Part Three: Sound, Rhythm, Meter
Sound


Rhyme
 Matching of sounds in two or more words

 End Rhyme
○ Corresponding sounds at the end of lines
 Interna...
From “The Raven”
by Edgar Allan Poe
“Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered
weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and ...


Perfect/Exact Rhyme
 Rhyming words share corresponding sounds

and stresses, similar number of syllables
 “Weary” and...
Rhythm and Meter


Rhythm
 Regular occurrence of accent or stress in

poem or song
 “JACK and JILL went UP the HILL”

...
Meter


Foot
 Unit of poetic meter
 Iambic
○ iamb
○ Unstressed syllable followed by an accented one
○ “preVENT” “conTAI...


Foot
 Anapestic
○ Anapest
○ Two unaccented syllables followed by an
accented one
○ “com-pre-HEND”
 Dactylic
○ Dactyl
...


Foot
 Spondee
○ Two accented syllables together
○ “KNICK-KNACK”

 Pyrrhic
○ Two unaccented syllables
○ “of the”
 Bot...


Rising Meter
 Move from unaccented to accented
 Iambic and anapestic



Falling Meter
 Move from accented to unacce...
Lines of Poetry
Named based on numbers of feet in the
line
 Tetrameter, pentameter, monometer, etc.

Foot

Meter

Example

Rising feet

iamb
Anapest

iambic
anapestic

Prevent
comprehend

Falling feet

Trochee
Dactyl

Troch...
Number of Feet Per Line
One foot

Monometer

Two feet

Dimeter

Three feet

Trimeter

Four feet

Tetrameter

Five feet

Pe...


Enjambed
 Run-on lines that may confuse the

observation of meter and rhythm


Metrical Variation
 Change in meter t...
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Elementsofpoetry part3

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Elementsofpoetry part3

  1. 1. Part Three: Sound, Rhythm, Meter
  2. 2. Sound  Rhyme  Matching of sounds in two or more words  End Rhyme ○ Corresponding sounds at the end of lines  Internal Rhyme ○ Corresponding sounds occur within the lines
  3. 3. From “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore --While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As some one gently tapping, rapping at my chamber door. “ „Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door --Only this and nothing more.”
  4. 4.  Perfect/Exact Rhyme  Rhyming words share corresponding sounds and stresses, similar number of syllables  “Weary” and “dreary”; “lore” and “door”  Imperfect/Approximate/Slant Rhyme  “dizzy” and “easy”  Feminine Rhyme  Final syllable of a rhymed word is unstressed  Masculine Rhyme  Final syllable of rhymed word is stressed
  5. 5. Rhythm and Meter  Rhythm  Regular occurrence of accent or stress in poem or song  “JACK and JILL went UP the HILL”  Meter  Measure or patterned count of a line  Count of stresses in a poem‟s rhythm
  6. 6. Meter  Foot  Unit of poetic meter  Iambic ○ iamb ○ Unstressed syllable followed by an accented one ○ “preVENT” “conTAIN”  Trochaic ○ Trochee ○ Accented syllable followed by unaccented one ○ “FOOTball” “LANGuage”
  7. 7.  Foot  Anapestic ○ Anapest ○ Two unaccented syllables followed by an accented one ○ “com-pre-HEND”  Dactylic ○ Dactyl ○ Accented syllable followed by two unaccented ones ○ “CHEER-ful-ly”
  8. 8.  Foot  Spondee ○ Two accented syllables together ○ “KNICK-KNACK”  Pyrrhic ○ Two unaccented syllables ○ “of the”  Both can serve as the subsitute feet for iambic and trochaic feet  Cannot be the metrical norm for a poem
  9. 9.  Rising Meter  Move from unaccented to accented  Iambic and anapestic  Falling Meter  Move from accented to unaccented  Dactylic and trochaic
  10. 10. Lines of Poetry Named based on numbers of feet in the line  Tetrameter, pentameter, monometer, etc. 
  11. 11. Foot Meter Example Rising feet iamb Anapest iambic anapestic Prevent comprehend Falling feet Trochee Dactyl Trochaic Dactylic Football Cheerfully Substitute Spondee Pyrrhic Spondaic Pyrrhic Knick-knack (light) of the (world)
  12. 12. Number of Feet Per Line One foot Monometer Two feet Dimeter Three feet Trimeter Four feet Tetrameter Five feet Pentameter Six feet Hexameter Seven feet Heptameter Eight feet octameter
  13. 13.  Enjambed  Run-on lines that may confuse the observation of meter and rhythm  Metrical Variation  Change in meter to avoid monotony
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