Citations provide: Location information Identification Credibility
Two Parts to Citations In-text citations Only William Schabas points out such a contradiction, and admits that MacBride’s past remains largely un-discussed in the international realm due to embarrassment about an “iconic-figure…with a past as a terrorist” (273). François Truffaut considered cinematic adaptations of literary texts legitimate only if the auteur were to bring their own personal vision into focus (Aragay 15).
Two Parts to Citations Bibliographic Information Schabas, William & O’Sullivan, Aisling. “The Ireland Project: Ireland’s Participation in International Human Rights Law and Institutions.” Irish Center for Human Rights. 2008. NUI Galway. February 25, 2009. http://www.nuigalway.ie/human_rights/Project s/project_ireland.html Aragay, Mireia. “Introduction.” Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Ed. MireiaAragay. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005.
In-text citations How and when to cite in your essay
When to cite… Direct quotes Summary of research Paraphrase of an argument Indirect or direct reference to an author’s theory/idea, etc.
How to cite – Direct quotes What you need: Author’s name Page number Name of article/text if using more than one item by the same author Make sure you have copied the quote EXACTLY They are not merely translations or visual pictures of Doyle’s original works, but rather what Jean Mitry would call “a matter of transposition, of reconstruction” (7-8). The medium of literature as a site for a discourse that is larger than the author alone in that it is a “symbolic construction[s] that refer[s] to a cluster of meanings that a society considers possible (thinkable) and feasible (legitimate)…as discursive formations which testify to the way in which society organizes its meanings and shapes its system of relations” (Cassetti 82).
How to cite – Summary of Research What you need: Author’s name or name of organization Page number The state of Connecticut is one of 34 states that employ the death penalty in their justice system (www.stateline.org).
How to cite – paraphrases/references What you need: Author’s name Page number François Truffaut considered cinematic adaptations of literary texts legitimate only if the auteur were to bring their own personal vision into focus (Aragay 15).
What does it tell us? Author Name of the book/article/text Date of publication Publisher Page numbers, reference points Any other information that will help to locate the item
Books author Book title White, Caramine. Reading Roddy Doyle. Syracuse: Syracuse UP, 2001. Date of publication City of publication publisher
Section in a book Author of the section Section/Article title Book editors Cassetti, Francesco. "Adaptations and Mis-adaptations: Film, Literature and Social Discourses." A Companion to Literature and Film.Ed. Stam, Robert and Alessandra Raengo. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004. 81-91. Page numbers Date of publication City of publication publisher Book Title
Journal Articles Journal title author Article title McGlynn, Mary. “Pregnancy, Privacy, and Domesticity in The Snapper.” New Hibernia Review. 9.1 (Spring 2005): 141-156. Page numbers Date of publication Volume/Issue No.
Website Article title Publication Date author Woods, Mark Leslie. “Why Do So Many Small Nations 'Specialize' in Film Adaptations?” Welsh Music,Film and Book Symposium. 2007. Available:www.http://welshmusicfilmandbookssymposium.blogspot.com/2007/07/why-do-many-small-nations-specialize-in.html. December 10 2007. URL Name of website Date accessed
Use your Longman Writer’s Companion as a reference. Always cross-check to make sure all in-text citations have corresponding citations on your Works Cited page.