NJ Future Floodplain Managers Sturm 10 16-13

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Presentation for the New Jersey Society for Floodplain Management focuses on the need for good long-range planning in a post-Sandy world. It outlines existing planning initiatives in New Jersey, both publicly and privately funded, and highlights similar initiatives in neighboring states.

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  • Development that protects open space and farmland, revitalizes communities, keeps housing affordable, and provides transportation choices
  • Holgate pictures (destroyed homes, trailers, island shift)Mantoloking bridgeHoboken/Ironbound/Jersey city floodingPVSC leaksAny info on people affected
  • 1944 inlet section of atlantic city1962 cape mayWater pours into the Hoboken, New Jersey underground PATH mass transit station during the December 12, 1992 Nor'easter. Image credit: Metro New York Hurricane Transport Study, 1995.
  • More land under water. More areas affected by storm surge. By end of century, “Sandy” surge levels could occur every ten years.What does “stationarity” mean – the notion that you can predict the future based on the past. No longer true since sea level rise is projected to accelerate. Need to look out long term and match plannign period to life of object – road, house, etc.
  • Which areas are at risk today? Tomorrow?FEMA risk maps – show where damages and insurance claims have occurred beforeNJ Flood Mapper – bath tub model. Shows affected facilities, FEMA A, V zonesBeing refined with NJRF-funded work at Rutgers on coastal flooding. Add storm surge, etc.DEP Coastal Vulnerability IndexNOAA toolClimate Central – release planned for next week
  • So we developed a model ordinance that divides the floodplain into different zones based upon the communities adaptation goals for that area– and the intensity of development In the area here circled in red, where the community has critical infrastructure and dense urban development – they may want to designate this area as “protection zones” –where they want to allow shoreline armoring. for areas with less dense development –communities may want accommodate new development -- butuse regulations to ensure that development is more resilient to impacts – such as by requiring structures to elevated – the house on stilts approach.Finally, where communitieshave less intensely developed rural areaswith sensitive natural resources they may want to designate a Conservation Zone (or retreat zone).,circled here in green- In these areas they want to limit new developmentRequire structures to be relocated inland if they are damaged in a floodAnd require natural flood buffers. Each zone employs the land-use tools listed on the previous slide that can be used to effectuate the adaptation goal for that area. For example, in the Retreat Zone the model proposes that the area be downzoned for low-intensity uses, such as open space. And, that rebuilding of storm-damaged structures be prohibited or limited.
  • But the good news is that for each of the strategies to adapt to SLR—S/LGs have a suite of existing tools that they can use to implement each strategy. They just need to figure out how to adapt those tools to address the unique threats posed climate change.S/LGs have developed all of these land use tools for managing development in their communities. They can adapt these existing tools to address the unique threats posed by climate change.
  • Basically: The noncontiguous cluster development is similar to that of the cluster development, but instead of one site where development is clustered and the rest of the land is preserved, development is clustered on one or more parcels and another (or multiple parcels) is permanently preserved. This differs from a Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) program in that while a municipality designates specific districts for protection and development, developers may purchase the development rights from a sending district, or TDR Bank, to develop at a higher density in a receiving district. In addition, TDR Programs are subject to additional state oversight and requirements than other planning tools, but provide greater control over development.
  • Simply put, the noncontiguous cluster helps direct development where it makes the most sense, while permanently preserving sensitive lands with fewer public dollars than conventional preservation. Potential applications for property buyouts
  • RBD –seeking innovative planning and design solutions for sandy-affected areas in NY/NJ region. tenplannign and design teams. Money set aside from HUD CDBG DR funds
  • $5m planning grant program for affected towns and counties. No list of who qualifies but estimated at 76 towns and 9 counties. Can apply for up to $300,000 for variety of grants – “Strategic Recovery Planning report, update master plan and zoning, design standards, municipal hazard mitigation plan. $1.8 just awarded to 31 towns. Many more aplicationscomonin.
  • Katrina lesson – local govts lack capacity to rebuild and recover. Part-time mayor, small staff, etc. National Disaster Recovery Framework recommends Local Disaster Recovery Managers. NJF able to obtain private funding to place them in seven towns. Heres are examles of how tey are enhancing towns’ capacity to rebuild..
  • Stockton State College – marketing for ecotourism, economic developmentRutgers – green infrastructure and living shorelinesFEMA – technical assistance
  • $25 million planning program for 102 sandy-affected communities. Must complete 8-month planning process, based on planning framework that includes comprehensive risk assessment, including forward-looking maps of vulnerable areas. Once plans completed, towns eligible for $750 million in implementation funds from CDBGDR ($500m) and HMGP ($250m).
  • In addition, On September 12th, Delaware governor Jack Markell signed Executive Order 41 creating a committee to recommend ways the state can improve the its preparedness and resiliency to climate impacts, building upon the state’s assessment of its vulnerability to climate change and free community climate preparedness training.
  • MD Sea level rise protections. Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley recently signed an executive order to reduce flooding risks to state building and public infrastructure in coastal areas, and his administration’s initiatives include new sea level rise projections to help decision-makers plan and a Coast Smart Communities Program, providing on the ground sea level rise planning expertise, training and technical mapping tools.
  • Property buyoutsBuilding elevation programsHousing programsInfrastructureDunes and Protective Systems
  • NJ Future Floodplain Managers Sturm 10 16-13

    1. 1. Post-Sandy Planning Initiatives: What’s New? What’s Next? NJ Association for Floodplain Management Annual Conference October 16, 2013 Chris Sturm New Jersey Future
    2. 2. About New Jersey Future Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy www.njfuture.org
    3. 3. Hurricane Sandy
    4. 4. An Old Problem 1944 Atlantic City 1992 Hoboken PATH station 1962 Cape May NJTPA Photo
    5. 5. With a New Dimension
    6. 6. Rising Sea Levels Mean “Stationarity is dead” Rutgers Climate Institute: • 2050 best estimate: 18 inches (13 – 28” range) • 2100 best estimate: 42 inches (30 – 71” range)
    7. 7. The Role of Planning "It is absolutely critical that we take this opportunity to rebuild New Jersey smarter and stronger in the aftermath of Sandy.” Governor Chris Christie “It is critical that when we build for the future, we do so in a way that makes communities more resilient to emerging challenges such as rising sea levels…” HUD Secretary Sean Donovan
    8. 8. LAND USE PLANNING TOOLS
    9. 9. A Myriad of New Mapping Tools NJ Floodmapper
    10. 10. Different Strategies for Resilient Floodplains Accommodate Retreat Protect Graphic courtesy of the Integration and Application Network, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science (ian.umces.edu/symbols/).
    11. 11. Tools for Implementation Accommodate Protect Retreat • Flood-proofing requirements • Elevation requirements • Setbacks • Buffers • Hard-armoring permits • Soft-armoring requirements • Rebuilding restrictions • Removal requirements • Conservation easements • Acquisitions • Capital Improvement Plans • Rolling easements • Real estate disclosures
    12. 12. Improved Municipal Planning Tool: Noncontiguous Cluster Development Two or more non-adjacent parcels are treated as a single site for the purpose of clustering.
    13. 13. Noncontiguous cluster facilitates preservation, compact growth Puts development where it makes the most sense NJTPA Photo Preserves farmland, open spaces or historic sites, at reduced cost to the taxpayer. NJTPA Photo
    14. 14. POST-SANDY PLANNING INITIATIVES
    15. 15. Federal Planning Initiatives A few examples: – Rebuild by Design Contest – Army Corps Comprehensive Plan – NOAA planning grants – FEMA Community Planning & Capacity Building Teams
    16. 16. State of NJ Planning Initiatives – Post Sandy Planning Assistance Grants ($5m) – University Consortium on protective systems ($5m) – State Hazard Mitigation Plan Update and grants for county HMPs
    17. 17. Privately Funded Planning Initiatives New Jersey Future Local Recovery Managers • Help towns develop recovery and rebuilding plans • Provide the capacity to implement those plans NEW JERSEY RECOVERY FUND
    18. 18. NJF in Sea Bright and Highlands Providing capacity for long-range planning: – What future is envisioned for Sea Bright and Highlands in 2050 and 2100? – How can land use planning facilitate the transition?
    19. 19. NJF in Tuckerton and Little Egg Harbor Helping the towns knit together many related but separate planning efforts: Stockton State FEMA Town Rutgers Other…
    20. 20. NJF in Commercial, Downe and Maurice River Townships Advancing sustainable development in economically challenged, environmentally sensitive area: • Direct planning assistance • Helping procure funds • Project implementation
    21. 21. Sustainable Jersey Resiliency Network Moving communities beyond recovery: A central database of resources Circuit riders match municipal needs to resources Improving tools for resiliency
    22. 22. Many Other Planning Resources… • Urban Land Institute panels • University projects in planning, architecture, economic development, etc. • Regional Plan Association Mayor’s Institute • NJ American Planning Association workshops, conference • Environmental organizations planning for green infrastructure, living shorelines, etc.
    23. 23. Resiliency Planning Initiatives: New York
    24. 24. Resiliency Planning Initiatives: Delaware
    25. 25. Resiliency Planning Initiatives: Maryland Sea Level Rise Projections for MD “The independent, Scientific report recommends that is it is prudent to plan for sea level to be 2.1 feet higher in 2050 along Maryland’s shorelines
    26. 26. “Vision without execution is hallucination” Thomas Edison Plan Spend Coordinate: • Vertically between all levels of government. • Horizontally, within each level of government. Regulate
    27. 27. Opportunities for NJ to be “Smarter than the Storm” • Statewide guidance on sea level rise & vulnerable areas • Public info on storm impacts – on people, property • Regional Planning – coastal commission? Updated Shore Protection Master Plan? • Update to NJ State Plan (State Strategic Plan) • More resources for local recovery managers, hazard mitigation planning, etc. • Update to CAFRA • Next Action Plans
    28. 28. Thank you! Chris Sturm csturm@njfuture.org 609-393-0008 ext. 114 http://www.njfuture.org

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