Postmodernism features

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Postmodernism features

  1. 2. Central themes : <ul><li>Industrialization - urban jungle- alienation of the individual . </li></ul><ul><li>totalitarian systems (dystopias) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological control of the human mind . </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual reality </li></ul><ul><li>Fantastic elements in a real world </li></ul><ul><li>ID vs. social background </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance </li></ul>
  2. 3. Devices: <ul><li>Pastiche (collage) </li></ul><ul><li>Intertext </li></ul><ul><li>Short-circuit </li></ul><ul><li>game </li></ul><ul><li>Irony/black humor </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation </li></ul><ul><li>Maxi/mini –malism </li></ul><ul><li>deconstruction </li></ul>
  3. 4. New kind of literature: <ul><li>Magical realism </li></ul><ul><li>Techno-gothic </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertext </li></ul><ul><li>Lunatic </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberpunk </li></ul>
  4. 5. Modernism/Postmodernism <ul><li>Continued the fundamental philosophical assumptions of modernism </li></ul><ul><li>Continued its tendency toward historical discontinuity </li></ul><ul><li>Continued its preoccupation with alienation </li></ul><ul><li>Continued to focus on a social individualism </li></ul>
  5. 6. Modernism/postmodernism <ul><li>Modernism relied on existentialism -а philosophy that claims that the individual must make decisions concerning right and wrong, or the self without access to universal truths </li></ul><ul><li>Postmodernism’s tendency to use solipsism , a philosophical perspective that holds that one саn only truly know oneself and that all other experiences are potentially false since they are filtered through the senses </li></ul>
  6. 7. Modernism/postmodernism <ul><li>The tendency of the modernists </li></ul><ul><li> - to construct intricate forms </li></ul><ul><li> - to interweave symbols elaborately </li></ul><ul><li> - to create works of art that, although opposed to some established present order, create within themselves an ordered universe </li></ul><ul><li>All that has given up in postmodern literature </li></ul>
  7. 8. Philosophy of Postmodernism <ul><li>Denial of order </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of highly fragmented universes in the created world of art </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation of critical theories that are а form of phenomenology </li></ul>
  8. 9. Phenomenology <ul><li>A highly subjective contemporary philosophy which argues that the meaning of an object is a concept separate from its existence. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Postmodernist Critics <ul><li>Jacques Lacan </li></ul><ul><li>The members of the Frankfurt School </li></ul><ul><li>Michel Foucault </li></ul><ul><li>Ihab Hassan </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Derrida </li></ul><ul><li>Academically trained in philosophy, used substantially the works of philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Каrl Маrх, Martin Heidegger, оr G.W.F. Hegel </li></ul>
  10. 11. Postmodernism as a Name <ul><li>Used in architecture in the 1960s by Frederic Jameson </li></ul><ul><li>In literature began to be used instead of less satisfactory labels such as &quot;black humor&quot; or &quot;fabulism“.Ihab Hassan in his essay “From Postmodernism to Postmodernity” emphasize some critics who used this word in different contexts: </li></ul>
  11. 12. Postmodernism - etymology <ul><li>1. Charles Olson (1950 -1960) </li></ul><ul><li>2.Harry Levin 1959 , to denote the high modern culture declining. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bernard Smith , 1945 used this term with the meaning of the socialist realism used in picture. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Jencks used the word “postmodernism” in his works with the meaning which we have today. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Postmodernist Writers <ul><li>William Golding </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Pynchon </li></ul><ul><li>John Fowles </li></ul><ul><li>Solman Rushdie </li></ul><ul><li>George Orwell </li></ul><ul><li>John Ashberry </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Auster </li></ul><ul><li>Mircea Cartarescu </li></ul>
  13. 14. Postmodernism- <ul><li>It has no a rigid definition because if would happen to have , for sure a postmodern critic would make a deconstruction for it. </li></ul>

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