Taiwan "religion matters"


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The impact of religion on society. The example of Taiwan.

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Taiwan "religion matters"

  1. 1. 22 Paul then stood up in the meeting of the Areopagus and said: “People of Athens! I see that in every way you are very religious. 23 For as I walked around and looked carefully at your objects of worship, I even found an altar with this inscription: TO AN UNKNOWN GOD. So you are ignorant of the very thing you worship—and this is what I am going to proclaim to you. Acts 17:22-23 10 Now when Jesus heard this, He marveled and said to those who were following, "Truly I say to you, I have not found such great faith with anyone in Israel. 11"I say to you that many will come from east and west, and recline at the table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven;…” Matthew 8:10 -11
  2. 2. We stayed here
  3. 3. Looking out the window
  4. 4. Looking down the street to Taipei 101
  5. 5. Taoism 8 Million and 18,274 Temples Buddhism 8 Million and 4006 Temples mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
  6. 6. Longshan Temple, mixture of Taoism and Buddhism
  7. 7. Longshan Temple
  8. 8. Longshan Temple
  9. 9. Zhinan Temple
  10. 10. Zhinan Temple
  11. 11. Zhinan Temple
  12. 12. Zhinan Temple
  13. 13. What do these religions in Taiwan teach? What are the ethical teachings that have such an impact on peoples positive behavior in Taiwan
  14. 14. Li --> Rules, ritual decorum Ren --> humaneness, benevolence, humanity Shu --> Reciprocity, empathy Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you. Yi --> Righteousness Xiao --> Filial Piety (Respect your elders!)  Learning
  15. 15. Buddhism is based on the Four Noble Truths. 3. The way to eliminate suffering is to eliminate desire. 4. Following the Eightfold path will help people to overcome desire. 1. All life is suffering. 2. Suffering is caused by desire for things that are illusions.
  16. 16. Seek harmony and unity between complimentary opposites Yin- passive and Yang =ctive Humility and noncompetition Naturalness Nonaggression and passive rule Lao Tzu
  17. 17. Outside the National Theater in Taipei http://www.faluninfo.net/gallery/8/
  18. 18. A blend of Taoism, Buddhism, popular religions Beliefs: the cultivation of vital energies through truthfulness, compassion, tolerance, and physical exercises
  19. 19. Researchers in the United States have shown that the religious believes held by a large number of the population  reduce corruption  increases respect for law  boost overall economic growth http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2009/11/15/the _curious_economic_effects_of_religion/  promote social stability  promote ethical behavior  lower crime
  20. 20. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/foreign-affairs/2010/09/14/272459/14-Chinese.htm
  21. 21. Safety Index (100 is very safe) United States 49.84 Taiwan 78.56 http://www.numbeo.com/ crime/rankings_by_country .jsp
  22. 22. Crime Index United States 50.16 Taiwan http://www.numbeo .com/crime/ranking s_by_country.jsp 21.44
  23. 23. Fourth Grade, 2011 4th in Mathematics and Science 9th in Reading https://rankingamerica.wordpress.com/category/education/ The ranking they give Taiwan’s education is 4th British think-tank, Legatum Institute “Students graduating from the Taiwanese education system do so with some of the highest scores in the world on comparative international tests, especially in more technical fields such as mathematics and science. “ Drawing inspiration from Confucianism. http://wenr.wes.org/2010/05/wenr-may-2010-feature/ Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2007
  24. 24. “Recent studies of Chinese in …Taiwan,……… indicate that most drink in moderation, many choose not to drink and very few experience any drinking problem” David J. Hanson, Preventing Alcohol Abuse: Alcohol, Culture, and Control, p. 44
  25. 25. “…religious practices not only function for supernatural meaning, for acquiring blessing and protection from the deities or the dead, they also help maintain family stability and harmony” p. 5 Jiexia Zhai , Religion, Gender, and Family Relations in Taiwan, p.5 Experts estimate that about 25 percent to 30 percent of marriages in Taiwan end in divorce. http://www.international-divorce.com/Taiwan:-Divorce-Rate-Rises 40 to 50 percent of married couples in the United States divorce http://www.apa.org/topics/divorce/
  26. 26. Religious believes held by a large number of the population does  reduce corruption  increases respect for law  boost overall economic growth http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2009/11/15/the_curious_economic_effect s_of_religion/  promote social stability  promote ethical behavior  encourage learning  lower crime Matthew 8:10 -11