THE SUGAR INDUSTRY OF INDIA
• India is the accredited birthplace of sugarcane and
sugather. India is an important exporter of sugar up to the
latter part of 19th century but from the beginning of the 20th
century,the Indian sugar industry began to decline because
of the competition of java sugar industry.
• India now began to import large quantities of sugar. The
industry, however, received a great impetus after the
grant of protection in 1931.Since then the industry is
making continuous progress. Thus from 29 factories in
1931,the number of factories rose to 138 in 1950 and to
396 in 1990.
LOCATION OF SUGAR INDUSTRY
• The sugar industry is a material-oriented industry and is
usually located in the midst of sugarcane producing areas.
These are because of the Following reasons :-
1. Sugarcane is a weight losing raw material – about 10
tones of sugarcane make only one tone of sugar.
Hence the cost of transporting sugarcane far exceeds the
cost of transporting sugar and the location of industry
near the source of raw material is highly economically.
2. Industry must be located near cane producing areas to
get more sugar juice.www.StudsPlanet.com
1. The price of the cane constitutes more than 50% of
the cost of the sugar ,and this also influences the
location of industry near the source of raw materials.
2. The industry is not tied to the sources of the power
,like coal or electricity because biogases, the waste
of sugarcane , is used as fuel .Therefore, the industry
can b easily located near the source of raw materials.
PRODUCTION STATES OF SUGAR
• The sugar industry is mainly confined to Eastern Uttar
Pradesh and North Bihar which are the principal
sugarcane producing areas of the country. Out of the 314
sugar factories in 1980-81 ,90 factories were in Uttar
Pradesh and 28 in Bihar.
• Uttar Pradesh-In U.P the factories are located in Kanur,
Gorakhpur, Meerut, Lucknow, Allahabad, Deoria, Basti,
Barabanki, Gonda etc.These factories account for nearly
20% sugar production of the country.
• In Bihar, the important centers of sugar production are
Champaran, saran, Mazaffarpur, Darbhanga,
Bhagalpur.They produce about 6% of the total sugar
produced in India.
• The sugar industry in the Southern States of Maharastra,
Karnataka, Andhra- pradesh and Tamil Nadu is a recent
• In Maharashtra, there are 77 factories( According to 1990
data) located mostly in Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Poona(
now pune) and Sholapur districts.
• The Sugar industry of Andhra Pradesh is developed in the
coastal districts of Krishna, East and West Godavari and
around Hyderabad,Vijaywada, Pithpuram are the main
• In Tamilnadu the principal sugar producing areas arewww.StudsPlanet.com
PROBLEMS OF INDIAN SUGAR
• The main problems of the Indian sugar industry lie in its
high cost of production.
1. Old and inefficient methods of production.
2. Small and uneconomic size of factories.
3. No proper utilization of by products like molasses and
4. Difficulty of concentrating cultivation around the central
factory. Besides ,high prices of cane high state
texation,heavy rents of land and great waste in refining