Genetic applications
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
764
On Slideshare
764
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Genetic Applications By Rabbi G.
  • 2. Vocabulary
    • ____________- any change in the base sequence of an organism DNA
    • ____________- Process of making a group of genetically identical offspring from the cells of an organism
    • _____________- transfer of gentic information from one organism to another
  • 3. Genetic research
    • Is the fastest growing fields in science
      • Two very common areas if genetic research are
        • Cloning
        • Genetic Engineering
  • 4. Cloning
    • Process of making a group of genetically identical offspring from the cells of an original organism
    • This is great in agriculture
      • Plants with great qualities can be produced over and over gain from one plant
  • 5. Cloning II
    • We have cloned animals also (very early stages of research)
      • Dolly tehsheep was the first succeful adult animal clone
      • They clone from the fetal ( baby in womb) cells
  • 6. Genetic Engineering
    • Genetic information being passed from one organism to another
      • This forms recombinant DNA ( re combine)
      • New genes can be transferred to the organism through this process
  • 7. Genetic Engineering II
    • It has been very successful in taking humans genes and transferring them into certain bacteria
      • They then let the bacteria grow and then treat certain disorders such as
        • HGH – helps with height
        • Insulin – Diabetes etc..
      • Eventually, they hope to cure many more disabilities through this process
  • 8. Selective Breeding
    • There are ways that scientist can improve, produce, and maintain new varieties of animals and plants
      • AKA
        • Artificial selection
          • Inbreeding
          • Hybridization
          • Vegetative propagation
  • 9. Inbreeding
    • Is mating ( getting together) two closely related individuals
      • This method is used to make sure that the off spring are homozygous ( have the same genotypes) for most traits
    • The drawback to interbreeding is the fact the organisms are so closely related some rare recessive traits to come out.
      • Therefore people who interbreed do not continue with organisms that have shown these recessive traits.
  • 10. Hybridization
    • As we stated before selective breeding of plants is very common to get eth best plants and cops possible.
      • Farmers would take two similar crops ( one with great fruit and other with other great) traits and put them together
      • The plant or fruit would have a greater market value
    • When two closely related species are crossed the off spring are called hybrids