State Policies To Expand Education Options Oct 2008

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Presentation for local and state leaders on expanding education options for struggling students and disconnected youth- NYEC Learning Exchange in Austin, TX, Oct. 2008

Presentation for local and state leaders on expanding education options for struggling students and disconnected youth- NYEC Learning Exchange in Austin, TX, Oct. 2008

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  • 1. State Policies that Facilitate (or Inhibit) Expanding Education Options for Struggling Students and Out-of-School Youth NYEC Learning Exchange Austin, TX October 29, 2008
  • 2. Focus on Education Finance
    • State education funds represent one of the largest funding streams potentially available to support disconnected youth.
    • Our Research: NYEC has been investigating how alternative schools and programs access local and state education funding to reach struggling students and out-of-school youth.
    • Our Goal: To promote the establishment of sustainable funding streams to support a broader range of education options & pathways for disconnected youth.
  • 3. Focus on Education Finance
    • NYEC has profiled:
    • Programs and their strategies for tapping into funding streams
    • States and their education finance policies
  • 4. 3 Areas of Recommendation
    • Allow education funds to flow to support students in programs both within and outside of traditional public school settings
    • Provide additional education funds to support existing education options adequately and to encourage public school districts to expand options for secondary education
    • Ensure legislation is flexible enough to allow for a variety of educational approaches
  • 5. I. Funds follow student
    • Ease the flow of state education funds to options that work.
    • States should enable the development of more education options & increase resources available for these education pathways by facilitating the flow of state education funds to non-public school education providers.
    • Oregon example
  • 6. I. Funds follow student
    • Provide adequate funding to support education options.
    • States should ensure that adequate funding follows students in education programs outside of the public K-12 system.
    • Charter school finance policies
    • Contracting out for service provision while retaining a portion of per-pupil funds
  • 7. I. Funds follow student
    • Extend education funds to support high school completion for older youth.
    • States should make public education funding available to serve students until they obtain a diploma.
    • In MA no age limit
  • 8. II. Additional funds
    • Establish and fund statewide dropout prevention and recovery programs.
    • States should support statewide programs to increase graduation rates, including dropout prevention and dropout recovery programs.
  • 9. II. Additional funds
    • Provide additional resources to schools and programs serving the hardest-to-serve students.
    • States should consider instituting a weighted student formula in determining funds allocated to education options.
    • IN- Alternative Education Program Grants up to $750 per pupil
    • NC- Committee on Dropout Prevention Awarded $7M to 60 programs across the state in 2008.
  • 10. III. Flexible legislation
    • Allow flexibility on key education programming issues.
    • States should allow flexibility regarding regulations affecting education options programs’ eligibility for state education funds, such as scheduling, seat time, time to graduation, & curriculum.
  • 11. III. Flexible legislation
    • Recognize the need for a variety of education options for a varied student population.
    • States should support the development of a variety of education options for struggling students and out-of-school youth.
      • Accelerated Learning
      • Credit Recovery
      • GED Prep
      • Employment Preparation
      • Juvenile Justice Re-entry
      • Career & Technical Education
      • Programs for Parenting Teens
  • 12. III. Flexible legislation
    • Encourage collaboration beyond the public schools.
    • States should encourage school districts to collaborate with other local youth-serving systems and community-based organizations to meet the needs of struggling students and out-of-school youth.
    • MA – Pathways to Success by 21 (P21)
  • 13. Punitive Policies
    • States should carefully consider the effects of policies meant to discourage (or punish students for) dropping out, such as:
        • Increased compulsory school age
        • Driver’s license/learner’s permit privileges
        • Work permit privileges
  • 14. The Opportunity
    • Older youth issues and the dropout rate are getting unprecedented attention nationally.
    • Many districts and states are involved in high school reform discussions.
    • Youth-serving systems are more receptive to collaboration.
    • Employers are demanding more skilled workers.
    • Workforce systems and municipal leaders are more interested in playing a key role in dropout recovery and re-engagement.
  • 15. For more information visit www.nyec.org Nancy Martin National Youth Employment Coalition 1836 Jefferson Place, NW Washington, DC 20036 202-659-1064