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Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
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Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
Chapter18
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Chapter18

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  • 1. Chapter 18 Northern Europe and Spain, 1500 to 1600 Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, The Western Perspective 13e
  • 2. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 3. Goals <ul><li>Understand the consequences of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the diversity of cultures and artistic styles in Spain and Northern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Identify artists from the 16 th century Spain and Northern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 4. 18.1 Art in the Holy Roman Empire during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand German culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative German artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 5. Figure 18-2a MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed, top ; open, bottom ), from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, ca.1510–1515. Oil on wood, 9' 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”, (center panel), 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2” (each wing), 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2” (predella). Shrine carved by Nikolaus Hagenauer in 1490. Painted and gilt limewood, 9’ 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 6. Figure 18-2a MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed, top ; open, bottom ), from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, ca.1510–1515. Oil on wood, 9' 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”, (center panel), 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2” (each wing), 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2” (predella). Shrine carved by Nikolaus Hagenauer in 1490. Painted and gilt limewood, 9’ 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 7. Albrecht Durer: “Leonardo of the North” <ul><li>Travelled widely through Europe and became an international celebrity </li></ul><ul><li>Took trips to Italy to study Renaissance art </li></ul><ul><li>First artist to synthesize Northern European stylistic features (intricate detail, realistic rendering of objects, symbols hidden as everyday objects) and blend them with Italian features (classical body types, linear perspective) --- admired the work of Leonardo </li></ul><ul><li>First artist to keep a thorough record of his life (self-portraits, treatises on his thoughts, and a diary) </li></ul><ul><li>Important graphic artist --- best known for his engravings </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced significantly by Martin Luther and Protestant Reformation </li></ul>
  • 8. Figure 18-4 ALBRECHT DÜRER, Great Piece of Turf , 1503. Watercolor, 1’ 3/4” x 1’ 3/8”. Albertina, Vienna.
  • 9. Figure 18-1 ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504. Engraving, 9 7/8” x 7 5/8”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (centennial gift of Landon T. Clay).
  • 10. 18.2 Protestant Reformation <ul><li>Understand the consequences of the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Observe how Protestantism affected the role and imagery of art </li></ul>
  • 11. Figure 18-7 LUCAS CRANACH THE ELDER, Allegory of Law and Grace , ca. 1530. Woodcut, 10 5/8” x 1’ 3/4”. British Museum, London.
  • 12. Figure 18-9 HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, The French Ambassadors , 1533. Oil and tempera on wood, approx. 6’ 8” x 6’ 9 1/2”. National Gallery, London.
  • 13. 18.3 Art in France during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand the French culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative French artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 14. Figure 18-10 JEAN CLOUET, Francis I , ca. 1525–1530. Tempera and oil on wood, approx. 3’ 2” x 2’ 5”. Louvre, Paris.
  • 15. 18.4 Art in the Netherlands during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand Dutch culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative Dutch artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 16. Figure 18-13 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights , 1505-1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7’ 2 5/8” X 6’ 4 ¾”, each wing 7’ 2 5/8” X 3’ 2 ¼”. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  • 17. Figure 18-17 CATERINA VAN HEMESSEN, Self-Portrait , 1548. Oil on panel, 1’ 3/4” x 9 7/8”. Kunstmuseum, Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel.
  • 18. Figure 18-18 Attibuted to LEVINA TEERLINC. Elizabeth I as a Princess , ca. 1559. Oil on wood, 3’ 6 3/4” x 2’ 8 1/4”. The Royal Collection, Windsor Castle, Windsor, England.
  • 19. Figure 18-20 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Netherlandish Proverbs , 1559. Oil on wood, 3’ 10” x 5’ 4 1/8”. Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
  • 20. 18.5 Art in Spain during the 16 th Century <ul><li>Understand Spanish culture and artistic styles </li></ul><ul><li>Identify representative Spanish artists from the 16 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and cite artistic terminology from this period </li></ul>
  • 21. Figure 18-24 Juan de Herrera and Juan Bautista de Toledo, El Escorial, near Madrid, Spain, ca. 1563–1584 (detail of an anonymous 18th-century painting).
  • 22. Figure 18-25 EL GRECO, The Burial of Count Orgaz , 1586. Oil on canvas, 16’ x 12’. Santo Tomé, Toledo.
  • 23. Discussion Questions <ul><li>How does art influence or reflect religion? How does Protestant art differ from Catholic art during the Reformation and Counter Reformation? </li></ul><ul><li>Does religion influence art today? If so, how? How prevalent is religious art today? Why? </li></ul>

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