Packet Tracer Practical TipsNishant M GandhiTeaching Assistant,Computer Engineering Department,S V National Institute of T...
Different Operation:Q1. How to set up instruments?A1. Click on instrument. Then click on page to drop it.Q2. How to connec...
Q5. What to do if Router doesn’t have enough Ethernet port toconnect?A5. In most of the Routers, It has free physical slot...
Q6. How to Configure RIP in Router?A6. In RIP configuration, You just need to enter the network addressof all interface th...
1) One Network(with one PC) One Switch:Step1: Put one PC & One Generic SwitchStep2: Connect them both with copper straight...
2) Two Network(two PC each) One Switch:Step1: Put four PC & One Generic SwitchPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2 & PC3 for Network...
Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Though they are connected with each other with singleswitch only ...
3) Two Network Two Switch One Router:Step1: Put four PC, One Generic Switch & One Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2...
Step5: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respectiveInterface IP Configuration as follow.Interface IP Address...
4) Two Network Two Switch Two Router:Step1: Put four PC, One Generic Switch & One Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2...
PC2 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0PC3 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0Step6: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respectiv...
Conclusion: With Router, We can make communication between twodifferent networks. When different networks are connected wi...
5) Three Network Three Switch Three Router:Step1: Put six PC, three Generic Switch & three Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Net...
PC3 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0PC4 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.0PC5 192.168.2.3 255.255.255.0Step6: Set the Router’s FastEtherne...
Router 2:192.168.2.0172.16.0.0Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Three network 192.168.0.0/24 and 19...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Packet tracer practical guide

16,571

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
16,571
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
930
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Packet tracer practical guide

  1. 1. Packet Tracer Practical TipsNishant M GandhiTeaching Assistant,Computer Engineering Department,S V National Institute of Technology, Surat.Nishantgandhi99@gmail.comIntroduction:Packet Tracer is a proprietary tool of Cisco. It is used to create &simulate network virtually. It gives same environment virtually as itexists physically. So what you do need to do and work same on allvirtually provided devices as you are working with them physically.This is the beauty of this tool. This tool is widely used in CCNAtraining.This tool gives all type of network devices require to create one realtime working network and also provide same interface as if you areworking on real device.Packet Tracer WIKI is available. You can read more online about it. Here my focus is how touse it…
  2. 2. Different Operation:Q1. How to set up instruments?A1. Click on instrument. Then click on page to drop it.Q2. How to connect different instruments with cables?A2. On left bottom cornet you will find sign likeFrom here you can select your cableQ3. How to set IP Address in any PC/Laptop or Server?A3. Select PC in which you want to set IP Address, Click on it. Onemenu will open having three tabs: Physical, Config, Desktop.Select Desktop and go to “IP Configuration”. Here you can set IPAddresses.Q4. How to set IP Address in Router?A4. Select Router , click on it. One menu will open having three tabs:Physical, Config, CLI.Select Config.Select Interface in which you want to set IP, i.e.FastEthernet4/0.Set IP Address in it & Check the ON check box.
  3. 3. Q5. What to do if Router doesn’t have enough Ethernet port toconnect?A5. In most of the Routers, It has free physical slots which you can fillup, if you want to connect more devices with Router.Select Router,Select tab Physical,Now on left side there is list of different kind of Ethernet cardswhose detail is given in bottom.Select the one you want.Now switch off the Router from the right top side on the picture ofrouter.Now Drag the Ethernet card from right bottom most side and drop iton Routers’ empty slot.Switch on the Router again.
  4. 4. Q6. How to Configure RIP in Router?A6. In RIP configuration, You just need to enter the network addressof all interface that are directly connected with your Router. In otherword, you need to add all the network addresses which you haveentered in different Ethernet cards in your router.i.e.You have Router 1.You have configuredFastEthernet 4/0 with 192.168.0.1/24FastEthernet 5/0 with 192.168.1.1/24FastEthernet 6/0 with 192.168.2.1/24So for RIPYou need to enter three network addresses192.168.0.0192.168.1.0192.168.2.0
  5. 5. 1) One Network(with one PC) One Switch:Step1: Put one PC & One Generic SwitchStep2: Connect them both with copper straight cableStep3: Open property of My PC >> Desktop >> IP ConfigureNow set following,IP Address: 192.168.0.1Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0You Are UP!!!!!!!!
  6. 6. 2) Two Network(two PC each) One Switch:Step1: Put four PC & One Generic SwitchPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2 & PC3 for Network 2Step2: Connect them all with copper straight cableStep3: Set following IP & MaskPC Name IP Address Subnet MaskPC0 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0PC1 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0PC2 172.16.0.1 255.255.0.0PC3 172.16.0.2 255.255.0.0
  7. 7. Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Though they are connected with each other with singleswitch only PC0&PC1 can communicate with each other andPC2&PC3 can communicate with each other.Conclusion: For two computers to communicate, they must be insame logical network.
  8. 8. 3) Two Network Two Switch One Router:Step1: Put four PC, One Generic Switch & One Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2 & PC3 for Network 2Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cableStep3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber CableStep4: Set following IP & MaskPC Name IP Address Subnet MaskPC0 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0PC1 192.168.0.3 255.255.255.0PC2 172.16.0.2 255.255.0.0PC3 172.16.0.3 255.255.0.0
  9. 9. Step5: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respectiveInterface IP Configuration as follow.Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 0 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Switch 1 172.16.0.1 255.255.0.0Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Two network 192.168.0.0/24 and 172.16.0.0/16 cancommunicate now. We have not specified(applied) any routingalgorithm.Conclusion: With Router, We can make communication between twodifferent networks. When different networks are connected withonly one router then they don’t need to use routing algorithmbecause router knows the all networks and where to send packets.
  10. 10. 4) Two Network Two Switch Two Router:Step1: Put four PC, One Generic Switch & One Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2 & PC3 for Network 2Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cablesStep3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber CablesStep4: Connect Routers with Fiber CablesStep5: Set following IP & MaskPC Name IP Address Subnet MaskPC0 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0PC1 192.168.0.3 255.255.255.0
  11. 11. PC2 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0PC3 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0Step6: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respectiveInterface IP Configuration as follow.Router 0:Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 0 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 1 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0Router 1:Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 1 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 0 172.16.0.2 255.255.255.0Step7: Add network address in RIP for routing the packets.Router 0:192.168.0.0172.16.0.0Router 1:192.168.1.0172.16.0.0Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Two network 192.168.0.0/24 and 192.168.1.0/24 cancommunicate now. We have to configure routing algorithm (In ourcase RIP).
  12. 12. Conclusion: With Router, We can make communication between twodifferent networks. When different networks are connected withmore than router then we need to use routing algorithm becauserouter has to decide where to send packets.
  13. 13. 5) Three Network Three Switch Three Router:Step1: Put six PC, three Generic Switch & three Generic RouterPC0 & PC1 for Network 1PC2 & PC3 for Network 2PC4 & PC5 for Network 3Step2: Connect them all(Switch & PCs) with copper straight cablesStep3: Connect Switches with Router using Fiber CablesStep4: Connect Routers with Fiber CablesStep5: Set following IP & MaskPC Name IP Address Subnet MaskPC0 192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0PC1 192.168.0.3 255.255.255.0PC2 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0
  14. 14. PC3 192.168.1.3 255.255.255.0PC4 192.168.2.2 255.255.255.0PC5 192.168.2.3 255.255.255.0Step6: Set the Router’s FastEthernet IP Address in its respectiveInterface IP Configuration as follow.Router 0:Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 0 192.168.0.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 1 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0Router 1:Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 1 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 0 172.16.0.2 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 2 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0Router 2:Interface IP Address Subnet MaskCable connected with Switch 2 192.168.2.1 255.255.255.0Cable connected with Router 1 172.16.1.2 255.255.255.0Step7: Add network address in RIP for routing the packets.Router 0:192.168.0.0172.16.0.0Router 1:192.168.1.0172.16.0.0
  15. 15. Router 2:192.168.2.0172.16.0.0Try to ping each other and see what happens…Observation: Three network 192.168.0.0/24 and 192.168.1.0/24 and192.168.2.0/24 can communicate now. We have to configure routingalgorithm (In our case RIP).Conclusion: With Routers, We can make communication betweenmany different networks.THE END

×