The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon, oil on canvas painting by EdwardPoynter, 1890, Art Gallery of New South W...
Salomon the Wise, Writer of Three O.T.BooksA Polygamist ?Should we also have more wives ?Or do you need to interpret the B...
Lamech, (2) Adah and Zillah (Gen 4:19).Abraham (3+) Sarah, Hagar (Gen 16:3, 21:1-13), Keturah(Gen 25:1),and concubines (...
“However much we might try to beobjective to look at things honestly, fairly,logically, without preconceived notions - wei...
 Youthful Vigorous Athletic
Pantocrator, Dapni, Greece,1100 C.E. (Mosaic)regal Jesus,all-powerful imperial rulerjudgeunchanging in majesty
Head of ChristRembrandt van Rijn, c. 1658 Gentle Had suffered Understands Comforting
Head of ChristWarner Sallman, 1940 Loving Non threateningThoughtful European
The Epic of American Civilization: Modern Migrationof the Spirit Jose Clemente Orozco, 1932-34 liberator•from injustice a...
Processional CrossFrancois-Xavier Goddard, c. 1950 African Features conveyingspiritual qualities
“However much we might try to beobjective to look at things honestly, fairly,logically, without preconceived notions - wei...
PaulINTENTPre-natalGeneticGeographyCulturalGenderRacialPhysicalEmotionalMentalEducationalSocialSpiritualFamilyOriginMESSAG...
“Study to show thyself approvedunto God” 2 Timothy 2:15“Allow no one to be brainsfor you, allow no one to doyour thinking,...
Reasons Why We Can’t Just Read The BibleWe have to consider: Nature of the self-limiting God Nature of the writer The n...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFam...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFam...
“If a man is caughtlying with the wife ofanother man, both ofthem shall die…So you shall purge theevil From Israel.”Deut. ...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFam...
Writer’s words, his culture’s ideomatic expressions:Prv.22: 28“Remove not the ancient landmark,which Your fathers have set...
Bible contains manydifferent Literary Forms• History• Genealogies• Chronicles• Laws• Poetry• Proverbs• Prophesy• Riddles• ...
How would you write an advertisementto sell your house?By comparison what would a legaldocument of the sale of your housel...
Literary Example of Proverbs• Commit to the Lord whatever you do,and your plans will succeed.• Prov 16:3 (NIV)•Is this rea...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSI WroteShould we applytoday a 2000 yearold...
WriterFILTERSNoOriginalAutographs.OnlyManuscripts,CopieschangedmeaningsofwordsGodspoke “ ‘Don’t you thinkthere might haveb...
Manuscript variants:Did John the Baptist say ?“This is the son of God”or as other manuscripts say:“This is God’s Chosen On...
“I saw that God had especially guarded the Bible,yet when copies of it were few, learnedmen had in some instanceschanged t...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialFILTERSMESSAGEI Wrote“Differe...
We droppedthe AtomBomb.A dramatic example of words having avariety of meanings and can betranslated differently:The Allies...
How do you Translate ?1.Word for Word - literal translationEx.: “I am full” (Sono piena)2.Thought for Thought – dynamicequ...
RSV“For I know that my Redeemer lives, …and after my skin has been thusdestroyed, then without my flesh I shall see God.”A...
Word vs Thought Translation• 1 John 3:17– KJV: “shutteth up his bowels” (intestine)–NIV: “has no pity”• Colossians 3:12– K...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFam...
GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFam...
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
How do you read the Bible correctly?
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How do you read the Bible correctly?

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How do you read the Bible correctly?
What does one need to consider? Time, culture, etc

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How do you read the Bible correctly?

  1. 1. The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon, oil on canvas painting by EdwardPoynter, 1890, Art Gallery of New South WalesWivesConcubines
  2. 2. Salomon the Wise, Writer of Three O.T.BooksA Polygamist ?Should we also have more wives ?Or do you need to interpret the Bible?Take account of the time, culture etc.?The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon, oil on canvas painting by EdwardPoynter, 1890, Art Gallery of New South WalesWivesConcubines
  3. 3. Lamech, (2) Adah and Zillah (Gen 4:19).Abraham (3+) Sarah, Hagar (Gen 16:3, 21:1-13), Keturah(Gen 25:1),and concubines (Gen 25:6).Jacob (4) Leah and Rachel (Gen 29:28) Bilhah (Gen 30:4) Zilpah (Gen 30:9).Moses (2) Zipporah (Ex 2:21, Ex 18:1-6) an Ethiopian woman (Num 12:1).Gideon (“many wives“) (Judges 8:29-32).Elkanah (2) Samuels father Hannah and Peninnah (1 Samuel 1:1-2).David (8-22+)Michal (1 Sam 18:27, 19:11-18, 25:44; 2 Sam 3:13-14, 6:20-23), Abigail ofCarmel (1 Sam 25:39, 1 Chr 3), Ahinoam of Jezreel (1 Sam 25:43, 1 Chr 3),Eglah (2 Sam 3:4-5, 1 Chr 3) and Bathsheba (2 Sam 12:24). Maacah (2 Sam3:3, 1 Chr 3), Abital (2 Sam 3:3-4, 1 Chr 3) and Haggith (2 Sam 3:3, 1 Chr3). Ten concubines, or wives as they are referred to in 2 Sam 5:13, 15:16,16:21-23, 1 Chr 14:3Solomon (700 wives and 300 concubines) 1 Kings 11:3.Do you need to interpret the Bible? How do we do that?
  4. 4. “However much we might try to beobjective to look at things honestly, fairly,logically, without preconceived notions - weinevitably bring our own ideas,culture, moods, andexperiences into whateversubject we approach.” Clifford Goldstein, AdultSabbath School Bible Study Guide, July 1,2006 p.14 http://ssnet.org/qrtrly/eng/06c/less02.html
  5. 5.  Youthful Vigorous Athletic
  6. 6. Pantocrator, Dapni, Greece,1100 C.E. (Mosaic)regal Jesus,all-powerful imperial rulerjudgeunchanging in majesty
  7. 7. Head of ChristRembrandt van Rijn, c. 1658 Gentle Had suffered Understands Comforting
  8. 8. Head of ChristWarner Sallman, 1940 Loving Non threateningThoughtful European
  9. 9. The Epic of American Civilization: Modern Migrationof the Spirit Jose Clemente Orozco, 1932-34 liberator•from injustice and•from dominance by•the ruling class.
  10. 10. Processional CrossFrancois-Xavier Goddard, c. 1950 African Features conveyingspiritual qualities
  11. 11. “However much we might try to beobjective to look at things honestly, fairly,logically, without preconceived notions - weinevitably bring our own ideas,culture, moods, andexperiences into whateversubject we approach.” Clifford Goldstein, AdultSabbath School Bible Study Guide, July 1,2006 p.14 http://ssnet.org/qrtrly/eng/06c/less02.html
  12. 12. PaulINTENTPre-natalGeneticGeographyCulturalGenderRacialPhysicalEmotionalMentalEducationalSocialSpiritualFamilyOriginMESSAGEWordsLooksLooksGesturesGesturesTonesTonesPosturesPosturesSilenceSilenceYou & MePre-natalGeneticGeographyCulturalGenderRacialPhysicalEmotionalMentalEducationalSocialSpiritualFamilyOriginI Wrote YOU READFILTERS FILTERSIMPACTTime–2000yearsLanguage-TranslationsGodspokeMANUSCRIPTSSlide from public domain
  13. 13. “Study to show thyself approvedunto God” 2 Timothy 2:15“Allow no one to be brainsfor you, allow no one to doyour thinking, your investigating, andyour praying.”Fundamentals of Christian Education, 307
  14. 14. Reasons Why We Can’t Just Read The BibleWe have to consider: Nature of the self-limiting God Nature of the writer The nature of Scripture The nature of time elapsed The nature of translations The nature of the reader
  15. 15. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSMESSAGEI Wrote“The Lord speaks to human beings inimperfect speech, in order that thedegenerate senses,...may comprehend his words.Thus is shown God’s condescension. He meetsfallen human being where they are… forinfinite ideas cannot be perfectlyembodied in finite vehicles of thought.E.G.White letter 121, 1901.self-limiting God
  16. 16. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSMESSAGEI Wrote“The Bible is written byinspired men, but it isnot God’s mode ofthought and expression.It is that ofhumanity.MS.24, 1886; The Testimony of Jesus, 15-18The Writer’s thoughts areaffected by
  17. 17. “If a man is caughtlying with the wife ofanother man, both ofthem shall die…So you shall purge theevil From Israel.”Deut. 22:22# 129If a marriedwomanand manare caughtin adulteryboth die“If a man iscaught lyingwith the wifeof another man,both of themshall die…”Deut. 22:22
  18. 18. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSI Wrote“The Bible must be given in the languageof men. Everything that is human isimperfect. Different meanings areexpressed by the same word.There is not one word for each distinctidea.”MS. 24, 1886; The Testimony of Jesus, 15-18
  19. 19. Writer’s words, his culture’s ideomatic expressions:Prv.22: 28“Remove not the ancient landmark,which Your fathers have set” RSVMeaning ?Do not make changes from the way wehave always done thingsDo not stealDo not remove Guideposts that directtravelers from town to townDo not remove boundary markers
  20. 20. Bible contains manydifferent Literary Forms• History• Genealogies• Chronicles• Laws• Poetry• Proverbs• Prophesy• Riddles• Drama• Biographies• Parables• Letters• Sermons• Apocalypses
  21. 21. How would you write an advertisementto sell your house?By comparison what would a legaldocument of the sale of your houselook like ?•Emphasize the positive features while•De-emphasizing negative features.•Exaggeration ingredient of advertising
  22. 22. Literary Example of Proverbs• Commit to the Lord whatever you do,and your plans will succeed.• Prov 16:3 (NIV)•Is this really true ?Proverbs are worded to be memorable,not necessarily theoretically accurate
  23. 23. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSI WroteShould we applytoday a 2000 yearold statement ?“Let the women keepsilent in the churches;for they are notpermitted to speak,…And if they desire tolearn anything, let themask their husbands.”I Cor 14:34-35 (NASV)“Show no pity: life for life, eye foreye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand,foot for foot” Deut 19:21
  24. 24. WriterFILTERSNoOriginalAutographs.OnlyManuscripts,CopieschangedmeaningsofwordsGodspoke “ ‘Don’t you thinkthere might havebeen somemistake in thecopyist or thetranslators?’This is allprobable…” MS 16,1888;The Testimony of Jesus, 12-13
  25. 25. Manuscript variants:Did John the Baptist say ?“This is the son of God”or as other manuscripts say:“This is God’s Chosen One”John 1:31
  26. 26. “I saw that God had especially guarded the Bible,yet when copies of it were few, learnedmen had in some instanceschanged the words, thinking that theywere making it more plain, when in reality theywere mystifying that which was plain, by causingit to lean to their established views, whichwere governed by tradition.”Early Writings, 220, 221
  27. 27. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialFILTERSMESSAGEI Wrote“Different meaningsare expressed by thesame word;there is not one wordfor each distinct idea.”MS. 24, 1986. The Testimony of Jesus, 17.“ ‘Don’t you think theremight have been somemistake in … thetranslators?’ This is allprobable…” MS 16,1888; TheTestimony of Jesus, 12-13
  28. 28. We droppedthe AtomBomb.A dramatic example of words having avariety of meanings and can betranslated differently:The Allies ultimatum to JapanJapan responded that thegovernment would mokusatsuMokusatsu may mean:“to consider” or“to take notice of”The Japanese meant they wouldconsider surrender. OurTranslator translated Japan would“take notice of”
  29. 29. How do you Translate ?1.Word for Word - literal translationEx.: “I am full” (Sono piena)2.Thought for Thought – dynamicequivalent3. Paraphrase – translate ideas
  30. 30. RSV“For I know that my Redeemer lives, …and after my skin has been thusdestroyed, then without my flesh I shall see God.”ASVAnd after my skin, even this body , is destroyed, Thenwithout my flesh shall I see God;Louis SegondQuand ma peau sera détruite, il se lèvera; Quand je naurai plusde chair, je verrai Dieu.Translator chooses the MeaningJob 19: 25, 26KJV“For I know that my redeemer liveth,…and though after my skinworms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I seeGod.”
  31. 31. Word vs Thought Translation• 1 John 3:17– KJV: “shutteth up his bowels” (intestine)–NIV: “has no pity”• Colossians 3:12– KJV: “put on bowels of mercies”–NIV: “clothe yourselves withcompassion”
  32. 32. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSMESSAGEI Wrote“we inevitably bring our ownideas, culture, moods, andexperiences into whateversubject we approach.”Clifford Goldstein, Adult Sabbath SchoolBible Study Guide, p.14
  33. 33. GeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginGeneticCulturalGenderRacialEmotionalMentalEducationalFamily OriginFILTERSFILTERSI Wrote

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