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Beyond Googling: Search the Web and Databases Effectively
 

Beyond Googling: Search the Web and Databases Effectively

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Beyond Googling: Searching the Web and Databases Effectively is a presentation meant to guide students, teachers, and anyone who desires to improve their searching abilities on the Web and databases.

Beyond Googling: Searching the Web and Databases Effectively is a presentation meant to guide students, teachers, and anyone who desires to improve their searching abilities on the Web and databases.

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    Beyond Googling: Search the Web and Databases Effectively Beyond Googling: Search the Web and Databases Effectively Presentation Transcript

    • Beyond Googling : Searching the Web and Databases EffectivelyN. Mellendorf, LibrarianMaine South High School Library Resource CenterPark Ridge, Illinois
    • How Do Search Engines Work?
      Unlike our subscription databases, many search engines do not organize
      their results by subject, content or relevance.
      Keyword Searching
      Any word on a page
      Not the subject or content of a page
      Results: lots of irrelevant stuff
      Ranking
      How often a keyword occurs
      How often someone links to a page
      Paid placement listings
      The Invisible Web
      Google indexes only 20% of the “visible” web
      Dynamic vs. Static web pages
      Database pages or Password protected pages
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #1: Review Your Keywords
      Find synonyms
      Example: handicapped or disabled
      Try alternate spellings
      Theater or theatre
      Use complete labels
      NRA or National Rifle Association
      Avoid slang
      24/7 rule vs. zero tolerance policy
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #2: Find Terms that are Broader, Narrower, or Related
      Topic Example – Soccer
      Broader Terms
      Ball Games
      Sports
      Narrower Terms
      Professional Soccer
      Women’s Soccer
      Soccer Offense
      Related Terms
      Football
      Soccer Coaches
      Soccer Equipment
      Use sidebar features and other hyperlinked words found in your search results to explore these keywords and improve your results.
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #3: Improve Your “Search String”
      Use “Quotes” for an exact phrase
      Use AND to require all search terms
      Television and Violence
      Use NOT to exclude a search term
      Mercury NOT planet
      Combine terms – a Boolean search
      “Steroids” and “Football” not “Baseball”
      Natural language
      Do not use natural or “question” language unless the database or search engine is designed to understand it. Ask.com (formerly Ask Jeeves) is an example of a natural language search engine.
      Subject Headings vs. Keywords
      A subject heading is the topic of an entire article
      A keyword is simply the occurrence of a particular word in an article
      Be careful to note whether you are searching by Subject Headings or Keywords
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #4: Search by Domains and for Specific File Types
      Domains -- one type of site
      .edu - a college/university
      .gov - a government site
      .org – an organization
      .com – a business
      Search example: mythology +site:edu
      File types – one format
      PDF -- Adobe PDF document
      xls - Excel document
      ppt - PowerPoint document
      doc - Word document
      Search example: “evaluating web” +filetype:ppt
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #5: Search the Invisible Web: Directories, Visual Search Engines, and Content-Specific Search Engines
      Narrow your search from a broad category
      See how topics within a specific area are related
      May suggest new terms that are useful in conducting a search
      May be subject or organization specific
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #6: Search the Invisible Web:Googling Deep
      Google Scholar
      Peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts, and other scholarly literature. Caveat: May lead to sources from password protected sites.
      Google Books
      Google Book Search matches your search terms—you see “Book Results.” These links will lead you to a library or online store where you may borrow or purchase the books. You may be able to see a portion of the book online; books in the public domain (no longer under copyright) may be completely available for use.
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #7: Search the Invisible Web:ipl2: Internet Public Library
      Library and Information Science professionals from a consortium of colleges and universities create and maintain the information collections of information.
      Selection criteria: availability, credibility, authorship, external links, legality
      Evaluative criteria: authority, scope and audience, content, design, function, shelf life
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #8: Search the Invisible Web: INFOMINE
      “INFOMINE is a virtual library of Internet resources relevant to faculty, students, and research staff at the university level. It contains useful Internet resources such as databases, electronic journals, electronic books, bulletin boards, mailing lists, online library card catalogs, articles, directories of researchers, and many other types of information.” –from About Infomine
      “INFOMINE is librarian built. Librarians from the University of California, Wake Forest University, California State University, the University of Detroit - Mercy, and other universities and colleges have contributed to building INFOMINE.” –from About Infomine
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • Tip #9: Try Alternative Resources
      Books (Online Catalog)
      • WebPath Express
      (through Online Catalog)
      Other: Audio, Video, Personal Interview, Podcasts, Blogs, Wikis, etc. Check with your teacher first about using and citing these formats!
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.
    • When to skip the Web altogether…
      Though Infomine and other deep Web search engines can improve retrieval of full-text articles, subscription databases and books still provide the best coverage of proprietary information—information that someone owns and expects compensation for use.
      You need full-text articles from magazines and newspapers: use a subscription library database.
      You need scholarly articles from peer-reviewed and academic journals: use a subscription library database or book.
      You need an in-depth, original, narrative treatment of a topic: use a book.
      N. Mellendorf, Librarian. Maine South High School Library Resource Center. 2010.