Neil J. Long Design Portfolio

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A selection of works completed while earning my Master of Architecture.

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Neil J. Long Design Portfolio

  1. 1. neil j. long graduate design portfolio
  2. 2. neil j. long GRADUATE EDUCATION University of Florida School of Architecture - Gainesville, FL - Master of Architecture, 2010 Honors & Activities  John W. Stovall Scholarship Awarded 2009  Otis A. Skinner Scholarship Award 2008  Arthur Blenn Anderson Scholarship Award 2007  Publication in Architrave, University of Florida student design retrospective 2008/2009  Student Liaison for the School of Architecture Studio Culture Committee 2008/2009  Graduate Teaching Assistant for Theory I 2009  Teaching Assistant for Design 1 & 2 2007/2008  Project leader for the annual design & construction of a Sukkah for Hillel at the University of Florida 2008  Participation in the AIA Florida Healthcare for the Homeless Design Charrette 2008 Proficient in AutoCAD, Rhinoceros with Grasshopper, 3ds Max, SketchUp, Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator/InDesign Project experience in Form-Z, ParaCloud, Revit & Ecotect Analysis GRADUATE STUDIES ABROAD Vicenza, Italy Fall 2009 • University of Florida Vicenza Institute of Architecture • Seminars: Italian futurism & rationalism; Italian conversation & grammar • Studio: Relocation of the Vicenza Public Library within a deteriorated Renaissance garden Guadalajara, Mexico Summer 2008 • University of Florida Preservation Institute • Seminar: New strategies of place in rural areas, with special attention to the use of water & the colonial hacienda system • Studio: Civic building & public promenade in San Martín de las Cañas, a rural Ejido village in the Tequila Valley Paris, France Summer 2007 • University of Florida Research Center, Paris • Seminar: The Architecture of Paris: Experiments in Place neil j. long GRADUATE EDUCATION University of Florida School of Architecture - Gainesville, FL - Master of Architecture, 2010 Honors & Activities  John W. Stovall Scholarship Awarded 2009  Otis A. Skinner Scholarship Award 2008  Arthur Blenn Anderson Scholarship Award 2007  Publication in Architrave, University of Florida student design retrospective 2008/2009  Student Liaison for the School of Architecture Studio Culture Committee 2008/2009  Graduate Teaching Assistant for Theory I 2009  Teaching Assistant for Design 1 & 2 2007/2008  Project leader for the annual design & construction of a Sukkah for Hillel at the University of Florida 2008  Participation in the AIA Florida Healthcare for the Homeless Design Charrette 2008 Proficient in AutoCAD, Rhinoceros with Grasshopper, 3ds Max, SketchUp, Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator/InDesign Project experience in Form-Z, ParaCloud, Revit & Ecotect Analysis GRADUATE STUDIES ABROAD Vicenza, Italy Fall 2009 • University of Florida Vicenza Institute of Architecture • Seminars: Italian futurism & rationalism; Italian conversation & grammar • Studio: Relocation of the Vicenza Public Library within a deteriorated Renaissance garden Guadalajara, Mexico Summer 2008 • University of Florida Preservation Institute • Seminar: New strategies of place in rural areas, with special attention to the use of water & the colonial hacienda system • Studio: Civic building & public promenade in San Martín de las Cañas, a rural Ejido village in the Tequila Valley Paris, France Summer 2007 • University of Florida Research Center, Paris • Seminar: The Architecture of Paris: Experiments in Place neil j. long GRADUATE EDUCATION University of Florida School of Architecture - Gainesville, FL - Master of Architecture, 2010 Honors & Activities  John W. Stovall Scholarship Awarded 2009  Otis A. Skinner Scholarship Award 2008  Arthur Blenn Anderson Scholarship Award 2007  Publication in Architrave, University of Florida student design retrospective 2008/2009  Student Liaison for the School of Architecture Studio Culture Committee 2008/2009  Graduate Teaching Assistant for Theory I 2009  Teaching Assistant for Design 1 & 2 2007/2008  Project leader for the annual design & construction of a Sukkah for Hillel at the University of Florida 2008  Participation in the AIA Florida Healthcare for the Homeless Design Charrette 2008 Proficient in AutoCAD, Rhinoceros with Grasshopper, 3ds Max, SketchUp, Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator/InDesign Project experience in Form-Z, ParaCloud, Revit & Ecotect Analysis GRADUATE STUDIES ABROAD Vicenza, Italy Fall 2009 • University of Florida Vicenza Institute of Architecture • Seminars: Italian futurism & rationalism; Italian conversation & grammar • Studio: Relocation of the Vicenza Public Library within a deteriorated Renaissance garden Guadalajara, Mexico Summer 2008 • University of Florida Preservation Institute • Seminar: New strategies of place in rural areas, with special attention to the use of water & the colonial hacienda system • Studio: Civic building & public promenade in San Martín de las Cañas, a rural Ejido village in the Tequila Valley Paris, France Summer 2007 • University of Florida Research Center, Paris • Seminar: The Architecture of Paris: Experiments in Place neil j. long GRADUATE EDUCATION University of Florida School of Architecture - Gainesville, FL - Master of Architecture, 2010 Honors & Activities  John W. Stovall Scholarship Awarded 2009  Otis A. Skinner Scholarship Award 2008  Arthur Blenn Anderson Scholarship Award 2007  Publication in Architrave, University of Florida student design retrospective 2008/2009  Student Liaison for the School of Architecture Studio Culture Committee 2008/2009  Graduate Teaching Assistant for Theory I 2009  Teaching Assistant for Design 1 & 2 2007/2008  Project leader for the annual design & construction of a Sukkah for Hillel at the University of Florida 2008  Participation in the AIA Florida Healthcare for the Homeless Design Charrette 2008 Proficient in AutoCAD, Rhinoceros with Grasshopper, 3ds Max, SketchUp, Adobe Photoshop/Illustrator/InDesign Project experience in Form-Z, ParaCloud, Revit & Ecotect Analysis GRADUATE STUDIES ABROAD Vicenza, Italy Fall 2009 • University of Florida Vicenza Institute of Architecture • Seminars: Italian futurism & rationalism; Italian conversation & grammar • Studio: Relocation of the Vicenza Public Library within a deteriorated Renaissance garden Guadalajara, Mexico Summer 2008 • University of Florida Preservation Institute • Seminar: New strategies of place in rural areas, with special attention to the use of water & the colonial hacienda system • Studio: Civic building & public promenade in San Martín de las Cañas, a rural Ejido village in the Tequila Valley Paris, France Summer 2007 • University of Florida Research Center, Paris • Seminar: The Architecture of Paris: Experiments in Place UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATIO N Elmhurst College - Elmhurst, IL - Bachelor of Arts Cum Laude, 2005 English Literature & Music Majors; Philosophy Minor Honors & Activities  Omicron Delta Kappa, National Leadership Honor Society  Lambda Sigma Psi Recognition Society (Music Honor Society)  Sigma Tau Delta, International English Honor Society  Dean’s List Fall 2003, Fall 2002, Spring 2001, Fall 1999  Robert and Goudyloch Dyer Endowed Scholarship Award 2003/2004  Elmhurst College Music Talent Scholarship 1999/2000  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001; 2002/2003  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Head of Publicity and Concert Sales 2002/2003  C o lle ge C o n cer t C h o i r Second Tenor 1999/2000; 2000/2001 Choir Board Member 2000/2001  Vocal Jazz Ensemble “Late Night Blues” Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  Jazz Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  J a z z C o m b o Guitarist (Performance) 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Jazz Festival Publicity Team 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Theater Cast Member 1999/2000  Elmhurst College Music Department Board Freshman Representative 1999/2000  The Leader (Elmh urst College studen t newspaper) Staff Writer 2002/2003; Summer 2003  Southampton Writin g Conference Workshop on Memoir Wri ti n g with Frank McCourt Summer 2003  P ublication for poetry an d sculpture in Middle Western Voice li terary magazine 2003  International Club Member 2002/2003 UNDERGRADUAT E STUDIES ABROAD Oxford, England Spring 2004 • Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Keble College, University of Oxford • Tutorials: Shakespeare / Greek Tragedy / European Renaissance Art & Architecture Nijmegen, The Netherlands Fall 2003 • Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen • Studies: American Literature / Race & Gender in American Pop-Culture / International Law Milan, Italy Fall 2001 & Spring 2002 • Institute of European Studies • Università Cattolica, Studies: Italian conversation & grammar • Accademia Internazionale Della Musica, Studies: Classical Guitar; Music History / Theory Montego Bay, Jamaica January 2000 & January 2001 • Elmhurst College “Educational Experiences in Jamaica” teaching music to underprivileged middle school children UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATIO N Elmhurst College - Elmhurst, IL - Bachelor of Arts Cum Laude, 2005 English Literature & Music Majors; Philosophy Minor Honors & Activities  Omicron Delta Kappa, National Leadership Honor Society  Lambda Sigma Psi Recognition Society (Music Honor Society)  Sigma Tau Delta, International English Honor Society  Dean’s List Fall 2003, Fall 2002, Spring 2001, Fall 1999  Robert and Goudyloch Dyer Endowed Scholarship Award 2003/2004  Elmhurst College Music Talent Scholarship 1999/2000  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001; 2002/2003  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Head of Publicity and Concert Sales 2002/2003  C o lle ge C o n cer t C h o i r Second Tenor 1999/2000; 2000/2001 Choir Board Member 2000/2001  Vocal Jazz Ensemble “Late Night Blues” Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  Jazz Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  J a z z C o m b o Guitarist (Performance) 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Jazz Festival Publicity Team 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Theater Cast Member 1999/2000  Elmhurst College Music Department Board Freshman Representative 1999/2000  The Leader (Elmh urst College studen t newspaper) Staff Writer 2002/2003; Summer 2003  Southampton Writin g Conference Workshop on Memoir Wri ti n g with Frank McCourt Summer 2003  P ublication for poetry an d sculpture in Middle Western Voice li terary magazine 2003  International Club Member 2002/2003 UNDERGRADUAT E STUDIES ABROAD Oxford, England Spring 2004 • Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Keble College, University of Oxford • Tutorials: Shakespeare / Greek Tragedy / European Renaissance Art & Architecture Nijmegen, The Netherlands Fall 2003 • Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen • Studies: American Literature / Race & Gender in American Pop-Culture / International Law Milan, Italy Fall 2001 & Spring 2002 • Institute of European Studies • Università Cattolica, Studies: Italian conversation & grammar • Accademia Internazionale Della Musica, Studies: Classical Guitar; Music History / Theory Montego Bay, Jamaica January 2000 & January 2001 • Elmhurst College “Educational Experiences in Jamaica” teaching music to underprivileged middle school children UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATIO N Elmhurst College - Elmhurst, IL - Bachelor of Arts Cum Laude, 2005 English Literature & Music Majors; Philosophy Minor Honors & Activities  Omicron Delta Kappa, National Leadership Honor Society  Lambda Sigma Psi Recognition Society (Music Honor Society)  Sigma Tau Delta, International English Honor Society  Dean’s List Fall 2003, Fall 2002, Spring 2001, Fall 1999  Robert and Goudyloch Dyer Endowed Scholarship Award 2003/2004  Elmhurst College Music Talent Scholarship 1999/2000  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001; 2002/2003  Classical Gui tar Ensemble Head of Publicity and Concert Sales 2002/2003  C o lle ge C o n cer t C h o i r Second Tenor 1999/2000; 2000/2001 Choir Board Member 2000/2001  Vocal Jazz Ensemble “Late Night Blues” Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  Jazz Gui tar Ensemble Guitarist (Performance/Studio Recording) 2000/2001  J a z z C o m b o Guitarist (Performance) 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Jazz Festival Publicity Team 1999/2000; 2000/2001  Elmh urst College Theater Cast Member 1999/2000  Elmhurst College Music Department Board Freshman Representative 1999/2000  The Leader (Elmh urst College studen t newspaper) Staff Writer 2002/2003; Summer 2003  Southampton Writin g Conference Workshop on Memoir Wri ti n g with Frank McCourt Summer 2003  P ublication for poetry an d sculpture in Middle Western Voice li terary magazine 2003  International Club Member 2002/2003 UNDERGRADUAT E STUDIES ABROAD Oxford, England Spring 2004 • Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Keble College, University of Oxford • Tutorials: Shakespeare / Greek Tragedy / European Renaissance Art & Architecture Nijmegen, The Netherlands Fall 2003 • Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen • Studies: American Literature / Race & Gender in American Pop-Culture / International Law Milan, Italy Fall 2001 & Spring 2002 • Institute of European Studies • Università Cattolica, Studies: Italian conversation & grammar • Accademia Internazionale Della Musica, Studies: Classical Guitar; Music History / Theory Montego Bay, Jamaica January 2000 & January 2001 • Elmhurst College “Educational Experiences in Jamaica” teaching music to underprivileged middle school children neil j. long
  3. 3. selected projects agua y ladrillo | community center 05 oasis | urban pavilion 31 lanterns | spanish history museum 21 skin | facade project 47
  4. 4. advanced studio summer 2008 program: community center location: san martín de las cañas computer modeling: SketchUp rendering: Podium agua y ladrillo
  5. 5. san martín de las cañas Centrally located in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, San Martín de las Cañas is a small village of 780 inhabitants situated within the Tequila Valley 3,600 feet above sea level. A rural landscape of blue agave farming and tequila production surrounds the agrarian village. Operated as a traditional hacienda up until the agrarian land reform of the Mexican Revolution (1910), San Martín is now within the jurisdiction of an Ejido, a region of land governed and farmed communally and supported by the state. Built into a hillside, San Martín de las Cañas has adapted to the naturally steep grade of the terrain. With the exception of the old hacienda town square, nothing commits to an orthogonal geometry – no road is even remotely flat. The city has grown organically from a man-made reservoir along a river, forming an enclave of ad hoc houses and roads that become part of the landscape itself. dam bull ring site original hacienda | 07 | neil j. long neil j. long | 08 |
  6. 6. agua | water Every village throughout the arid Tequila Valley has a unique relationship with water. The most vital of all resources, water is at times also the most scarce. High above the valley floor, San Martin is advantageously positioned near some of the highest cascades in Mexico, allowing it to harness water for both power and drinking. In fact, narrow aqueducts (both above ground and embedded into the streets) carry water through the village to a dammed reservoir, which is also fed by the San Martin River. The townspeople routinely construct makeshift dams of their own along these aqueducts to create personal water supply for laundry or other household needs. 10ft 30ft 50ft 100ft 200ft | 09 | neil j. long neil j. long | 10 |
  7. 7. Particularly undeveloped, the site at the north side of the reservoir offered a unique opportunity to expand the free public space of the town through a multi-use community center. The site was little more than a discordant intersection of winding roads, water and landfill. It was the leftover space of several intersecting axes and geometries that were never intended to find resolution. Interestingly, the site provided a prototypical example of what Eduard Bru coined the “urban void”. While San Martín is far from the scale of the mega cities Bru refers to in his Untried Territories, this was still the type of “conflictive space” that forces the architect or urban planner to invent new places and new uses. By expanding the reservoir embankment in the direction of the water, the north shore of the reservoir is transformed into a functioning public plaza and promenade. At the intersection of the plaza and promenade, a new community center is created. public plazacommunity center sketches from initial visit map intersection of site lines | 11 | neil j. long neil j. long | 12 |
  8. 8. ladrillo | brick As the soil is rich in clay there is an abundance of brick makers scattered throughout the Tequila Valley. The design of the community center incorporated the typical concrete frame with brick inlays that pervades the architecture of the region. Not only did it make good design sense to utilize local materials and methods, it also created an inherent connection between the architecture and the landscape in terms of both the natural and fabricated environments. | 13 | neil j. long neil j. long | 14 |
  9. 9. programmable space By providing open event spaces as well as private rooms of varying sizes, the community center can host a wide variety of social events throughout the year. It also provides much needed accommodations for overnight guests for bull fights, carnivals and regional meetings of the Ejido. For this reason, the center is divided into two wings, each with two levels and separate entrances, to allow for multiple events at the same time. 1 - ejido room 2 - event space 3 - kitchen 1 2 3 2 2 ejido room entrance event space 10ft 15ft 25ft 50ft | 15 | neil j. long neil j. long | 16 |
  10. 10. ejido room & laundry San Martin benefits from a semi-arid climate and a relatively high elevation, causing little variation in temperature year-round. This allowed the main gathering spaces of the community center to remain open, with uninhibited views of the surrounding landscape. The largest space was designed to accommodate governmental meetings of the Ejido. The porosity of the tilt-up concrete wall to the south regulates the wind and sun entering the Ejido room and offers privacy while still engaging with the adjacent plaza. The room’s massive, cantilevered roof provides shading while also collecting rain water. Folded metal panels, which form the ceiling of the Ejido room, act as channels to carry water to the laundry below. rain water collection | 17 | neil j. long neil j. long | 18 |
  11. 11. Several small pavilions and terraced platforms were designed to occupy new landfill along the reservoir embarkment, offering highly programmable public space for local residents and vendors. This provides a venue for the regular markets, which are held in the village. Likewise, the shade offered by the pavilions and the coolness of the water will most certainly draw more people to the reservoir in the hot summer months. In the rainy season when the reservoir is high, parts of the terraced platforms will be partly submerged, providing a visual reminder of the passage of seasons. water pavilions public pavilions water terraces | 19 | neil j. long neil j. long | 20 |
  12. 12. advanced studio fall 2008 program: pavilion location: St. Augustine, FL computer modeling: 3ds Max rendering: V-Ray urban oasis
  13. 13. The recent remaking of St. Augustine into a “living history museum” produced an unfortunate consequence; a once vibrant community of artists (especially street artists) became alienated from any kind of free public exhibition. The city council went so far as to issue a ban on all public art within fifty feet of the tourist-saturated St. George Street. This project repurposes a parking lot located in the historic town center, at the intersection of Cordova and Carrera Streets, into a free public forum or a place of refuge (an oasis) within the city. The grassy oasis is designed to provide a series of small, programmable urban “room-like” spaces for visiting artists or weary pedestrians looking for peace and solitude. fort St. George Street historic restoration Cordova Street site urban oasis | 23 | neil j. long neil j. long | 24 |
  14. 14. By utilizing a series of traditional Coquina walls, the space is defined primarily by movement. The seemingly indeterminate arrangement of planar surfaces produces a sequence of parallaxes, which are continually redefined as one progresses through the oasis. The visual porosity (or the physical depth of the field) fluctuates without anticipation as one moves in any direction. From the exterior, one is given fragmented views of what lies inside; from the interior, one is never without a glimpse of the city beyond the sanctuary of the walls. By contrast, the canopy is quite regular, housed within a symmetrical space frame; yet, it too destabilizes any singular reading of the field below with glass and mirrored panels of varying translucency that cast an array of shadows in fleeting patterns. The mirroring visually bridges the otherwise disconnected spaces, creating something of a virtual parallax. CORDOVASTREET CARRERA STREET VALENCIA STREET Historic Grace United Methodist Church 1886 section Ponce de León Hall at Flagler College 1888 angled mirrors in canopy reflect underlying spaces | 25 | neil j. long neil j. long | 26 |
  15. 15. a passing glimpse patterns & parallax | 27 | neil j. long neil j. long | 28 |
  16. 16. A new corridor linking Grace United Methodist Church and Flagler College conforms to the modern city grid on one edge while the other edge is rotated to follow the path of a now buried 16th century Spanish wall - a subtle reminder of the layers of history beneath St. Augustine. remembering the wall5ft 15ft 25ft | 29 | neil j. long neil j. long | 30 |
  17. 17. lanterns advanced studio fall 2008 program: Spanish History Museum location: St. Augustine computer modeling: 3ds Max rendering: V-Ray
  18. 18. It is impossible to break ground in St. Augustine without uncovering some evidence of its remarkable history, especially from the Spanish colonial years. Therefore, it seemed appropriate to house the proposed Spanish History Museum within the earth beneath an artificial embankment rising from the edge of the adjoining glacis of Castillo de San Marcos, located on the waterfront just across historic Highway A1A. Unlike its 17th century neighbor, the museum’s glacis was designed not to impede the advancement of unwanted guests, but instead to allow access from every possible approach. The museum glacis, in contrast to the typically flat Florida coastline, rises just high enough to provide panoramic views of Castillo de San Marcos and the St. Augustine Marina while respecting the local height ordinances of the Spanish Quarter. Located beneath a scenic promenade, the Museum’s primary exhibition space is oriented toward Castillo de San Marcos as a constant reminder of its historical presence. | 33 | neil j. long neil j. long | 34 |
  19. 19. historic St. George Street Castillo de San Marcos pedestrian corridor Highway A1A with new frontage road Highway A1A reconfigured to provide museum frontage road accessible only to public transportation | 35 | neil j. long neil j. long | 36 |
  20. 20. 1 - exhibition hall 2 - event space 3 - archives 4 - gift shop 5 - courtyard 2 5 3 4 5 1 1 pedestrian corridor links St. George Street and Highway A1A lobby with lightwell 5ft 15ft 25ft 50ft 100ft | 37 | neil j. long neil j. long | 38 |
  21. 21. facade minimizes light pollution - mitigating harm to coastal wildlife 5 - courtyard 6 - exterior passage 7 - administration 8 - cafe & patio 9 - kitchen 5 6 7 8 9 exhibition hall 5ft 15ft 25ft 50ft 100ft | 39 | neil j. long neil j. long | 40 |
  22. 22. The peripheral programs of the museum (lobby, cafe, archives and administration) are housed in two wings nestled within the constructed glacis. Within the wings, vertical voids are utilized as a means of capturing light without excessive heat gain. Externally, the wings are clad in perforated steel panels custom-fabricated to echo lantern patterns found within the Spanish Quarter. Throughout the day, the internal array of shadow and light becomes a measure of time, while at night, the glow from within projects the patterns of light outwards - becoming a symbolic beacon of light on the St. Augustine waterfront. At the same time, the building’s facade minimizes light pollution thereby mitigating potential harmful effects to coastal wildlife. a bridge provides visitors with exterior passage and interior courtyard views without requiring entry to the museum | 41 | neil j. long neil j. long | 42 |
  23. 23. | 43 | neil j. long neil j. long | 44 |
  24. 24. | 45 | neil j. long neil j. long | 46 |
  25. 25. location: Chicago computer modeling: Rhinoceros with Grasshopper rendering: V-Ray environmental analysis: Ecotect skin research project 2010
  26. 26. a thickened skin rethinking high-rise living | 49 | neil j. long neil j. long | 50 |
  27. 27. marina city towers architect: Bertrand Goldberg constructed: 1964 height: 587 ft program: mixed use / parking / residential east tower house of blues sax hotel private drive smith & wollensky N.STATESTREET N.DEARBORNSTREET west tower CHICAGO RIVER a city within a city residential floor plans (parking floors 1 - 20) east tower floor plan 21st - 52nd east tower floor plan 53rd - 60th | 51 | neil j. long neil j. long | 52 |
  28. 28. concrete problems a skeleton in need of skin When Marina City was built, it was the tallest reinforced concrete structure in the world. This engineering feat was obviously a point of pride for Goldberg and his team of designers, as they chose to leave a key element of architecture missing - the skin. While the radial formwork of the towers has become a hallmark of Chicago architectural style and innovation, it has not withstood the elements as well as it has the critics. If one were to visit the towers on any given day one would find a now familiar array of scaffolding and construction screens wrapping the towers. The Marina City Condominium Association reports spending millions of dollars to fix severe structural damage to the signature cantilevered concrete balconies. Residents complain of constantly rain-swept balconies and of puddling from deformations in the floor plates due to constant bombardment by wind. wind swept rain severe concrete damage nine suns According to Chinese legend, for thousands of years the Earth was scorched by ten suns. One day a man named Hou Yi came along and shot down nine of the suns along with a few flying beasts and dragons thus saving the people of the world from suffering inevitable destruction. It is interesting to consider only nine of the ten suns were shot down. It shows how vital the sun is for sustaining life, while recognizing too much of a good thing can cause destruction. This study of Marina City Towers focused on ways to address the building’s emergent environmental and programmatic needs. Specifically, it examined how an architectural skin may be utilized to protect an otherwise “skinless” building from the elements and how that then may affect the interactive spaces of high-rise living. It was important with Marina City Towers to respect the character of the existing structure, while allowing a new identity to emerge. This is fitting given the parable of the story is that survival is a product of both innovation and adaptation; in other words, evolution. | 53 | neil j. long neil j. long | 54 |
  29. 29. sun mapping evening sunmorning sun mid-day sun current conditions optimized sun shades (june - august) current conditions optimized sun shades (june - august) current conditions optimized sun shades (june - august) 3 pm 4 pm 5 pm 9 am 10 am 11 am 12 pm 1 pm 2 pm annual average winds wind analysis spring summer autumn winter prevailing winds As Marina City Towers are circular in design with sixteen bays rotated on center, it is equally exposed in every direction, making it especially difficult to adapt to continually changing conditions. Wind, unlike sun exposure, is far from constant. However, these prevailing wind diagrams clearly show a predominance of winds from the southwest, especially in the winter months. The initial skin studies began by addressing environmental issues of wind, sun and rain. There are essentially nine hours in a day when sun-shading is absolutely critical, especially for a high-rise building. | 55 | neil j. long neil j. long | 56 |
  30. 30. modularity studies The modular investigations continued by developing ways of populating surfaces with sets of components subtly varied according to irradiation maps. With this particular example, a component was stacked and then rotated to varying degrees relative to the sun-shading desired, thereby populating the cylindrical surface with a uniform gradient. A more complex surface would produce a larger variance in gradation. A full exploration of this concept can be seen in the Harvard exhibition of Adaptive Fritting, by Chuck Hoberman. variable components To create a building skin, a cylindrical form was populated with modular components to compliment the repeated modularity of the towers. Secondarily, the components were varied as they were “grafted” onto the surface, adapting to the given conditions while creating functional ornament and visual complexity. | 57 | neil j. long neil j. long | 58 |
  31. 31. neil j. long | 60 | east north south west Sun studies show how “wrinkles” in a skin can produce hot and cold spots throughout the day, as opposed to the smooth surface of a perfect sphere that has a constant gradient of irradiation that shifts throughout the day. The plasticity of the skin may be manipulated by populating the surface with varying apertures. As shown, four components populate several “wrinkled” surfaces and are varied relative to anticipated average daily irradiation. skin gradations | 59 | neil j. long
  32. 32. dynamic shading variations indirect/diffused light enters during peak sun hours cooling oblique winds enter folds in skin turbulence deflected by curved surfaces and driven upward, avoiding wind-swept balconies self-shading surface could offer transparency for views with minimal heat gain sun sun shaded by canopy cooling winds may be harvested from prevailing direction cooling winds may be harvested through overlap of pleated surface pleated surface creates shifting pockets of warm and cool air throughout day hot air ventilated through opposite scoop by natural shift in air pressure hot air ventilated through top of pleats by natural shift in air pressure wind catchers | 61 | neil j. long neil j. long | 62 |
  33. 33. variable component as generator of surface modulation programmatic wrapping The boundaries of the skin were expanded so that a type of communal dwelling was realized around the exterior of the towers. An extended, fully inhabitable component was generated, with possibilities for highly interactive elements typically not realized by the autonomous balconies of high-rise apartment buildings. This would afford all residents access to the full 360 degrees of the building’s views. To reduce wind resistance, the curvature of the component shifts as it wraps the building, creating a cork-screw effect, directing turbulent winds from all directions up and around the building. Further investigation of this new typology of high-rise living would realize the expansion of public space at the lower parking levels and possibilities for shared amenities between the towers and the adjacent Hotel Sax. wrapping skin expanded balconies | 63 | neil j. long neil j. long | 64 |
  34. 34. sun scoop summer sun winter sun sun scoop In order to avoid limiting exterior views or inhibiting the desired winter sun from reaching apartment interiors, the new promenade is shifted upward, so that views are increased and winter sun angles from the months of November to February can reach deeper into the new atrium space. The extended balconies are offset from the existing towers, creating semi-public promenades accessible only by residents. Likewise, an atrium- like space is made in the gap between the new balconies and the old, providing ventilation, views and light. balcony expansion spring & autumnwintersummer During the summer the skin is allowed to breath through balcony and overhead doors. This provides natural, yet controlled airflow into the apartments while protecting the interiors from excessive wind. A natural convection occurs at each apartment, contributing to a stack effect in the surrounding atrium space. During the winter all apertures of the skin (balcony and overhead doors) are closed, allowing the skin to serve as a large insulator for the building. The stack effect is still present, as towers naturally induce variances in air pressure as they rise. However, it is now not about cooling the interior space, but providing a winter garden for the occupants of the building. One of the main reasons to pull the skin away from the original structure was to displace the most severe conditions of the high-rise typology, wind and rain. So when the exterior temperatures are optimal for natural ventilation, but the exterior conditions do not allow for the facade to be completely open, vents at the bottom and top of the skin may be used to induce the stack effect. In fact, such a configuration would produce a more intense, yet regulated stack effect than if the facade was opened at individual balcony apertures. increased stack effect turbulence rain closed enclosure cool air open enclosure hot air closed enclosure stack effect & weather screening offset shift | 65 | neil j. long neil j. long | 66 |
  35. 35. The twisting curvature of the skin allows for nine variations in the extended balconies relative to the fixed module of the original towers. As the sun shifts no space is overheated as the rotated curve of the new balconies are incrementally shaded by the floors above. balcony typography The new balcony and overhead wing-like doors can be opened durring favorable conditions thereby allowing the encompassing atrium space to be naturally ventilated by oblique winds. The twisting skin also provides varying spatial conditions relative to the fixed module of the original bays. As shown in the diagrams to the right this was achieved by modulating the shape of the extended bays on a fixed axis. | 67 | neil j. long neil j. long | 68 | extended balcony above extended balcony below
  36. 36. summer terrace june 21st 10:45 am | 69 | neil j. long neil j. long | 70 |
  37. 37. neil j. long | 72 | winter garden december 21st 10:45 am | 71 | neil j. long neil j. long | 72 |
  38. 38. new high-rise living | 73 | neil j. long neil j. long | 74 |
  39. 39. | 75 | neil j. long neil j. long graduate portfolio 1810 NW 23rd Blvd / Apt 231 Gainesville, FL 32605 neiljlong@gmail.com (630) 217-5664

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