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Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
Thesis report Nitish Kumar
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Thesis report Nitish Kumar

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Dear viewer, Thank you for your interest. for any kind of query or suggestion, please contact me at the E-mail: niti4ever@gmail.com

Dear viewer, Thank you for your interest. for any kind of query or suggestion, please contact me at the E-mail: niti4ever@gmail.com

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  • 1. Thesis / Terminal Project Bachelors in PlanningGENERATING PUBLIC SPACE THROUGH CANAL FRONT DEVELOPMENT: VIJAYAWADA CITY May 2012By: Main Guide:Nitish Kumar M. V. Sarma,Reg. No. 20802000122008 - 2012 Co-Guide: Asst. Prof. Bhaskar Gowd S. Department of Planning School of Planning & Architecture, Vijayawada Under the Ministry of Human Resource development, Government of India.
  • 2. (To be on Printed on SPAV Letterhead) CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the thesis titled “GENERATING PUBLIC SPACE THROUGH CANAL FRONT DEVELOPMENT: VIJAYAWADA CITY”, has been submitted by Mr.Nitish kumar (Reg. No. 2080200012, Batch 2008-12) at the Department of Planning,towards partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor’s Degree in Planning. This is a bonafide work of the student. ………………………………. …………………….………………. Dr. Ayon K. Tarafdar Main Guide: Head, Department of M. V. Sarma Planning Retired Assistant Planner VGTM UDA …………………………………….. Co-Guide: Bhaskar Gowd S.Date: 22nd June 2012 Assistant Professor Department of PlanningSeal: i
  • 3. UNDERTAKINGI, Mr. Nitish Kumar, the author of the thesis titled “GENERATING PUBLIC SPACETHROUGH CANAL FRONT DEVELOPMENT: VIJAYAWADA CITY”, hereby declarethat this is an independent work of mine, carried out towards partial fulfillment ofthe requirements for the award o the Bachelor’s Degree in Planning at theDepartment of Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada. The workhas not been submitted to any other organization / institution for the award of anyDegree/Diploma. ………………….………………. Nitish Kumar Reg. No. 2080200012 2008-2012 Bachelor of Planning Department of Planning Date: 22nd June 2012 ii
  • 4. DISCLAIMERThe content produced in the thesis report is an original piece of work and takes dueacknowledgement of referred content, wherever applicable. The thoughts expressedherein remain the responsibility of the undersigned author and have no bearing onor does not represent those of School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada. ……………………….………………. Nitish Kumar Reg. No. 2080200012 2008-2012 Bachelor of Planning Department of Planning iii
  • 5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI have completed my thesis for bachelor degree with the help of my faculties, govt.authorities, my dearest friend and family members, without their this work was liketo search water in the desert.First and foremost I offer my sincerest gratitude to my Main guide, M.V. Sarma, andco-guide, Bhaskar Gowd S., who have supported me throughout my thesis.I thank to the HOD of planning department Dr. Ayon K. Tarafdar and thesiscoordinator Mr. Valliapan AL sir for his valuable suggestion, precious time for thediscussion and his support in completion of this thesis.I would like to thank to the officers/staff of VGTMUDA, VMC and Irrigationdepartment who helped me in the secondary data collection.I would like to express my gratitude to my friends and special thanks to Mr. SurajKumar, Mr. Amber Anand, Mr. Ajay Kumar, Mr. Rashid MKC, Mr. Rajiv R. Nair, Mr.Ashish Mohan, Miss. Sonika Rajput, Miss. Harshbir Kaur Dhaul and all my friends fortheir possible support in primary data collection and their suggestion to completethis thesis.I would like to thank to computer lab in charge Mr. Suresh and Mr. Mallesh toprovide all printing materials on time and to Mr. Durga for his help.Finally I offer my sincerest gratitude to my parents and brothers for their love andtheir support which helped me to cross all the hurdles coming in my successfuleducation life. iv
  • 6. ABSTRACTVijayawada, Class 1 city having a population of 10, 48.000 (Census 2011) is the fastgrowing and the 3rd largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh spread over the area62 km2, spreading along northern side of the River Krishna.There are three canals in Vijayawada municipality namely Eluru canal, Ryves canaland Bandar canal. For the study purpose Ryves canal has been taken among 3 canalsof the city. The purpose of the study is to generate more open space for the citypeople. Since as in the master plan 2021, only 0.61% (i.e. 38 Ha) of total municipalarea was used for recreational purpose by 2004 and 3.33% (i.e. 205.82 Ha) of totalmunicipal area will be used for recreational purpose by 2021.For the study, measurement survey on the land available along the canal berms hasbeen carried out and different analysis like Landuse analysis, accessibility analysisand area analysis have been done. After that land allocation on the basis of differentactivities has been done.Along the Ryves canal common issues and problems were found like canal berms areconverted in to a dump yard, berms encroached upon by poor people, stagnatedwater in canal becoming breeding grounds of mosquitoes, flies and other insects.This polluted canal water goes to agricultural land for irrigation purpose. Over allone can say that instead of giving benefit to the city people, canals are the cause forthe degrading city environment. It is also the cause of health issues occurring amongthe city people.After this study total available land for the development along the canal is 37.17 Hawhich includes 9.9 Ha of land as reclaimed land and rest land includes vacant land,developed parks and encroachments. Recreational area will increase by two times(i.e. from 38 Ha to 75.17 Ha) in other words recreational area will be 1.2 % of thetotal municipal area, in the proposed recreational space there will be 5% ofincrement. Other than this city would not have hazardous settlements along theRyves canal, recreational spaces and some economic generating activities would beincreased. This canal can be the medium for the social integration (i.e. integration ofpeople coming from different region, religion, cast etc.). This development will alsopromote pedestrian movement by reducing the use of motorized vehicle. v
  • 7. CONTENTSCertificate iUndertaking IiDisclaimer iiiAcknowledgements ivAbstract vContents viList of Tables viiiList of Figures viiiList of Plates ixChapter 1: Introduction 11.1 Importance of public space in urban areas 11.2 Canal front development 21.3 Introduction of Vijayawada 2 1.3.1 About the Vijayawada city 2 1.3.2 Location of Vijayawada city 2 1.3.3 History 3 1.3.4 Geography arrangement 3 1.3.5 Climatic condition 31.4 Canals of Vijayawada 41.5 Growth of the city 5Chapter 2: Research Background 62.1 Need of the research 6 2.1.1 Lack of Recreational area 6 2.1.2 Underutilization of canal berms 6 2.1.3 Canal: causes of Disease of Vijayawada 7 2.1.4 Scorching summer climate 72.2 Potential of the city 72.3 Issues and Problems 8Chapter 3: Aim, Objective and Methodology of the study 113.1 Aim 113.2 Objective 113.3 Methodology 12Chapter 4: Literature study 134.1 Kuching waterfront, Sarawak, Malaysia 134.2 Sabarmati river front development, Ahmadabad city, India 144.3 Floating Market, Bangkok 17 vi
  • 8. 4.4 Conclusion 18Chapter 5: Identification of the Potential Government land 195.1 Canal details 195.2 Surrounding Landuse detail along the canal 205.3 Existing Recreational area 225.4 Reason behind the selection of Ryves canal 225.5 Delineation of the study area 23 5.5.1 Existing area classification under the delineated study area 23 5.5.2 Existing slum settlements within the delineated area 26 5.5.3 Rehabilitation plan by VMC for the existing slum along Ryves canal 27 5.5.4 VAMBAY Scheme 29Chapter 6: Analysis 306.1 Perspective behind the proposal 306.2 Available land along the canal for development 326.3 Slum Settlement analysis along the Ryves canal 41Chapter 7: Proposals and Recommendations 427.1 Perspective behind the land allocation 427.2 Potential of developable land for different activities 427.3 Comparison: Existing Landuse vs. Proposed Landuse 457.4 Proposed activities: permitted and non-permitted 467.5 Overview of cost estimation 47 7.5.1 Market value of available land along the canal 47 7.5.2 Cost estimation for the land development 487.6 Boating in canal 497.7 Recommendation 50 vii
  • 9. LIST OF TABLESNo. Table Title Page No.1.1 Hydraulic particulars of all canals 42.1 Comparison between Vijayawada and Raipur city 65.1 Hydraulic particulars of all canals 205.2 Collection of revenue from the parks: Vijayawada 225.3 Stretch wise area calculation of Ryves canal 255.4 Stretch wise slum detail 265.5 Detail of Jakkampudi housing project (under JnNURM) 286.1 Proposed activities and their benefits for recreation purpose 316.2 Stretch wise area classification of land along the Ryves canal 336.3 Slum rehabilitation within the study area 417.1 Proposed area classification 447.2 Compared situation before and after the project 457.3 Proposed activities classification 467.4 Market value of available land along the canal 2011-12 477.5 Overview of the cost estimation for the land development 48LIST OF FIGURESNo. Figure Title Page No.1.1 Location of Vijayawada 21.2 Canal network 43.1 Methodology diagram 125.1 Canal network 195.2 Surrounding Landuse detail along the Ryves canal 215.3 Existing area classification under the delineated study area 245.4 Percentage distribution of available land 255.5 Slum settlements along the Ryves canal 275.6 Location of Jakkampudi housing 285.7 Location of VAMBAY Colony project 296.1 Perspective diagram for proposal 306.2 Area classification without retaining wall: Existing 346.3 Area classification after retaining wall: Existing 346.4 Area analysis 356.5 Area analysis 366.6 Area analysis 376.7 Area analysis 386.8 Area analysis 396.9 Area analysis 407.1 Perspective diagram for land allocation 427.2 Identification of Potential land for the Development 437.3 Area classification: proposed 447.4 Proposed design of access point to the canal 49 viii
  • 10. LIST OF PLATESNo. Figure Title Page No.2.1.A Direct dumping of solid waste on the berms 92.1.B Direct dumping of solid waste on the berms 92.2.A Direct discharge of black water 92.2.B Direct discharge of city sewage 92.2.C Direct discharge of household waste 92.3.A Encroached shops 92.3.B Encroached shops 92.4.A Slum houses close to electric sub station 102.4.B Slum houses under the high tension line 104.1 Cross section of the developed land, Kuching waterfront 134.2 Proposed public space along the Sabarmati River Ahmadabad 154.3 Vibrant activities for recreation along Sabarmati river 164.4 Informal markets along the Sabarmati River 164.5 Klong Lad Mayom Floating Market, Bangkok 174.6 Bang Phli Floating Market, Bangkok 174.7 Floating Market, Damnoen Saduak, Thailand 18 Note: All photographs (plates) have been taken by the author unless until it is not mentioned. ix
  • 11. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 1 Chapter 1: Introduction1.1 Importance of public space in urban areas Urban area is more vibrant in terms of activities. Because of urbanisation,cities having high population densities, there is busy life, heavy traffic movement onroads, polluted urban environment, people having packed schedule. To minimise thestress full life of city dwellers it is necessary to have open spaces where people canspend some leisure time out of their busy or tiring life. Public places are the places where public communication and socialinteraction among large numbers of people occur. Their main role is being loci ofsocialization in the city and also they are the stages where alternative publiccultures perform in the public realm of the city. They are dynamic urban spaceswhich are always subjected to transformations of the city and its inhabitants. Space created for public use where people can enter for individual or publicinterests without social discrimination. If well organised, it will help to enhancecohesion of community life, positively change the public behaviour, and increase thecommunity awareness, promote individual identity and have a certain degree oflocal cultural meanings. Definition of public space: « Public space is, by definition, space used by those who do not individuallycontrol it » (Habraken, 1998) « The space that appears to the whole community » (Drummond, 2000) « The place that all residents have the right to use » (PuMiao, 2001) In conclusion, public spaces function as an element that links the places andpeople. Public spaces are always shared in use by the whole community.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 1
  • 12. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 1 1.2 Canal front development Before knowing canal front it is necessary to know what is waterfront. The answer is ‘’land abutting a body of water’’, water body can be pond, canal, river, ocean etc. in the same way the land abutting a canal is known as water front. To make canal front more active for the city people in terms of different activities is known as canal front development. 1.3 Introduction of Vijayawada 1.3.1 About the Vijayawada city It is the 3rd largest city of Andhra Pradesh, spread over 61.88 sqkm, with population of 10, 48,000 as per the Census- 2011 It is well connected by Air, domestic airport located at Gannavaram. It is the head quarter of South-Central railway and busiest and biggest railway station situated along Chennai-Howrah and Chennai-Delhi rail route. It is also well connected by road network to the rest of the nation by NH-5, NH-9 and NH-221. 1.3.2 Location of Vijayawada Figure1.1Source:http://www.24point0.com Source:http://maps.google.co.in Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 2
  • 13. Generating ublic Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 11.3.3 History Settlements started during 5th or 6th A.D around the Indrakiladri hill. Historytells that the vengi, chola, chalukya, kakathiyas&muslimdynesties gave theircontribution in the growth of city around the hills near Krishna River. In 1800 A.D.britishers came and they constructed railway bridge across the River Krishnasubsequently in 1855 they constructed Prakasham barrage & three canals forirrigation and navigation purpose and the rail bridge over the river Krishna in 1892.During 1888, Vijayawada was constituted as a Municipality and became MunicipalCorporation in 1981.Today NH-5, NH-9, Krishna River and three canals (namely Eluru canal, Ryves canaland Bandar canal) are the backbones of the development of urban sprawl ofVijayawada.1.3.4 Geography arrangement Vijayawada city is surrounded by the Krishna River on the southern side andby the Budameru River on the north. The northern and north-western parts of thecity are covered by a low range of hills, while the central, south-western and north-eastern parts are covered by rich and fertile agriculture lands with three majorirrigation canals. The topography of Vijayawada is flat, with a few small to mediumsized hills. Three canals originated from Krishna River run through the city. Due tothe presence of the Krishna River the soil around here is very fertile and cultivatedintensively. Slope of the city is from west to east direction.1.3.5 Climatic condition The climate is tropical, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate, with hotsummers and moderate winters. The peak temperature reaches 47 °C (117 °F) inMay–June, while the winter during december and january maximum temperature isabout 29 °C and minimum temperature is about 19 °C. The average humidity is 78%and the average annual rainfall is 103 cm. Vijayawada gets its rainfall from both thesouth-west monsoon (from June to September) and north-east monsoon (October toNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 3
  • 14. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 1December). Its nicknamed "Blaze-wada" for its scorching summer heatby CattamanchiRamalinga Reddy.1.4 Canals of Vijayawada There are three canals originating from the northern side of the Prakashambarrage reservoir, namely Eluru canal (~7.5 KM), Bandar canal (~8KM) and Ryvescanal (~7 KM), run through the city. The Prakasham Barrage and canal channelswere constructed in 1855 for the irrigation & navigation purpose.Figure 1.2: Canals Network: Eluru canal Krishna main canal Ryves canal Bandar canal KRISHNA RIVER source:Google earthTable 1.1, Hydraulic particulars of all Canals: Name of the Length within Width Depth Discharge inSl no. canal Municipal limits (m) in m. in m. CUSECS K.E. Main canal 1,000 58.00 5.00 10,600 1 Eluru canal 7,500 18.29 3.63 1,643 2 Ryves canal 7,000 32.00 3.97 5,236 3 Bandar canal 8.000 24.38 3.68 5,007 Source: Irrigation Department, Vijayawada.There is a Prakasham barrage reservoir on the Northern bank of the River Krishna;from this reservoir Krishna eastern main canal is originated further this canalNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 4
  • 15. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 1divided in two three canals namely Eluru, Ryves and Bandar canal. Now a days thesecanals are using for irrigation purpose only.1.5 Growth of the cityThe growth of the town during 1855 AD was along the bank of River Krishnaabutting Indrakiladri hills around the temple of Lord Malleswara. During 1905 AD,the growth started along the canals and areas abutting Indrakiladri and Gandhi hills.The city grew further along the three canals with more growth along the Bandarroad. As the city grew further along the Eluru roads towards Gunadala hills, becauseof better infrastructure and transportation facilities, it added many of thesurrounding villages and the area of jurisdiction of the municipalities has increasedfrom around 30 sqkm in 1888 to 58 sqkm in 2004.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 5
  • 16. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 2 Chapter 2: Research Background2.1 Need of the Research2.1.1 Lack of Recreational area As per the size of the city, it comes under the category class-I city. But as seenfrom the Zonal development plan-2021, approved for Vijayawada city zone (withinmunicipal corporation limits as on 2006) there is lack of open spaces; only 3.33% oftotal area was shown for recreation purpose since no government lands available.Hence, to overcome the shortage of open space within corporation limits, it isidentified that the city is having potential for development of recreation space interms of the area under canals berms since 3 canals are passing through the city. Comparison with UDPFI: according to UDPFI 20-22% area of the large cityshould be used for the recreational purpose. In comparison to Raipur city, Vijayawada city is having very less percentageof recreational area i.e. it will be only 3.3 % as per the Master plan 2021. Table 2.1, Comparison between Vijayawada and Raipur Sl no. Population Total area Recreational area % Source area Raipur 1064045 10276 Ha 2168 Ha (21.1 %) CDP 2006-13 38 Ha. (0.61%) in 2004, Master planVijayawada 10,48,000 6188.10 Ha 205.82 Ha (3.33%) in 2021 2021 Note: Recreational spaces in Raipur: 211 Ha per 1000 persons; and in Vijayawada: 0.2 Ha per 1000 persons.2.1.2 Underutilization of Canal berms The present scenario is such that the canal berms instead of giving benefits tothe city, they became major cause for degrading the city environment as the canalsare polluted due to the solid waste & sewage coming from city households as well asslums located on canal berms. Open berms are used by poor people for defecation asNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 6
  • 17. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 2well as they are using this berms for their living. Due to the lack of enforcement oflaw, poor people has encroached open land which is the major cause of forminghazardous slums along the canal berms. These slum people are directly dischargingblack water to the canal.2.1.3 Canal: Cause of Diseases Due to the waste disposal, water get polluted which is the major cause oftransmitted diseases i.e. diarrhea, malaria, filariasis, dengue fever, yellow fever etc.during off season stagnated water also the major cause for the breeding ofmosquitoes & flies. This polluted water goes to agricultural land for irrigationpurpose. While canal is being used for drinking purpose in downstream beyond theMunicipal Corporation limits. Source: Health Department, Vijayawada Municipal Corporation2.1.4 Scorching summer climate Since the climate is tropical wet and dry, with hot summers and moderatewinters, city becomes heat island. Its nick name is ‘’Blaze-wada’’ for its scorchingsummer heat. People hesitate to spend some leaser time due to the lack ofrecreational area. Source: Master Plan of Vijayawada- 20212.2 Potential of the city City is bounded by Krishna River in southern side, Indrakiladri and Gunadalahills in western and eastern side respectively. Due to these natural barriershorizontal expansion of the city is limited. Even though Vijayawada city is fastestgrowing city in the state of Andhra Pradesh due to the presence of three canals, NH5, NH 9 and its good road network. All these three canals can participate in the citygrowth after giving some following consideration. 1. Krishna River and three canals (namely Eluru canal, Ryves canal and Bandar canal) passing through the city are the backbones of the development of urban sprawl of Vijayawada.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 7
  • 18. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 2 2. Land abutting canals can be developed for the recreation purpose for the city people. 3. Availability of water in the canal is around 9 to 10 months in a year which can be used for boating. 4. Plantation and maintenance of berms can create fresh environment. 5. Easily accessible through roads. 6. Developed canal front can attract people from commercial and residential zones for their recreation purpose. 7. Since, Ryves canal is having high depth and widest canal among all available canals; it can be used for boating purpose.2.3 Issues and Problems Due to the lack of waste management system, vacant land along the canal isused as a dumping site. Generally dumping wastes are coming from shops,households and small scale industries. There is direct discharge of city sewage in tothe canals. Poor people are using canal berms for open defecation or forconstruction of small huts for their livelihoods. Poor people are encroached canalberms for the settlements. These slums are considered as hazardous slum by VMCauthorities. These slums are prone to flood. Other than these problems there are some environmental issues like Canalcreates unhygienic environment due to the degradation of organic waste existing inthe canal and canal also becomes a breeding of mosquitoes, flies etc. Flooding of roads by sewage occurs due to encroachment, silting and solidwaste dumping on the drainage channels, which leads to the canals in the city. The drains empty themselves in to the canals polluting the canals and alsothe environment along the canals.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 8
  • 19. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 2 Plate 2.1.A: Direct dumping Plate 2.1.B: Direct dumping of solid waste on the berms of solid waste on the berms Plate 2.2.A: Direct discharge Plate 2.2.B: Plate 2.2.C: Direct discharge of black water Direct discharge of household waste of city sewagePlate 2.3.A: Encroached shops (small Plate 2.3.B: Encroached shops (tailor,carpenter shops, blacksmith, painter bicycle repair shops, electronic shops, shops etc.) garment shops, book shops etc.)Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 9
  • 20. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 2Plate 2.4.A: Slum houses close to Plate 2.4.B: Slum houses under electric sub-station the high tension lineNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 10
  • 21. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 3Chapter3: Aim, Objective and Methodology3.1 Aim Enhance the share of public spaces by effective utilization of availablegovernment land along the canal by restoring the natural canal waterfront:Vijayawada3.2 Objectives 1. Identification of the potential government land along the canal 2. Creation of usable open space for recreational purpose 3. Identify the suitable recreational facilities to be proposed on the developed land3.3 Methodology Vijayawada as the case area has been selected because there are three canals.After that selection of stretch has been done based upon the width, location,surrounding activities etc. than area was delineated to carry out the study, in datacollection has primary survey and secondary data collection has been done. Afterthat in analysis mapping, identification of issues and problems, area analysis,surrounding Landuse analysis has been done. In next stage after identification ofstrategies proposal has been given. The Proposal consists for the development ofland along the canal and the potential identification for different activities. Main ideabehind the proposal is to provide vibrant recreational activities to the city people.Mainly proposal based for pedestrian and ecofriendly use of activities.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 11
  • 22. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 3 FIGURE 3.1 METHODOLOGY DIAGRAMBasis: Location, Width, Depth, Identification of potential govt. Selection of Case Area land Surrounding Landuse, Delineation of Canal Fronts Creation of usable Recreational Aim & Objectives (Land available in between space canal and adjacent road)Mapping: Landuse detail, Area Identification of suitable Selection of Stretch activities for developed land analysis, Ownership & Encroachments details Identification of Issues & Data Collection Primary (Landuse survey, Problems measurement survey) Secondary (data collection fromUnder utilization of land, Waste Analysis Irrigation dept. VMC, VGTMUDA, disposal, Encroachments, Revenue dept. Health issues etc. Proposals Construction of Recreational Revenue Generation Pedestrian lane Navigation Retaining Wall Areas Activities Commercial shops, Advertisements, Parks, Gardens, Footpath, Land filling Gaming Zones, Bar & Restaurants, Tree farming Jogging sport centerNitish Kumar (Regd. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 12
  • 23. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4 Chapter 4: Literature Study4.1 Kuching waterfront, Sarawak, MalaysiaProposed landscape redevelopment for commercialriverside marketplace along Jalan Gambier (Source: http://fabserver.utm.my) Plate no 4.1 Cross section of the developed land, Kuching waterfrontKuchings waterfront is asignificant commercialarea where tradingactivities concentratedalong Main Bazaar andGambier Street areas onthe south bank, with theAstana and Malay villagesaround it on the northbank of Sarawak River.This project studies thelandscape redevelopmentof the riversidemarketplace to revitalizethe environment forcommercial, recreationand tourism benefits. Themarketplace serves as Source: http://fabserver.utm.mypublic realm that displayslocal characters and helps to promote the place to outsider. However, the issue ofduplication and homogenization of waterfronts have result the development do notfits well into the city and meets the needs of the people. Moreover, the marketplacefaces traffic congestion, poor facilities and illegal structure construction, whichNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 13
  • 24. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4disturbs the visual quality of the place. The main objective of this redevelopmentproposal is tostrengthen the commercial and recreational activities which reflects character,social, culture and identity of the place. The design considers visual character andquality of the place as a riverside marketplace. Social and cultural events andfestivals as well as history and architecture of the place are the important aspects ofthe design. The design concept is festive market which represents the positivecultural traits, trading activities for seasonal and diurnal times displaying a varietyof daily and local products in the colonial buildings, Chinese shop houses and alsothe new amenities provided. The master plan comprises of three zones includingtransition area, dry market and wet market that reflects different characters andfunctions in each location. The design applies a metaphor of ripple originating at asquare (Teluk Sampan) and the development spreads to east and west in Dayak artmotives. The wet market is comprised of meat and vegetable markets and atraditional market. At the traditional market the spatial arrangement is derived fromlonghouse architecture where the apartment and loft stand for the market historicbuilding, the gallery (Ruai) and (Barok) stand for the semi open market stores, andthe deck (Tanju) stand for the open spaces towards the river. In addition, theextension bridges enclosed the jetty that served as viewing platform and linkage tothe promenade. Finally, the lookout tower as a focal point at (Teluk Sampan)allowed viewing vistas to all over the waterfront compound. This project willrevitalize the waterfront, enhance the quality of life and meet the demand of healthyenvironment for public involvement.4.2 Sabarmati river front development, Ahmadabadcity, India (Source: www.sabarmatiriverfront.com)The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project began as an urban renewal projectto significantly improve the spatial structure and habitat conditions of the river andadjoining areas. This project aims to transform Ahmedabad’s historic yet neglectedriver into a vibrant and vital focus for the city.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 14
  • 25. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4The development project encompasses both banks of the Sabarmati for a 10.5 kmsStretch, which creating approximately 185 hectares of reclaimed land. The projectincludes water management systems to minimize flooding in traditionally flood-prone areas and to clean up the Sabarmati with new sewage treatmentinfrastructure. A key element of the project is a new linear two-level promenade.Plate no: 4.2 Proposed public space along the Sabarmati River Ahmadabad Source: http://www.sabarmatiriverfront.comThe Riverfront Development reclaims the banks of the Sabarmati, making the entirestretch of river publicly accessible. The project provides more than ten kilometers ofuninterrupted pedestrian promenade on each bank and public Ghats for directaccess to the water.Land reclaimed by riverfront development will largely be allocated for free and openpublic use; more than 85% of riverfront land will become public infrastructure,recreational parks, sports facilities, and vast new gardens.Parts of these public areas will include new space for cultural and civic institutions:including museums, monuments, performance venues, and exhibition space tosignificantly enhance the availability of civic amenities.The Sabarmati Riverfront will also permanently upgrade iconic informal markets,create vibrant new spaces for residents and tourists to converge, attend outdoorevents, participate in water-related recreation, and enjoy leisure activities.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 15
  • 26. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4Plate no. 4.3 Vibrant activities for recreation along the Sabarmati River Source: http://www.sabarmatiriverfront.comThe Sabarmati Riverfront Project will enhance the distinctive character ofAhmedabad, significantly improving the quality of life for residents and enhancingAhmedabad’s value as a destination for new employers, institutions, investment,education opportunities, and tourism.Plate no. 4.4 Informal markets along the Sabarmati River http://www.sabarmatiriverfront.comThe riverfront project creates intrinsic value for all residents of Ahmedabad bymaking the banks of the Sabarmati free and accessible to the public. The river bankswill evolve continually, adapting to the diverse interests of a rapidly transformingcity.Slum residents on the riverbed, once vulnerable to seasonal flooding, are beingrehabilitated under direct supervision of the High Court of Gujarat, to permanent,titled housing units in communities within Ahmedabad city limits. The project is alsoNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 16
  • 27. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4creating infrastructure to provide more organized facilities to informal markets thatdrive local trade.4.3 Floating Market, Bangkok (Source: http://www.bangkok-city.com/shop/floatingmarket.html)Established more than 150 years ago by Chinese traders, the traditional floatingmarket at Bang Phli is still going strong. Unlike some other examples in Thailand,this floating market has managed to escape the pressures of tourism and remainclose to its roots. Rather than cheap souvenirs and Western snacks, visitors will findtraditional Thai food here, as well as locally produced fruit and vegetables and otherfood products. Not many Westerners make it to the Bang Phli Floating Market, andthis remains a real gem for visitors who are searching for the "real" Thailand. Plate no. 4.5 Klong Lad Mayom Plate no. 4.6 Bang Phli Floating Floating Market, Bangkok Market, Bangkok Source: http://www.bangkok-city.com Source: http://www.bangkok-city.comNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 17
  • 28. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 4 Plate no.4.7 Floating Market, Damnoen Saduak, Thailand Source: http://www.masterfile.com/stock-photography4.4 ConclusionAfter the study of all above case areas, it is clear that water bodies can be used forsocial purpose, along the Ryves canal vibrant activities can be developed for publicuse, which includes waterfront parks, pedestrian lane, markets, some activities forthe generation revenue, boating etc. Development of land along the Ryves canal willhelpful in social integration, cultural development, can change the character of thecity.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 18
  • 29. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 5 Chapter 5: Identification of the Potential Government Land5.1 Canal details:The Prakasham Barrage and canal channels were constructed in 1855 AD for theirrigation & navigation purpose.Krishna River section has been divided in to twosection A) Krishna Eastern bank river section and B) Krishna Western bank riversection. From Krishna western bank river section, Buckingham canal is originatingwhich goes to Chennai and from Krishna bank river section three canals areoriginating i.e. Eluru canal (~7.5 KM), Bandar canal (~8KM) and Ryves canal (~7KM), run through the city.Figure 5.1: Showing Canal Network: Source: google earthNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 19
  • 30. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 5Table 5.1, Hydraulic particulars of all Canals: Name of the Length within Width Depth in Discharge inSl no. canal municipal limits (m) in m. m. CUSECS K.E. Main canal 1,000 58.00 5.00 10,600 1 Eluru canal 7,250 18.29 3.63 1,643 2 Ryves canal 7,000 32.00 3.97 5,236 3 Bandar canal 6,600 24.38 3.68 5,007 Source: Irrigation Department, Vijayawada.Among all three canals Ryves canal is having highest depth, width and with highestwater discharge, this canal is passing through the core area with major land use i.e.Residential and commercial Landuse (Figure 5.2). This canal is accessible by roads.Parcel of lands along the canal is occupied by slum people5.2 Surrounding Landuse detail along the RyvescanalOne town and two town area is known as major retail commercial zone in the city.Autonagar is known for workshop and production of Automobiles. ResidentialLanduse is dominant in the other parts of the city (Figure 5.2). Due to the presenceof hills and Krishna River in southern part city has limited land for the expansion ofthe city or one can say that presence of hills and Krishna River restrict the growth ofVijayawada even though this city is politically active and 3 rd largest city of the state.Three canals namely Eluru, Ryves and Bandar canal and NH 5 & 9 are the backbonefor the growth of the city. Among all three canals, Ryves canal is passing through thecore area of the city with major Landuse of commercial and Residential. Maximumlands abutting canal is either occupied by slums or used as dumping place. Few plotsare developed as park which is not properly maintained. Total length of the canalcoming under municipal area is around 7 km: which can be divided in to three zones(Figure 5.2) under which around 2 km of canal length is passes through the majorcommercial zone; around 2.2 km of canal is passes through residential zone and rest2.8 km length is mainly occupied by slum people. This canal is accessible by roads.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 20
  • 31. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 5 RAJARAJESWARI PETA LP No 5/87 CARMEL NAGAR KEY MAP FRIZER PET KEDA RESW ARAPET RO AD RAILWAY QTRS L.P NO 4/91 LP NO 11/2004 SURROUNDING LANDUSE DETAILS ALONG THE RYVES CANAL ELUR U CANA L AYODHYA NAGAR LP No 45/89 NIDAMANURU ELURU CANAL 35/83 PLANNING ZONE LP No 171/77 GOVERNMENT ELUR U CA PRESS NA L LOTUS LAND MARK DISAFFORESTED 29/83 16/91 HILL LP NO 11/2004 MADURA NAGAR DON BOSCO SCHOOL LP No 35/74 LOTUS LAND MARK RAGA MM ELURU CANAL ASTA N RO 84/81 AD RLY COMM. HALL WYNCHPET ST RE ET MA DH URA R.P.F L JU NA GA TRAINING NA RA R RA CENTRE RU CA G.S SATYANARAYANA PURAM ILW AY RESIDENTIAL DOMINANT ZONE U GA TE EL RO AD A RYVES CANAL TO KOLKAT LP No 6/91 RAILWAY QUARTERS L.P NO 14/86 RAILWAY SCHOOL LP No 93/81 LP No 94/81 ELURU ROAD SATYANARAYANA PURAM RYVES CANAL ALONG THE LP No 3/91 AD RO A D Y RO LP No 156/77 FRIUT MARKET DD UR U RE LP No 92/81 L.P NO 7/91 EL C.K 5 SMASANA RAMGOPAL NH VATIKA THEATRE AD ELURU ROAD RO JU RA ROAD G.S RCM CHURCH LP No 23/80 A.P.S.E.B HULUGANA PATH I RA PANT PARK RYVES CANAL ZONE: BERMS OCCUPIED LP No 31/88 BUIRAL GROUND VIJAYAWADA O ST REET RAO AD GUNADALA BY SLUM PEOPLE A RO SWAR Y RE DD S CA NAL ZONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN NAGE C.K RYVE HINDI COLLEGE 6/93 GANDHI HILL GANDHI STUPAM NA L S.R.R & C.V.R COLLEGE CURRENCY NAGAR 172/78 130/79 EXISTING LAND USE MAP AD CA Y RO AD P RO U TH UR MUR RAILWAY STATION EL SAM BA E.S.I HOSPITAL CURR B.R. ENCY ISLAMPET INDIAN EXPRESS AD NAGA RO RM JU AIN NAL RO RA LEGEND S CA 17/81 AD G.S RYVE GANDHI NAGAR 432/79 N.T.R HEALTH UNIVERSITY ONE 280/80 37/82 POLICE QTRS RO AD 13/83 HULU 6/87 PA PANT 53/84 D O IS A RA AD SWAR U RO TOWN TR EE NAGE ELUR T ROAD JAIN COMPLEX ANDH RA RA TNA 21/87 LP No 1/98 39/84 42/80 CITY/TOWN BOUNDARY LP No 17/91 ROAD 348/79 C4-4153/90 RTHY LP No 16/86 A MU KURMAIAH SAMB HIGH SCHOOL ELUR U RO AD 71/81 372/78 C1-2731/96 WARD BOUNDARY LP No 351/79 NAL LP No 5/2001 S CA RYVE LP No 298/80 LP No 97/80 80/67 V.M.C GORA PARK GUNADALA HILL LP No 59/80 47/79 3/94 LANDUSE BOUNDARY HANUMANPET LP No 170/77 LP No 15/86 LP No 152/79 AUTOMOTIVE MANUFACTURES -UDA 168/80 ROAD AL VGTM D N ELURU ROA 18/69 CA 357/79 4/83 U LP No: 44/77 UR AD 89/80 EL M RO LP No 147/79 ET MRO e Offic LP No 15/85 RAILWAY LINE STRE LP No 1/79 MUSEU 95/63 26/86 VETERNARY 42/80 IRAM LP No 68/79 LP No 44/80 D T OA DEPO RU R T ROAD BUS PET ELU COLONY CANAL MAND LP No 336/79 NAL RNOR S CA GOVE RYVE 513/79 BESEN GOVERNER PET LP No 224/78 LP No 368/78 M RAMA AL LP No 8/87 SPIT LP No 29/84 LP No 368/78 AH GOVT DENT AL HO LP No 29/78 TWO TOWN MOGALRAJAPURAM RCM CHURCH LP No 2/82 LP No 386/78 LP No 343/78 LP No 456/79 AN AD U RO AD 461/79 BRIDGE PRAK LP No 60/81 AS AM RO J.D HO AD LP No 104/80 5 5/93 SPITA AY L ROAD WATER BODY LP No 223/78 LP No 4,5/80 HW LP No 42/73 LP No 6/76 HIG O ROAD LP No 258/78 LP No 230/79 PRAK ASAM LP No 22/86 L LP No 211/80 ROAD NA LP No 30/83 COMMERCIAL DOMINANT TIO LP No 8/88 DRA RA ROAD LP No 65/84 NA RESIDENTIAL LP No 62/78 BHARATHI NAGAR 307/80 LP No 389/78 LOYOLA COLLEGE AKAL GOVT. AYURVEDIC LP No 376/79 LP No 369/78 CHAN PRAK 119/66 LP No 87/82 ASAM LP No 38/92 ZONE ALONG THE RYVES AD HOSPITAL GOPALA 51/81 ROAD RO LP No 35/78 REDDY DORN M LP No 27/83 LP No 386/78 RA LP No 6/90 ROAD RAMA PU APSRTC BUS STAND E SE TH UR AJU LP No 30/80 LP No 24/87 LP No 382/78 LP No 36/80 LP No 5/2004 MIXED RESIDENTIAL LP No 11/91 RAGAVAIAH CANAL LP No 52/73 K RE GRAVE YARD I.T.I LP No 328/78 LP No 175/79 LP No: 15/72 LP No 82/76 LP No 262/78 LP No 320/78 LP No 131/79 LP No 240/78 LP No 153/79 COMMERCIAL LP No 3/94 PARK R.C.M CHURCH ROAD LP No 11/87 LP No 259/78 LP No 17/84 LP No 96/79 PIN LP No 8/96 LP No 107/63 NA MADU GARDENS M HILL ACHA LP No 76/81 BA ND AR CA AN E NI RO RY A RA NGA STRE LP No 7/79 EDUCATIONAL NA AD ET C1-1893/96 L C1-265/97 GOVERNMENT LP No 4/93 BURIAL GROUND C1-1729/95 RC.C1-1056/95 10/67 I.T.I LP No 2/89 LP No 132/79 LP No 27/89 PUBLIC & SEMI PUBLIC AMERICAN HOSPITAL 91/70 C2-371/2002 LP No 9/85 LP No 48/79 NA T IO A.I.R LP No 69/79 INDUSTRIAL NA C4-1489/92 LH LP No 4/65 4/90 SBI COLONY I.T IG MUNCIPAL .I R LP No 9/92 HW KRISHNA LANKA AY 9 TP No 46/66 STADIUM & COMPLEX OA D GOVERNMENT RECREATIONAL OL LP No 113/78 POLYTECHNIC SCHO 56/73 HA LP No 324/78 LP No 309/79 MAH LP No 30/83 OPEN SPACE HART ATM LP No: 22/74 A GA ND LP No: 97/76 HI RO SIDD AD LP No 11/84 22/87 290/79 MONTESSORI COLLEGE VETERINARY LP No: 93/72(22/87) HOSPITAL SIDDHARTHA COLLEGE AGRICULTURAL AREA POLICE PARADE 121/78 GROUND 3/80 377/79 PIN V.M.R.R.M.C.S UP SCHOOL NA M AN BURIAL GROUND STELLA 2/79 67/81 EN IP OL AUTONAGAR Y POLICE MPL. EMPLOYES COLONY CL IN COLLEGE BANDAR CANAL 318/78 IC QUARTERS MPL. EMPLOYES COLONY RO 58/79 72/81 A D 10/86 350/78 245/80 FUN TIME CLUB LABBI PET 107/79 V.G.T.M URBAN DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY 14/91 41/78 LP No 25/84 409/79 15/79 LP No 41/74 LP No 2/93 31/86 RC-C4-3115/92 AUTO NAGAR 300/79 409/79 VIJAYAWADA 29/81 NIRMALA HIGH SCHOOL C1-4968/92 63/80 I DH 65/68 C1-2686/97 129/79 408/79 CHALASANI NAGAR AR 61/81 316/78 AV LP No 108/63 RG 365/80 DU 353/80 , 1/81 339/80 NEW N VICE CHAIRMAN. Sd /- Y.S.PRASAD KA TP No 44/50 KRISHNA RIVER 50/80 3/84 NA BSNL KRISHNA RIVER BENZ CIRCLE PA POSTAL COLONY KA BA NT 168/78 ND AK 73/78 AR CA NA BRINDAVAN COLONY TP No 36/76 R T C COLONY AL AV AR OA L D 325/78 PANT 12/94 A KA LAVA 334/78 ROAD EENADU PRESS STADIUM PLANNING OFFICER. Sd /- T.RAMACHANDRAIAH 128/79 23/03 51/79 28/81 168/78 ASST.PLANNING OFFICER. Sd /- CH.V.SAMBASIVA RAO LP No 29/88 Scale 2.5cm = 200 meters or 1 : 8000 LP No 3/88 LP No 265/78 JUNIOR PLANNING OFFICER. Sd /- G.NAGESWARA RAO 200 Meters 0 200 400 Meters PATAMATA 150 100 50 AD RO ADM Sd /- K.VENKATESWARA RAO OL NATURE CURE HOSPITAL HO & AVADUTA ASRAMAM SC MA H HA SURVEYOR Sd /- P.V SATYA NARAYANA HIG LP No 15/91 TM AG AN DH IR N.S OA D AADM Sd /- R.RAMANA REDDY .M N.S.M SCHOOL SC H OO AADM Sd /- E.SRINIVASA RAO LR OA D KRISHNAVENI COLLEGE LP No 215/79 ATTESTED I NA CHIEF PLANNING OFFICER EN LP No 352/79 CH BAND TO AR CANA L Nitish Kumar (Regd. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 21
  • 32. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 55.3 Existing Recreational areaAs per the Zonal development plan-2021, approved for Vijayawada city zone (withinmunicipal corporation limits as on 2006) there is lack of open spaces; only 3.33% oftotal area is under recreation. As per the UDPFI Guidelines it should be 20 to 22% ofthe total area.Vijayawada has 30 parks with an extent of 19.58 Ha. There are three commercialparks in the city rest of them are not up to the standards and their maintenance isalso poor.Table 5.2: The Collection of Revenue from the Parks: Vijayawada:S.No. Name of the Park Area (Hectares) Collection (Rs Per Annum) 1 Dr.K.L.Rao Park 4.32 194412 2 Rajiv Gandhi Park 9.8 1117078 3 Raghavaiah Park 4.94 311984 Total 1623474 Source: Vijayawada Municipal Corporation, ZDP 2021The highest economy generating park in Vijayawada city is the Rajiv Gandhi Parkwhich contributes about 69% of the total income as it is located near the Bus stand.5.4 Reasons behind the selection of Ryves canalAmong all three canals, Ryves canal has been selected for the development ofavailable government land abutting the canal 1. This canal transverses the city. 2. This is the widest canal among all three canals 3. This canal runs parallel to Eluru road along which major commercial & residential activities are happening 4. Maximum commercial activity is concentrated along the canalNitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 22
  • 33. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 5 5. Highest depth among the canals 6. Highest discharge of water 7. Available land along the canal accessible by roads Note: Refer Figure 5.25.5 Delineation of the Study areaFor the development of land abutting canal, different land use has been identified i.e.vacant land, encroached land and developed land along the canal. Most importantthings have been found that all lands are available either in between the canal andadjacent road or in between canal and pure residential area. As per the existing landuse along the canal, area has been delineated for study purpose according to thefollowing considerations: 1. Land which comes in between existing roads (running parallel to the canal) and canal berms. 2. At some locations plot boundary of pucca residential plots has been considered for delineation.5.5.1 Existing area classification under the Delineatedstudy areaUnder the delineated area there are four types of land use i.e. land for circulation,vacant land is used for dumping, encroached land under slum and developed parks.In area calculation circulation area has not considered. There would not be anyintervention in circulation area. (Figure 5.3)Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 23
  • 34. CANAL DISCHARGE ELUR U CAN AL DIRECT DISCHARGE OF RAMVADPADU ELURU Chapter 5 OF SLUM SEWAGE & RLY. STATION CITY COVERED BERMS Figure 5.3: Existing area classification under the Delineated study area: WITH SOLID SEWAGE WASTE SATYANARAYANA PURAM MADHURANAGAR K KUTCHA ROAD IN TEMPORARY TOILET/ N LEGEND RAILWAY STATION BRTS BETWEEN SLUM HOUSES & PEOPLE ARE CROSSING SURROUNDING LAND USE BOUNDARY Ryves canal BRIDGE G DIRECT DISCHARGE OF RAILWAY QUARTERS R BOUNDARY WALLELURU CANAL THE CANAL L BLACK WATER J RR IDO M RYVES CANAL STUDY AREA MADH O EL URAN BRID BRTS CORRIDOR SC HEART HOSPITAL UR LURU R OAD GE CHILDREN PARK T AGAR U BR RO AD E E AD LANDUSE BOUNDARY RO RU G G ELU ROAD G K HOTEL RING ROAD/RAVALPADU 5 SMASANA temple NH VATIKA E JUNCTION MARY CHURCH, ELURU ROAD RAMGOPAL RAILWAY LINE GUNADALA HILL G VACANT LAND THEATRE AD ELURU ROAD A.P.S.E.B CANAL BRIDGE RO U UR EL WATER BODY VACANT LAND WITH A BARBER SHOP RE I RESIDENTIAL E RUCTU BERMS USED AS DUMPING SITE F ST ION O LISH HEART HOSPITAL CLOSE TO MIXED RESIDENTIAL EMO ER D E AFT NAL BRTS CORRIDOR LAND E S CA RAG PICKER NEAR DIRECT WASTE KUTCHHA HOUSE HOUSES NEAR TO RAILWAY TRACK PEOPLE INVOLVED IN GAMBLING ANT RYV HINDU COLLEGE COMMERCIAL VAC DISPOSAL AT BERM TO CANAL BERM H S. R. R. & C. V. R. COLLEGE E EDUCATIONAL PARK CANAL BED COVERED WITH SOLID WASTE G PUBLIC & SEMI PUBLIC E ROA D SLUMS ALONG THE SOUTHERN SIDE OF THE STRETCH HIJ E THY MUR UNORGANISED CAR SAM BA POTENTIAL: coarse by construction of retaining wall, reclaimed INDUSTRIAL PARKING VEHICLE SHOWROOM STREET WITH BUSY COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY INOX THEATRE ES C ANA L G 1. Since this canal passes through the city with major land can be generated for the further development. P-2 RECREATIONAL GANDHI NAGAR G G RYV Commercial & Residential zones, Canal berms can SLUM SETTLEMENTS RYVES LOCK G be developed for Recreational purpose, so that 6. Normal water level in the canal is 2 M during June VACANT SPACE G people can spend some leisure period. to March (~ 10 months in a year), so there is a ENCROACHED SHOPS THATCHED ROOF HOUSES DIRECT ENTRY TO THE CANAL HOUSES UNDER HIGH TENSION 2 WAY ROAD (USED BY ALL TYPE INOX THEATRE LINE potential for Navigation through the canal. OF MOTORISED VEHICLES) VMC GORA F 2. Canal berms are encroached by slum settlements, 1 WAY ROAD (USED BY BUS>3W>2W>CAR) PARK CANAL AS AAT AR NA R OAD G OBSERVATIONS: after rehabilitation of slums, berms can be developed 7. Due to the dominancy of Commercial & Residential ROAD (USED BY 2W> CARS> PEDESTRIANS>CITY BUSES & TRUCKS WASTEANDHR DUMPING SITE THY ROA D TEMPLE 2W PARKING 1. Municipal is not showing intrest in waste management due to which canal became a waste dumping site. for recreation purpose. Landuse, average land value along the canal is Rs. COLLECTOR ROAD (USED BY PEDESTRIANS> 2W) G UR BA M KURMAIAH E ILLAPURAM HOTEL SAM P-2 HIGH SCHOOL 2. 40% of the land along the canal is occupied by slum people. 40,000/- per square meter. LOCAL ROAD E RYV ES C ANA L 3. Since canal is passes through the area with DURGA KALA G 3. Developed parks are not well maintained. dominant Landuse & high density, there is more E HANUMANPET P-2 MANDIR V.M.C GORA PARK KRISHNA DIST. 4. Canal is accessible through roads. chance of getting users. D FIRE OFFICE UNORGANIZED 2W PARKING HOUSES CLOSE TO ELECTRIC SUB-STATIONVIJAYAWADA SLUM SETTLEMENTS RAILWAY STATION VG T G M-U DA LENIN CENTRE 5. Commercial & Residential activities are dominent along the canal. 4. Whole Canal is accessible through road network. G P-2 ENCROACHED COMMERCIAL MROe G 6. Due to the lack of proper management canal bacame the breeding place of Mosqutoes & flies due to stagnated SHOPSAL AN UR U C G Offic RAVALPADU Jn. ELECTRIC SUB-STATION 5. Minimum & Maximum width of the canal is varying EL GOVT. GENERAL HOSPITAL OT AD waste water during the off season (april to july). from 40 M to 60 M, so after stream line the water BUS DEP RU RO GOVERNER PET COMMERCIAL ET ELU ANA L G RP O SHOPS TEMPLE SC ERN YVE GOV MUNICIPAL R L G PITA 2W PARKING AT KRISHNA DISTRICT FIRE AUDITORIUM HOS TAL VT D EN G LENIN CENTER OFFICE GO BENZ ONE TO WN BR IDGE C G CIRC LE BESENT ROAD, ZONE FOR RETAIL MARKET SCALE nitish kumar school of planning and Generating Public Space through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City 200 Meters 150 100 50 0 200 400 Meters reg. no. 2080200012 architecture, P-2 b. planning, viii semester, vijayawadaG BAN DAR CAN ENCROACHED COMMERCIAL SHOPS CLOSE TO THE BERM 24 ALAPSRTC BUS STAND
  • 35. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 5 Table 5.3, STRETCH WISE AREA(Sq.m)CALCULATION OF RYVES CANAL Stretch Unused Vacant Parks & Land forsl no. Encroachments Name land Gardens Development 1 CD 10070 7051 2341.35 19462.35 2 DE 7592 3282 2429 13303 3 EF 11522 8175 15834 35531 4 FG 13056 0 11262 24318 5 GH 17914 7651 647 26212 6 HI 26498 0 6006 32504 7 IJ 18362 0 8177 26539 8 JK 6349 0 8619 14968 9 KL 2078 0 13916.5 15994.5 10 LM 12536 0 17704.86 30240.86 11 MN 18029 0 15643.78 33672.78 144006 26159 102580.49 272745.49 Total (35.58 acres) (6.46 acres) (25.35 acres) (67.39 acres) Source: Primary surveyNote: Encroachments includes Residential, Mix Landuse, Slum settlements,Commercial, Public & semi-public, Temple & Parking space coming under study area. Figure 5.4, Percentage distribution of available land Encroachments 38% Unused Vacant land 53% Parks & Gardens 9% 91 % of total available land is unused along the canal. Only 9% of land is used for public purpose as a park and garden. Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 25
  • 36. Generating Public Space Through Canal Front Development: Vijayawada City Chapter 55.5.2 Existing Slum Settlements within the delineated areaRyves canal is easily accessible; passes through the commercial and residential zoneand availability of government land. These factors are responsible for the generationof livelihood to the poor people. Because of these factors poor people have beenencroached the land abutting canal. There are around 9000 poor people living in ~8Ha of government land along the canal. This settlement has been seen all along thecanal. Slum settlements are shown in Figure 5.5 and details of Slum are given in thefollowing Table 5.4.Table 5.4, Stretch wise slum details Slum occupied areasl no. Stretch Population DU (sqm) 3 EF 5793 660 193 4 FG 6885 780 229 5 GH 2996 339 100 6 HI 6006 692 200 7 IJ 8177 926 272 8 JK 6851 776 228 9 KL 13074 1481 435 10 LM 17704.86 2005 590 11 MN 13966.05 1632 465 Total 81452.91(20.12 acres) 9291 2713 Source: Rajiv Awas Yojana, Vijayawada Municipal CorporationNote: in these slums; house hold size is 3.4 persons and per DU area is ~30 sqm, butsettlements are spread over ~8 Ha of government land. These slums can berehabilitated and government land can be used for public purpose.Nitish Kumar (Regn. no. 2080200012; B. Planning; Batch: 2008-2012) 26
  • 37. Slum Name : Ryves canal Hutting North & South from Dal Mill Slum Code : 256 Chapter 5 Figure 5.5: Slums located along the Ryves canal Mad hur To aN aga r ELU RU CAN AL Area : 23.81 ha Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet H.No.: Toilet H.No.: 44-14/4-69 44-14/4-66/5 G+1 To Madura Nagar Toilet Toilet Toilet H.No.: 44-14/4-66/3 ELURU CANAL Toilet G+1 H.No.: H.No.: 44-14/4-68 44-14/4-13/1 OPEN OPEN OPEN Toilet H.NO.: Temple G+1 Toilet OPEN 44-14/4-193 H.No.: 44-14-3- A H.NO.: Toilet G+2 H.No.: G+1 65 44-14/4- 5 44-14- G+2 H.No.: G+1 44-14-3-16 NCPE-N14 G+1 H.No.: 44-14-3- A H.No.: H.No.: Open 44-14-9/17A 44-14-3-21 H.No.: G+1 G+1 44-14/3-17/1C Toilet To H.No.: G+1 Madura Nagar H.No.: 44-14-3-17/9 OPEN G+1 44-14-3-17/3 H.No.: G+2 44-14/3-17/2 G+1 G+1 H.No.: H.No.: H.No.: 44-14/4-56 44-14/3-17/1 44-14-3-17/30 H.NO.: Temple H.No.: 49-2-98 G+1 H.No.: G+1 H.No.: 44-14/4-52/3 44-14/3-17/3 44-14/3-15/3 H.No.: 44-14/4-51 Open Open Toilet OPEN Toilet H.NO.: Church Toilet 49-2-80 H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-82/A NCPE-N13 44-14/4-42 N.D.:49-2-77 H.NO.: G+1 Church 44-14/4-42 H.NO.: 44-14/4-164 H.NO.: 44-14/4-163 To H.NO.: Madura Nagar 44-14/4-54B lipatnam Toilet Toilet Toilet H.No.: Toilet H.No.: 44-14-1-24 Toilet Toilet H.NO.: 44-14/4-42A H.NO.: 44-14/4-157 To Macha H.No.: H.NO.: H.No.: 44-14-1-22 H.No.: Toilet 44-14-1-21 H.No.: 44-14/4-43C Toilet 44-14-1-19A 44-14-1-28-2 H.NO.: H.No.: 44-14-1-27B 44-14/4-41/48 Toilet Toilet Toilet H.NO.: 44-14 -70 1 Toilet 49-2-46 (G+1) Toilet H.No.: 44- 14 -14 1 Toilet H.No.: Toilet Toilet 44-14-1-28-3 H.NO.: 44-14/4-4/42 H.No.: Toilet 44-14-1-32A H.NO.: H.No.: 49-2-50 44-14 -9/1 1 Toilet Toilet H.NO.: Toilet 4 44-14/4- 42 A H.No.: H.NO.: 21-17-26 H.NO.: 44-14/4-4/149 Toilet Toilet G+1 44-14/1-40 ELU To Toilet Electrical GATE H.No.: Tower Madura Nagar H.No.: H.No.: 44-14-1/4 44-14-1/4 44-14-1/2 RU Mad Toilet H.NO.: 44-14/4-129 u To agar CAN ra N G+2 H.NO.: NCPE-N12 GATE H.No.: Toilet 49-2-42 H.NO.: H.NO.: Open 49-2-100 44-14-1/2 44-14/1-52/1 H.NO.: Toilet H.NO.: ANAL Toilet 49-2-100 AL H.NO.: 49-2-100/1 Toilet OPEN 44-14/1-52 ELURU C H.NO.: 49-2-106 Toilet Toilet Toilet H.NO.: 49-2-38 H.NO.: H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-33 49-2-110 H.NO.: 49-2-32 44-14-58 H.NO.: 44-14-59 H.NO.: L H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-31/A H.NO.: NA 44-14-60 H.NO.: 49-2-35 H.NO.: 49-2-34/4 44-14/1-63 H.NO.: 49-2-31/C 49-2-34/3 H.NO.: CA 49-2-124 H.NO.: 44-14/1-65 H.NO.: VES H.NO.: H.NO.: H.NO.: 44-14/1-69 44-14/1-73 49-2-32 49-2-33 Electrical H.NO.: Tower RY H.NO.: 49-2-135 H.NO.: 49-2-136 Toilet H.NO.: 49-2-137 H.NO.: 49-2-138 49-2-139 H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-145 44-14/4-38 H.NO.: Church H.NO.: H.NO.: 44-14/4-38 H.NO.: 49-2-18 49-2-147/1 L 49-2-17 A RYVE S CAN NCPE-N21 H.NO.: Open Toilet 49-2-13 S CAN RYVE H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-11 Shop Tea Shop 49-2-11/1 Shop H.NO.: ion AL H.NO.: 49-2-9 H.NO.: 49-2-8 49-2-167 H.NO.: H.NO.: t H.NO. Sta H.NO.: 49-2-164 49-2-162 49-2-163 44-14/4-101 H.NO.: H.NO.: 49-2-3 H.NO.: 44-14/4-17/1 y Temple Kirana H.NO.: 49-2-168 H.NO.: wa H.NO.: 44-14/4-14 Shop 49-2-2 H.NO.: H.NO.: 44-14/4-98 il 44-14/4-8 49-2-170 H.NO.: Ra Temple H.NO.: 49-2-175 44-14/4-17 To To lab i Tho tha H.NO.: 44-14/4-74 H.NO.: 49-2-179 Gu H.NO.: 49-2-187 AL H.NO.: