NJ Future Conservation Rally 3 10-12 State Planning Kasabach
NJ Final State Plan: A Key toEconomic Stimulus or Sprawl? New Jersey Future Peter Kasabach, Executive Director March 10, 2012 New Jersey Land Conservation RallyBrookdale Community College, Lincroft, Monmouth County
Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy organization Development that protects open space and farmland, revitalizes communities, keeps housing affordable, and provides transportation choices
Percentage of NJ’s Population Living at Various Densities, 1930 to 2008 percentage of NJs population living at various densities 1930 to 200870%60%50%40%30%20%10% 0% 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2008density (persons per square mile): urban/compact (5,000 and up) suburban (1,500 - 4,999) exurban (500 - 1,499) rural (< 500)
State Planning1934 Governor Moorecreates temporary stateplanning board and firststate planning act passed.
State Planning• First State Development Plan • Policy Map from current State Development and Redevelopment Plan.• GS Parkway, NJ Turnpike,Round Valley Reservoir, Wharton • From 1986 State Planning Actand Worthington forests. • Five Planning Areas.
Running Out of Land 1986 1995 2002 2007"available" ("developable") acres - notdeveloped, not permanently preservedor environmentally constrained 1,931,837 1,772,099 1,345,425 991,638% of states land area that was developed/ urbanized 26.0% 28.7% 31.2% 32.9%Continuing Inefficient Sprawl 1986 - 1995 1995 - 2002 2002 - 2007newly-developed acres per year 13,998 16,700 16,059population growth rate 6.0% 5.7% 1.1%ratio, % change in developed acres to %change in population 1.72 1.54 5.14
Built Out, But Still Growing2004 = 204 municipalities at least 90% built out2007 = 271 municipalities at least 90% built out Built-out places of all types accounted for a much larger share of total statewide building permit activity in the 2000s, after the adoption of the Rehab Subcode in 1998, than they had in the 1990s.
Our Goals for State Planning• Encourage Center-based growth that results in more walkablecommunities and more efficient use of land• Prioritize Redevelopment• Discourage sprawl and high value greenfield and farm fieldconversion• Cluster Development
Our Expectations for the State Plan• Identify places to grow and places to preserve.• Align state investments to support these areas.• Guide the type of development, not just the location.• Create density patterns that allow transportation choice,mixes of uses, economic agglomeration and contiguouspreserved and protected spaces.• Facilitate consistency with the plan between state, county,and locals.
New Jersey FuturePeter Kasabach, Executive Director www.njfuture.org . 609-393-0008