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23/10/2013

the importance
- of -

Agents

I bought a NEW HOUSE a
few months ago…
… but a lot of things
needed some REPAIR...
23/10/2013

The

Who's done it?

house
painter

- Before -

- After -

I've had a garage
built.
- What’s happened? -

Who'...
23/10/2013

The

construction
workers

- Before -

- After -

- What’s happened? -

Who's done it?

I've had my
windows fi...
23/10/2013

- Before -

- After -

I've had my garden
cleaned up.
- What’s happened? -

Who's done it?

The

- Before -

g...
23/10/2013

- After -

I've had some lights
installed.
- What’s happened? -

The

Who's done it?

- Before -

electrician
...
23/10/2013

- After -

- What’s happened? -

I've had some
leaking pipes fixed.
Who's done it?

I've fixed my
windows.

- ...
23/10/2013

She's cutting her
hair.
What’s happening?

Another
person
is doing the
action

She's having her
hair cut.

Wha...
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Causative have online

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Introducing the structure "have something done"

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Transcript of "Causative have online"

  1. 1. 23/10/2013 the importance - of - Agents I bought a NEW HOUSE a few months ago… … but a lot of things needed some REPAIRING I’m not good at home improvement at all… … so I needed PROFESSIONAL HELP. causative have - Before - - After - - What’s happened? - I've had the fence painted. 1
  2. 2. 23/10/2013 The Who's done it? house painter - Before - - After - I've had a garage built. - What’s happened? - Who's done it? 2
  3. 3. 23/10/2013 The construction workers - Before - - After - - What’s happened? - Who's done it? I've had my windows fixed. The carpenter 3
  4. 4. 23/10/2013 - Before - - After - I've had my garden cleaned up. - What’s happened? - Who's done it? The - Before - gardener 4
  5. 5. 23/10/2013 - After - I've had some lights installed. - What’s happened? - The Who's done it? - Before - electrician 5
  6. 6. 23/10/2013 - After - - What’s happened? - I've had some leaking pipes fixed. Who's done it? I've fixed my windows. - Before - - After I haven't done it! I've had my windows fixed. In English... ... we CANNOT say we do something when... ... it is in fact ANOTHER PERSON who does the action. The plumber When we don't do something ourselves... ... but we ARRANGE for SOMEONE ELSE to do it (usually an expert) for us... ... we use another construction. 6
  7. 7. 23/10/2013 She's cutting her hair. What’s happening? Another person is doing the action She's having her hair cut. What’s happening? Let’s see the construction I've had some lights installed. I've had my windows fixed. She's having her hair cut. I've had my fence painted. past have + object + participle 7

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