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Mineral notes
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Mineral notes

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  • 1. Name:__________________________ Date:_______________ Earth Science Rabbi Goldberg Minerals I. Introduction a. The lithosphere is made of one or more _____________________________________________________ i. Called _____________________ b. All Rocks are ______________________ i. Monominerelic – ________________________________ ii. Polymineralic- a _________________________________ II. Minerals a. Minerals i. Are naturally occurring, inorganic crystalline solid materials with definite chemical composition, structure, and specific physical properties ii. Scientist have discovered ___________________________ ________________________________________________ iii. Around 12 ______________________________________ iv. These minerals are nicknamed ___________________ III. Characteristics of minerals in rocks a. Minerals can be made up ______________________________________________________ IV. The most abundant ( plenty of ) element is a. _________________________ b. The second is ____________________________________ V. How can we tell what type of mineral were are looking at? a. Minerals are identified based upon physical and chemical properties i. ________________________ ii. ________________________ iii. _______________________ iv. _______________________ v. ______________________ vi. _____________________ b. Color i. __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __ 1. _______________. ii. This is most minerals _________________________________ _________________________________________________ c. Hardness i. Hardeness- __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ 1. Moh’ Scale of Hardness
  • 2. a. List 10 minerals ________________ i. #1 is talc with is the softest mineral ii. #10 is diamonds which is the hardest mineral b. By using this list ________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ _ i. For example if ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ __ 1. Answer is ______ 2. Streak a. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ _ b. The color of the mineral ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 3. Luster a. If you would look at the __________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ _ b. It might shine like metal _________________ ______________________________________ i. it might not shine like metal and ________________________________ ________________________________ _ 4. Cleavage vs. Fracture a. Lets say I would break a mineral i. ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ___ ii. If the mineral has __________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ 5. Crystal formation
  • 3. a. This depends on _____________________ ___________________________________ i. Is the mineral _____________________ ________________________________ ii. Two mineral with ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ ___ 6. Specific gravity a. The ratio of the weight of a mineral to equal volume of water b. A mineral with specific gravity 3.0 will be 3x heavier then the equal volume of water c. Specific gravity = density 7. Special Properties a. _____________________________________ i. Calcite will ____________________ ______________________________ ii. Halite _________________________ iii. Magnetite – ____________________ VI. Mineral Properties a. Minerals are __________________ i. The atoms inside __________________________________ ii. Two mineral ___________________________________ ________________________________________________ 1. Graphite and diamonds _________________________ ____________________________________________ a. Diamonds are under ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ____

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