Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids)
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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids)

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(aids) Presentation Transcript

  • ACQUIREDIMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME(AIDS)
  •  AIDS is caused by a virus known as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) A person infected with HIV often have no symptoms of the disease therefore infect others without knowing it
  • A • ACQUIRED –means that it is the result of contact with a source external to the personI • IMMUNE • DEFICIENCY-describes theD condition which impairs the body’s ability to protect itself against disease • SYNDROME-a group of signs orS symptoms which result from a common cause or appear in combination to present a clinical picture of a disease
  • Through sexual activityThrough bloodExposure to contaminatedinstruments(parenteral)from mother to fetus prenatally, atbirth, or via breast milk(perinatal)
  •  Coughing or sneezing Sharing cups, plates and other eating utensils Sharing water or food Handshakes, touching or hugging Using the same toilet Insect bites
  • Sore throatFeverNight sweatingFatigueColdNausea
  • Outer envelope proteinTransmembrane protein Lipid membrane Matrix proteinMajor capsid proteinRNA protease Reverse transcriptase integrase
  • Avoid casual sex partners and unprotectedsexNever share injecting needlesMedical personnel should take appropriateprecaution to prevent potential transmission gain enough knowledge on HIV/AIDSDo HIV screening test
  •  AIDS is caused by HIV. Although scientist have been searching for vaccine to protect people from HIV infection since 1983, they have had no success so far. The only effective prevention strategies all closely relate to the means by which people contract HIV. HIV infection and AIDS are not uncontrollable conditions. We can reduce the risks of infection by taking precautions against HIV/AIDS.
  •  Gary P. Wormsen, W.D AIDS and other manfestations and HIV infection. Library for Nurses, Volume 1(Basic information on AIDS). CDC Health for International Travel, Gary W. Brunette, MD, MS.