Child Labour
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Child Labour

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Child Labour Child Labour Presentation Transcript

  • Child Labo u r Comparison of Turkey and Spain Made by: Rafael Ramiro Arraez-Milan Agata Mankowska Ania Sobieszczanska Nora Menner
  • http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =P1G74vh-Dbw&feature=related
  • A developed country – Spain
    • Children labour rate
      • 180 000 children  5 000 in prostitution
    • No child soldiers
    • Mostly in familiar trades and small villages  15 000
    • Familiar agricultural tasks  10 000
    • Street sellers  more than 2 000
    • Housekeeping, mendacity, theft, windscreen washers on the street s
  • Characteristics
    • Low or very low education
    • Obligation to work forced by parents, relatives or other adults
    • Families of low integration
    • Not just children with broken home, bagging on the street, stealing, etc.
    • Children who cannot go to school  work to help their parents
    • Another category  ‘very worthy families’:
      • TV-shows
      • Commercials
      • Instrumental music shows
      • Sport
  • Consequences
    • Not just
      • Missing the classes
      • Loosing their studies
      • Or cultural deficiency
    • But
      • Loosing their childhood
      • Forgetting to play
      • From children to exploited
  • Wages
    • Minimum wage for people below 18 in 2008
    • € 20,00 / day
    • or
    • € 600,00 / month
  • Legislation
    • No work before the age of 14
    • Between 14 and 16 with the authorization of the parents and finished obligatory education
    • More freedom from the age of 16
    • Black market  lack of control
  • The Caravana Proniño
    • A Spanish association
    • Sponsored by Telefónica
    • To aware the society
  • A footstep to Europe – Turkey
    • Economic problems
    • Increasing unemployment rate  searching for solutions
    • Children working on the streets  generate high revenue
    • Growing economy – decreasing child labour  from 8.5 to 2.6 %
    • Children labour rate is 5,9%  958 000 children of 16,3 million
        • in 1994 it has been 2.26 million
  • Basic indicators of the child labour force
  • A primary target
    • IPEC & ILO
      • Opening education centers
      • Providing courses for the parents
      • Helping children to return to school
    • Erhan Bilgin, economist of DİSK
    • A drop in child labour before the crisis
      • Dismissals
      • Unregistered labour
      • Unregistered producers
      • Non-union member workers
  • Report on the expectations
    • Dr. Gökçe Uysal Kolaşin and Burak Darbaz of Bahçeşehir University
      • Not attending school currently
      • or
      • Never been enrolled at any school
    • Success of working children is school seriously decreases
    • In long run this will affect the Turkish economy  Turkey has to invest in its human resources
  • Manage the problem
    • The Ministry of Labor and Social Security
    • The Ministry of National Education
    • The Turkish Employees Union
    • The Turkish Tradesmen and Artisans’ Confederation (TESK)
    • Universities in Ankara
    • Turkish Development Foundation
    • Ankara Municipality
    • The Prime Ministry Southeastern Anatolia Project & Social Services and Child Protection Agency
  •  
  • Thank you for the attention!