Green revolution

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Green revolution

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  3. 3. 3 Green Revolution: The green revolution is the significant increase in agricultural productivity resulting from the introduction of high - yield varieties of grains , use of pesticides , and improved management techniques.
  4. 4. 4  In 1965 the present government of Mrs . Indira Gandhi decided to take a major step on present Agriculture condition .  Thus "Green Revolution" was applied to the period from 1967 to 1978 basically in parts of Punjab and Haryana .  At this stage the Green Revolution was concern only with Wheat & Rice .
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  6. 6. 6 Dr.M S Swaminathan from India led the Green Revolution as the Project Director. & Dr. Norman Borlaug from Mexico supported the Green Revolution through the introduction of high yielding variety of wheat seeds.
  7. 7. 7 Green Revolution Continued expansion of farming areas Double-cropping existing farmland Using seeds with improved genetics.
  8. 8. 8 The introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds after 1965 and the increased use of fertilizers and irrigation. Provided the increase in production needed to make India self-sufficient in food grains, thus improving agriculture in India. It introduced the new techniques and machinary to farmers
  9. 9. 9 • Statistical Result • Economic Result • Sociological Result • Political Result
  10. 10. 10 • The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain output of 131 million tons in 1978-79. • This established India as one of the world's biggest agricultural producers. • No other country in the world, which attempted the Green Revolution recorded such level of success.
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  12. 12. 12 • The increase in irrigation created need of new dams to harness monsoon water. • This in turn boosted industrial growth, created jobs and improved the quality of life of the people • India paid back all loans taken from the World Bank for the purpose of the Green Revolution.
  13. 13. 13 • The Green Revolution created plenty of jobs not only for agricultural workers but also industrial workers • By the creation of lateral facilities such as factories and hydro-electric power stations help to uplift the social as well as the economic condition .
  14. 14. 14 • India transformed itself from a starving nation to an exporter of food. • Green Revolution was one factor that made Mrs Indira Gandhi (1917-84) and her party, a very powerful political force in India
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  16. 16. 16 • The Green Revolution, howsoever impressive, but NOT succeeded in making India totally and permanently self-sufficient in food. • In terms of crops, it remains largely confined to foodgrains only. • Only Punjab and Haryana states showed best results of Green Revolution.
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  18. 18. 18  The new farming techniques, has given birth to the serious pollution of drinking water causing cancer and other diseases. A recent Punjabi University study found a high rate of genetic damage among farmers, which was attributed to pesticide use.  The new organic farmers cite, fertilizer, and pesticides, and chemical used are ruining the soil.
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  21. 21. 21 Proper planning and Implementation of Agriculural Plan . Avoiding access use of chemical fertilizers and Pesticides . Proper irregation systems so that water wastage can be controlled . Frequent Pollution Control Check of the soil should be done .
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