Chapter 17Immigration and Settlement:Confronting the Challenges of Cultural Diversity Naomi Levy EPS 606
Basic DefinitionsImmigrants: people who have made a relativelyfree choice to relocate from one country / region toanother EX: my sisters have moved to Israel b/c they wanted to! EX: people who come to America looking for a better lifeRefugees: people who are forced to move,survival usually being main motivation to move EX: my dad is a Jewish refugee from Egypt and was forced to leaveSojourners: people who move to achieve certainobjectives (with specific time frame & intent toreturn) EX: diplomats or people who move for work
Immigration can be understood byPush/Pull factorsVoluntary/Involuntary action of the movePermanence of the move
CULTURECulture: includes common values, beliefs, & norms within groups who share an ethnic heritage, sexual orientation or SES class as a context for meaning (Kagitcbasi) is knowing the rules by which we live in society (Lonner & Malpass) What do you consider you culture?
CULTURE cont.. Socialization: formal process of learning rules & behavior of culture though education and child rearing practices VS Enculturation: informal learning that occurs in human life in natural settingsIndividualistic society: independence from others & priority of personal needs (EX: USA) VS Collectivistic society: group norms & collectivegoals come first (EX: Israeli society, Japanese ect…)
AcculturationInvolves challenges & changes to one’s cultureReflects the adaptations that different cultural groupsmust make due to contact with othersConsidered from perspective of those with leastpower in the situation (in CP we recognize the rolepower plays!)Common responses to acculturation: (Berry’s model) Assimilation (take on new culture) Integration (keep own culture while adapting with new) Separation (keeping separate, isolated and with group) Marginalization (looked down upon, racism…)
Diversity within and across We cannot assume immigrant communities are all the same; across & within communities as well Within immigrant communities strong difference can be present (in terms of political stance, history, SES) All groups & people experience acculturation differently Role of race, gender and ethnicity matter in identity formation (ex: South African woman in Western Australia that came apartheid experiences) Must understand people within the social ecological context (CP focus on ecology & context plays a role here too!)
An Example of a Responseof Receiving a Community and Marginalization My sister is a social worker and works with at-risk immigrant youth in Israel. The immigrant migrant workers is a controversial political topic there. Click on this below link to watch a news clip about this issue and the possible deportation of this population. (FYI the website will be in Hebrew but the video is in English after the advertisement. The video is in the middle of the page, press play! ) http://news.walla.co.il/?w=/1/1716914
Reactions?What did you think of the video?Without knowing very much about this populationyou can tell that this is an example how how wecan receive a community (the emotional,economic and political reactions…)
ConclusionImmigration is a complex topicWe must consider several factors when learningabout or working with immigrant communities: Not all immigrants are the same even if they come from the same place with same ethnicity Each person has their our story, culture, narrative and context (all are which are SO important!!) We should focus on social support systems & their role in the immigration process As a protective mechanisms which can buffer stressors It is important to do personal critical reflection about our subjectivity & limits
Thanks for watching my lesson on chapter 17! Itwould be better if I presentedin person but nevertheless I hope you enjoyed and learned something!!!!!