DD 304Design Project 1Plastic FantasticCreatively exploring the PET bottle life after use.GuideProf. Ravi Mokashi PunekarSubmitted byNitish Meena 08020514Paresh Joshi 08020515
Introduction - PET PlasticThe word plastic is derived from the Greek (plastikos) meaning capable of being shaped ormolded. PET (polyethylene terephthalate) is one of the most commonly used plastic used inbeverage, food and other liquid containers.The project talks about the use of PET plastic resource and its possible hazards. It also takesinto consideration the different aspects for optimizing its consumption and possible after uses.The project takes a leap from the recycling world into the world of reuse and tries to bring outinteresting ways by which people can incorporate used plastic ‘trash’ into their arts and otheruseful accessories.
Inspiration for the ProjectMotivation for the project was taken from the stories pertaining to the waste of plastic resource.The present people are very techy and does really bother about the limitations that we have onour resources, and that their insufficiency could possibly cause threat for future generations.Sustainability comes here as a big question to answer.We in our design project try to utilize the waste resource to make useful craft, thus evokingemotions in people of their up comings and try to make them responsible for the present.
Identification of the design spacePlastics are now such an integral part of our daily lives that virtually everything we do and muchof the food and drink we consume involves the use of plastics in some form or other. The rangeof fields and activities in which we use plastics is truly amazing from packaging, throughmanufacture of a hugely wide range of products to healthcare and agriculture. It has becomethe ultimate material for the 21st century and makes our lives possible in a way that could hardlybe imagined without it.‘Plastic Fantastic’ started off with a very broad end considering every segment of society.Insights were taken down to narrow down the design space. We have considered the 4R’s ofPlastic: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Recover. And Focus on the Reuse Part.Reuse is simply the act of finding a second (or third, or tenth or hundredth) use for a product toprolong its life. Reuse is an important step after you’ve already reduced, but before you areready to recycle.The important thing to consider when you want to reuse is that creativity is king.The creativity also provides the opportunity to be thrifty by reusing what you already have fornew, innovative purposes.As many people know, reuse is a step up from recycling. In fact, reuse is the middle-manbetween reduce and recycle, and some would be surprised at how many opportunities for reusethere really are – once you start looking for them.We’re not talking about simply covering a bottle in magazine cut-outs, sticking some flowersinside and voilà- a masterpiece vase is born. There’s more to it. Though there is always roomfor easy and fun projects, the reuse that we find most interesting is the kind you can’t tell isreused. There are some quality results that can be achieved.
Aim and objective of Study:Aim: To explore real time situations of PET bottle and providing apposite solutions for the same.Objective of Study: This project analyses the situation for PET bottle and tries to providesolutions for new ways to interact with the bottle i.e. tries to bring out interesting ways by whichpeople can incorporate used plastic ‘trash’ into their artifacts.It also tries to spread awareness among the people falling under its design space regardingsustainable design and less usage of the present limited resource.The project is taken up in two phases: • Explorations of the PET plastic industry and deriving solutions in the form of recover, recycle, reduce and reuse. • Focusing on the reuse aspect and drawing creative ideations for the same.
DATA COLLECTIONSecondary SearchThe secondary search that we undertook was in two phases:Under phase one, study of life cycle for the PET bottle was carried out, right from the process ofmanufacturing to consumption and possible after usages.Different materials were studied and among them that were or are presently used inmanufacturing of bottle, PET is the most widely used for various reasons: • It protects – preserves, secures and guarantees product hygiene and consumer health. • It stands out – flexible and clear, easily shaped into any form. • Its better – light weight, shatterproof and reclose able, it makes beverages easier to carry. • It’s recyclable – PET is 100% recyclable, and there are well-developed applications for the recycled resin.Phase two mainly included gathering information from the avaliable web resources. We visitedlinks to get statistics of usage and after use aspects of the PET bottle. Recycling aspect wasstudied in-depth.Primary SearchSecondary search was then followed by primary search in which interviews were done.Regional bottle industries were targeted and statistics were taken of the production,consumption and wastage of the material.Also it was found out that some bottling plants had recycling section separate for the scrap. Theproduction was done taking into account the demands and varied from seasons to seasons.
User StudyThe study of user involved targeting users of different age groups and varied professions.Observations sessions were done for each user at various places. Study of user’s tendencytowards the PET bottle after consuming it was looked into.Different inferences were drawn from different users. It was found out that some users collectthe old scrap of bottle and then return it to plastic industry while some others use the scrap tomake their general house items, which indeed in useful but also very playful.The whole exercise ‘reuse of refuse’ was studied for user. Reusing aspect was taken as themajor topic of discussions.Study of the present systemThe present system study is as follows: • Less than 1 percent of all plastics is recycled. Therefore, almost all plastics are incinerated or end up in a landfill. • Recycled plastic bottles can be made into products such as clothing, carpeting, detergent bottles and lumber for outdoor decking. • Producing new plastic products from recycled materials uses two-thirds less energy than required to make products from raw (virgin) materials. It also reduces greenhouse gas emissions. • Plastic bottle recycling schemes currently operates in over 430 local authority areas. • The majority of plastic bottles are made from PET or HDPE. • Recycling a single plastic bottle can conserve enough energy to light a 60W light bulb for up to 6 hours. • On average, every household uses 500 plastic bottles each year, of which just 130 are recycled. • 11% of household waste is plastic, 40% of which is plastic bottles. • Up to 40% less fuel is used to transport drinks in plastic bottles compared to glass bottles. • Plastic packaging uses only around 2% of all crude oil produced.InferencesOn analysis from the statistics and observations, several inferences were drawn. 1. The amount produced is much greater than the amount recycled. 2. PET is 100% recyclable but due to less of recycling options, much is down cycled. 3. From around the world, many awareness programs and experiments are going on for optimizing the waste and creating better options for the use of resource.Much of the waste produced out of the PET bottle was either land filled, littered or incinerated.Drawing conclusion, plastic industry is here to stay, we cannot replace the resource, neither canwe create more recycling options, so now it depends on us to become conscious about it andstart thinking over the most less thought off ‘reuse of refuse’.
FORMULATION OF NEW DESIGN BRIEFThe new design brief brings the apposite solutions in the form of reuse aspect of PET. Hencethe formulated design brief is as follows:Creatively exploring the PET bottle life after use.
CREATIVE IDEATIONNow that the basic frameworks were established in terms of the redesigned project brief and theuser study surveys, creative ideation part aimed to explore the form of bottle and realize thepossible new solutions in the form of products applying the basic mathematic principles ofaddition, subtraction, division and multiplication and different materialistic properties of PET.
DELIVERABLESThe final deliverables of the project are a line of products for all age groups made from the PETplastic bottle. Also, a step by step guide for reference to these products containing line drawingsand step wise instructions.
Scope for future developmentThe idea of reuse can be implemented at larger levels through campaigns and workshops tocreate awareness among the society for the use of PET bottle, and how they can make ‘reuseout of refuse’. This can heavily influence the way people behave with PET.Also, a simple step of introducing line drawing of any product which can be made out of bottlecan be printed along with the usual graphics on the bottle itself. This can be a clever act as itgoes around the natural human behavior and does not try to be preachy.References 1. http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=plastic+reuse 2. http://www.designboom.com/eng/education/pet/designers.html 3. http://earth911.com/news/2009/06/08/360-recycling-plastic-bottles/ 4. http://www.greenlivingtips.com/articles/100/1/Reuse-vs-recycle.html 5. http://www.crookedbrains.net/2009/12/interesting_19.html 6. http://www.ehow.com/how_2186733_recycle-bottle-caps.html 7. http://plastics2020challenge.com 8. http://scribd.com Books 1. Making it 2. Principles of Forms and Design 9. Universal principle of Design