NJ Future Noncontiguous Cluster Webinar I Overview

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An overview of New Jersey's new and improved cluster development tool and some of the options it offers for land preservation.

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NJ Future Noncontiguous Cluster Webinar I Overview

  1. 1. Noncontiguous Clustering New Jersey’s New & Improved Planning Tool New Jersey Future Webinar December 3, 2013 Made possible with generous support from The Bunbury Company And our Partners: New Jersey Department of Agriculture │ New Jersey Association of Counties Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission │ Association of New Jersey Environmental Commissions New Jersey County Planners Association │ New Jersey Farm Bureau │ New Jersey Planning Officials Stony Brook-Millstone Watershed Association │ Sustainable Jersey │ Together North Jersey
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda & Speakers 1. Introductions 2. Clustering Introduction and Applications Angela Clerico PP AICP, LEED-AP Natural Systems Utilities and APA-NJ Chris Sturm, senior director of state policy, New Jersey Future Nicholas Dickerson, planning and policy analyst, New Jersey Future 3. Building Compact Neighborhoods or Centers Robert Sheehan AICP, Township Administrator, Plainsboro Township 4. Resources and Getting Started 6. Planning Grant Announcement 7. Questions Emily Costello AICP, Senior Planner, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
  3. 3. A few “housekeeping” details • To ask questions, please type them in using the “chat box” on the lower left of your screen • If you are having technical problems, call 732-742-6713 • A follow-up email will provide links to today’s presentations and other resources
  4. 4. About New Jersey Future Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy www.njfuture.org
  5. 5. IN A NUTSHELL…
  6. 6. Conventional Development • “Large Lot Zoning” • Uniform Lot Sizes • Development covers most, or all, of the site
  7. 7. Contiguous Cluster Development • Development is concentrated on a portion of the site • Remaining land is permanently preserved as open space or farmland
  8. 8. Noncontiguous Cluster Development Two or more non-adjacent parcels are treated as a single site for the purpose of clustering.
  9. 9. What does it do? Puts development where it makes the most sense Achieves preservation using private funds
  10. 10. What can it be used to preserve?
  11. 11. What types of growth can occur?
  12. 12. How does noncontiguous clustering work? • Municipality designates areas that are eligible for growth and preservation under noncontiguous cluster. • Permissive! Underlying zoning remains in place, so landowners have the option to participate • “Deal” between landowner and developer
  13. 13. POSSIBLE APPLICATIONS OF NONCONTIGUOUS CLUSTERING
  14. 14. Rural Setting: Development on Septic and Farmland Preservation
  15. 15. (3 Acre Lots) (6 Acre Lots)
  16. 16. (3 Acre Lots) (6 Acre Lots)
  17. 17. (3 Acre Lots) (6 Acre Lots)
  18. 18. (3 Acre Lots) (6 Acre Lots)
  19. 19. Rural Setting #2: Clarke Caton Hintz Photo Hamlet Development (With Sewers) and Forest Preservation
  20. 20. (5 Acre Lots) (3 du/Acre Lots)
  21. 21. Infill Setting: DVRPC Photo Abandoned Strip Mall Redevelopment and Park Creation/Flood Management
  22. 22. DVRPC Photo
  23. 23. WHEN IS NONCONTIGUOUS CLUSTER A GOOD CHOICE?
  24. 24. Noncontiguous Clustering Benefits: Municipalities • Affordably achieve community preservation and development goals • Preserve land or historic sites with private funds • Encourage walkable, compact growth, which has lower costs for infrastructure and services
  25. 25. Noncontiguous Clustering Benefits: Developers • Opportunity to build compact development that meets market demand • Lower costs for roads and other infrastructure • Investment in preservation builds community support
  26. 26. Noncontiguous Clustering Benefits: Property Owners • Preservation Area: – Paid to keep land preserved – Land equity retention – Another alternative to selling to a developer • Growth Area: – Another option for selling or developing land.
  27. 27. Implementation in New Jersey Ten towns with ordinances: • Delaware • Hillsborough* • Hopewell • Middle • Monroe* • Mt. Olive* • North Hanover • Ocean • Plainsboro* • Robbinsville* * Five towns with noncontiguous cluster developments
  28. 28. How Was the Tool Improved? • August 2013 legislation improved authorization for cluster programs • More municipal control over growth and preservation • Easier for developers and landowners to implement
  29. 29. Other Preservation Tools • Acquisition – Pro: Full preservation – Con: Very Expensive • Contiguous clustering – Useful on a single parcel • Transfer of development rights – Pro: More control – Con: Greater costs/regulation Clarke Caton Hintz Photo
  30. 30. When is Noncontiguous Clustering right for you? Pro: • A municipality should choose noncontiguous clustering to: – Achieve compact growth – Encourage preservation at little to no public cost • Con: • • • Limited control over outcomes Depends upon voluntary participation May need to offer density bonus A municipality should chose noncontiguous clustering when it lacks: – the means or resources to undertake a TDR program – The funds to buy all the land it wants to preserve • Noncontiguous clustering requires minimal costs to implement. Clarke Caton Hintz Photo
  31. 31. Noncontiguous Clustering: New Jersey’s New & Improved Planning Tool • Utilizes existing infrastructure • Preserves natural and cultural assets • Fosters “walkable” neighborhoods
  32. 32. Resources New Jersey Department of Agriculture • http://www.state.nj.us/agriculture/smartgrowth plan.pdf • Agricultural Smart Growth Plan for New Jersey “Productive farmland helps keep municipal taxes down, increases property values, benefits the environment, adds to a community’s character, is part of New Jersey’s heritage, and ensures that New Jersey residents continue to have access to an abundant supply of locally produced fresh food and agricultural products.” Contact: Monique Purcell (609) 292-5532 or monique.purcell@ag.state.nj.us
  33. 33. Resources New Jersey Future • www.njfuture.org/cluster • Case study report • Legislation • Powerpoint presentation • Webinar recording • Grant opportunity! Contacts: Chris Sturm 609-393-0008, ext. 114 or csturm@njfuture.org Nick Dickerson 609-393-0008, ext. 109 or ndickerson@njfuture.org
  34. 34. Resources DVRPC • Municipal Implementation Tool #023: Land Preservation through Noncontiguous Parcel Clustering in New Jersey (coming soon!) • Ordinance Writing Service (coming soon!) Contact: Emily Costello (215) 238-2865 or ecostello@dvrpc.org
  35. 35. NONCONTIGUOUS CLUSTER GRANT OPPORTUNITY
  36. 36. Grant Basics • $5,000 competitive planning grant – Feasibility study – Noncontiguous cluster ordinance adoption – Existing noncontiguous cluster overhaul • $5,000 match required ($2,500 can be in-kind) • All New Jersey municipalities are eligible • Counties may apply on behalf of multiple municipalities • Deadline: February 28, 2014
  37. 37. Details • Grantees have one year to use funding • Access grant application and instructions: www.njfuture.org/cluster • Electronic submission is encouraged • Contact Nick Dickerson with questions: – 609.393.0008 ext. 109 or ndickerson@njfuture.org
  38. 38. Questions and Answers Send them in using the chat window on the lower left of your screen

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