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Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
Hardest hit was the USS Arizona. Nearly 1,200 sailors were killed, only 300 survived.
All together 2,403 Americans were ki...
World War II
WWII lasted
almost four
more years.
Millions died.
B-29 aircraft Enola Gay
HIROSHIMA
THE BOMBING OF
HIROSHIMA
At 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945,
the U.S. B-29 aircraft Enola
Gay dropped the atomic bomb
“Little ...
Atomic Bomb:
Little Boy
Little Boy was the
atomic bomb dropped on
Hiroshima, Japan,
August 6, 1945
Little Boy was a Gun-
t...
HIROSHIMA
Aimedfor
Aimedfor
 70,000 of 76,000 buildings in city totally destroyed
 114,000 killed immediately
 By end of 1945, 60,000 more dead of ...
Some of the dead
Surrender on board
of USS Missouri
Today the sailors
who gave their lives
on the USS Arizona
are remembered by
a monument in Pearl
Harbor
…and in Hiroshima the Japanese are remembered
Hiroshima
1 Samuel 15:2-3
2 Thus says the Lord of
hosts, "I will punish the
Amalekites for what they
did in opposing the
Israelites ...
Depart from evil, and do good;
seek peace, and pursue it.
Psalm 34:12-14
Too long have I had my dwelling
among those who h...
Exodus 22:2-3 –
“If a thief is caught in
the act of breaking into
a house and is killed,
the one who killed him
is not gui...
Christian Attitudes to War
Christian attitudes to war have
generally fallen into one of three
groups –
The Holy War or Cru...
Holy War
In Old Testament times validation for a “Holy War”
came from God
Ancient Israelites believed that God had told th...
The idea of holy war has from
time to time also appeared in
Christian history as crusades.
They mainly centred on the Holy...
War is not good – but sometimes it is better
than refusing to go to war. The just war is
the idea that war can be fought o...
Expansion of Just War Theory
Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) stated some conditions:
 The war must be started & controlled by th...
Pacifists are against war and believe that all issues
should be solved by peaceful means. Pacifists refuse to
carry arms a...
Which attitude is the
Right One?
The Holy War or Crusade
The Just War
Pacifism
Pacifism ignores the full range of biblical texts
The Just War Theory does not pay enough
attention to Jesus and his words...
Most Christians follow the
National Interest
they support and fight whatever war the
governments choose, using the Just Wa...
SDAs and the Tangled Web of War
Practice
Seventh-day Adventists
have moved from a pure
combatant stance when
drafted into ...
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War
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From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War

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Transcript of "From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima: Christian (Adventist) Perspectives on War"

  1. 1. Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
  2. 2. Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941
  3. 3. Hardest hit was the USS Arizona. Nearly 1,200 sailors were killed, only 300 survived. All together 2,403 Americans were killed & 1,178 woundedAll together 2,403 Americans were killed & 1,178 wounded Destroyed were five battleships, three cruisers, and several smaller vessels, and about 200 airplanes.
  4. 4. World War II WWII lasted almost four more years. Millions died.
  5. 5. B-29 aircraft Enola Gay
  6. 6. HIROSHIMA
  7. 7. THE BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA At 8:15 a.m. on August 6, 1945, the U.S. B-29 aircraft Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb “Little Boy” on Hiroshima
  8. 8. Atomic Bomb: Little Boy Little Boy was the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, August 6, 1945 Little Boy was a Gun- type fission bomb. This means a non-nuclear explosive blasts a uranium wedge down a gun barrel into a uranium target causing the fission reaction.
  9. 9. HIROSHIMA Aimedfor Aimedfor
  10. 10.  70,000 of 76,000 buildings in city totally destroyed  114,000 killed immediately  By end of 1945, 60,000 more dead of radiation sickness  By 1951, another 50,000 killed by effects of radiation
  11. 11. Some of the dead
  12. 12. Surrender on board of USS Missouri
  13. 13. Today the sailors who gave their lives on the USS Arizona are remembered by a monument in Pearl Harbor
  14. 14. …and in Hiroshima the Japanese are remembered
  15. 15. Hiroshima
  16. 16. 1 Samuel 15:2-3 2 Thus says the Lord of hosts, "I will punish the Amalekites for what they did in opposing the Israelites when they came up out of Egypt. 3 Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.' Strive for peace with all men, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord. Heb. 12:14 For God is not a God of confusion but of peace. --1 Cor. 14:33 Finally, brethren, farewell. Mend your ways, heed my appeal, agree with one another, live in peace, and the God of love and peace will be with you. --2 Cor. 13:11
  17. 17. Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it. Psalm 34:12-14 Too long have I had my dwelling among those who hate peace. I am for peace; but when I speak, they are for war! Ps 120:6-7 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. -Matt. 5:9 Let us then pursue what makes for peace and for mutual upbuilding. Rom 14:19. 8 O daughter Babylon, you devastator! Happy shall they be who pay you back what you have done to us! 9 Happy shall they be who take your little ones and dash them against the rock! Psalm 137: 8-9 17 Now kill all the boys. And kill every woman who has slept with a man, 18 but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man. . . . Numbers 31: 17-18
  18. 18. Exodus 22:2-3 – “If a thief is caught in the act of breaking into a house and is killed, the one who killed him is not guilty. But if it happens in the daylight, it must be presumed to be murder and the man who kills him is guilty.” (Living Bible). Matthew, chapter 5, 38-39, 44,45 “Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.” Christ is the most perfect embodiment of God. Where does he stand?
  19. 19. Christian Attitudes to War Christian attitudes to war have generally fallen into one of three groups – The Holy War or Crusade The Just War Pacifism
  20. 20. Holy War In Old Testament times validation for a “Holy War” came from God Ancient Israelites believed that God had told them what to do and how to fight. They believed: God was their supreme commander Frequently all people they conquered, including women & children, were to be completely exterminated An Example: 1 Samuel 15:2-3 2 Thus says the Lord of hosts, "I will punish the Amalekites for what they did in opposing the Israelites when they came up out of Egypt. 3 Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.'
  21. 21. The idea of holy war has from time to time also appeared in Christian history as crusades. They mainly centred on the Holy Land of Palestine (Israel) Crusaders wanted to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. They had the support of the Christian Church The Church promised eternal life to all Christians who fell in battle. The crusaders were frequently like bands of thugs who raped and butchered as they went. Holy War in the Form of Christian Crusades (1095-1291) Crusaders attack Jerusalem, 1099
  22. 22. War is not good – but sometimes it is better than refusing to go to war. The just war is the idea that war can be fought on the side of justice. Early Roots of Just War Theory: St. Augustine (354-430) said Christian love required the defence of an innocent neighbour from attack. That was just.
  23. 23. Expansion of Just War Theory Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) stated some conditions:  The war must be started & controlled by the state  There must be a just cause – those attacked must deserve it  The war must promote good or avoid evil. Peace & justice must be restored afterwards Other Christians have added further conditions Right intention. It should be done for the cause of justice and not for self-interest. The war must be the last resort Innocent civilians should not be killed. The good gained by the victory must be greater that the evil which led to the war
  24. 24. Pacifists are against war and believe that all issues should be solved by peaceful means. Pacifists refuse to carry arms and to wage war, even in defence of their own country. Ex. Quakers, Many Mennonites They emphasize the words of Jesus in Matt 26:47-53 that those who live by the sword will die by the sword (violence produces more violence). In Matthew 5:9, Jesus said: “Happy are the peacemakers, for they will be called the children of God”
  25. 25. Which attitude is the Right One? The Holy War or Crusade The Just War Pacifism
  26. 26. Pacifism ignores the full range of biblical texts The Just War Theory does not pay enough attention to Jesus and his words, or it takes his words and confines them to interpersonal relations, a future eschatological age, or to unattainable ideals. Most Christians reject Holy Wars, Good versus Evil
  27. 27. Most Christians follow the National Interest they support and fight whatever war the governments choose, using the Just War Theory as justification without actually following its precepts. The bombing of London, the firebombing of Dresden and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima would not meet the tests of a Just War Theory. Today the majority of war causalities are civilians. This also does not fit the Just War Theory.
  28. 28. SDAs and the Tangled Web of War Practice Seventh-day Adventists have moved from a pure combatant stance when drafted into service, to a non-combatant position and on to a non-combatant recommendation without a church requirement to be a non-combatant. Official Position “It is therefore right and proper for Christians to promote peace. The Seventh-day Adventist Church urges every nation to beat its swords into plowshares" and its "spears into pruning hooks" (Isa. 2:4)… In a world filled with hate and struggle, a world of ideological strife and of military conflicts, Seventh-day Adventists desire to be known as peacemakers and work for worldwide justice and peace under Christ as the head of a new humanity. ” This public statement was released by the General Conference president, Neal C. Wilson, after consultation with the 16 world vice presidents of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, on June 27, 1985, at the General Conference session in New Orleans, Louisiana.http://www.adventistchaplains.org/conscientious-objection-and-noncombatancy

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