Elements Of Poetry Part 3

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Elements Of Poetry Part 3

  1. 1. Elements of Poetry<br />Part Three: Sound, Rhythm, Meter, Structure and Theme<br />
  2. 2. Sound<br />Rhyme<br />Matching of sounds in two or more words<br />End Rhyme<br />Corresponding sounds at the end of lines<br />Internal Rhyme<br />Corresponding sounds occur within the lines<br />
  3. 3. From “The Raven”by Edgar Allan Poe<br />“Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary,<br />Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore ---<br />While I nodded nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,<br />As some one gently tapping, rapping at my chamber door.<br />“ ‘Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door ---<br />Only this and nothing more.”<br />
  4. 4. Perfect/Exact Rhyme<br />Rhyming words share corresponding sounds and stresses, similar number of syllables<br />“Weary” and “dreary”; “lore” and “door”<br />Imperfect/Approximate/Slant Rhyme<br />“dizzy” and “easy”<br />Feminine Rhyme<br />Final syllable of a rhymed word is unstressed<br />Masculine Rhyme<br />Final syllable of rhymed word is stressed<br />
  5. 5. Alliteration<br />Repetition of consonant sounds<br />Usually at the beginning of words<br />Peter Piper picked a pickle<br />Assonance<br />Repetition of vowel sounds<br />
  6. 6. Rhythm and Meter <br />Rhythm<br />Regular occurrence of accent or stress in poem or song<br />“JACK and JILL went UP the HILL”<br />Meter<br />Measure or patterned count of a line<br />Count of stresses in a poem’s rhythm<br />
  7. 7. Meter<br />Foot<br />Unit of poetic meter<br />Iambic<br />iamb<br />Unstressed syllable followed by an accented one<br />“preVENT” “conTAIN”<br />Trochaic<br />Trochee<br />Accented syllable followed by unaccented one<br />“FOOTball” “LANGuage”<br />
  8. 8. Foot<br />Anapestic<br />Anapest<br />Two unaccented syllables followed by an unaccented one<br />“com-pre-HEND”<br />Dactylic<br />Dactyl<br />Accented syllable followed by two unaccented ones<br />“CHEER-ful-ly”<br />
  9. 9. Foot<br />Spondee<br />Two accented syllables together<br />“KNICK-KNACK”<br />Pyrrhic<br />Two unaccented syllables<br />“of the”<br />Both can serve as the subsitute feet for iambic and trochaic feet<br />Cannot be the metrical norm for a poem<br />
  10. 10. Rising Meter<br />Move from unaccented to accented<br />Iambic and anapestic<br />Falling Meter<br />Move from accented to unaccented<br />Dactylic and trochaic<br />
  11. 11. Lines of Poetry<br />Named based on numbers of feet in the line<br />Tetrameter, pentameter, monometer, etc.<br />
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  14. 14. Enjambed<br />Run-on lines that may confuse the observation of meter and rhythm<br />Metrical Variation<br />Change in meter to avoid monotony<br />
  15. 15. Structure<br />Closed Form<br />Strictly constrained form<br />Sonnet (MUST have 14 lines, etc.)<br />Quatrain<br />Four line sections<br />Couplet<br />Pair of rhymed lines<br />Open Form/Free Form<br />NOT formless, but allows poet to use multiple forms and bend rules<br />
  16. 16. Theme<br />Idea or meaning inherent in a work<br />Poems are easy to oversimplify – be aware of the increased imagery and metaphor.<br />

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