NJ Future Sandy One Year Later Planning Sturm Oct 29 2013


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Important post-Sandy planning initiatives, including the state and county hazard mitigation plans and New Jersey Future's local recovery network. Part of the Sandy One Year Later conference Oct. 29, 2013, at Monmouth University, co-presented by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the Recovery Fund as well as New Jersey Future and Monmouth University.

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  • 1944 inlet section of atlantic city1962 cape mayWater pours into the Hoboken, New Jersey underground PATH mass transit station during the December 12, 1992 Nor'easter. Image credit: Metro New York Hurricane Transport Study, 1995.
  • Federal funds will not be enough to rebuild all that was damaged. Need to shift the Titanic of how we plan for growth, for infrastructure, for preservation. How is NJ doing that? How is the nonprofit sector? Other states?
  • $5m planning grant program for affected towns and counties. No list of who qualifies but estimated at 76 towns and 9 counties. Can apply for up to $300,000 for variety of grants – “Strategic Recovery Planning report, update master plan and zoning, design standards, municipal hazard mitigation plan. $1.8 just awarded to 31 towns. Many more aplicationscoming.Not clear if state will allow public comment on HMP!
  • Assess risks – man-made (terrorism); natural – wildlfires, earthquakes, etc. In NJ, biggest is floodingMitigation Plan – strategies for mitigating future risks – Making people and property better able to withstand future storms and other disastersImplementation – Where $$ comes in – the projects. Every project must be grounded in an approved plan.
  • Here are some examples of mitigation strategies that deal with flooding. Other mitigation projects might include …So we developed a model ordinance that divides the floodplain into different zones based upon the communities adaptation goals for that area– and the intensity of development In the area here circled in red, where the community has critical infrastructure and dense urban development – they may want to designate this area as “protection zones” –where they want to allow shoreline armoring. for areas with less dense development –communities may want accommodate new development -- butuse regulations to ensure that development is more resilient to impacts – such as by requiring structures to elevated – the house on stilts approach.Finally, where communitieshave less intensely developed rural areaswith sensitive natural resources they may want to designate a Conservation Zone (or retreat zone).,circled here in green- In these areas they want to limit new developmentRequire structures to be relocated inland if they are damaged in a floodAnd require natural flood buffers. Each zone employs the land-use tools listed on the previous slide that can be used to effectuate the adaptation goal for that area. For example, in the Retreat Zone the model proposes that the area be downzoned for low-intensity uses, such as open space. And, that rebuilding of storm-damaged structures be prohibited or limited.
  • Not known if there will be an opportunity for public comment on the draft. County level – all but Ocean County have adopted plans. Ocean’s in progress. Grants to 14 municipalities for updates. (5-year cycle). In NJ municipalities are generally part of the county-wide plan. Muncipalofficialsl must participate and sign off (who – governing body.?) 27 have not. Handful with their own plans
  • New Jersey has a great opportunity to use hazard mitigation planning to transition to a safer futureImportant .HMPlannign is mostly about fixing bad land use decisions
  • Katrina lesson – local govts lack capacity to rebuild and recover. Part-time mayor, small staff, etc. National Disaster Recovery Framework recommends Local Disaster Recovery Managers. NJF able to obtain private funding to place them in seven towns. Heres are examles of how tey are enhancing towns’ capacity to rebuild..
  • Stockton State College – marketing for ecotourism, economic developmentRutgers – green infrastructure and living shorelinesFEMA – technical assistance
  • $25 million planning program for 102 sandy-affected communities. Must complete 8-month planning process, based on planning framework that includes comprehensive risk assessment, including forward-looking maps of vulnerable areas. Once plans completed, towns eligible for $750 million in implementation funds from CDBGDR ($500m) and HMGP ($250m).
  • MD Sea level rise protections. Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley recently signed an executive order to reduce flooding risks to state building and public infrastructure in coastal areas, and his administration’s initiatives include new sea level rise projections to help decision-makers plan and a Coast Smart Communities Program, providing on the ground sea level rise planning expertise, training and technical mapping tools.
  • Property buyoutsBuilding elevation programsHousing programsInfrastructureDunes and Protective Systems
  • NJ Future Sandy One Year Later Planning Sturm Oct 29 2013

    1. 1. Planning for the Inevitable: Approaches in New Jersey and Neighboring States Sandy One Year Later: Looking to the Future October 29, 2013 Chris Sturm New Jersey Future
    2. 2. An Old Problem 1944 Atlantic City 1992 Hoboken PATH station 1962 Cape May NJTPA Photo
    3. 3. With a New Dimension
    4. 4. The Role of Planning
    6. 6. State of NJ Planning Initiatives – Post Sandy Planning Assistance Grants ($5m) – University Consortium on protective systems ($1.3m) – State Hazard Mitigation Plan update and grants for county plans
    7. 7. Hazard Mitigation Planning • Federal law requires state and local governments to adopt Hazard Mitigation Plans as a condition of receiving FEMA disaster assistance.
    8. 8. Examples: Mitigation Strategies for Flood Hazards Accommodate Retreat Protect Graphic courtesy of the Integration and Application Network, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (ian.umces.edu/symbols/).
    9. 9. Hazard Mitigation Planning in NJ 2011 State Hazard Mitigation Plan – Update due April 2014 • 20 “multi-jurisdictional” countywide plans, with municipal participation • Handful of municipal plans
    10. 10. Opportunities to Improve Hazard Mitigation Planning ForwardLooking • Risks include sea level rise • Strategic – target areas for retreat, strengthening Integrated • Not just emergency management • Prevent: through land use plans & regulations, infrastructure Implemented • Involve municipalities in every step • Link updated plans to spending
    11. 11. New Jersey Future Local Recovery Planning Managers • Help towns develop recovery and rebuilding plans • Provide the capacity to implement those plans NEW JERSEY RECOVERY FUND
    12. 12. NJF in Sea Bright and Highlands Providing capacity for long-range planning: – What future is envisioned for Sea Bright and Highlands in 2050 and 2100? – How can land use planning facilitate the transition?
    13. 13. NJF in Tuckerton and Little Egg Harbor Helping the towns knit together many related but separate planning efforts: Stockton State FEMA Town Rutgers Other…
    14. 14. NJF in Commercial, Downe and Maurice River Townships Advancing sustainable development in economically challenged, environmentally sensitive area: • Direct planning assistance • Helping procure funds • Project implementation
    16. 16. Resiliency Planning Initiatives: New York
    17. 17. Resiliency Planning Initiatives: Maryland Sea Level Rise Projections for MD “The independent, Scientific report recommends that is it is prudent to plan for sea level to be 2.1 feet higher in 2050 along Maryland’s shorelines
    18. 18. “Vision without execution is hallucination” Thomas Edison Plan Spend Regulate
    19. 19. Opportunities for NJ to be “Smarter than the Storm” • Statewide guidance: – sea level rise & vulnerable areas – Strategic approach for fortifying, accommodating, retreating • More resources for local recovery managers, hazard mitigation planning • Regional Planning • Update to NJ State Plan (State Strategic Plan) • Update to CAFRA
    20. 20. Thank you! Chris Sturm csturm@njfuture.org 609-393-0008 ext. 114 http://www.njfuture.org