Environmental value systems

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Environmental value systems

  1. 1. DP Environmental systems and societies Topic 7 Environmental value systems
  2. 2. EVS TOK PPT
  3. 3. Environmental value systemsAn environmental value systemis a particular worldview or set of paradigms that shapes the way an individual, or group ofpeople, perceive and evaluate environmental issues.
  4. 4. Historical moments in the environmental movement (inputs) 1956 1962 1985• Minimata disaster • Rachel Carson’s • Bhopal disaster – bioaccumulation book Silent Spring killing up to of mercury in documenting the 25,000 seafood effects of Video 1 Video 2 pesticides 1970s 1986 • Greenpeace • Chernobyl campaigns disaster causing - save the whale resettlement of - anti-nuclear over 300,000 testing
  5. 5. EVS of various societies First Nation Americans vs European pioneers
  6. 6. 1. First nation Americans vs European pioneers Environment communal Subsistence economy based on barter Low-impact technology Animistic religion – animals, plants, rocks etc all have soul Exploitation of seemingly unlimited resources Environmental degradation through over-population Disconnected with environment Heavy industry and advanced technology
  7. 7. 2. Communist vs Capitalist socieites Equal distribution of resources with no profit led to squandering of resources destroying the environment Government protected farmers unintentionally benefiting parts of the environment Seen as more environmentally friendly as resources are used efficiently to maximize profit Unions protected industry damaging the environment Civil liberties and democracy used in protecting the environment
  8. 8. 3. Buddhist vs Judaeo-Christian societies Separation of body and soul, matter and spirit Genesis – domination or stewardship or the Earth? Ecofeminism – nurture rather than conquer World is all co-dependent Birth, ageing, suffering, death all conjoined Humans not autonomous or more important than the Earth
  9. 9. Your personal view Personal Social influencesCharacteristics Appraisals of situation Habit Cost- Ability to act benefit analysis Emotions Behaviour
  10. 10. Other issues to think about• Greenwash• Emotionalism• Chernobyl videos• The Cove video
  11. 11. Case studies • Cost benefit analysis • External costs • Land ethic • Unsustainable frontier ethic • Mine restoration

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