The ability approach has many advantages in the assessment of emotional intelligence. However, how do we score an emotional ability test? Are there actually right and wrong answers? Indeed, there are! However, there are some abilities, and some questions, which do not have correct answers.
When we score the MEIS using all 3 criteria, we generally find that the scoring methods agree with each other. That means that there are better and worse answers for these test items. However, we also only use those test items that do have clear answers. Lastly, we have found that a combination of consensus and expert scores yield the best results. This is how the MEIS is scored.
Could you please add some text highlighting the differences in EQ-I in regards to age. This also can be done on another slide.
The ability to learn or understand or to deal with new or trying situations : the skilled use of reason
The cognitive abilities of an individual to learn from experience, to reason well, and to cope effectively with the demands of daily living.
"Intelligence, as a hypothetical construct, is the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment” - Wechsler What is Intelligence?
What is Intelligence? Although experts differ on an exact definition of intelligence most agree that intelligent behavior has at least two components: 1. The ability to learn from experience. 2. The ability to adapt to the surrounding environment.
Factors of General Intelligence Tests 1. Verbal Comprehension - vocabulary, verbal analogies 2. Number -- mathematical operations 3. Space - visual-spatial and mental transformation 4. Associative Memory -- rote memory 5. Perceptual Speed -- quickness in noticing similarities and differences 6. Reasoning - skill in inductive, deductive , and math problems
Non-Ability Factors’ Role: "…individuals with identical IQ's may differ very markedly in regard to their effective ability to cope with their environment…It is not possible to account for more than 50% to 70% of the intertest correlational variance after all recognizable intellectual factors are eliminated. This leaves any where from 30% to 50% of the total factorial variance unaccounted for. It is suggested that this residual variance is largely contributed by such factors as drive, energy, impulsiveness , etc." - Wechsler What is Emotionally Intelligent Behaviour?
Where Did the Concept of Emotional Intelligence Come From?
In 1983, Gardner first published his theory, derived from extensive brain research, on Multiple Intelligence including intrapersonal (self awareness/self management) and interpersonal (relationship awareness/management)
Reuven Bar-On (1988) has placed EI in the context of personality theory, specifically a model of well-being
Peter Salovey and John Mayer first proposed their theory of emotional intelligence (EI) in 1990 and defined it
Goleman (1995-2003) has popularized the concept of emotional intelligence and formulated EI in terms of a theory of job and work performance
“ I look upon intelligence as an effect rather than a cause, that is, as a resultant of interacting abilities - nonintellective included. The problem confronting psychologists today is how these abilities interact to give the resultant effect we call intelligence."
Emotional intelligence involves the “abilities to perceive, appraise, and express emotion; to access and/or generate feelings when they facilitate thought; to understand emotion and emotional knowledge; and to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth”
Components [of emotional intelligence]…are best tested by sampling a person’s actual ability at the task – for example, by having them read a person’s feelings from a video of their facial expressions.” (Goleman, 1995).
MSCEIT is an ability based measure designed to assess Emotional Intelligence.
It is a performance based scale, meaning it measures how well an individual performs tasks and solves emotional problems - instead of simply just asking individuals for their subjective assessment of their emotional skills.
It was developed from an intelligence testing perspective.
What Is Emotional Intelligence? 1 2 3 4 5 1. No Happiness 1 2 3 4 5 2. No Fear Extreme Happiness Extreme Fear How much is each feeling below expressed by this face?
INSTRUCTIONS : How much is each feeling expressed by this picture? 1. Happiness 1 2 3 4 5 2. Sadness Ability Accurately identify emotions in people and objects How the Ability May Be Used "Read" people's moods for feedback.
Generate an emotion and solve problems with that emotion
How moods impact thinking; relating feelings to thoughts
How the Ability May Be Used
Creating the right feeling to assist in problem solving, communicating a vision, leading people.
1. What mood(s) might be helpful to feel when meeting in-laws for the very first time? a. tension 1 2 3 4 5 b. surprise 1 2 3 4 5 c. joy 1 2 3 4 5 Not Useful Useful Ability Generate an emotion and solve problems with that emotion How the Ability May Be Used Creating the right feeling to assist in problem solving, communicating a vision, leading people.
Being able to predict how people will emotionally react.
Tom felt anxious, and became a bit stressed when he thought about all the work he needed to do. When his supervisor brought him an additional project, he felt_______________. 1. a. overwhelmed b. depressed c. ashamed d. self-conscious e. jittery Ability Understand the causes of emotions How the Ability May Be Used Being able to predict how people will emotionally react.
Indicate effectiveness of various solutions to problems.
How the Ability May Be Used
Integrate emotion and thought to make effective decisions.
Debbie just came back from vacation. She was feeling peaceful and content. How well would each action preserve her mood? 1. Action 1: She started to make a list of things at home that she needed to do. Action 2: She began thinking about where and when she go on her next vacation. Action 3: She decided it was best ignore the feeling since it wouldn’t last anyway. a) Very ineffective b) Somewhat Ineffective c) Neutral d) Somewhat Ineffective e) Very Ineffective )
Scoring an Ability Test of Emotional Intelligence
An intelligence implies that there are better and worse answers or responses.
Problem with the ability approach:
Is there a right way to feel?
Indeed, there are emotional issues that cannot be measured this way!
What’s the “right” response to someone shouting?
Scoring an Ability Test of Emotional Intelligence
Split-Half Reliabilities of the MSCEIT (Odd-even split; N = 1,985) Source: Mayer, Salovey, Caruso, & Sitarenios (2003), Emotion
In Two Large-Sample Studies (N > 1700), Confirmatory Factor Analyses Show Good Fits for the 1, 2, and 4 Factor Models
T MSCEIT is Essentially Independent of the Following Tests (N’s > 100): r = .00 to .35 Self-report Scales of EQ, optimism, empathy Sources: Bracket & Mayer, in press; Caruso, Mayer, & Salovey, 2002; Ciarrochi, Chan & Caputo, 2000; Mayer, Caruso, & Salovey, 1999; Roberts, Zeidner, & Mathews, forthcoming; Salovey, Mayer, Caruso,& Lopez, in press. r = .00 to .35 Big Five Personality Scales r = .00 to .40 Intelligence Tests
Low Scores on the MSCEIT Predicted these Negative Aspects of Relationships: r = .20 to .46, p < .001 Higher ratings of aggression by peers at school Sources: Brackett & Mayer, in press; Brackett, Mayer, & Warner, under review; Formica, 1999; Trinidad & Johnson, 2001; Rubin, 2000; N = 48. r = .15 to 24, p < .05 More alcohol and tobacco use r = .21 to .40, p < .05 More fights, drug use