Will pay more for walkabilityWill trade lot size for proximity
Urban centers = 8HCDN = 3090% Built out = 204213 are in one of the three categories; some overlap.New Brunswick today has more residents than at any previous time in its history. From 1950 to 1990, its population remained essentially stagnant at around 40,000, give or take one or two thousand. But New Brunswick experienced a second growth spurt in the 1990s, finishing the decade at 48,000 people in 2000. It went on to crack 50,000 in 2007 (and got its name added to the "Edison - New Brunswick" Metropolitan Division as a result), and increased further, to 52,000, as of 2009. Similarly, Elizabeth's population was stagnant for many decades, wavering between 105,000 and 115,000 for the entire period from 1930 through 1990, before suddenly taking off in the 1990s, rising to 120,000 in 2000 and further upward to 125,000 by 2009.
Targeted locationsUtilize partnerships with higher education institutions, businesses, and government Based on the premise that collaboration and productivity result from proximityTherefore job creation and innovation can be fostered through the intentional clustering of businesses, institutions, ideas and people
What Does NJ Look Like in the Future, and WhatDoes That Mean for NJ UtilitiesNew Jersey Utilities Association Annual ConferenceGalloway, NJNew Jersey FuturePeter KasabachExecutive DirectorJune 6, 2013
Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy organizationDevelopment that protects open space and farmland, revitalizescommunities, keeps housing affordable, and provides transportation choices
Percentage of NJ’s Population Living at Various Densities,1930 to 20080%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008percentage of NJs population living at various densities1930 to 2008urban/compact (5,000 and up) suburban (1,500 - 4,999)exurban (500 - 1,499) rural (< 500)density (persons per square mile):1930 = 60% urban; 25% suburban/exurban2008 = 32% urban; 55% suburban/exurban
Running out of land1986 1995 2002 2007Available ("developable") acres -not developed, not permanentalypreserved or environmentallyconstrained1,931,837 1,772,099 1,345,425 991,638Increasing per capita cost of infrastructure
Population is changingSource: U.S. Census Bureau, compiled by RCLCODemographic shifts and housing demand. Built in demand for higher density living.
Characteristics of good mixed-use,walkable placesBalanced: Day and night uses and different activitiesCompact: Uses are close togetherConnected: Lots of ways for people to get aroundDiverse: Opportunities for a wide range of peopleAttractive: High quality design and materials
Shifts Toward Smart Growth Locations areAlready HappeningNew Jersey building permit activity higher in already-developed places• Building permit activityincreased significantly in NJin the 2000s in municipalitiesthat have already developedmost or all of theirdevelopable land• Construction activity inthese same locations hasnot been affected asadversely as the rest of thestate by the recession of thelate 2000s.Source: Built-out, but still growing, New JerseyFuture (Dec. 2010)
Center-based Development Trends• 254 million passenger trips annually (2011)• 11 rail lines and more than 200 bus routes• 243 transit stations• 70% of NJ residents live within 5 miles of a rail station• 11% of NJ residents commute on public transit (2nd in nation)• 49% increase in transit ridership between 1998-2011Transit Oriented Development
Center-based Development TrendsInnovation DistrictsCornellNYC Tech Center, Boston’s Innovation District,22@Barcelons, Syracuse’s Connective Corridor,New Jersey Higher Education12 state colleges and universities14 independent four year colleges19 community colleges
•$8 billion in drinking water infrastructureand $32.5 billion in wastewaterinfrastructure needs over the next 20years•Driving on roads in need of repair costsNew Jersey motorists $3.476 billion ayear in extra vehicle repairs and operatingcosts – $601 per motorist•66% of New Jersey’s roads are in pooror mediocre condition•651 of the 6,554 bridges in New Jersey(9.9%) are considered structurallydeficient•The 21 municipalities with CombinedSewer Overflows have a combinedpopulation of 1,481,921(1/6 of state’spop.)Aged Infrastructure(everywhere)
Trends and ImplicationsDisenchantment with sprawl• Pressure to preserve land, especially critical watersheds• Slower demand and growth in low density, more rural areas• Policy shift away from adding infrastructure, such as solarpower generationCenter-based growth• Need to fix and replace infrastructure we have• Incorporate green infrastructure• Better transit, bike and pedestrian infrastructure• More redundancy and decentralizationHazard mitigation• Moving away from high risk/low density areas• Reinforcing and protecting high risk/high density areas• Encouraging growth in low risk/high density centers
.New Jersey FuturePeter Kasabach, Executive Directorwww.njfuture.org609-393-0008Sample Researchand Publications