Youth "The qualities of vigour, freshness, or immaturity as associated with being young." - OED Young People 0 - 19 years oldZed Nelson - Photographs from A Tale of Two Cities. http://www.zednelson.com/
Data on Young People & EducationChild Benefit Families, 2010 Hackney Central Hackney London Total Number of 2530 60380 1831965 Children Total Number of 1480 31240 1028265 Families Claiming /1959 = 75% /38192 = 81% /1602052 = 64% Benefit Source Her Majestys Revenue and Customs Last Updated 13 April 2011
School Absence(Sept 10 - Aug 11) Hackney London SourceEnrolments in All 25,300 891,687 Department for EducationSchools Last Updated 21 June 2012Overall % rate of 5.5% 5.5%absences (pupil halfdays)Authorized 4.4% 4.3%Absences (pupil halfdays)Unauthorized 1.2% 1.2%Absences (pupil halfdays)Persistent 6.2% 5.6%Absentees(enrolments)
Growing-Up Local 1.How can young people in Hackney learn tofeel local through interacting with place? 2. How can the places of childhood inHackney raise the voices of young people inthe local community?
LEARNING PERFORMING GROWING-UP LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL
HACKNEY EDUCATION UK School Structure10 years ago Hackney schoolswere amongst the poorestperformers in the nation. Fee-payingHackney Learning Trust was schools “PUBLIC”formed to manage alleducation – outside of thecontrol of the Local Authority.Hackney Learning Trust takes aholistic approach, overseeingsupport and education from 0- Sure Start Primary Secondary 11-1819. Age: 0-4 Age: 4-11 Middle/UpperSeveral schools were closed,most schools were rebuilt. “Academy”: secondary school that has opted out of Local Authority control so directly financed by central govToday, Hackney’s schools are “Free School”: primary or secondary school formed byamongst the best performers locals and directly funded by central govin the UK. This year the LocalAuthority has taken back their
ORIGIN SPACE PLACE CHALLENGE SOLVE Who is local, Where is the What are the S What sort who is an world of each features of Is feeling of incomer? age group in this world? local intervention Hackney? working? s could help?Pre-School0-4 MIGRATION SCALES THRESHOLDS AGENCY IDENTITY +Primary5-11Middle11-16Upper16-18 Tools: census, Tools: kids Tools: maps of Tools: interviews maps, official official interviews maps facilities, maps of kids own places, evaluation of places
Pre-school Child Centres MapParent networks:● Official (NCT)● SpontaneousRelational space and physicalspace together.From parent meetings,playgrounds and childcareoptions. Hackney: 22 Child Centres 64 Child-minders http://www.learningtrust.co.uk/map/ http://www.childcare.co.uk/search/Childminder/N16/1-miles
MethodologyDesign for children: the spatial dimension● Schools layouts● Streets for children and accessibility proof● Playgrounds “design for play”● Project Faraday (http://www.goved.co.uk/projects/faraday) at fcbstudiosSocial: the relational space● Young people networks● Parents networking● Security and safety: ● Police and crime statistics ● Immigrant child detention (Nick Lessof): http://ecdn.org/category/child-detention/ ● Gangs mapContacts in Hackney:● Mossbourne academy● Anna Fiorentini Drama School.● Interviews to children in a local house (Michaels)● School teachers and headteachers network● TED x Youth @ Hackney● Immigrants
TOOLS● Qualitative Data (Census, OFSTED...)● Mapping (official, mental maps, kids maps)● Interviews: adults and young people● Drawings, photos, “favourite place in Hackney”● Informal talk
Street inventory Exercise in Miraflores (Lima-Peru) 2011
(Re)building the Local City How do young people figure into the future?
Growing Up Local - Growing The Local Change... Who is allowed to have an opinion on local change? What is the role of young people who will inhabit the local city of the future? Will they have a say in the future? Who is "selling" the local in Hackney, and who is being sold?...
For whom are we making the city?Planning for the different phases of life (Mumford, 1945)If we build the city considering the children, then we have build a city that can work for everyone (Tonucci) Children in an urban world – The State of the World Children 2012 UNICEF