This presentation on the topic of moocs
is an inspiration and collection of facts
from different scholars who have taken
a...
CONTENT.
 What is mooc?
 The birth of open learning.
 Brief history of moocs.
 Characteristics of moocs.
 Types of mo...
What is mooc?
MOOC is an acronym for;
M= Massive
O= Open
O= Online
C= Course
What is moocs cont…
Mooc is a Massive Open Online Course.
It is an online course aimed at unlimited
participation and open...
What is moocs cont…
Although early MOOCs often emphasized open access
features, such as connectives and open licensing of ...
The birth of online learning.
The birth of online learning cont…
Moocs all started in 2008 but three years ago, the modern massive open online course, o...
The birth of online learning cont…
MOOCs began with offerings heavily weighted toward computer science and math edX’s most...
Brief history of moocs.
The evolution of technology and of new learning experiences have
always been closely related. As d...
Brief history of moocs cont…
The first of these distance learning models grew exponentially in Europe and
United States af...
Brief history of moocs cont…
However, this first generation was still far from reaching massive numbers of students like
M...
Brief history of moocs cont…
But a main pedagogical factor was still lacking: students had hardly any interaction with
pro...
Characteristics of moocs.
1. Moocs is free of charge to all the people interested.
2. It has no participation limitations....
Types of moocs.
We have three main types of moocs which are;
network based, content based and task based moocs
according t...
Types of moocs cont…
Network-based MOOCs are the original MOOCs, taught by Alec
Couros, George Siemens, Stephen Downes, Da...
Types of moocs cont…
Task-based MOOCs emphasize skills in the sense that they ask the learner to complete
certain types of...
Types of moocs cont…
Content-based MOOCs are the ones with huge enrollments, commercial
prospects, big university professo...
Benefits and downsides of moocs.
Benefits of moocs.
 You can be able to organize a mooc in any setting without
connectivi...
Downsides of a mooc.
 It demands digital literacy.
 It requires self-directed learning ability.
 It requires more time ...
Hot issues in moocs
Some of the hot issues in moocs
are privacy, openness,
completion, impact, pedagogy,
business model an...
Neuroscience and Behavior, Research and Data Analysis
in Psychology, life skills issues, how people think and what
makes t...
In this mooc I will be studying the various methods used in psychology to carry out
researches, how humans think and why t...
REFERENCES.
Asma,A. The history of moocs. http://www.slideshare.net/Lwazoluhle/history-of-moocs-
31842915?qid=c812d59e-934...
NEW ERA MOOCS.
NEW ERA MOOCS.
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NEW ERA MOOCS.

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Moocs have become new and fast growing means for studies around the globe.

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NEW ERA MOOCS.

  1. 1. This presentation on the topic of moocs is an inspiration and collection of facts from different scholars who have taken a critical look to analyze and study how moocs came in to eixtance, how it function and their importance in the society.
  2. 2. CONTENT.  What is mooc?  The birth of open learning.  Brief history of moocs.  Characteristics of moocs.  Types of moocs.  Benefits and downsides of moocs.  Discussion.
  3. 3. What is mooc? MOOC is an acronym for; M= Massive O= Open O= Online C= Course
  4. 4. What is moocs cont… Mooc is a Massive Open Online Course. It is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user fora that help build a community for students, professors, and teaching assistants (TAs). MOOCs are a recent development in distance education(Mzwandile helper mashinini )
  5. 5. What is moocs cont… Although early MOOCs often emphasized open access features, such as connectives and open licensing of content, structure, and learning goals, to promote the reuse and remixing of resources, some notable newer MOOCs use closed licenses for their course materials, while maintaining free access for students.
  6. 6. The birth of online learning.
  7. 7. The birth of online learning cont… Moocs all started in 2008 but three years ago, the modern massive open online course, or MOOC, came to prominence when a Stanford computer-science professor named Sebastian Thrun made his artificial-intelligence course freely available to anyone with an Internet connection and 150,000 people signed up. Mooc allows students the chance of tuning into courses from universities like M.I.T., Harvard, Berkeley and many others. Coursera, the platform established by a couple of Stanford computer-science professors, Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller, has more than 400 courses in seven languages from 87 academic partners and some 4.7 million students. EdX, the nonprofit platform established by M.I.T. and Harvard, has 68 courses from 28 academic partners and 1.25 million students. These are just two of the platforms out there.
  8. 8. The birth of online learning cont… MOOCs began with offerings heavily weighted toward computer science and math edX’s most popular remain a pair of introductory computer-science courses from Harvard and M.I.T. but classes now cover everything from finance and law to poetry and music. Higher education is a sector that has this far been embraced but arguably has not been fundamentally altered by the growth of the Internet. This has been rapidly changing over the last few years with the rise of MOOCs, or Massive Open Online Courses; the way of learning that allows students to participate on their own terms via the Internet. MOOCs have been embraced in a big way by elite universities and institutions, and are beginning to have a major impact on higher education.
  9. 9. Brief history of moocs. The evolution of technology and of new learning experiences have always been closely related. As distance learning specialists affirm, the field of distance-learning had three main generations which are; Correspondence study, Multimedia and Computer-mediated.( Mkhonza,M.L)
  10. 10. Brief history of moocs cont… The first of these distance learning models grew exponentially in Europe and United States after the Industrial Revolution, especially because a more qualified work force was needed for the factories. In addition, postal services were becoming faster, cheaper and more reliable. For example, in the 19th century, students from Australia were already able take correspondence courses from prestigious universities, such as the London School of Economics, one of the first in the United Kingdom to offer distance education.
  11. 11. Brief history of moocs cont… However, this first generation was still far from reaching massive numbers of students like MOOCs are doing today. Correspondence study only predominated until the arrival of electronic media, which lead to popularization of radio and television as educational tools in the 20th century. Teachers and learners from all parts of the world took advantage of the new technology. Those who did not have access to formal learning could watch or listen to classes for free, wherever they were. The content was adapted to reach different types of audiences, and even students in remote areas could have knowledge in academic subjects.
  12. 12. Brief history of moocs cont… But a main pedagogical factor was still lacking: students had hardly any interaction with professors or other students. Videotape was used by many distance learning initiatives but was criticized because of its passivity. The multimedia generation had popularized distance learning and allowed new possibilities, but only computers and the web could unite forces to provide a new e-learning infrastructure, mainly built upon networks and communities on-line. Moocs is an open education movement with an open content and knowledge where by, leaning is successful if we connect and build relevant networks. Consecutiveness and connective courses started running in 2008.In 2012, Stanford devised an artificial intelligence tool, learning machine and a database and the platforms were courser and udacity.
  13. 13. Characteristics of moocs. 1. Moocs is free of charge to all the people interested. 2. It has no participation limitations. 3. There is no formal entry requirement. 4. The virtual learning environment is not the Centre of the course. 5. It uses a variety of new social networks and tools like slide shares, google, future learning, class2Go, OER University and many others. 6. It is a community of practice and sharing where all the participants are involved in the topic at hand.
  14. 14. Types of moocs. We have three main types of moocs which are; network based, content based and task based moocs according to Stephen Downes. Each type of MOOC has all three elements (networks, tasks and content), but each has a goal that is dominant.
  15. 15. Types of moocs cont… Network-based MOOCs are the original MOOCs, taught by Alec Couros, George Siemens, Stephen Downes, Dave Cormier. The goal is not so much content and skills acquisition, but conversation, socially constructed knowledge, and exposure to the milieu of learning on the open web using distributed means. The pedagogy of network-based MOOCs is based in connectivist or connectivist-style methods. Resources are provided, but exploration is more important than any particular content. Traditional assessment is difficult.
  16. 16. Types of moocs cont… Task-based MOOCs emphasize skills in the sense that they ask the learner to complete certain types of work. In Jim Groom’s ds106 at UMW, the learning is distributed and the formats variable. There are many options for completing each assignment, but a certain number and variety of assignments need to be done to perform the skills. Similarly, our POT Certificate Class focuses on different topics for each week, and skills are demonstrated through sections on design, audio, video etc. in an effort to expose learners to many different formats and styles in online teaching. Community is crucial, particularly for examples and assistance, but it is a secondary goal. Pedagogy of task-based MOOCs tend to be a mix of instructivism and constructivism. Traditional assessment is difficult here too.
  17. 17. Types of moocs cont… Content-based MOOCs are the ones with huge enrollments, commercial prospects, big university professors, automated testing, and exposure in the popular press. Community is difficult but may be highly significant to the participants, or one can go it alone. Content acquisition is more important in these classes than either networking or task completion, and they tend to use instructivist pedagogy. Traditional assessment, both formative and summative, may be emphasized. Mass participation seems to imply mass processing.
  18. 18. Benefits and downsides of moocs. Benefits of moocs.  You can be able to organize a mooc in any setting without connectivity.  You can use your own devices.  You do not need a degree to enter.  You can connect across disciplines and institutions.  It enables you to work across time zones and boundaries.  You can use any online tools that are relevant.  It helps improve ones longlife learning skills.
  19. 19. Downsides of a mooc.  It demands digital literacy.  It requires self-directed learning ability.  It requires more time and effort that expected.  It could lead to a feeling of chaos.  It requires steep learning curves.  The technology involved could lead to distraction from the learning purpose and content.
  20. 20. Hot issues in moocs Some of the hot issues in moocs are privacy, openness, completion, impact, pedagogy, business model and certification. Discussion. Some of the fields of mooc that I will be interested in are; Psychology of Perception, clinical psychology of child and young and Social Cognition.
  21. 21. Neuroscience and Behavior, Research and Data Analysis in Psychology, life skills issues, how people think and what makes them come to given conclusions or decisions as well as problems and challenges faced by the youth in the society and how they over come such situations and move on with their leaves.
  22. 22. In this mooc I will be studying the various methods used in psychology to carry out researches, how humans think and why they think in given ways when faced to certain situations . Besides, I will also have to study the health facts and developmental phases in children and youths. More so, I will study human behavior in the society and how people inter act and behave in their societies. Further more, in this field and topics I will also have to study how the human brain functions.
  23. 23. REFERENCES. Asma,A. The history of moocs. http://www.slideshare.net/Lwazoluhle/history-of-moocs- 31842915?qid=c812d59e-9342-49d1-a162- d6891a9b85d8&v=qf1&b=&from_search=2. Accesses 04/03/2014. Mzwandile,H.M. what is mooc. http://www.slideshare.net/g6mzwai/what-are-moocs-by- mzwandile-mashinini, Accesses 04/03/2014. END

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