Skills and techniques


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Skills and techniques

  1. 1. Standard Grade Physical Education Skills and Techniques
  2. 2. What is a skill? <ul><li>Skill is being able to do something well. </li></ul><ul><li>To become skilful will usually take time. </li></ul><ul><li>Time has to be spent on practising skills . </li></ul><ul><li>Is it true that practice makes perfect? </li></ul><ul><li>Usually not because good practice gives you more chance of improving. There is no point in doing the wrong practices or practising the wrong way. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a skill? <ul><li>Which skills must I learn and in what order? </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly learn the basic skills as these allow you to get started. As you progress you will learn more difficult or complex skills. Here is an example of an activity and the basic skills of that activity :- </li></ul><ul><li>Activity - Hockey </li></ul><ul><li>Basic skills - passing, stopping and shooting </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is a technique? <ul><li>A technique is a way in which a skill is performed. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the style of the performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg Skill High jump </li></ul><ul><li> Technique 1 Fosbury flop </li></ul><ul><li> Technique 2 Straddle </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is a technique cont <ul><li>Skill Shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Technique 1 Lay up Technique 2 Set shot </li></ul><ul><li>Technique 3 Jump shot </li></ul><ul><li>Skill Passing </li></ul><ul><li>Technique 1 Chest pass </li></ul><ul><li>Technique 2 Shoulder pass </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 6. Activity Basketball passing shooting Skill Skill chest javelin bounce Lay up Set shot Jump shot Technique Technique
  7. 7. Describing skills and techniques <ul><li>When describing a skill or technique, it is easier to break the sequence of movement down into smaller parts. </li></ul><ul><li>These smaller parts are known as </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery </li></ul>
  8. 8. Describing skills and techniques Badminton - overhead clear Prep - stand side onto the net, left foot forward. Weight on back foot. Non racket hand pointing at the shuttle. Action - transfer weight forward onto front foot and throw the racket towards the shuttle hitting it at its highest point above your head. Recovery - racket continues forward and player faces the net ready for the next shot. Volleyball - volley pass Prep - move to get underneath the ball, hands up above your head with thumbs pointing back towards your eyes. Action - push from your feet, straightening your legs as contact is made with the ball, push the ball high towards the target. Recovery - adopt a ready position in order to be prepared to play the next shot. Netball - chest pass Prep - both hands on the ball in a ‘w’ shape, elbows close to the body, weight on both feet evenly balanced Action - as you step forward and transfer your weight, push the ball straight towards the target player Recovery - bring back foot through to join front foot in preparation for next move
  9. 9. Sequence of movements Many skills need a sequence of movements to take place under control. The movements should flow one after the other with rhythm . Getting the timing of these movements right needs co-ordination.
  10. 10. Sequence of movements cont. For example:- sequence of movements means two or more actions linked together, one after the other under control means you are in charge of your actions and you are not out of control flow means moves are linked together smoothly rhythm means a regular pattern of actions
  11. 11. Sequence of movements cont. Co-ordination is the ability of your brain and muscles to work together. Your brain uses your senses then decides what should be done. Poor co-ordination means that your movements may be out of control and the movements will not flow. A fosbury flop (high jump technique) is made up of a sequence of movements that are linked together. At the preparation stage muscle tension keeps the body upright. Good co-ordination of the muscles allows the movements to flow one after the other. The sequence of the run changes on the last stride as the performer drives up and over the bar (action stage) to land on the mats (recovery stage).