li>“ a researcher is someone with </li></ul><ul><li>“ enthusiasm, an almost insane desire to know more about what you are interested in” </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  8. 8. The 7 Ages of research <ul><li>Masters students </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral students </li></ul><ul><li>Contract researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Early career researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Established academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Senior researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Experts </li></ul><ul><li>New Review of Information Networking (2007) 13 (2) : 81-99 </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  9. 9. Early <ul><li>Apprenticeship - influenced by supervisors / tutors / mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Skills and competences are defined (also funded and monitored) </li></ul><ul><li>Different levels of control </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from structured learning to self-organization </li></ul><ul><li>Managing different roles e.g. other jobs, developing teaching skills </li></ul><ul><li>Information consumer, objective is production </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  10. 10. Mid <ul><li>Moving field / moving role / learning a different landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing teaching and research </li></ul><ul><li>support / info guiding work management in different circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>situating yourself / making your name / establishing credentials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>locally (e.g. in department) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wider research community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to be adaptable / avoiding isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Starting to supervise other researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Starting role in management / administration </li></ul><ul><li>Information production and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from systematic to pragmatic information retrieval </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  11. 11. Late / Senior <ul><li>Developing into/ having a significant role in research leadership and administration </li></ul><ul><li>Leading research teams / research centres / research projects / mainstream management </li></ul><ul><li>Supervising and examining theses </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Plenary conference speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Editorial board of journals etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Refereeing / peer reviewer / specialist assessor </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminating research practice or defining their field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different IL skillsets for range of activities </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  12. 12. Researcher needs- where do we fit in? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  13. 13. coffee NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  14. 14. What is publication? NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  15. 15. What is “publication” <ul><li>a copy of a printed work offered for distribution </li></ul><ul><li>the communication of something to the public </li></ul><ul><li>making information generally known wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn </li></ul><ul><li>To publish is to make content publicly known. The term is most frequently applied to the distribution of text or images on paper, or to the placing of content on a website. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Publication </li></ul><ul><li>Publication is the action or process of publishing something. </li></ul><ul><li>Publish : prepare and issue (a book, journal, or piece of music) for public sale. </li></ul><ul><li>print in a book or journal so as to make generally known. </li></ul><ul><li>(From The Concise Oxford English Dictionary in English Dictionaries & Thesauruses ) </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  16. 16. Types of publication <ul><li>Book </li></ul><ul><li>Book chapter/section </li></ul><ul><li>Conference paper/proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>E-article </li></ul><ul><li>E- book </li></ul><ul><li>Book review </li></ul><ul><li>Journal article </li></ul><ul><li>Magazine article </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper article </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Report </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>Webpage </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Handout </li></ul><ul><li>Personal communication (letter, blog, email, discussion list, chat room…) </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  17. 17. Publication examples <ul><li>Music thesis: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ohiolink.edu/etd/view.cgi?osu991314575 </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis as web site with updates, feedback form etc: </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.rgu.ac.uk/nursing/research/page.cfm?pge =43921 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Links to award-winning e-theses (includes film clips, animations, software etc) </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.rgu.ac.uk/etd/awards / </li></ul><ul><li>How about this one - turn your thesis into a dance? </li></ul><ul><li>http:// gonzolabs.org /dance/contestants/ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  18. 18. Drivers and barriers to publication <ul><li>Drivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What motivates people to publish? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it the same for all? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What issues make it complex? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What hinders people? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it the same for all? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What issues make it complex? </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  19. 19. Drivers <ul><li>Expectation of the job </li></ul><ul><li>Condition of the funding </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure to publish </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing to debate/ body of knowledge/ networking </li></ul><ul><li>Passion </li></ul><ul><li>Research informed teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Personal profile </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of achievement/ enjoyable </li></ul><ul><li>Advance career </li></ul><ul><li>Income generation </li></ul><ul><li>Develop skills </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify thinking </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  20. 20. Barriers <ul><li>RAE/REF can skew priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have to do it </li></ul><ul><li>Other (work) commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Too busy to get started </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of support </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence in own ability </li></ul><ul><li>No ideas to write about </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of open criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge of how to start </li></ul><ul><li>Language skills </li></ul><ul><li>Information Literacy ability </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  21. 21. So publication can be: <ul><li>Subject based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer reviewed paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opinion piece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letter to editor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audit of practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective piece </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whimsical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laurie Taylor in THE </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  22. 22. Lunch NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  23. 23. “ One thing” The Editor’s Perspective <ul><li>Be relevant to the readership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The paper has to be interesting to the readership of the journal. I receive far too many papers from potential contributors who have not read the aims or scope of the journal and I return the papers without sending them out for review.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Answer the ‘so what?’ question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Make sure that you stress what is original or what the work contributes to what we already know. Emphasise why it matters!” </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  24. 24. “ One thing” The Editor’s Perspective <ul><ul><li>Quality/style of writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Most Editors will cheerfully (!) correct a reasonable level of poor spelling and grammar… - but shoddy writing and semi-illiteracy, coupled with switching the spell-checker off, is a guarantee of rapid rejection.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ For us it's important that the article is easy to read (not too complex or technical in its nature) and has a clear, logical structure. “ </li></ul></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  25. 25. “ One thing” The Editor’s Perspective <ul><ul><li>Instructions to authors/revisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  “ If an Editor asks for some revisions, he is not (usually) doing this out of some perverse ego-trip. It means that there is probably something wrong.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Read it through before submitting it, & make sure all sources are acknowledged appropriately.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Get support </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  26. 26. “ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Be concise, clear and convincing </li></ul><ul><li>Quote from Pulitzer </li></ul><ul><li>“ Put it before then briefly so they will read it, </li></ul><ul><li>Clearly so they will appreciate it, </li></ul><ul><li>Picturesquely, so they will remember it </li></ul><ul><li>And, above all, accurately </li></ul><ul><li>So they will be guided by its light.” </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  27. 27. “ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Being pressurised to publish </li></ul><ul><li>“  It can often appear to be a sort of 'game' and involves a degree of pressure:  it's not necessarily about quality rather the pressure is often on quantity and aiming for journals which perhaps are not top rated but will publish an article - this is simply to ensure you have a publications list” </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  28. 28. “ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Co-authoring papers </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lots of 'politics' involved in publishing - as a researcher you often do a lot of the work but you may not be named as first author…” </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to say ‘no’ </li></ul><ul><li>“ I published in things that were not great …because I was asked to. But probably could have got publications that would have done better for my CV if I'd taken more initiative.” </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  29. 29. “ One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective <ul><li>Turnaround times of journal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I would find it useful to have access to information about the expected time between submission and publication, as this seems to vary widely between different journals…” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding ‘reputable’ journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I would like to know more about how to identify journals which would enable my work to reach as wide a readership as possible, or which are particularly 'reputable' in the field” </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  30. 30. “ One thing” The Research Student’s Perspective <ul><li>Where to start – and why would I do it? </li></ul><ul><li>Publication procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Practicalities </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘best’ journals </li></ul><ul><li>Matching your work to a journal </li></ul><ul><li>Content/quality of info </li></ul><ul><li>Referencing </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical concerns </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  31. 31. Publication stages <ul><li>Decide you have something worth saying </li></ul><ul><li>Choose your target journal </li></ul><ul><li>Check out instructions to authors/style guides & adhere to them </li></ul><ul><li>Use colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared for rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to make changes </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  32. 32. How can LIS get involved in the publication process? <ul><li>What do we do now? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal examples? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do we do it well? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What else might we do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas/ inspirations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is stopping us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barriers to effective support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What do we need to help us? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apart from more money…. </li></ul></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  33. 33. “ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection development </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Training opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Promote yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other services </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  34. 34. “ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection development </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Training opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Promote yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other services </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  35. 35. “ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection development </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Training opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Promote yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other services </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  36. 36. “ One thing” The Librarian’s perspective <ul><li>Advice & support, mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Resources/collection development </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Training opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Promote yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other services </li></ul><ul><li>Use of other academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Lead by example </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  37. 37. Case studies <ul><li>NUI Maynooth www.anltc.ie </li></ul><ul><li>MMU </li></ul><ul><li>Northampton Open Access Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Newcastle Research Training programmes </li></ul><ul><li>JISCiPAS IL researcher leaflet </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  38. 38. Some more ideas <ul><li>Community of Writers (COW) </li></ul><ul><li>WfP booklet </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  39. 39. “ One thing” to take away NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  40. 40. Some further thoughts <ul><li>Who else is writing? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else is supporting? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else do we need to talk to? </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
  41. 41. Thank you! <ul><li>Pat Gannon-Leary </li></ul><ul><li> [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Moira Bent </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>NOWAL: March 2009 Writing for publication
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