Critical elements of e-learning

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Presentation that goes through the critical elements of e-learning and the implications to teachers. …

Presentation that goes through the critical elements of e-learning and the implications to teachers.

Presented to teachers at Te Kura 15 June 2011.

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  • 1. Critical elements of e-learning
    Nathaniel Louwrens
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulm/
  • 2. 5 Key elements
    Gunawardena & Zittle (1996)
    Learner-centeredness
    Interaction
    Social presence
    Collaboration
    Cognitive strategies
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/mmarchin/
  • 3. Learner-centeredness
    Learner
    Not a passive recipient
    Is an active participant
    Has ownership
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/jo-h/
  • 4. Learner-centeredness
    Implications for Teacher
    Develop resources
    Facilitate discussion
    Encourage criticalthinking
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/mc_sensei/
  • 5. Interaction
    Develops social presence
    Begins collaboration
    Types
    Student-content
    Student-teacher
    Student-student
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/36978292@N08/
  • 6. Interaction
    Implications for teacher
    Structure interactions into course
    Familiarity with communication tools
    Troubleshooter
    Mediator and/or counsellor
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ableman/
  • 7. Social presence
    Portrayed as a ‘real’ person
    Through discussion & interaction
    Relationship with perceived learning
    Key to success
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/vrider/
  • 8. Social presence
    Implications for teacher
    Teacher presence
    Safe environment
    Give prompt responses/feedback
    Planned interactions
    Interactive and collaborativeactivities
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/karlhorton
  • 9. Collaboration
    Development of shared understanding of concepts.
    Development of critical thinking and interpersonal skills.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/irievibrations/
  • 10. Collaboration
    Implication for teachers
    Need to have skills with arange of communication/conferencing tools.
    Specific interactionsstructured into learning.
    Facilitate/guide thelearning
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikecogh
  • 11. Cognitive strategies
    Help learners to scaffoldcomplex concepts
    Steps/strategies to enablea learner to performdifficult tasks
    Strategies include usingvideo clips & animations.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/qilin/
  • 12. Cognitive strategies
    Implications for teachers
    Familiarity with content
    Good understandingof the strategy
    Expertise in online tools.
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/atoach
  • 13. References
    Garrison, D. R. (2007). Online community of inquiry review: Social, cognitive and teaching presence issues. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 11(1).
    Garrison, D. R., & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2005). Facilitating cognitive presence in online learning: Interaction is not enough. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 133.
    Gunawardena, C. N., & Zittle, R. (1996). An examination of teaching and learning processes in distance education and implications for designing instruction. Paper presented at the Distance Education Symposium 3: Instruction, State College, PA.
    Rovai, A. P. (2004). A constructivist approach to online college learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(2), 79-93. doi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2003.10.002