Year Long Project
Indian Paint Industry
Nivas R (29034)
Industry scenario-Paint Industry
The Indian Paint industry, estimated to be a Rs.21,000 Cr. industry, has been growing at a rate of
above 15% for the past few years. The organized players of the industry cater to about 65% of
the overall demand, whereas the unorganized players take care of the remaining 35%, in value
terms. The unorganized players mainly dominate the distemper segment. The industry consists of
two segments, namely
Decorative segment – caters to the housing sector and
Industrial segment - consists of powder coatings, floor coatings and other protective
coatings catering to the automobile, marine and other industries.
In the domestic market, Decorative segment accounts for 70% of the total demand for paints
whereas the industrial segment accounts for the remaining 30%. Globally, the demand for paints
is almost equally distributed, where both the segments account for close to 50% of demand.
Growth of the paint industry has been consistent with the growth of Indian GDP. Paint industry
has been growing at a rate of 1.5 to 2 times of Indian GDP growth. The Decorative segment
shows a seasonal trend with sales peaking during the festive seasons in the months of September
to November, whereas the demand is low in the monsoons.
The top 5 companies make up more than 80% sales of the organized market. The market share of
the organized sector is continuously improving as consumer preference is shifting towards better
products offered by the leading brands. Established Foreign companies have entered the Indian
market by acquiring existing Indian companies. Kansai Paints, Japan entered the Indian Market
by acquiring Nerolac, Akzo Nobel, the world‟s largest Paint company, entered the Indian market
by acquiring ICI Paints (now Akzo Nobel India.)
How does the Industry Work?
The tabulation below gives us a clear idea about the various factors involved:
On an average, raw materials constitute ~56% of the total expenditure in paint companies.
Titanium dioxide is one of the major raw materials and price fluctuations in its cost have direct
and substantial impact on the cost of production. Crude oil derivatives are the other major raw
materials and have similar impact. Apart from these a large number of other raw materials are
used for adding/giving specific properties to the wide product range offered by the industry.
The decorative paints segment products find use in households and construction whereas the
industrial segment products find use in automotive industry, consumer durables industry and
DEMAND DRIVERS OF THE INDUSTRY:
1. Increasing level of income and education – The increasing proportion of young population
along with increasing disposable incomes is leading to a change in consumer habits. The Indian
economy is shifting from a savings economy to a spending economy. With more income at their
disposal, people are now ready to pay for better products and paint is no exception. Educated
consumers are more brand conscious and seek value in what they consume. Thus, paint
companies offering value-added features like non-toxicity, weather protection, texture, eco-
friendly production, etc. will attract more demand. These value-added products enable the
manufacturers to earn a better premium as compared to the regular paints, thus offering higher
2. Increasing Urbanization: Urbanization is leading to a shift from temporary houses to
permanent houses. Urban houses are well-designed in its interior as well as exterior aspect. This
calls for more houses being painted using medium and premium paints. For urban houses,
interior design is becoming a fashion statement and a lot of paint is used to decorate the interiors.
This will lead to an increase in the per capita consumption of paint which will increase the
overall demand of paint. Urbanization also brings more nuclear families. More nuclear families
mean more number of houses even for the existing population thus further driving the demand.
3. Increasing share of organized sector: Decrease in taxes on key raw materials will improve
the position of the organized players. The Organized sector is expanding its distribution network
and adopting the installation of tinting machines at retail outlets. These tinting machines offer a
wide variety of colour shade options to choose from. The unorganized players are not in a
position to offer such facility as it is comparatively capital intensive. Shift in use, from distemper
segment towards premier segment is also shifting market share from the unorganized sector to
the organized sector.
4. Development of the Realty, Automobile and Infrastructure sector: The growth of the paint
industry is largely dependent on the development of the realty and housing sector, as decorative
segment generates about 70% of the total paint demand from this sector. The Automobile
segment generates more than two-third of the demand for Industrial paints, and hence is the
growth driver for Industrial Paints. The Infrastructure segment creates direct demand for paints
as well as creates indirect demand through supporting the growth of the realty, automobile,
FMCG and other industries where paint is used. The growth potential in the above 3 sectors is
immense, the paint industry being dependent on these 3 sectors is expected to grow along with
5. Availability of financing options: Easier housing finance and auto finance is expected to
favor more people to buy houses and travel in personal vehicles. This will drive the growth of
housing and automobile sector, of which the Paint industry will get its share.
6. Increasing Penetration in the Rural Markets: Paint usage in rural areas is generally in the
distemper segment, hence dominated by the unorganized players. Demand in rural areas is
dependent on agriculture, which is dependent on the monsoons. With the development of
irrigation facility, the dependence of agricultural output on monsoons will be on a decreasing
trend. Also, with the modernization of agriculture and accompanying development of rural India,
consumer preferences are expected to improve. Paint companies are expanding their distribution
network in rural parts of India, which is a relatively untapped market for the organized players.
These factors supported by the increasing penetration of the paint companies will help drive the
demand for paints.
1. Cost of raw materials: The Cost of Raw materials are an important factor as the industry is
raw material intensive. Fluctuation in the prices of Titanium dioxide and Petroleum directly
affect the production cost. This is more of a concern for the Industrial segment as compared to
the Decorative Segment, as it is comparatively easier to pass on the costs in case of decorative
paints. Also, a large portion of raw materials are imported, leaving the cost factor vulnerable to
exchange rate fluctuation.
2. MNC’s entering the Indian Paint Market: The entry of Established foreign players in the
Indian market may increase the competition among the players of the industry. This may lead to
price competition which may impact the profit margin of the companies. As a result, the increase
in volume growth may not equally reflect in the profit growth for the companies.
Asian Paints, established in 1942 is India's largest paint company and Asia's third largest paint
company, with a turnover of Rs 96.32 billion. The group has an enviable reputation in the
corporate world for professionalism, fast track growth, and building shareholder equity. Asian
Paints operates in 17 countries and has 24 paint manufacturing facilities in the world servicing
consumers in over 65 countries. Besides Asian Paints, the group operates around the world
through its subsidiaries Berger International Limited, Apco Coatings, SCIB Paints and
Forbes Global magazine USA ranked Asian Paints among the 200 Best Small Companies in the
World for 2002 and 2003 and presented the 'Best under a Billion' award, to the company. Asian
Paints is the only paint company in the world to receive this recognition. Forbes has also ranked
Asian Paints among the Best under a Billion companies in Asia In 2005, 06 and 07,.
Today the Asian Paints group operates in 17 countries across the world. It has manufacturing
facilities in each of these countries and is the largest paint company in eleven countries. The
group operates in five regions across the world viz. South Asia, South East Asia, South Pacific,
Middle East and Caribbean region through the five corporate brands viz. Asian Paints, Berger
International, SCIB Paints, Apco Coatings and Taubmans. The Group operates as:
Asian Paints in South Asia (India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka)
SCIB Paints in Egypt
Berger in South East Asia (Singapore), Middle East (UAE, Bahrain and Oman),
Caribbean (Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad & Tobago)
Apco Coatings in South Pacific (Fiji, Tonga, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu)
Taubmans in South Pacific (Fiji and Samoa)
Financial Performance of Asian Paints:
Type of issue
Paid up Capital (Pre-IPO) 1982 – – 35,00,000
IPO 1982 – 16,85,185 51,85,185
Bonus issue 1985 3:5 31,11,111 82,96,296
Bonus issue 1987 1:2 41,48,148 1,24,44,444
Bonus issue 1992 3:5 74,66,666 1,99,11,110
Bonus issue 1996 1:1 1,99,11,110 3,98,22,220
Issue of shares pursuant to merger
with Pentasia Chemicals Limited
1996 1:25 2,94,000 4,01,16,220
Bonus issue 2000 3:5 2,40,69,732 6,41,85,952
Bonus issue 2003 1:2 3,20,92,976 9,62,78,928
Cancellation of shares pursuant to
merger of Pentasia Investments
Limited with the Company
2003 – 3,59,149 9,59,19,779
Total paid up capital as on 31st March, 2007 9,59,19,779
Net Revenue from Operations
Increased by 25.7% to ` 7964.2 crores
Increased by 21.2% to ` 1493.2 crores
Expansion of Rohtak plant in Haryana by 50,000 KL per annum to 2,00,000 KL per annum
The Board of Directors have recommended a final dividend of ` 30.5 per share
(Total Dividend for the Year will be ` 40 per share)
Consolidated Gross Revenue crosses ` 10,000 crores
Net Revenue from Operations for the standalone entity increased to ` 7964.16 crores from `
6336.08 crores in the previous year – a growth of 25.7%. The operating profit (EBITDA)
increased by 21.2%, from ` 1,232.16 crores to ` 1493.24 crores. The profit after tax for the
current year is ` 958.39 crores as against ` 775.15 crores in the previous year – a growth of
The Consolidated Net Revenue from Operations increased to ` 9,632.24 crores from `
7722.30crores – growth of 24.7 %. Net profit after minority interest for the group for the current
year is ` 988.73 as against ` 843.24 crores in the previous year – a growth of 17.3%
During the financial year 2011-12, the Company declared an interim dividend of ` 9.50 (Rupees
Nine and Paise Fifty only) per equity share in the month of October, 2011 and paid it in the
month of November, 2011. In addition, the Directors recommend payment of ` 30.50 (Rupees
Thirty and Paise Fifty only) per equity share as the final dividend for the financial year ended
31st March, 2012. If approved, the total dividend (interim and final dividend) for the financial
year 2011-12 will be ` 40 (Rupees Forty only) per equity share; ` 32 (Rupees Thirty Two only)
per equity share was paid as dividend for the previous year.
Transfer to Reserves:The Company proposes to transfer ` 412.46 crores to the general reserve.
An amount of ` 700.00 crores is proposed to be retained in the statement of profit and loss.
Company’s performance with respect to its competitors
(Rs. cr.) Turnover
Asian Paints 4,493.50 43,101.55 7,964.16 958.39 2,656.00
Berger Paints 193.8 6,711.10 2,662.10 177.4 1,015.30
Nerolac 1,180.00 6,359.25 2,600.60 215.9 1,132.15
Akzo Nobel 993.3 4,634.77 1,987.85 201.78 1,441.00
Paints 108.25 204.9 486.45 14.46 132.56
Nicholso 2.8 10.48 53.24 0.69 -228.4
Series3 7,964.1 2,662.1 2,600.6 1,987.8 486.45 53.24
Sales turnover with respect to
Information technology (IT) plays a key role in enabling the company to grow and generate
profits. Asian Paints is the only company in India to have integrated Supply Chain Management
(SCM) Solution from i2 Technologies, and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution from
SAP. With these IT tools firmly in place and with the backing of an extensive communication
platform, they are an internally enabled enterprise. The challenge is to integrate all our
stakeholders including suppliers, employees and customers and create an extended enterprise.
Asian Paints has launched a supplier portal that includes an automated digital document
exchange facility that will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of interaction with suppliers.
An employee portal has also been set up. Customer Relations Management (CRM) tools are
being used in Asian Paints Helpline and Home Solutions initiatives.
The successful deployment of ERP, CRM, Business Intelligence and Portal software from
leading solution providers and integrated SCM systems has helped improve efficiency in the
business as well as increase the transparency and accuracy of information across the company. In
order to affect 24x7 availability of our IT infrastructure, they are setting up a disaster recovery
site in South India. Installation of tinting machine is the important initiative in increasing the
penetration and helping the dealers to serve the consumers better, while decreasing the inventory
costs which inturn increase decorative sale.
To match the pace of growth of international business, asian paints are focusing on improving
transaction systems and messaging platforms. Implementing of a portal platform for improved
collaboration and sharing of information across all geographies is already underway.
Primary focus is to cut down working capital. Application of IT helps to get better ROC.
Demand forecasting helped to develop relevant manufacturing plan which helped to augment
markets. IT also helped to analyse the inventory levels to forecast market demands and reorient
production and to achieve greater customer satisfaction.
Future IT Developments:
Extend SCM to sales force.
Equip territory sales- in –charge with mobile communication devices such as PDA‟s.
To automate and web enable product requests and invoices for better supply chain
Use of “Single SAP ERP Platform”
I2 Technology in Asian Paints:
Asian paints are using I2 technologies which helped them to improve greater customer
satisfaction. It helped in distribution planning, material resourcing, factory scheduling, and
industrial business solutions. I2 technologies integrate with SAP helped in cut inventory.
A talent pool of over 4700 employees employed across 23 countries brings in a unique blend of
mindsets and skills. An open and interactive work culture. A sense of ownership and freedom to
experiment at their workplace brings out creativity and innovation in every individual. Excellent
training is provided to develop leaders and re-strengthen competencies from within the
organisation. Besides encouraging achievers from within the organisation, they absorb the best
talent from some of the best management and technology institutes in the country. Thus, the task
is cut out for every individual within the framework of result-orientation, market insight,
customer perspective, trust, respect and problem solving.
FY 2011-12 has been a year of consolidation for Human Resource function of the Company.
Several initiatives. Learns cape, People Review process and Employee,Engagement are few such
initiatives where noticeable consolidation over last year‟s work were seen „Inclusive
participation and Inclusive growth‟ is the core of any peaceful Industrial Relation. Building and
working on comprehensive employee relations agenda has been an area of continued focus in the
Company. Accordingly, initiatives around Employee Relations and Engagement were taken up
across all major manufacturing units. The formation of a new JV in the industrial business
involved HR integration which included developing organization structure and policies to
support the independent entity. A repertoire of courses available through „e-learning‟ is
gaining momentum in Company which includes partnerships with reputed global organizations
like Harvard Business Publishing and Skillsoft. These have received encouraging feedback from
employees of the Company.
Company has always been in the forefront of conducting various CSR initiatives for the benefit
of the communities wherever it operates. These initiatives primarily revolve around Water
Conservation, Healthcare, Education and Elderly Care. They believes that growth in isolation is
not enough; it believes in the concept of sustainable growth taking into consideration the society
and environment at large.
Water Conservation has been one of the key focus areas Of the Company for a long time now.
Management of Water through Recycling and Reuse has helped in the conservation of this
depleting natural resource. The Total Water Management (TWM) Centre located in the premises
of Company‟s manufacturing facility at Bhandup, Mumbai has been championing the issue of
water conservation. It plays the role of Information and Demonstration centre on water
harvesting for the public at large. Various representatives from housing societies, corporates,
government bodies and even school and college students have visited the centre to gain a holistic
view on water management. Education is the foundation of progress and realizing this, most of y
Company‟s plants are working towards improving health and infrastructure facilities of schools
in their vicinity. The Penta Plant located at Cuddalore (Tamil Nadu) has adopted a government
higher secondary school in the village of Karaikadu in the nearby area. When the cyclone
„Thane‟ struck Cuddalore and its neighboring areas, essential provisions were distributed by
the Penta plant to the cyclone affected villagers.
1. Capacity Utilization
Decorative Paints business contributes around 94% in the total paint business. The company
ranks no. 1, in the country in this segment with around 8500 colours to offer to its customers. It
has 5 manufacturing plants operating all over the country, which is strategically located in-order
to cater to the widely spread, market:
Plant Capacity (Kilo litres per annum)
Bhandup, Mumbai 30000 KL pa
Ankleshwar, Gujarat 100000 KL pa
Patancheru, Hyderabad 80000 KL pa
Kasna, Noida 80000 KL pa
Sriperumbudur,Tamil Nadu 50000 KL pa
Rohtak, Harayana 150000 KL pa
TOTAL CAPACITY 490000 KL pa
Table: Manufacturing Plants and Capacity
In Decorative paint segment, the Company operates in 4 main segments i.e. Interior wall finish,
Exterior wall finish, Enamels and Wood Finishes. Besides, the company outsources around 25-
30% of its total production.
In this business, the company caters to automotive, powder, protective coatings, road markings
segment, floor coatings and General Industrial Paints. Most of the industrial paints business is
operated by two companies‟ viz. Asian PPG Ltd. and Asian Paints Industrial Coating Ltd. The
company ranks first in the automotive paints business in domestic market. The company ranks
second in protective segment and first in the road-marking segment. Recently it has entered in
floor coating segment. The total capacity available for automotive coatings is 14,000 KL.The
company operates through following plants:
Powder Coating Plant Capacity (metric tons per annum)
Baddi, Himachal Pradesh 1800 MT pa
Sarigan, Gujarat 3600 MT pa
TOTAL CAPACITY 5400 MT pa
Table: Powder Coatings Capacity
Chemical business includes manufacturing of Phthalic Anhydride (PAN) and Pentaerythritol
(PENTA). Asian Paints Ltd.,has its PAN manufacturing plant at Gujarat (capacity – 25,200 MT)
and PENTA manufacturing facility at Tamil Nadu (capacity – 3000 MT).The company
consumes nearly 50% of its production as captive consumption and sells the remaining in the
open market. This business contributes around 3% to company‟s consolidated revenues. Of the
above mention total capacity of Asian Paint Plants the total utilization of all the plants is 75 -
80% of the total capacity. The plants do not utilize the total capacity of the plants and the other
excess paint is being outsourced from other companies.
2. SUPPLIER BASE
➢ Mostly the Alkyd resin used in the manufacturing of paints is manufactured by Asian
Paints itself, but as the quantity manufactured by it is not enough, the company outsources from
many other companies one of it is Piyanshu Resins Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad.
➢ Baba Containers is one of the suppliers of 20lit tins to the company.
➢ Asian Metal Containers is one of the suppliers of the printed tins to the company.
➢ Titanium Dioxide is the largest consumed raw material for manufacture of paints. It
constitutes around 30% of the total manufacturing cost. It
is available in two grade i.e. rutile (imported and mainly used by the Indian paint industry) and
anatese (manufactured domestically). Travancore Titanium Products, Kerala & Kerala Minerals
and Metal Ltd., are some of the suppliers of major suppliers.
➢ There are other petroleum based raw materials which constitute around 40-50% of total
raw material consumed. Hence any movement in crude oil prices will impact the profitability of
the company. These products are mostly supplied by HPCL and BPCL.
➢ Sudarshan Chemicals is major suppliers of pigments to the industry.
➢ Alpha Chem are the suppliers of driers to the company.
➢ 20microns ltd., Vimal Minerals, Himalaya minerals are the suppliers of Extenders to the
➢ Indofil chemicals, Pidilite Industries, Fine Organics ltd., are the few suppliers of additives
to the company. But of all the above the majority of Raw Materials for Asian Paints is being
imported from other countries.
3. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT
Asian Paints have been always on an upper hand when compared to others in terms of inventory
management. The inventory cost for Asian Paints is lowest in the industry. Asian Paints average
inventory level equals only 28 days sales, while the industry average is 51 days sales. This right
away provided a 45 per cent edge in inventory costs to Asian Paints compared to its competitors.
Asian Paints stock of finished goods was just 7 per cent of its net sales while for the others in the
industry it was nearly twice that level. What is particularly striking in this achievement is that
Asian Paint offered customers and dealers a high level of service in product delivery compared
to its competitors and yet kept the inventory costs down by 45 per cent compared to the
competitors. But large credit outstanding, running beyond two months or more, was a natural
concomitant of the distribution strategy chosen by Asian Paint. The dealers are required to
maintain stocks of all the SKUs that are on demand in the territory. It pushes up inventory levels
at the outlets. They need credit. Asian Paints allowed15-21 days credit for dealers located in the
major towns and 22-30 days credit for dealers in upcountry regions. Asian Paints had to pull off
a smart credit control strategy for survival. It resolved the thorny problem through an innovative
dealer incentive scheme. Asian Paints stipulated that each of its dealers should pay for the
supplies within a specified time norm and offered them as attractive incentive scheme for doing
so. It consisted of two components:
➢ A special discount of 3.5 per cent. This was referred to as the discount for perfection in
payments. It was passed on at the end of the year, provided each and every payment throughout
the year was made within the stipulated time norms.
➢ A cash discount of 5 per cent. This was paid for all outright cash purchases. It was given
whenever payments were received within 24 hours of the supply/invoice. In respect of outstation
accounts, the payments have been made in advance by draft in order to be eligible for the cash
discount. The scheme was a grand success. Asian Paints credit outstanding always stood below
25 days, while the outstanding of the other major companies were in the range of 40 days and
above. Systematic computerization also helped Asian Paints maintain the credit outstanding
within limits. Asian Paints „Apcolite‟, the largest selling brand of paint in the country, is
available in 151 different shades and in eight different packs sizes. Being in the business
of „colours‟,Asian Paints utilized colour to achieve differentiation, and none of its competitors
could match Asian Paints in this aspect. Simultaneously, AP also achieved the lowest cost
position in the industry. Normally, when a firm consciously opts for the differentiation route with
a wide product line, it automatically points towards higher inventory levels and consequently
higher inventory and other costs. But Asian Paints, through its effective distribution
management, inventory management and control of credit outstanding, in particular, managed to
retain its inventory size and inventory costs at the lowest possible level. Asian Paints actually
saved so much on inventory carrying costs that it almost earned its promotion budget through
these savings. This is again praiseworthy because Asian Paints spends as much as 10 per cent of
its sales on promotion, the highest in the industry. It has to spend so much in order to maintain its
differentiation advantage. But strikingly, it has kept its total marketing costs the lowest in the
industry. The two factors together i.e., the lowest cost position as well as the highest
differentiation position has conferred a significant competitive advantage on Asian Paints. This
are few of the techniques used by the Asian Paints to manage the inventory in a better way and to
decrease the cost of the products manufactured so as to reduce the price of the goods supplied to
4. LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT
➢ The warehousing facilities are well maintained.
➢ The Company specially looks after the environmental aspects and tries to avoid pollution
and pollutants by adapting eco-friendly production methods.
➢ The Company keeps low inventories in off seasons, and high inventory in festival
➢ The Company has huge base of raw material suppliers, giving company bargaining power
resulting in higher profit margins than competitors.
➢ The company has succeeded in establishing themselves in rural parts of India by large
distribution network, retail outlets etc.
➢ Asian Paints has around 1,600 stock-keeping units (SKU; one SKU would mean a
product of a particular pack and shade), of which around 300-350are fast moving with extremely
high liquidity at the counter. This puts great pressure on the demand forecasting and inventory
management functions of the company.
Vertical integration has seen it diversify into products such as Phthalic Anhydride and
Pentaerythritol, which are used in the paint manufacturing process. Asian Paints along with PPG
Inc, USA, one of the largest automotive coatings manufacturer in the world has begun a 50:50
joint venture, Asian PPG Industries to service the increasing requirements of the Indian
automotive coatings market. Another wholly owned subsidiary, Asian Paints Industrial Coatings
Limited has been set up to cater to the powder coatings market which is one of the fastest
growing segments in the industrial coatings market. This wholly owned subsidiary of Asian
Paints has entered into a tie-up with Canada-based Protech Chemicals which is one of the top ten
powder coatings companies in the world for technological know-how in the area of powder
A brand Portfolio is the set of all brands and brand lines a particular firm offers for sale in
a particular category or market segment.At present it is having of over 2500sku‟s .In Decorative
paints, Asian Paints is present in all the four segments v.i.z Interior Wall Finishes, Exterior Wall
Finishes, Enamels and Wood Finishes. It also introduced many innovative concepts in the Indian
paint industry like Colour Worlds (Dealer Tinting Systems), Home Solutions (painting solutions
Service), Kids World (painting solutions for kid's room), Colour Next (Prediction of Colour
Trends through in-depth research) and Royale Play Special Effect Paints, just to name a few.
Asian Paints has always been ahead when it comes to providing consumer experience. It
has set up a Signature Store in Mumbai & Delhi in India, where consumers are educated on
colours and how it can change their homes.
Product Width Product line Cost Range
Tractor acrylic Mid Range
Tractor synthetic Mid Range
Utsav Acrylic Economy
Utsav synthetic Economy
Royale Play Premium
Tractor Emulsion Economy
Premium satin Premium
Apcolite Premium Gloss Premium
Exterior wall Emulsions
Apex Ultima Premium
Apex Duracast Rough
Apex Duracast Fine tex Premium
Apex Mid Range
Aprex stretch Mid Range
PU Exterior Matt Premium
PU Inerior Glossy Premium
PU Inerior Matt Premium
Melamyne Glossy Mid Range
Melamyne Matt Mid Range
Consumer Behavior and Preferences
In order to identify the consuming Behaviour of paints and how the paint industry operates, a
Marketing research was done. Interviews were made with dealers.Mr. Wilfred from
Tiruverumbur and R.S Subbiah from Trichy -colour world dealers gave the following insights
regarding the paint Industry.
Approx 256 paint shops are present in Trichy and its suburbs, out of which 300 shops sell
Margin of profit for the dealers was about 3% (very low compared to Berger).
But bulk deals and long term relationships makes Asian Paints more lucrative. Cash
rebates are more prevalent in the suburbs than in the cities as it is slow moving.
Dealers were classified based on the turnover, Critical Retail Shop if the turnover is 50
lakhs and Privilege club (Asian pillars) if the turnover is more than a crore. These
dealers will be given better margins close to 4%.
Peak Season is usually between December to January and during non –peak seasons
,dealers are encouraged to sell more by giving exciting offers like LCD Tv‟s and Foreign
50% of the sales happens through the Engineer‟s and Contractors and newly paint houses
contribute to 25% and Repaint takes around 10-15%.
Royale Play seems to the revenue garner and usage of emulsions has become a norm.
On the basis of this exploratory research, a survey was conducted to identify the consumer
behaviour pattern and what makes them to buy the product.
A sample of 37 was taken from BHEL Township and Tiruverumbur and BIM students.
Tools used : SPSS and Excel
Questionnaire is attached at the end for reference. Correlation and Partial Co-relation and
Descriptive Statistics was to analyze the relationship between different factors while buying a
Some of the results obtained from the research are as follows
Influencing Decision in buying a paint product
The relationship between the factors are calculated by correlation by pearson‟s Co-effiecient and
by partial Co-relation.
Frequency Of Painting
1 Less than Once a year 2 1 -3 years 3 >3years 3 Total
# Answer Responses %
1.00 Painter's Decision 19.00 51.35%
2.00 Suggestion of my Kith and Kin 15.00 40.54%
3.00 Suggestion by friends 20.00 54.05%
4.00 Suggestion by shopkeeper 11.00 29.73%
5.00 Advertisements 20.00 54.05%
6.00 Price of the Paint 16.00 43.24%
Total 101.00 100%
Price Quality Brand Colours Service
Price Pearson Correlation 1 0.608 0.522 0.418 -0.046
Sig. (2-tailed) 0.000 0.001 0.010 0.785
N 37 37 37 37 37
Quality Pearson Correlation 0.608 1 0.450 0.643 0.322
Sig. (2-tailed) 0.000 0.005 0.000 0.052
N 37 37 37 37 37
Brand Pearson Correlation 0.522 0.450 1 0.441 0.267
Sig. (2-tailed) 0.001 0.005 0.006 0.110
N 37 37 37 37 37
Colours Pearson Correlation 0.418 0.643 0.441 1 0.235
Sig. (2-tailed) 0.010 0.000 0.006 0.162
N 37 37 37 37 37
Service Pearson Correlation -0.046 0.322 0.267 0.235 1
Sig. (2-tailed) 0.785 0.052 0.110 0.162
N 37 37 37 37 37
From the table, It can be inferred that there is a strong relationship between Price and Quality
and between price and Brand. There is also relationship between choice of colours and Quality.
By using partial Co-relation, one of the variable is controlled and the relationship between
remaining variable is calculated.
Correlations (Price as control variable)
df 34 34 34 0
From the above variable it can be inferred that while Quality is kept as a control variable , the
relationship between other variables cannot be established. Hence Quality plays an important
role in the selection of paint.
While Interior walls painting (Mean score of 4.11/5) is more preferred to spend compared to
others followed by Exterior walls.
Asian paints is most preferred Paint brand(Mean Score of 4.41/5), followed by Berger and
Positioning Over the years –a brief study
In the decorative segment, it is interesting to see how Asian Paints have changed the buying
process of the product like paints.Paints are usually considered to be a low involvement product.
In earlier times, the decision of the brand was taken by the builder/contractor and the home
owners does not involve much in the process may be the decision of color rest with the house
Asian Paints realized the need for brand building even during sixties. But at that point of time,
the company had a wide range of brands/subbrands. The focus of the company was on product
innovation and service network and managing quality proposition.The brand focused on mass
and rural market. Asian Paints had a mascot called Gattu who was created by the celebrated
cartoonist R K Laskhman.These efforts made the brand a leader during the late sixties.
Then the company realised that although volume justified the leadership position, share of mind
for the brand was very low. That was the result of the mass segmentation adopted by the brand.
Rightly so because the industry was driven by channel driven promotions, building a brand at
that time was" uncommon sense". During 1983, the company tried to reposition the brand as a
premium brand. Asian Paints initiated the corporate campaign aimed to position the company as
the number one player in the industry. The objective was to upgrade to a more margin premium
product marketer .The corporate campaign "Spectrum of Excellence" was aimed to increase the
Salience of the brand in a quiet market which didn‟t work for what it was intended.
But this campaign failed to inspire any interest in the consumers and the company felt that the
market is moving towards a commodity market where price is the most important differential.
Asian Paints undertook a consumer research aimed at understanding the perception of consumers
about the product category. The research revealed lot of interesting insights. Consumers felt that
paints could change the mood of the space and it was a sign of festival and plenitude. It could
make a gloomy place bright and pleasant. From this insight came the campaign of Asian Paints
associating itself with festivals. Research also confirmed that customers tend to repaint their
houses on the occasion of festivities. Thus born the campaign "Celebrate with Asian Paints". The
campaigns were carefully crafted and there were different campaign for different regions. These
campaigns effectively enhanced the brand equity of Asian Paints and established itelf as a
premium brand. More than that , these campaign ensured an emotional connect with a brand in a
low involvement category. The brand also phased out many subbrands and rest of the subbrands
was brought under Asian Paint's umbrella brand which it maintains till date.
During the late nineties the brand had to be reinvented. Because no longer festivities formed an
important part in ones life. Since many brands went after festival seasons, the positioning
platform has become cluttered. More over the consumer buying behavior has changed. The
category was becoming less seasonal. People started associating more importance to home decor
and interiors. The choice of color became a high involvement decision. From a low involvement
category, paint was increasingly becoming a high involvement category.
The brand also went in a brand overhaul. The logo was changed to a contemporary upmarket one
designed by Entreprise IG based in Singapore.The logo/design was to convey self expression,
Thus came the birth of a wonderful positioning strategy created by O&M. The insight was
that the brand is about people and homes and homes reflect the people living in it. Hence " Har
Ghar Kuch Kehta Hai" translated to " Every Home has a story to tell". This campaign is a perfect
example of a brand laddering up and connecting to a higher level in the mind of the customer.
The campaigns reinforced the brand as a premium emotional brand.
Along with the campaign Asian Paints also ran parallel ads for its subbrands. Saif Ali Khan
endorsed the premium brand Royale .For Apex Ultima, the campaign was highly localized and
was different in different market conditions and localities
Taking a cue from the success of Ghar campaign , the brand took ownership of the COLOR. The
insight is that each color has a story to tell. The latest campaign reflects on the color and uses the
campaign " Har Rang Kuch Kehta hai" translated to "Every color has a story to tell". The brand
is so serious about the color that it has tied up with IIT to explore new colors and conduct
research on colors.Asian Paints is a classic branding story and the brand is still exploring and
Points of Parity Points of difference
Quality Dealer Network
Colour variety Brand Identity
Availability of the stocks Service feature
Covering all price ranges Technology
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A perceptual map is drawn with quality along y-axis and service along the x-axis.The
map clearly shows how it has differentiated from its competitors by service has a feature.
Product life Cycle
Product life cycle is the stages through which a product or it‟s category bypass. From its
introduction to the marketing, growth, maturity to its decline or reduce in demand in the market.
Not all products reach this final stage, some continues to grow and some rise and fall.
Stages in Product life cycle
This is the stage of low growth rate of sales as the product in newly launched in the market.
Monopoly can be create depending upon the efficiency and need of the product to the customers.
Profits are nonexistence as the expenditure is high at this stage. If the product is the new product
class, the users may not know the true potential, so in order to achieve that place in the market
extra information about the product should be transfer to its user through various medium. The
products involved may include highly customized products under Asian paints like the Royale
Play, Kids World,Asian Paints Premium Semi Gloss Enamel, Asian Paints Apcolite
Premium Satin Enamel and Phthalic Anhydride
Growth comes with the acceptance of the innovation in the market and profit starts to flow. As
the monopoly still exists manufacturer can experiment with its new ideas and innovation in order
to maintain the sales growth. It is the best time to introduce new effective product in the market
thus creating an image in the product class in the presence of its competitors who tries to copy or
improve the product and present it as a substitute me. The products like Emulsions falls under
this category which may include products likeAsian Paints Apex Ultima, Asian Paints Royale
luxury Emulsion,Paints Apcolite Premium Gloss Enamel.
In this the end stage of the growth rate, sales slowdown as the product have already achieved it
acceptance in the market. So new firms starts experimenting in order to compete by innovating
new models of the product. With many companies in the market, competition for customers
becomes fierce, even though the increase in the growth rate of sales at the initial part of this
stage. Aggressive competition in the market results the profit to acme at the end of the growth
stage thus beginning the maturity stage. Asian Paints Tractor Acrylic Distemper,Asian Paints
Tractor Synthetic Distemper, Asian Paints Utsav Acrylic Distemper may fall under this
This is the stage where most of the product class usually dies due to the low growth rate in sales.
As number of companies starts dominating the market, makes it difficult for the existing
company to maintain its sale. Not only the efficiency of the company play an important factor in
the decline, but also the product category itself becomes a factor, as market may perceive the
product as 'OLD' and may not be in demand. Lime powder(choona) and stainer which has been a
long time tradition in India is slowly weeding out from the urban tier 1&2 cities though it may be
Cashcows for regional players in the rural areas
Points of Parity Points of difference
Quality Dealer Network
Colour variety Brand Identity
Availability of the stocks Service feature
Covering all price ranges Technology
A perceptual map is drawn with quality along y-axis and service along the x-axis.The
map clearly shows how it has differentiated from its competitors by service has a feature.
Why Do Consumers buy the product:
Asian paints with its natural competitive advantage of size, strong brand equity and largest
distribution network has acquired the number one position in decorative segment in India. There
are few reasons due to which the customers in the decorative segment has been choosing Asian
Paint as their brand
1. As we know brand name has its own value & Asian paint is the number one in decorative
segment, so a purchaser automatically leans in purchasing it. For example, we have two
different types of paints, namely Apolite glass enamel & Apolite care Emulsion, which are
from Asian Paints, Nerolac paints, Berger paints & ICI paints. Again due to the competitive
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market the price is very closed for all the companies. But due to the Branch awareness of
common people they mostly tend to purchase the products from Asian paints.
2. Company have provided with different varieties of product for different income groups. For
e.g. UTSAV´ which is a low value paint, is growing at a faster rates & penetrating with high
speed at the lower income group. This policy is helping the company to move from metros
to small towns for branded products.
3. In India frequency of painting has still not increased, which is once is 5 years only. So
consumers are normally changing over to the better quantity & branded paints.
4. Asian Paint launched a new product Tractor Emulsion, which pulled the customer who used
distemper to move to emulation paints
5. The purchase decision like price, quality, advertising promotional schemes, packaging, the
finish of the product etc. and the distribution policy followed by asian paints vis-à-vis its
competitors are also the reasons why consumers prefer asian paints to others.
How do consumers buy Asian Paints:
Asian Paints‟ ability to innovate product offering has been well complimented by its marketing
strategies and desire to establish deeper consumer connect. Asian Paints is credited for
introducing many innovative concepts in the Indian Paints industry. Some examples are as
a) Colour World (Tinting Machines)
b) Signature Stores
c) Small Packs
d) Home Solutions (painting solution service)
e) Colour Next (prediction of Colour Trends)
f) Colour Ideas Stores
„Colour World‟ outlets today stand at 14,600. Essentially, a Colour World outlet has a tinting
machine which costs Rs2.5 lakhs and is paid for by the distributor. It requires a dealer to stock
base paint and provides shades by mixing the base paint with various pigments. It reduces the
inventory investment by distributor as it doesn‟t need to carry host of sku‟s. Also, it reduces
space cost incurred by the distributor.
As for customer, it provides various shades on the screen; thus, expanding the range of
offerings. It also eases the complexity in the entire supply chain as the distributor now has to
carry fewer sku‟s. Colour World and other such initiatives have helped in increasing the
customer participation in the buying process and also strengthens the customer connect of Asian
Paints, while enhancing the brand equity.
Asian paints have started a 24 hours customer help centre at Hyderabad. It is information
to consumers to answer their needs for any query related, to their products. Through this
company is also getting a lot of data related to the customers need & appreciations of the
In order to provide better consumer service, company has connected all colour world
installations with Asian Paints main system through software & providing computes to dealers.
This is speeding up order execution, electronic banking will speed up recovery & money
The Indian paint Industry has a wide potential for growth which is demonstrated by the fact that
the per capita consumption of paint in India is merely around 1 kg as compared to about 20 kg in
the developed countries or a global average of about 15 kg. So, the absolute consumption of
paint in India is definitely expected to rise.
The market share of the organized sector is on an increasing trend. Also, the contribution of
industrial segment will increase with the continuing economic development of the country. With
India moving towards becoming a developed economy, the decorative to industrial paint ratio of
70:50 is expected to move towards the global average of 50:50.Thus the Indian paint industry is
in its growth phase and is expected to grow at a rate faster than that of GDP. The future prospects
of the industry are strong.
Asian Paints is India‟s largest paint company having a Strong Brand & Huge Distribution
network. It has a sound financial past & is expected to have robust growth, both in the short-term