Justification by faith


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Justification by faith

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Justification by faith

  1. 1. Clinton Baldwin, Ph.D. (23.09.13)
  2. 2. Topics to be Discussed in this Series 1. New Testament Background to Justification by Faith (in Paul) 2. Justification by Faith: The Objective and Subjective Dimensions 3. Justification By Faith: The Eschatological Dimension 4. Justification By Faith and the Law
  3. 3. Justification in Paul The concept of Justification in Paul is communicated with the Greek words: Dikaiosune or dikaioma (noun): (righteousness) Dikaios (the adjective): (righteous/just) dikaioo (the verb) (to justify)
  4. 4. Justification in Paul These words translate the Hebrew word “group” sdq (Sedaqa or sedeq). Righteousness (Sedaqa or sedeq) in the Old Testament is derived from the Hebrew root sdq which occurs over 500 times in the Hebrew Old Testament. The basic meaning of sdq, the word “group” is conformity to a relationship
  5. 5. x New Testament Background to Paul’s Teachings on Justification by Faith
  6. 6. Three Main Groups of People in the Early Christian Church x Jewish Christians Hellenistic Jewish Christians Gentile Christians
  7. 7. Group 1: Jewish Christians Pentecost - many from this event (Acts 2) Leaders of early church (Acts 15) Continued to live as Jews i.e., kept the entire Torah (Acts 21:20)
  8. 8. Jewish Christians Observed the Entire Torah (Law) When they heard this they praised God. Then they said to Paul, you see brother how many thousands of Jews have believed and all of them are zealous for the law. They have been informed that you teach all the Jews who live among the Gentiles to turn away from Moses telling them not to circumcise their children or live according to the customs. (Act 21:22 -Emphasis supplied). Paul, speaking of Ananias affirms: He was a devoted observer of the law (nomos=Torah) and highly respected by all the Jews living there” (Acts 22:12).“
  9. 9. The Torah was also called 1. Moses (Mark 7:10; Acts 15:21) 2. The Law of Moses (Neh 8:1; Acts 15:15; Luke 2:22-24) 3. The Law of the Lord given through Moses (Neh 8:13; Mal 4:4) 4. The Law (Neh 8:9,13,14; Isa 8:20, Deut 31:11; John 1:18)
  10. 10. Jewish Christians Jewish Christians continued to worship in the Temple, where Judaism of course was practiced (Acts 2:46, 3:1, 3, 8 ; 5:20-25, 42). Other evidences from the book of Acts that substantiate the fact that the foundational members of the early church continued to observe all the Torah are: Acts 11: 5, 22:12; 24:14,15; 15:21. See also, Rom 2: 25-19; 13; 14.
  11. 11. .
  12. 12. Why Continue to Observe Torah? 1. Torah was God’s law and God’s law was always obligatory. So reasoned the Jewish Christians Note: Torah (the entire OT had many, many positive laws). From the Jewish perspective, the Torah was never seen as negative; it was always positive. It was God’s law given through Moses (Luke 2:22-24 Neh 8:9,13,14; Isa 8:20)
  13. 13. Some Positives of Torah Do not put a stumbling block before the blind (Lev 19:14) Be kind to strangers (Exo 22:21) Honor your mother and father (Exo 20:12) Do not murder, steal or bear false witness (Exo 20:13,15,16) Do not marry your sister (Lev18:9) Sacrifices by which sins were forgiven (Lev16) Pay the tithe and other offerings (Mal 3) Do not eat unclean meats (Lev 11) Do not carry a grudge (Lev 19:18) Do not hate anyone in your heart (Lev 19:17)  Observe the appointed feasts of the Lord (Exo20:8-11; Lev 23:1-44) Love your neighbor as yourself (Lev 19:18)
  14. 14. 2. Torah: Sign of Covenant People In OT, Torah was a sign of the covenant people of God. The Torah was not only a set of rules to be obeyed, it was also that entity that set Israel aside as being God’s special people (Exo 19:1-6; 22:31;; Deut 5:15; Eph 2:13-14; 2 Cor 3). At Sinai, God made a covenant that Israel would always be His special, chosen people. That entity that served to symbolize this relationship was the law (Torah). Hence, law and covenant used interchangeably throughout the Old Testament. See for example, Exo 34:28; 2 Kgs 22: 8; 23: 2,3; Psa 78:10; Isa 24:5,6.
  15. 15. 2. Torah: Sign of Covenant People In New Testament times, Jewish Christians saw themselves as the New Israel. Therefore, the New Israel must continue to observe that which identifies the true Israel of God, i.e., Torah (law).  Therefore, Torah was still obligatory as far as all Jewish Christians were concerned. See passages above.
  16. 16. 3. Jesus: The Fulfillment of Torah Jesus was the fulfillment or true meaning of Torah, not its negation According to Jewish Christians, Jesus came to amplify Torah, not to destroy or abolish Torah (Matt 5:17-18; 6:1- 18; 23:23; 5:23-24;15:1-20;17:24-27;24:30) Therefore, Torah was still obligatory-
  17. 17. Jesus the Fulfillment of Torah Non-Christian Jews in Israel offered sacrifices, but did not see Jesus as the meaning of those sacrifices. Jewish Christians offered sacrifices, but saw Jesus as the meaning Non-Christian Jews circumcised, but Jesus was not seen as the meaning of circumcision Jewish Christians circumcised, Jesus seen as the meaning of circumcision
  18. 18. Jesus: The Fulfillment of Torah Non-Christian Jews worshipped in the temple, but Jesus not seen as the meaning of the temple Jewish Christians worshipped in the temple with Jesus seen as the meaning of temple (Heb 8-10) Non-Christian Jews observed the feast days (yom kippur, Pentecost, Tabernacles, etc.)- Jesus not seen as the meaning of these days Jewish Christians observed the feast days, Jesus understood as the meaning of these days (Col 2:14-16)
  19. 19. Jesus the Fulfillment of Torah Non-Christian Jews observed the priesthood – but Jesus not the meaning  Jewish Christians observed the priesthood - Jesus the meaning of priesthood (Heb 8-10) Non-Christian Jews observed - no stealing, no killing, no adultery, love neighbor as oneself - Jesus not seen as the meaning  Jewish Christians observe the same commands but with Jesus understood as the meaning of these realities For Jewish Christians, Jesus was the meaning of entire Torah
  20. 20. . For Jewish Christians, Christianity was only a special type of Judaism. Note: There were many types of Judaisms in the first century. There were the Judaism of the Pharisees, Sadducees, Samaritans, Essenes, Herodians, the Am ha Artez, etc. These types of Judaism were all different in many significant ways.
  21. 21. Hebrew Jewish Christians Thus, the Jewish Christians continued to keep the entire Torah as an identity marker Note: This was intrinsic to their heritage for hundreds of years; from the entire Old Testament era (Acts 15; (Exo19:1-6). In fact, it was commanded by God. (Exo 19:1-6; 22:31; Deut 5:15; Eph 2:13-14; 2 Cor 3; see also previous slides). But, as we shall see shortly, God through Jesus was now speaking to them and all humanity in a new way.
  22. 22. x  x God Jewish Christians Torah- Identity Marker
  23. 23. TORAH NOT FOR GENTILES The Torah was a sign between God and his people, Israel (Exo19:1-6). It was like a wedding band that symbolizes the special relationship between a man and his wife. No-one would want another person to wear his/her wedding band. Therefore, the OT and Jewish tradition considered Torah only for Israel. If a Gentile wished to keep Torah, he/she would first have to become a Jew
  24. 24. The Noachian Laws For Gentiles Since Torah was not for Gentiles, Gentiles could be saved as Gentiles if they kept another set of laws which were designed for Gentiles, namely, the Noachian Commandments However, if a Gentile wished to keep Torah he would have to first become a Jew
  25. 25. Noachian Laws [Gen 9] The Noachian laws were seven laws derived from Genesis chapter nine. Jewish tradition held that they were given to Noah and all mankind after the flood. If the pious Gentile kept these laws (not Torah) they would be saved in the final judgment.
  26. 26. Noachian Laws [Gen 9] 1. Do not worship idols 2. Do not blaspheme the name of God 3. Establish courts of justice 4. Do not kill 5. Do not commit adultery 6. Do not rob 7. Do not eat flesh cut from living animals
  27. 27. . Note the Reflection of Noachian laws in Acts 15 The Jerusalem Counsel of Act 15, decided that Gentiles needed not become Jews, i.e., it was not necessary for them to come under Torah law
  28. 28. Circumcision Note: Circumcision was not only a singular act; it was also a representative act. It meant that the individual having been circumcised, would come under Torah law or, had become a Jew  Thus, when the council rejected circumcision for the Gentiles, it was saying Gentiles did not need to keep Torah. In other words, Gentiles needed not become Jews in order to be apart of the church All of the above information is indispensible if one is to have an adequate understanding of the New Testament teachings on Justification by Faith
  29. 29. Group Two: Gentile Christians These were non-Jews, who converted to Christianity They were considered anomos, i.e., without law They were only required by Jews to keep the Noachian laws
  30. 30. Gentile Christians Traditionally, they needed to become Jews in order to be considered part of the covenant community (Rom 2; Acts 15:1-5) In the ancient world, one became a Jew by means of circumcision, proselyte baptism, the offering of a sacrifice in the temple and by observing the feast days of the Old Testament. These were things which were “distinctively” Jewish
  31. 31. . As will be seen shortly, the clash in the early Christian church that necessitated Paul’s teachings on Justification by faith, was over the fate of the Gentile believers.
  32. 32. Group Three: The Hellenists These were Greek-speaking Jewish Christians, (Acts 6:1). For example, Stephen, Paul, Barnabas. Christianity for Hellenist Christianity was not a sect of Judaism The Hellenists brought Gentiles into the church without first making them into Jews by circumcision and Torah observance (Acts11:20)
  33. 33. Major Problem  A Clash Jewish Christians Hellenists Christians Gentiles
  34. 34. Justification by Faith Apart from Works of Law
  35. 35. . Therefore, the background to Paul’s teaching on justification by faith was the issue as to whether or not Gentiles must first become Jews through Torah observance in order to qualify as members of the new covenant community, namely, the Christian church. Paul responded to the problem using the teachings of justification by faith of Jesus apart from works of law.
  36. 36. . The Jewish Christians said “yes”, Gentiles must first become Jews Paul and other Hellenists said ‘NO,’ Gentiles needed not become Jews The battle lines were drawn
  37. 37. . Note: Whenever passages concerning Justification by Faith are mentioned in Paul, reference to Jews and Gentiles always appear in the adjacent verses. See for example, Rom 1:16-17; 3:28-29; Gal 1, 2, 3.
  38. 38. Excursis Before we enter further into a clarification of Paul’s idea of Justification by faith, his definition of sin must first be understood. This will help to clarify the discussion of Paul’s teaching on the subject of Justification by faith
  39. 39. Paul & Sin  All humans are sinners - Jews and Gentiles alike (Rom 1-3) Sin came upon all mankind through the one act of Adam (Rom 5)
  40. 40. Sin: Paul’s Understanding For Paul, sin is more than the transgression of a law code Sin is a condition A state of being A state of broken relationship with God 
  41. 41. Sin: Paul’s Understanding  Sins plural are as a result of Sin singular Sin causes Sins We sin because we are sinners, not in order to become sinners  Note carefully the function of sin- singular in the following passages
  42. 42. Sin: A Power/Condition that Causes Wrong Actions: Rom 7:7-25 But SIN seizing opportunity afforded by the commandments, produced in me every kind of covetous desire…I was alive apart from the law; but when the commandments came SIN sprang to life and I died… SIN deceived me, and through the commandments put me to death…[SIN] produced death in me through what was good…
  43. 43. Sin: A Power/Condition I am sold as a slave to SIN. I do not understand what I do. For what I want to do, I do not do, but what I hate, I do. And if I do what I do not want to do, I agree that the law is good. As it is, it is no longer I myself who do it, but it is SIN living in me. I know that nothing good lives in me, that is, in my sinful nature... Now, if I do what I do not want to do, it is no
  44. 44. Sin: A Power/Condition longer I who do it, but it is SIN living in me . . . what a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death.
  45. 45. Sin: A Power/Condition Rom 6:12-14: Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires. Do not offer the parts of your body to sin, as instruments of wickedness, but rather offer yourselves to God, as those who have been brought from death to life; and offer the parts of your body to him as instruments of righteousness. For sin shall not be your master, because you are not under law, but under grace. (NIV)
  46. 46. Sin: A Power/Condition Rom 5:12:Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned (NIV)
  47. 47. Sin: Not Only Wrong Actions Sin is not only wrong actions, but even good actions in keeping with the Law can be sinful Whatsoever [good or bad] that is not from faith [in Jesus] is sin (Rom 14:23) Note: Peter was in keeping with the OT law in Gal 2 when he refused to eat with the Gentiles
  48. 48. Sin: Not Only Wrong Actions See Matt 7:22, 23  ---Prophesied…Cast out devils….many wonderful works in your name…[but] I never knew you Good actions done outside of a relationship with Jesus can also equal sinful actions
  49. 49. Sin: Not Only Wrong Actions John 16:9 ….Concerning sin because they do not believe in me See also, Matt 12:34,35; Mark 7:15-20 In the OT: Ps. 51:5 - I was born in iniquity and in sin my mother conceived me.
  50. 50. Other NT Texts Collaborates Thus, one can be in accordance with the law and still be sinning; e.g., Peter, Martha; good performers at the last judgment, Matt 7; etc. One can also be out of line with the letter of the law and not be sinning. See for example, Judges 5:11 (Jael); Hosea 2- (Hosea re Gomer); Ezk. 4:12-13 (Ezekiel re clean & unclean); Josh 6:14-17 (Israel sent to war on Sabbath)
  51. 51. Sin Not Only Wrong Actions Jesus pronounced “ . . . Sin because they do not believe in me” John 16.9; see also 15.22,24 Again, Whatsoever [good or bad] that is not from faith [in Jesus] is sin (Rom 14:23)
  52. 52. Our Sinful Condition We are sinners not only because of our wrong actions, but also by virtue of who we are. Even when we are not doing wrong actions, we are still sinners and stand guilty (Rom 5:12). Because of our very complex and chronic sin condition Paul affirms that God had to make the very person of Jesus our righteousness. Thus Jesus himself is the new covenant sign of the new elect people
  53. 53. Jesus: Our Justification Thus Paul affirms that because we are sinners both by acts and by state of being, nothing good that God is accomplishing in us can qualify or justify us before God Our righteousness or justification has to be a reality that God accomplished outside of us, namely, Jesus
  54. 54. Conclusion Thus, background to Paul’s teachings of Justification by Faith, was the Jew-Gentile issue in the early church. Jewish Christians wanted Gentile to become Jews through the keeping of the Torah and Hellenists like Paul, affirmed that that was unnecessary. Reason, all mankind are sinners in a chronic way and only what God accomplishes in Jesus can stand as a symbol/reality of our righteousness before God. Therefore, Torah laws has lost its special function of being the identity marker of the chosen people. The sign of the chosen people was now a person (Jesus), not a code (Torah)
  55. 55. Justification by Faith Paul described this new reality as Justification. He consistently affirmed that a person is justified, i.e., accepted by God, soley by Jesus’ faithfulness apart from human works of law (Rom 3:21-28; Gal 2:14-16, 21)
  56. 56. . So whereas, for Jewish Christians the identity marker, the badge of the chosen people was the law, for Paul and other New Testament writers the identity marker, or the badge of the elect people of God was now Jesus and his Spirit. Jesus, not the Torah was the new Covenant sign. As seen from the OT, righteousness always had to do with a relationship. First, it was relationship mediated through the Torah, but in the NT it is relationship mediated through the person of Jesus.
  57. 57. . x Jews Torah Identity Marker God Humanity (Jews &Gentiles) Jesus New Identity marker God
  58. 58. Jesus Our Righteousness Rom 3:28- For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of law. 1 Cor 1:30, 31 - Christ Jesus … became for us wisdom… righteousness (justification) sanctification and redemption.
  59. 59. Jesus: Our Righteousness Rom 3:21- 26: But now a righteousness from God apart from law has been made known, to which the law and the prophets testify. This righteousness from God comes through the faith of Jesus Christ to all who believe…
  60. 60. Jesus: Our Righteousness There is no difference, for all have sinned and continue to come short (usterountai) of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. God presented him as a mercy seat (hilasterion) through faith in his blood. He did this to demonstrate his justice, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished- he did this to demonstrate his justice at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus…. for we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of law.
  61. 61. Jesus: Our Righteousness Gal 2:15,16…. know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but through the faith of Christ So we too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by the faith of Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified.
  62. 62. Jesus: Our Righteousness Gal 5:4 You who are trying to be justified by the law have been alienated from Christ; you have fallen from grace. 2 Cor. 5:17-21 - Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation, the old has gone the new has come. All this is from God who has reconciled us to himself through Christ and has given us the ministry of reconciliation: that is, God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men’s sins against them…
  63. 63. Jesus: Our Righteousness God made him who had no sin, to be sin for us so that in him we might become the righteousness of God (2Cor 5:21).
  64. 64. BELONGING TO CHRIST If you belong to Christ then you are Abraham’s seed and heirs according to the promise (Gal 3:28) Those who are led by the spirit of God are sons [children] of God (Rom 8:14).
  65. 65. BELONGING TO CHRIST To all who receive him, to those who believe in his name, he gave the right to become children of God (John 1:14).
  66. 66. Jesus Our Righteousness Therefore, Paul and the other New Testament writers affirm that God made Jesus the righteousness of mankind. Jesus’ perfect keeping of the law is accepted as ours.
  67. 67. The Holy Spirit Represents Jesus Note for example, how throughout the books of Acts and also in the Pauline Epistles that entity that identified the early Christians as being Christians was the Holy Spirit. See Acts 2:1-28, 38; 6: 3-6; 8: 18-21; 9: 17, 18; 11:28; 13: 1-3; 15: 8, 9; 19: 1-7. The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Jesus, or Jesus’ other self (Gal 4: 6; Rom 8: 9,11; Phil 1: 9)
  68. 68. Accepted because of Jesus Because Jesus is humanity’s righteousness before God, Paul affirmed that Jews who accepted Jesus were justified and Gentiles who accepted Jesus were also justified, that is, counted as righteous before God. The decisive issue was now Jesus, not a law having to do with Jesus. Righteousness was now determined in relationship to the person of Jesus, not in relationship to a code - Torah.
  69. 69. Our Righteousness is a Person(Exam) X’ ’’ HUMANITY JESUS GOD
  70. 70. An Assurance of Salvation Jesus as humanity’s righteousness gives the greatest assurance of salvation For the purpose of this discussion, let’s quantity righteousness and make 100% righteousness, the greatest amount of righteousness there is in the universe
  71. 71. An Assurance of Salvation How much righteousness would God and Jesus possess? Answer: 100% Apart from God how much righteousness would you and I possess? Answer: 0%
  72. 72. Jesus: The Perfect Righteousness of God 0% 100% 100% S e p a r a t e d Humanity Jesus God
  73. 73. An Assurance of Salvation However, whenever we accept Jesus, his righteousness becomes our righteousness. It therefore means that we now have 100% righteousness before God. Indeed, we now possess the righteousness of Jesus (Rom 1:16,17). Note: This 100% righteousness is righteousness in terms of a status or standing before God. It is not 100% righteousness in terms of our achievement or performance.
  74. 74. An Assurance of Salvation Having accepted Jesus, his full righteousness is now given to us, and that which he has to give is only 100%. His righteousness cannot be segmented because it is resident in his very person and Jesus cannot be divided. Therefore, either you have his 100% righteousness or none at all. However, once you accept him, the Bible teaches his 100% becomes yours (Rom 5:1; Gal 2:15,16; Eph 2:6-8)
  75. 75. Complete in Christ (Col 2:10)  X You 100 % Jesus 100 % God 100 %
  76. 76. Complete in Christ Again, in terms of behaviour (law-keeping) you are not perfect, or sinless; but because you accept Jesus, you are reckoned as perfect or 100% righteous while you are growing in your perfection. Heb 10:14: By one offering, he has perfected for all times, those who are being sanctified [i.e., growing in grace]
  77. 77. Complete in Christ The righteousness of Jesus which you possess cannot be improved upon by your law-keeping. It is an immortal constant. It is Jesus himself and our law-keeping cannot make Jesus, more Jesus. Put another way, we cannot improve on the blood of Jesus. It is for this reason why Paul consistently affirmed that a person is justified by the faithfulness of Jesus apart from [our] works of law. Note, the words apart from [our] works of law (Gal 2:15,16; Rom 3:20-28)
  78. 78. Purpose of Law-Keeping Our keeping of the law is therefore only a grateful response and an appreciation of the fact that God has given to us the 100% righteousness of Jesus. Jesus’ (righteousness) within us will empower us to live a life of obedience, but never a life of obedience (law- keeping) in order to be later seen as righteous before God. The righteousness that qualifies us before God will always remain a gift - the very person of Jesus. Nothing that we do in response to that gift can make Jesus Jesus, and again, he is our righteousness.
  79. 79. Justification: Based on Grounds Outside of Us Thus, we are not justified by what God is doing in us, through the work of the Holy Spirit. We are justified by what God has done outside of us, and for us, in Jesus on the cross 2,000 years ago. Note: we must always make the distinction between what God has done for us in Jesus and what God is doing in us through the Spirit
  80. 80. What God is Doing in us vs. What God Has Done Outside of us in Jesus IN US IN JESUS Is imperfect  Is in process Tainted by sin Not the basis of salvation Is perfect Completed on the cross 2,000 years ago  Not tainted by sin Is the basis of salvation
  81. 81. What God is Doing in us vs. What God has Done Outside of us in Jesus IN US IN JESUS Is the means of acceptance of salvation (law-keeping) Is called “our faith in Jesus”  Is like the reflection of the sun Glorifies God in an imperfect manner Our faith in Jesus Is the basis of achieving salvation – Jesus himself Called the faith(fulness) of Jesus Is the sun itself Glorifies God in a perfect manner Is the faithfulness of Jesus
  82. 82. What God is Doing in us vs. What God has Done Outside of us in Jesus What God is doing in us through the work of the Holy Spirit is always in process. As long as we are in this mortal body, such work will be incomplete, imperfect , and lacking. (Remember our sinful condition discussed earlier). The work of the Spirit’s sanctification in us will continue for a lifetime and a lifetime is until we die or whenever Jesus returns. The sanctifying process, while it glorifies God, is also a testimony that we are still falling short of God’s perfect ideal. We are still sinners, hence the work needs to continue as long as we live. For this reason, God accepts Jesus’ perfect righteousness as ours. He accepts Jesus’ perfect keeping of the law as ours. So once we accept Jesus, automatically, we gain a perfect law- keeping record before God. So perfect is this record that all our subsequent keeping of the law, even by the help of God Himself cannot measure up to it. Why? Because it is the perfect law-keeping of God himself as manifested in Jesus (Rom 1:16-17)…
  83. 83. What God is Doing in us vs. What God has Done Outside of us in Jesus While with the help of God we can be like God or Jesus, we cannot become Jesus/God, even with their help. God is not accepting a righteousness like that of Jesus (our performance by the help of the Spirit) he accepts only the righteousness which is Jesus himself, the real 100% righteousness. That is why Jesus died on the cross, only there could God’s righteousness be fully and perfectly manifested. While the Jesus in us is a reflection of Jesus, it is not Jesus. We reflect the sunlight, but we are not the sun. God accepts, not the reflection [in us] as our righteousness, but the Son himself as our righteousness
  84. 84. What God is Doing in us vs. What God has Done Outside of us in Jesus Now, if God and Jesus qualify to be in heaven with 100% righteousness, then it means that when we accept Jesus, we also qualify to be in heaven. God cannot ask us for more than 100% righteousness. He cannot ask us to be more righteous than Jesus. It therefore means that the person who is in a relationship with Jesus is saved. He qualifies for heaven to an extent that cannot be improved upon. He has the righteousness of Jesus credited to his account, and that is all that God can ask of us. In fact, that is God’s method of salvation, not ours.
  85. 85. We Qualify x - Heaven 100 % You 100 % Jesus 100 % God 100 %
  86. 86. THE IMPORTANCE OF LAW-KEEPING Law keeping is very important Important as a means of accepting salvation, not as a means of achieving salvation (Gal 3) We do not keep the law in order to be saved, we keep the law because we are saved (Eph 2:6-10) Our faith receives, Jesus’ faithfulness achieves
  87. 87. THE IMPORTANCE OF LAW-KEEPING Keep law because you are in the boat, not in order to get in the boat  
  88. 88. ON THE BUS If you are on bus travelling from Mandeville to Kingston, (approximately 60 miles) while you are on the bus, you are on the bus. There is nothing you can do to be on the bus while you are already sitting on the bus. The things you do while being on the bus, will not get you on the bus, you are already there. You will act appropriately (law-keeping) because certain behaviors depict passengers (saved persons), but again, nothing you can do, can qualify you to get on or remain on the bus after boarding. As long as the bus keeps on moving, you will eventually reach Kingston. Because you are so grateful that you are not walking to Kingston, you will behave as a respectable passenger (law-keeping). Interestingly, the only means of getting on to the bus was by accepting a free pass, you could not pay your fare.
  89. 89. Law-Keeping Glorifies God Matt 5: 16: Let your light so shine before men so that they may see your good works and glorify your father who is in heaven Our keeping of the law is to glorify God. Not to qualify us for salvation. God is glorified that a sinner like you and me can boast of salvation, and be endowed with the Spirit of God to live an obedient glorified life (Eph. 2:8-9- having been saved, we are now God’s workmanship created for good works)
  90. 90. Law-Keeping Glorifies God We do not keep the law to be justified in the first place, neither do we keep the law to maintain our justification. Our justified status is maintained by the free grace of God (Gal 2:14-16;5:4). Jesus is our justification and we cannot maintain Jesus as Jesus. (You do not sit in the sunlight in order to keep the sun in the sky).
  91. 91. ONCE SAVED ALWAYS SAVED? Answer: NO, NO, NO, NO, NO, NO, NO!!!! Unless one remains in Jesus, then one would have let go of the saved status  One would then acquire a lost status
  92. 92. ONCE SAVED ALWAYS SAVED? While being on the bus you can stop the bus and get off. However, the fact that you can stop the bus and get off does not mean that you are not on the bus. You should not doubt the fact that you are on the bus while you are sitting on the bus. While you are in Jesus you are saved.
  93. 93. Always Saved While Being in Jesus   SAVED End
  94. 94. very end Outside=Lost Inside = Saved
  95. 95. very end Outside=Lost Saved
  97. 97. NO HOP-IN AND HOP-OUT OF SALVATION The idea of being saved today, lost tomorrow, then saved the next day and again lost the next day, etc., is not biblical We are not saved on every act of repentance then lost the next minute on an act of sin. This method is hinging salvation on law-keeping In the Biblical method, salvation based on PERSON KEEPING not LAW-KEEPING, i.e., a relationship with a person –Jesus Christ
  98. 98. NO HOP-IN AND HOP-OUT OF SALVATION While being on the bus to Kingston, you may attempt to walk from the back of the bus to the front of the bus and may stumble or even fall in the process. However, you would have fallen inside the bus. The bus continues to move and you are still on your way to Kingston (saved status). There is a big difference between stumbling (sinning) while being in the bus and falling while being outside of the bus. You do not lose your passenger status because you stumble while being in the bus. You can only lose it if you decide to stop the bus and get off. The person who is in Jesus will make mistakes while being in Jesus (Rom 7), however, “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus (Rom 8:1).”
  99. 99. NO HOP-IN AND HOP-OUT OF SALVATION You certainly do not lose your salvation on every act of sin and regains it on every act of repentance. Such would be salvation by works. It would be tantamount to a married person divorcing each time there is a disagreement and remarrying each time there is a make-up. The deeper anchorage of the marriage is relationship with the other person, not mistakes made while being in the relationship. The trend of our lives is the bottom line. Again, we do not hop-in-and out of salvation while being in Jesus. There is no such thing as being saved today, lost tomorrow, saved the next day, lost the next day, etc.
  100. 100. NO HOP-IN AND HOP-OUT OF SALVATION While the person who is in Christ is growing in grace, such an individual is considered saved to an extent that none of his/her growth in grace can cause him/her to become more saved. Before we begin to keep the law, Jesus kept it perfectly for us (Rom 5:17-19). Thus, our keeping of the law can only be a grateful response to salvation, never a means of qualifying for salvation.
  101. 101. NO HOP-IN AND HOP-OUT OF SALVATION Heb 10:14: By one offering he has perfected for all times, those who are being sanctified [i.e., growing in grace]
  102. 102. No Condemnation to Those Who are in Christ Jesus (Rom 8:1) Not sinless but still tending toward Jesus
  103. 103. That Which is to Come is Already Present It is for this reason that the New Testament affirms that the key realities of salvation which are to be fully consummated in heaven are already possessed in principle by the person who has accepted Jesus - Jews and Gentile alike. In other words, although upon earth, legally, the Christian is already in heaven. S/he is already saved (Eph. 2:6)
  104. 104. That Which is to Come is Already Present Salvation-now Eph 2:8 Justification-now Rom 5:1; 3:21-28 Redemption-now Col 1:14; Eph 1:7 Reconciliation-now Col 1:1-21; Rom 5:8-10
  105. 105. That Which is to Come Already Present Sealed-now Eph 1:13,14; Eph. 4:30 Adopted into Heaven’s family-now Eph 1:4,5 Glorified-now Rom 8:30 Citizenship in Heaven-now Phil 3:20 Eternal Life-now John 3:16-18; 3:36; 5:24
  106. 106. Rom 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus. Thank God through Jesus Christ I stand saved, ready for eternity, I am not getting ready for heaven, I am staying ready.
  107. 107. x  THE End