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Pride%20 Program[1]

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A travis county correctional facility program for women

A travis county correctional facility program for women


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  • 1. Travis County Sheriff’s Office PRIDE program
    People Recognizing the Inherent Dignity of Everyone
  • 2. The first step in breaking a possible hereditary chain of incarceration is to provide stability in the lives of the children of incarcerated women.
    -http://www.nici.org/pubs/1991/period96.pdf
  • 3. Why Design Programs Specifically for Women?
    • Between 1977 and 2004, the number of women in prison grew by 750% -- nearly twice the rate for men.
    • 4. According to a 2004 National Institute of Justice study, 58% of incarcerated women will recidivate within 3 years and 39% will recidivate within 1 year.
    Programs targeted to women offenders can help ease the transition back into their communities and help meet many reentry challenges.
  • 5. Pathways to Criminality for Incarcerated Females
    As children:
    Exposure to divorce/death
    Significant poverty
    Extensive emotional/physical/Sexual abuse
  • 6. Pathways to Criminality For Incarcerated Females
    As adults:
    Struggle to provide for self and children
    Trauma and victimization
    Substance abuse
    Mental Illness
    Relationship Issues
    Homelessness
  • 7. Characteristics of Incarcerated Females
    Physical & sexual abuse
    48% of women reported a history of physical or sexual abuse and 27% reported rape
    Poverty
    About 40% of women in state prisons were employed full-time prior to arrest, compared with 60% of men.
    Nearly 30% were receiving public assistance before arrest, compared to 8% of men.
    About 37% had incomes of less than $600 per month, compared to 28% of men.
  • 8. Differences Between Females and Males
    Medical/Reproductive
    Parenthood
    Economic
    Victimization
    Developmental pathways-social/cultural
    Communication needs
  • 9. Differences in Criminal Justice System
    Offense patterns different/Women enter system later
    Female primary offenses include running away and truancy
    Largest share of crime for minor property crimes and prostitution
    Not linear for females, but complex with indirect/direct factors
  • 10. Characteristics of Incarcerated Females
    Substance abuse
    Nearly one in three women in state prisons reported committing their offense to support a drug addiction.
    Mental Health Issues
    Female inmates have higher rates of mental health problems than male inmates
    Federal prisons: 61% females, 44% males
    State prisons: 73% females, 55% males
    Local jails: 75% females, 63% males
    .
  • 11. National Proactive and Innovative Programs
    Where are they?
  • 12. San Francisco Sheriff’s Dept. Women’s Reentry Center
    Nearly 1,000 women per year are released from SF County Jail; 55% will be rearrested within 12 months
    To support women as they reenter their families and communities, the SF program provides women ex-offenders with transitional support services including:
    Housing assistance
    Substance abuse programs
    Employment referrals
    Healthcare
    Legal assistance
  • 13. Cook County Sheriff’s Office Dept. of Women’s Justice Services
    Began program in 1996 due to a 92% increase in female offenders.
    Last year (2007), the Cook County jail population had a decrease in the female population. This downward trend can be attributed to the increase in women participating in the DWJS programs.
  • 14. Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program (SFFP)
    Enables women to leave the facility and return to their homes each evening to care for their families:
    Only nonviolent offenders are allowed to participate
    Random drug screenings are conducted
    Women are fitted with electronic monitors and must remain in their homes until returning to jail each morning
  • 15. Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program
    Mental health counseling is provided, utilizing the “Seeking Safety” curriculum
    Substance abuse treatment utilizes “Helping Women Recover” curriculum which includes lessons on Self, Relationship, Sexuality and Spirituality
    Program also includes job skills, parenting, life skills, health education and literacy
  • 16. Cook County Sheriff’s Female Furlough Program (Chicago) PROGRAMS
    Mom’s Program
    • an off-site 16 bed community based program designed for pregnant and/or postpartum offenders and their preschool age children
    Women’s Residential Program (WRP)
    • Residential treatment program utilizing the integrated model of treatment in a modified therapeutic community setting within the CC jail
  • Development of the Travis County Sheriff’s Office PRIDE Program
    Mission Statement
    “With the intent of lessening intergenerational incarceration, the mission of the PRIDE program is to assist incarcerated Travis County women in building stronger relationships with their children and families. This is accomplished by provided the women with information addressing their physical, emotional and spiritual needs.”
  • 17. Goal –Reduction of intergenerational incarceration and recidivism
    Objectives:
    Reduce alcohol/drug usage
    Increase trauma coping skills
    Increase bonds with children and family
    Increase re-entry success
  • 18. PRIDE PROGRAM
    Began in February 2008,
    Includes:
    Women’s Health
    Parenting (Emotion Coaching)
    Seeking Safety (substance abuse & PTSD)
    Money Management
    Safety from Domestic & Sexual Violence
    Truth Be Told (spiritual)
    Wholly Committed (spiritual)
    Getting Connected (housing & employment)
  • 19. Current Participant Requirements
    Be a mother
    Commit to four weeks of attending daily classes/groups
    Participant Incentives:
    certificate
    trustee upon completion
    contact visits upon completion
  • 20. Pride Demographics
    Total of 261 women enrolled
    93 graduates of the program
  • 21. Pride Demographics
    Graduates
    Race
    W= (52%)
    B = (12%)
    H= (36%)
    *Random sample of 55 out of the 261 total enrollment
    W=23 (42%)
    B =14 (25%)
    H =17 (31%)
    A = 1 (2%)
  • 22. Pride Demographics
    Age
    18-25 = 24%
    26-30 = 9%
    31-35 = 20%
    36-40 = 22%
    41-45 = 11%
    46-50 = 4%
    50+ = 4%
    *10%unknown
  • 23. Outcomes
    Majority of women will be released directly to the community
    Only 24% released to prison
  • 24. Outcomes
    Released (of 55 sample):
    Immigration = 1
    Home/sentence completed = 9
    Home early due to jail work = 9
    By judge’s order = 1
    Home on Probation = 3
    Bond = 3
  • 25. Outcomes
    Deferred Prosecution = 1
    Drug treatments:
    Safe P = 1
    SMART = 3
    Short = 1
    Home/Case Reset = 1
    *Remaining still incarcerated
  • 26. PRIDE Program Topics
    Topics offered:
    Parenting
    Women’s Health & Reproductive/STD Prevention
    Relationships
    Work Skills
    Spiritual
    Money Management
    Drug/Alcohol
    Trauma Healing
    Anger Management
    Sexual Assault
    Domestic Violence
    Prostitution
  • 27. Top Four Inmate Requested Topics
    Parenting
    Relationships
    Money Management
    Work Skills
  • 28. Participant Comments
    Participant Comments:
    “I need help on keeping my daughter-or to learn how to discipline without hitting and to be able to maintain my bills. I have lost many homes”.
    -Cynthia
    “My last relationship was very abusive and I stayed??? Something is wrong”.
  • 29. Anecdotal Program Findings
    What women thought they wanted upon entry of the program, did not match up to what they felt they needed after completion of the program (Drug and Alcohol Treatment and Trauma Treatment not top four requested needs, but was rated high on evaluation)
    Relationships very important before and after graduation (Parenting scored as most useful)
  • 30. Anecdotal Program Findings
    Women listed trust and “opening up in the program” as their number one challenge (far above any educational requirements)
    Women found that the second most challenging aspect in the program was remembering and dealing with past trauma
  • 31. Reducing Risks for Women
    Address:
    Substance Abuse
    Family/Marital
    Mental Health
    Child Abuse
    Relationship and Family Conflict
    Parental Stress
    Housing Safety
    Adult Victimization
    Employment/Education
    (Van Voorhis 2007)
  • 32. Steps for the Future
    Offer the program to more women
    Long-term research on effectiveness of the program- with regards to recidivism and improved family relationships
    Find ways to increase visitation bonds with mothers and their children (recent books in visitation)
    Pride on the Outside (mentoring program)
    Assisting non-profits with obtaining funding
  • 33. What is needed?
    Staff – full time counselor/resources case worker
    Interns – counseling or social work graduate students
    Curriculum (especially parenting curriculum)
    Specialized officers
    Contract educators and therapists
    Committed Volunteers
  • 34. More Developed Visitation Program
    Children’s books donated by Travis County Sheriff’s officers
    Male and female inmates in parenting classes encouraged to take a book and read to their children
    Reading fosters children’s learning and bonding with parent
    Children never stop needing or wanting their parents
  • 35. Visitation Reading Program
    Bexar County Sheriff’s Department runs visitation program where parents play and read to their children (in existence over 9 years)
  • 36. Participant Comments To Make a Case for Future Funding
    “Women’s health was cancelled for the summer, but very much needed”.
    “Sometimes, it was hard to talk to the group about some of my experiences. It would be helpful to talk with someone one-on-one”.
  • 37. “If the justice system wants people to be accountable to it, then we must be accountable to the people”
    San Francisco Sheriff’s Department Program Director, Karen Levine