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Critical elements of e-learning
 

Critical elements of e-learning

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Presentation that goes through the critical elements of e-learning and the implications to teachers.

Presentation that goes through the critical elements of e-learning and the implications to teachers.

Presented to teachers at Te Kura 15 June 2011.

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    Critical elements of e-learning Critical elements of e-learning Presentation Transcript

    • Critical elements of e-learning
      Nathaniel Louwrens
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulm/
    • 5 Key elements
      Gunawardena & Zittle (1996)
      Learner-centeredness
      Interaction
      Social presence
      Collaboration
      Cognitive strategies
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/mmarchin/
    • Learner-centeredness
      Learner
      Not a passive recipient
      Is an active participant
      Has ownership
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/jo-h/
    • Learner-centeredness
      Implications for Teacher
      Develop resources
      Facilitate discussion
      Encourage criticalthinking
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/mc_sensei/
    • Interaction
      Develops social presence
      Begins collaboration
      Types
      Student-content
      Student-teacher
      Student-student
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/36978292@N08/
    • Interaction
      Implications for teacher
      Structure interactions into course
      Familiarity with communication tools
      Troubleshooter
      Mediator and/or counsellor
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/ableman/
    • Social presence
      Portrayed as a ‘real’ person
      Through discussion & interaction
      Relationship with perceived learning
      Key to success
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/vrider/
    • Social presence
      Implications for teacher
      Teacher presence
      Safe environment
      Give prompt responses/feedback
      Planned interactions
      Interactive and collaborativeactivities
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/karlhorton
    • Collaboration
      Development of shared understanding of concepts.
      Development of critical thinking and interpersonal skills.
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/irievibrations/
    • Collaboration
      Implication for teachers
      Need to have skills with arange of communication/conferencing tools.
      Specific interactionsstructured into learning.
      Facilitate/guide thelearning
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikecogh
    • Cognitive strategies
      Help learners to scaffoldcomplex concepts
      Steps/strategies to enablea learner to performdifficult tasks
      Strategies include usingvideo clips & animations.
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/qilin/
    • Cognitive strategies
      Implications for teachers
      Familiarity with content
      Good understandingof the strategy
      Expertise in online tools.
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/atoach
    • References
      Garrison, D. R. (2007). Online community of inquiry review: Social, cognitive and teaching presence issues. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 11(1).
      Garrison, D. R., & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2005). Facilitating cognitive presence in online learning: Interaction is not enough. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 133.
      Gunawardena, C. N., & Zittle, R. (1996). An examination of teaching and learning processes in distance education and implications for designing instruction. Paper presented at the Distance Education Symposium 3: Instruction, State College, PA.
      Rovai, A. P. (2004). A constructivist approach to online college learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(2), 79-93. doi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2003.10.002