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Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
Genetic applications
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Genetic applications

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  • 1. Genetic Applications By Rabbi G.
  • 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>____________- any change in the base sequence of an organism DNA </li></ul><ul><li>____________- Process of making a group of genetically identical offspring from the cells of an organism </li></ul><ul><li>_____________- transfer of gentic information from one organism to another </li></ul>
  • 3. Genetic research <ul><li>Is the fastest growing fields in science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two very common areas if genetic research are </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cloning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic Engineering </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Cloning <ul><li>Process of making a group of genetically identical offspring from the cells of an original organism </li></ul><ul><li>This is great in agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants with great qualities can be produced over and over gain from one plant </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Cloning II <ul><li>We have cloned animals also (very early stages of research) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolly tehsheep was the first succeful adult animal clone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They clone from the fetal ( baby in womb) cells </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Genetic Engineering <ul><li>Genetic information being passed from one organism to another </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This forms recombinant DNA ( re combine) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New genes can be transferred to the organism through this process </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Genetic Engineering II <ul><li>It has been very successful in taking humans genes and transferring them into certain bacteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They then let the bacteria grow and then treat certain disorders such as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HGH – helps with height </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insulin – Diabetes etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually, they hope to cure many more disabilities through this process </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Selective Breeding <ul><li>There are ways that scientist can improve, produce, and maintain new varieties of animals and plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AKA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial selection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inbreeding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hybridization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vegetative propagation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 9. Inbreeding <ul><li>Is mating ( getting together) two closely related individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This method is used to make sure that the off spring are homozygous ( have the same genotypes) for most traits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The drawback to interbreeding is the fact the organisms are so closely related some rare recessive traits to come out. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Therefore people who interbreed do not continue with organisms that have shown these recessive traits. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Hybridization <ul><li>As we stated before selective breeding of plants is very common to get eth best plants and cops possible. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers would take two similar crops ( one with great fruit and other with other great) traits and put them together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plant or fruit would have a greater market value </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When two closely related species are crossed the off spring are called hybrids </li></ul>

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