1920’s – The New Era "Hip flasks of hooch, jazz, speakeasies, bobbed hair, 'the lost generation.' The Twenties are endlessly fascinating. It was the first truly modern decade and, for better or worse, it created the model for society that all the world follows today." (Rayburn, "Two Views of the 1920s.")
Manufacturing output rose
by 60 %
Per capita income grew by 1/3
Inflation = negligible
Mild recession in 1923
Why Economic Growth?
World War I
Technology in the 20s
The automobile is the greatest invention of mankind.
Automobile Production in 1924
United States - 3504
Canada - 135
France - 145
United Kingdom - 133
Germany - 18
Italy - 35
Czechoslovakia - 2
Russia - 0
Up until May 1927, no human had ever crossed the great divide that separates the North American and European continents in an airplane non-stop. Lindbergh was the first to do it!
Era of Suspicion
The Era Of Suspicion By Assaf Harpaz Thesis: The fear of immigrants and the idea of foreign trends such as Communism lead to extreme measures such laws and Quotas forbidding foreign laborers, which resulted with the red scare in and the new KKK, promoting Nativism and American purity.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Ku Klux Klan
Most powerful during the 1920's
Membership rose to nearly three million members.
The klan aimed to alienate non-whites and other religious groups from the rest of American society.
Prohibition & Organized Crime
Born in New York in 1899
He helped build Chicago projects, gave to the needy, helped the elderly, and was great with kids.
He gave away a lot of his money, and it was part of the defense for his tax evasion trial.
Capone ultimately went to prison for tax evasion
Died in 1947
Sports Celebrities and Heroes
As the decade began, baseball had its first $100,000-plus trade deal, when Babe Ruth was sold by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000.
Lou Gehrig - “The Iron Horse” (1903-1941)
New York Yankees' first baseman from 1924 to 1939
played in 2,130 straight games
He accrued an impressive lifetime batting average of .340
"Shoeless" Joe Jackson (1888-1951)
Jackson holds the all-time record season batting average,
Banned from the game in 1921 after being accused of "throwing" the 1919 World Series with seven teammates of the Chicago White Sox.
Gertrude Ederle (1906-)
On Aug. 6, 1926 19-year-old Gertrude "Trudy" Ederle of New York became the first woman to swim the English Channel, and she did it in a time that shattered (by two hours) existing men's records of the day (14 hours, 31 minutes).
The Great Migration
Cotton Club http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WAYoZaKu83M&feature=related
Duke Ellington http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDDCzb3dv_Y
Ella Fitzgerald http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbL9vr4Q2LU
Lyrics (as sung by Billie Holiday) Strange Fruit - Lewis Allan Southern trees bear a strange fruit, Blood on the leaves and blood at the root, Black bodies swinging in the Southern breeze, Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees. Pastoral scene of the gallant South, The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth, Scent of magnolias, sweet and fresh, Then the sudden smell of burning flesh! Here is a fruit for the crows to pluck, For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck, For the sun to rot, for the trees to drop, Here is a strange and bitter crop.
Louis Armstrong http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vnRqYMTpXHc
The focal point of vaudeville
In the heart of New York's theater district, at Broadway and 47th
It was every actor's ambition to play the Palace in New York.
a 20th century icon.
Her hair is her trademark the famous "black helmet".
Fair skinned and freckled, Brooks appeared on film as something almost luminous.
Greta Garbo 1905-1990
Garbo's last silent film, MGM's last silent movie of the era, was The Kiss in the fall of 1929. It was her tenth film and by this time she had attained Hollywood's position as top leading lady.
Audiences in October 1927 were wildly enthusiastic when America's favorite jazz singer, Al Jolson broke into song, ad-libbed with his mother at the piano, and proclaimed the famous line: "You ain't heard nothin' yet!"
The commercialization of sound-on-film, and the transformation of the industry from silent films to talkies became a reality with the success of this film.