Pride%20 Program[1]
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Pride%20 Program[1]

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A travis county correctional facility program for women

A travis county correctional facility program for women

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    Pride%20 Program[1] Pride%20 Program[1] Presentation Transcript

    • Travis County Sheriff’s Office PRIDE program
      People Recognizing the Inherent Dignity of Everyone
    • The first step in breaking a possible hereditary chain of incarceration is to provide stability in the lives of the children of incarcerated women.
      -http://www.nici.org/pubs/1991/period96.pdf
    • Why Design Programs Specifically for Women?
      • Between 1977 and 2004, the number of women in prison grew by 750% -- nearly twice the rate for men.
      • According to a 2004 National Institute of Justice study, 58% of incarcerated women will recidivate within 3 years and 39% will recidivate within 1 year.
      Programs targeted to women offenders can help ease the transition back into their communities and help meet many reentry challenges.
    • Pathways to Criminality for Incarcerated Females
      As children:
      Exposure to divorce/death
      Significant poverty
      Extensive emotional/physical/Sexual abuse
    • Pathways to Criminality For Incarcerated Females
      As adults:
      Struggle to provide for self and children
      Trauma and victimization
      Substance abuse
      Mental Illness
      Relationship Issues
      Homelessness
    • Characteristics of Incarcerated Females
      Physical & sexual abuse
      48% of women reported a history of physical or sexual abuse and 27% reported rape
      Poverty
      About 40% of women in state prisons were employed full-time prior to arrest, compared with 60% of men.
      Nearly 30% were receiving public assistance before arrest, compared to 8% of men.
      About 37% had incomes of less than $600 per month, compared to 28% of men.
    • Differences Between Females and Males
      Medical/Reproductive
      Parenthood
      Economic
      Victimization
      Developmental pathways-social/cultural
      Communication needs
    • Differences in Criminal Justice System
      Offense patterns different/Women enter system later
      Female primary offenses include running away and truancy
      Largest share of crime for minor property crimes and prostitution
      Not linear for females, but complex with indirect/direct factors
    • Characteristics of Incarcerated Females
      Substance abuse
      Nearly one in three women in state prisons reported committing their offense to support a drug addiction.
      Mental Health Issues
      Female inmates have higher rates of mental health problems than male inmates
      Federal prisons: 61% females, 44% males
      State prisons: 73% females, 55% males
      Local jails: 75% females, 63% males
      .
    • National Proactive and Innovative Programs
      Where are they?
    • San Francisco Sheriff’s Dept. Women’s Reentry Center
      Nearly 1,000 women per year are released from SF County Jail; 55% will be rearrested within 12 months
      To support women as they reenter their families and communities, the SF program provides women ex-offenders with transitional support services including:
      Housing assistance
      Substance abuse programs
      Employment referrals
      Healthcare
      Legal assistance
    • Cook County Sheriff’s Office Dept. of Women’s Justice Services
      Began program in 1996 due to a 92% increase in female offenders.
      Last year (2007), the Cook County jail population had a decrease in the female population. This downward trend can be attributed to the increase in women participating in the DWJS programs.
    • Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program (SFFP)
      Enables women to leave the facility and return to their homes each evening to care for their families:
      Only nonviolent offenders are allowed to participate
      Random drug screenings are conducted
      Women are fitted with electronic monitors and must remain in their homes until returning to jail each morning
    • Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program
      Mental health counseling is provided, utilizing the “Seeking Safety” curriculum
      Substance abuse treatment utilizes “Helping Women Recover” curriculum which includes lessons on Self, Relationship, Sexuality and Spirituality
      Program also includes job skills, parenting, life skills, health education and literacy
    • Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program (Chicago) PROGRAMS
      Mom’s Program
      • an off-site 16 bed community based program designed for pregnant and/or postpartum offenders and their preschool age children
      Women’s Residential Program (WRP)
      • Residential treatment program utilizing the integrated model of treatment in a modified therapeutic community setting within the CC jail
    • Development of the Travis County Sheriff’s Office PRIDE Program
      Mission Statement
      “With the intent of lessening intergenerational incarceration, the mission of the PRIDE program is to assist incarcerated Travis County women in building stronger relationships with their children and families. This is accomplished by provided the women with information addressing their physical, emotional and spiritual needs.”
    • Goal –Reduction of intergenerational incarceration and recidivism
      Objectives:
      Reduce alcohol/drug usage
      Increase trauma coping skills
      Increase bonds with children and family
      Increase re-entry success
    • PRIDE PROGRAM
      Began in February 2008,
      Includes:
      Women’s Health
      Parenting (Emotion Coaching)
      Seeking Safety (substance abuse & PTSD)
      Money Management
      Safety from Domestic & Sexual Violence
      Truth Be Told (spiritual)
      Wholly Committed (spiritual)
      Getting Connected (housing & employment)
    • Current Participant Requirements
      Be a mother
      Commit to four weeks of attending daily classes/groups
      Participant Incentives:
      certificate
      trustee upon completion
      contact visits upon completion
    • Pride Demographics
      Total of 261 women enrolled
      93 graduates of the program
    • Pride Demographics
      Graduates
      Race
      W= (52%)
      B = (12%)
      H= (36%)
      *Random sample of 55 out of the 261 total enrollment
      W=23 (42%)
      B =14 (25%)
      H =17 (31%)
      A = 1 (2%)
    • Pride Demographics
      Age
      18-25 = 24%
      26-30 = 9%
      31-35 = 20%
      36-40 = 22%
      41-45 = 11%
      46-50 = 4%
      50+ = 4%
      *10%unknown
    • Outcomes
      Majority of women will be released directly to the community
      Only 24% released to prison
    • Outcomes
      Released (of 55 sample):
      Immigration = 1
      Home/sentence completed = 9
      Home early due to jail work = 9
      By judge’s order = 1
      Home on Probation = 3
      Bond = 3
    • Outcomes
      Deferred Prosecution = 1
      Drug treatments:
      Safe P = 1
      SMART = 3
      Short = 1
      Home/Case Reset = 1
      *Remaining still incarcerated
    • PRIDE Program Topics
      Topics offered:
      Parenting
      Women’s Health & Reproductive/STD Prevention
      Relationships
      Work Skills
      Spiritual
      Money Management
      Drug/Alcohol
      Trauma Healing
      Anger Management
      Sexual Assault
      Domestic Violence
      Prostitution
    • Top Four Inmate Requested Topics
      Parenting
      Relationships
      Money Management
      Work Skills
    • Participant Comments
      Participant Comments:
      “I need help on keeping my daughter-or to learn how to discipline without hitting and to be able to maintain my bills. I have lost many homes”.
      -Cynthia
      “My last relationship was very abusive and I stayed??? Something is wrong”.
    • Anecdotal Program Findings
      What women thought they wanted upon entry of the program, did not match up to what they felt they needed after completion of the program (Drug and Alcohol Treatment and Trauma Treatment not top four requested needs, but was rated high on evaluation)
      Relationships very important before and after graduation (Parenting scored as most useful)
    • Anecdotal Program Findings
      Women listed trust and “opening up in the program” as their number one challenge (far above any educational requirements)
      Women found that the second most challenging aspect in the program was remembering and dealing with past trauma
    • Reducing Risks for Women
      Address:
      Substance Abuse
      Family/Marital
      Mental Health
      Child Abuse
      Relationship and Family Conflict
      Parental Stress
      Housing Safety
      Adult Victimization
      Employment/Education
      (Van Voorhis 2007)
    • Steps for the Future
      Offer the program to more women
      Long-term research on effectiveness of the program- with regards to recidivism and improved family relationships
      Find ways to increase visitation bonds with mothers and their children (recent books in visitation)
      Pride on the Outside (mentoring program)
      Assisting non-profits with obtaining funding
    • What is needed?
      Staff – full time counselor/resources case worker
      Interns – counseling or social work graduate students
      Curriculum (especially parenting curriculum)
      Specialized officers
      Contract educators and therapists
      Committed Volunteers
    • More Developed Visitation Program
      Children’s books donated by Travis County Sheriff’s officers
      Male and female inmates in parenting classes encouraged to take a book and read to their children
      Reading fosters children’s learning and bonding with parent
      Children never stop needing or wanting their parents
    • Visitation Reading Program
      Bexar County Sheriff’s Department runs visitation program where parents play and read to their children (in existence over 9 years)
    • Participant Comments To Make a Case for Future Funding
      “Women’s health was cancelled for the summer, but very much needed”.
      “Sometimes, it was hard to talk to the group about some of my experiences. It would be helpful to talk with someone one-on-one”.
    • “If the justice system wants people to be accountable to it, then we must be accountable to the people”
      San Francisco Sheriff’s Department Program Director, Karen Levine