Child Labour


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  • Child Labour

    1. 1. Child Labo u r Comparison of Turkey and Spain Made by: Rafael Ramiro Arraez-Milan Agata Mankowska Ania Sobieszczanska Nora Menner
    2. 2. http:// =P1G74vh-Dbw&feature=related
    3. 3. A developed country – Spain <ul><li>Children labour rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>180 000 children  5 000 in prostitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No child soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly in familiar trades and small villages  15 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar agricultural tasks  10 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Street sellers  more than 2 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Housekeeping, mendacity, theft, windscreen washers on the street s </li></ul>
    4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>Low or very low education </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation to work forced by parents, relatives or other adults </li></ul><ul><li>Families of low integration </li></ul><ul><li>Not just children with broken home, bagging on the street, stealing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Children who cannot go to school  work to help their parents </li></ul><ul><li>Another category  ‘very worthy families’: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TV-shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental music shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sport </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Consequences <ul><li>Not just </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missing the classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing their studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or cultural deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing their childhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forgetting to play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From children to exploited </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Wages <ul><li>Minimum wage for people below 18 in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>€ 20,00 / day </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>€ 600,00 / month </li></ul>
    7. 7. Legislation <ul><li>No work before the age of 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Between 14 and 16 with the authorization of the parents and finished obligatory education </li></ul><ul><li>More freedom from the age of 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Black market  lack of control </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Caravana Proniño <ul><li>A Spanish association </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Telefónica </li></ul><ul><li>To aware the society </li></ul>
    9. 9. A footstep to Europe – Turkey <ul><li>Economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing unemployment rate  searching for solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Children working on the streets  generate high revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Growing economy – decreasing child labour  from 8.5 to 2.6 % </li></ul><ul><li>Children labour rate is 5,9%  958 000 children of 16,3 million </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in 1994 it has been 2.26 million </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Basic indicators of the child labour force
    11. 11. A primary target <ul><li>IPEC & ILO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening education centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing courses for the parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping children to return to school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erhan Bilgin, economist of DİSK </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in child labour before the crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismissals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unregistered labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unregistered producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-union member workers </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Report on the expectations <ul><li>Dr. Gökçe Uysal Kolaşin and Burak Darbaz of Bahçeşehir University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not attending school currently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never been enrolled at any school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success of working children is school seriously decreases </li></ul><ul><li>In long run this will affect the Turkish economy  Turkey has to invest in its human resources </li></ul>
    13. 13. Manage the problem <ul><li>The Ministry of Labor and Social Security </li></ul><ul><li>The Ministry of National Education </li></ul><ul><li>The Turkish Employees Union </li></ul><ul><li>The Turkish Tradesmen and Artisans’ Confederation (TESK) </li></ul><ul><li>Universities in Ankara </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish Development Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Ankara Municipality </li></ul><ul><li>The Prime Ministry Southeastern Anatolia Project & Social Services and Child Protection Agency </li></ul>
    14. 15. Thank you for the attention!
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